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United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) (1992-1993) Serie Inglés
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Human Rights

Human Rights Component
S-1881 contains subject files of the UNTAC Human Rights Component. The Human Rights Component endeavored to: encourage the Supreme National Council (SNC) of Cambodia to ratify relevant international human rights instruments; conduct an extensive campaign of human rights education; investigate allegations of human rights abuses; and exercise general oversight of human rights aspects of every component of UNTAC. The UNTAC Human Rights Component was headquartered in Phnom Penh and employed Provincial Human Rights Officers (PHRO) at the headquarters of the mission’s provincial offices.

The records of the Human Rights Component were produced by the Director of Human Rights and Provincial Human Rights Officers (PHRO), and primarily concern UNTAC-led human rights education initiatives and investigations of human rights abuses.

Memoranda, exchanged between Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) Yasushi Akashi, Director of Human Rights Dennis McNamara, UNTAC staff, and Cambodian officials, concern: freedom of operation for Cambodian human rights groups; the independence of the judiciary; and the “UNTAC Fair Access Plan for Cambodia Campaign of 1993,” regarding fair journalistic coverage of political parties. There are yearly and final reports prepared by the Human Rights Component and the Provincial Human Rights Officers (PHRO). The reports summarize case investigations and relevant prosecution, human rights training, prison visits, activities of non-governmental organizations and political parties, and planning for the dissolution of UNTAC. There are also statistics and reports on the treatment, health, locations, and number of returnees, refugees, internally displaced persons, and Vietnamese living in Cambodia.

The administration of human rights case investigations is also documented. The minutes for meetings of the Action Committee, which convened representatives of the UNTAC components, detail proposals to the SRSG regarding specific cases of human rights violations. For example, the Committee could propose that the SRSG request: that the Cambodian existing administrative structures (EAS) conduct a particular investigation, that an administrative sanction be taken against an official, or that legal action be taken by the EAS. Prepared by the Special Prosecutor for the SRSG, a report dated 1 February 1993 focuses on the prosecution of cases. It is titled “Decision on the future of UN prosecutions of crimes involving human rights breaches during the transitional period.” In addition, memoranda and information circulars contain guidelines for reporting human rights violations.

Other records document training and initiatives in human rights. Agenda, reports, and invitations are included for the International Symposia on Human Rights in Cambodia. Hosted by UNTAC in 1992 and 1993, the symposia promoted understanding and support between international and regional human rights organizations, and Cambodian human rights groups. In addition, there are curricula, case studies, agenda, statistics, and evaluations of human rights training seminars. The seminars were held for Cambodian non-governmental organizations, Cambodian women’s groups, teachers, police, prison wardens, judges, prosecutors, and lawyers. There are also: minutes of meetings between the Human Rights Component and Cambodian non-governmental organizations about training priorities; radio and video scripts about human rights; radio and video interviews with Cambodian officials and UNTAC staff; and memoranda about the planning of educational and outreach initiatives. Human rights outreach initiatives included a human rights drawing contest and Human Rights Day celebrations.

The series also includes records of the United Nations Centre for Human Rights in Cambodia (UNCHR). These primarily relate to its establishment in 1993 by resolution 1993/6 of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Additionally, there are records of Justice Michael Kirby, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Human Rights in Cambodia. These records consist of the SRSG’s reports to the General Assembly and the Commission on Human Rights, as well as State of Cambodia (SOC) officials’ comments on the reports. There is also correspondence sent from Justice Kirby to the King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk, bringing to his attention violations of human rights reported by the UNCHR and recommending responses.

Information/Education Division - Production Unit

The Production Unit of UNTAC's Information/Education Division was one of the Division's four principal units, the other three being Analysis/Assessment, Dissemination, and Control (originally a part of Analysis/Assessment). The Production Unit was composed of three principal sections: Radio, TV/Video, and Print/Graphics. The Radio Section operated Radio UNTAC, which, at its peak, broadcast fifteen hours a day. Both the Radio and TV/Video Sections produced programmes dealing with issues such as political parties, political violence, voter registration, the Special Representative's activities, and the like. Prints/Graphics published and/or printed materials ranging from comic books to government documents to posters.

The series consists principally of the records of the TV/Video Section. Records include television and video programme scripts, completed viewer feedback forms, and miscellaneous working papers grouped by subject matter (UNTAC documentary, SNC meetings, video production, women in Cambodia, and UNHCR). Series is arranged in no apparent order.

Title based on series contents.

Office of the Spokesman

Series consists of records - chiefly daily press briefings and general correspondence - related to the primary functions of the Spokesman for the Special Representative of the Secretary-General. Records are arranged by subject classification number and chronologically therein.

Title based on series contents.

Boards of Inquiry Unit - Theft cases

Series contains theft cases of the Boards of Inquiry Unit. The majority of cases are arranged numerically according to an accompanying index. These cases are grouped therein by subject in the following order: Motorola radios, VCRs, generators, computers, power cables, flak jackets, water pumps, telephones, fuel, vehicular parts & radios, and other items. Cases not listed in the index are arranged by date and are located at the end of the series.

Title based on series contents.

Boards of Inquiry Unit - Military Component Boards of Inquiry cases

UNTAC Military Component Boards of Inquiry (BOI) were convened to make decisions regarding injuries, property damage, and property loss in which UNTAC military personnel were involved. In cases [in progress] where military personnel of a formed unit were involved, the Formed Unit Commander concerned, in consultation with the Chief Military Personnel Officer (CMPO), would convene a Formed Unit Military Boards of Inquiry. Where the person involved was either a UN military observer or other military personnel not of a formed unit, the Force Commander, in consultation with the CMPO, would convene a Non-Formed Unit Military Boards of Inquiry. Serious incidents were referred to a Headquarters Boards of Inquiry for further investigation and action. UNTAC's Boards of Inquiry Unit administered all Boards of Inquiry on behalf of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General; accordingly, it was the custodian of the Military BOI records.

Series consists of final reports and supporting documentation of the Formed Unit and Non-Formed Unit Military Boards of Inquiry. Supporting documentation includes: witness statement forms, BOI convening orders, interoffice memoranda, accident/incident reports, security statement forms, security investigation reports, damage/discrepancy reports, medical reports, incident sketches and photographs, UNTAC repatriation forms, clearance certificates, movement of personnel forms, UNTAC Civilian Police Special Investigation Section case reports, provisional condemnation certificates, and caution statement forms. Subjects include theft, traffic accidents, equipment damage, and assaults. The series is arranged alphabetically by UNTAC personnel surname, irrespective of personnel's unit affiliation.

Title based on series contents.

Series chiefly in English with some Khmer, French, Dutch, Bulgarian, Polish, Spanish and Thai.

Office of the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, and meeting minutes relating to the functions of the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General. Series is arranged by subject classification number in this order: chronological files; country correspondence; and records pertaining to the following subjects: civil administration, provincial offices, action cells, Secretary-General's reports, electoral component, Economic Adviser's office, Supreme National Council, human rights component, information/education component, repatriation, legal, military, civilian police, and political parties.

Title based on series contents.

Boards of Inquiry Unit - Civilian Investigation Boards cases

UNTAC Civilian Investigation Boards were convened by the Director of Administration to make decisions regarding injuries, property damage, and property loss in which UNTAC civilian personnel were involved. Serious incidents were referred to a Headquarters Boards of Inquiry for further investigation and action. UNTAC's Boards of Inquiry Unit administered all Boards of Inquiry on behalf of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General; accordingly, it was the custodian of the Civilian Investigation Boards records.

Series consists of final reports and supporting documentation of UNTAC Civilian Investigation Boards 1, 2 and 3. Supporting documentation includes: witness statement forms, interoffice memoranda, accident/incident reports, security statement forms, security investigation reports, damage/discrepancy reports, medical reports, and incident sketches. The series is arranged by Civilian Investigation Boards case number.

Title based on series contents.

UNTAC Civilian Investigation Boards were convened by the Director of Administration to make decisions regarding injuries, property damage, and property loss in which UNTAC civilian personnel were involved. Serious incidents were referred to a Headquarters Boards of Inquiry for further investigation and action. UNTAC's Boards of Inquiry Unit administered all Boards of Inquiry on behalf of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General; accordingly, it was the custodian of the Civilian Investigation Boards records.

Series consists of final reports and supporting documentation of UNTAC Civilian Investigation Boards 1, 2 and 3. Supporting documentation includes: witness statement forms, interoffice memoranda, accident/incident reports, security statement forms, security investigation reports, damage/discrepancy reports, medical reports, and incident sketches. The series is arranged by Civilian Investigation Boards case number.

Title based on series contents.

Boards of Inquiry Unit

Series contains miscellaneous records of the Boards of Inquiry Unit. Records appear in the following order: accident/incident reports (with supporting documentation), original Boards of Inquiry convening orders, closed cases, additional case files, and various memoranda.

Title based on series contents.

Information/Education Division - Director

The director of the Information/Education Division 1.) served as the Special Representative's senior advisor on information matters and 2.) oversaw the work of the Divisions' four principal units: Analysis/Assessment, Production, Dissemination, and Control (originally a part of Analysis/Assessment). The Analysis/Assessment Unit gauged Cambodians' perceptions of UNTAC and analysed the media of the Cambodian factions. The Production Unit operated Radio UNTAC, produced television programmes and dramas, and printed informational materials and graphics. The Dissemination Unit distributed print, video, and audio materials to their target audiences throughout Cambodia. Lastly, the Control Unit, in collaboration with UNTAC's Civil Administration Component, worked to ensure that Cambodian media encouraged a neutral political atmosphere.

Series consists of correspondence, reports, press briefings, and publications related to the functions of the Information/Education Division's director. Topics covered include the Supreme National Council, the Division's Analysis and Radio (Production) units, and Cambodia's political and social climate. Series is arranged by subject classification number.

Title based on series contents.

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