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United Nations Peace Forces (UNPF) (1995-1996) Serie
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Administration

S-1821 contains records concerning the administrative activities of the United Nations Peace Forces (UNPF) and the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR).

Division of Administration
The End of Mission Report of the Division of Administration describes the establishment, development and functions of the mission’s administrative sections, as well as problems encountered and lessons learned. Annexes to the report include: summaries of Security Council resolutions relevant to the former Yugoslavia; political and military background information on the conflict; organization charts; and tables and graphs depicting statistical information on the work of the Division of Administration. Also included is the Liquidation Report, which covers topics such as: the sale and disposal of assets, security, finance, personnel, communications, engineering, and transport.

Records pertaining to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) include: updates on political and military issues affecting NATO; summaries of NATO operations; agreements between NATO and the UN regarding cooperation and mutual support; operation plans for the transfer of theatre command authority from UNPROFOR to NATO; and correspondence and reports related to the transfer of supplies and technical assets from UNPROFOR to NATO. There are also records relating to the NATO-led Peace Implementation Force (IFOR), which include: correspondence, reports, and memoranda about the transition of peace-keeping responsibility from UNPROFOR to IFOR and the division of responsibilities between the two forces; and meeting minutes and terms of reference for the UNPF Steering Committee on Transition of Responsibilities in the Former Yugoslavia.

Records pertaining to the Camp Pleso Logistics Base in Zagreb consist of: comments on the Memoranda of Understanding concerning UNPROFOR’s occupancy of the Air Force Base Pleso; a survey of Camp Pleso; ground and building plans and maps; Standard Operating Procedures for the base; reports on physical security and procedures for entry to the base; and reports concerning soil pollution near the Pleso base.

Also included are records pertaining to the Rapid Reaction Force (RRF), which consist of: briefings for and summaries of meetings on winterization; and memoranda, correspondence and reports covering such topics as premises occupied by the RRF, staging facilities, and deployment. Records pertaining to Ploce Port in Croatia consist of: political analyses of Ploce Port operations; summaries of meetings on the use of Ploce Port as an entry point for RRF reinforcements; memoranda on aspects of the Status of Forces Agreement dealing with Ploce Port; reports of visits to Ploce Port by high-level UNPF officials; and ground plans.

Records of the Division of Administration also include: administrative circulars; mission-wide security plans and guidelines; memoranda regarding security plans for the Zagreb area; reports detailing alert stages and alert measures; and minutes of Camp Commandants meetings and ground plans of the Ilica Headquarters in Zagreb.

Chief Administrative Officer
Included are records pertaining to relations with the host countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia. These consist of: correspondence and summaries of meetings between UNPROFOR officials and government officials of Bosnia and Herzegovina; updates on the political situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina; summaries of meetings between UNPROFOR officials and members of the Croatian Police; correspondence regarding incidents and procedures at Croatian borders and checkpoints; agreements and Memoranda of Understanding between the United Nations and the Croatian Ministry of Defence; memoranda on regulations for bringing goods into Croatia; reports of logistic fact-finding missions to Macedonia; reconnaissance reports and summaries of meetings on the deployment of troops in Macedonia; minutes of meetings between UNPROFOR officials and government officials of the Republic of Slovenia; correspondence on the movement of UNPROFOR personnel across Slovenian borders; maps of road and rail networks in Slovenia; and correspondence between UNPROFOR officials and government officials of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).

Files on security include: reports on civilian protests at UNPROFOR headquarters; incident reports; security assessments; analyses of mission security plans; memoranda on disciplinary measures and procedures, and on logistics matters in conflict areas.

Also included are records on security activities in the following UNPROFOR-designated sectors: Sector East, Sector North, Sector South, Sector West, and Sector Sarajevo. These records consist of: summaries of visits to sectors by the Chief Administrative Officer, the Chief of Security, and the Force Engineer; summaries of fact-finding missions to sectors; correspondence discussing security aspects of potential locations for headquarters of mission branches; summaries of meetings on boundaries of United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs); sketches of borders and confrontation lines; and correspondence concerning booby traps set by Croatian Police.

Also included are: reports describing the role and organization of Civil Affairs; correspondence and summaries of meetings of the Commission of Experts, discussing the provision of practical assistance for investigations of mass graves; and correspondence related to the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) between the United Nations and the Government of Croatia.

Chief of Administrative Services
Records pertaining to the Board of Inquiry (BOI) include: procedures for initiating, conducting, investigating and closing BOI cases regarding accidents and incidents; meetings minutes; reports concerning the progression of cases and the roles and responsibilities of BOI personnel; and memoranda and reports on the establishment of the BOI Secretariat and the Standing Review Board.

Records pertaining to the Rapid Reaction Force (RRF) include: memoranda on the funding and deployment of the RRF in Ploce Port, Croatia, and in Bosnia; and correspondence and memoranda about the use of premises by the RRF. Records related to Ploce Port and Split Port cover topics such as lease negotiations, engineering projects, and the use of the Ports by the RRF.

Records pertaining to Status of Forces Agreements (SOFA) include briefs on: the application of privileges and immunities; import and export tariffs; the use of premises; and the implications of the SOFA on lease and service contracts.

Records also include: correspondence and reports discussing the transition between UNPF and the Peace Implementation Forces (IFOR); memoranda and reports discussing the withdrawal of the United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation (UNCRO) from Croatia; policy briefs and comments on security directives; correspondence and memoranda pertaining to premises used by the mission in Belgrade; briefings, agendas, and summaries for visits to the mission by United Nations officials, foreign dignitaries, and representatives of non-governmental organizations, as well as visitors’ reflections on the experience; and the Troop-Contributing Nations Aide Memoire.

Sector Administrative Officer, Sector South
The Sector Administrative Office of Sector South, headquartered in Knin, Croatia, coordinated the resources of engineering, logistics, technical and administrative support for the Sector South Commander. Records consist of: reports of visits to crossing points in Sector South; operation orders on the monitoring of crossing points; evacuation plans; and Sector South orientation documents. Security files contain correspondence, memoranda and reports on such topics as: measures relating to alert states; the protection of civilians; restrictions on freedom of movement; mine awareness; Sector South headquarters defense; and contingency planning. Also included in the security files are: security situation reports and security orders; minutes of meetings of the Security Committee; statements of vehicle hijacking incidents; and hijacking preventive measures.

Management Review Unit
The Management Review Unit recommended programmes, policies, procedures and structures to improve the managerial efficiency of the mission. Records consist of: papers describing the functions, organization and staffing of divisions and offices, including the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), the Force Commander, Civil Affairs, and Field Administrative Services; and papers pertaining to management communication processes and to the global management of peacekeeping missions, including memoranda and notes on terms of reference, framework design, operational support, and future management strategy. Other records include: memoranda on the organization and functions of air operations; findings of studies undertaken to integrate logistics operations within the mission, particularly within the Military Division; Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for a variety of transport and maintenance issues; organization charts; leases and lists of premises used by the mission in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia; and speeches made at the presentation of the UNPFOR budget to the Advisory Committee for Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ) in June 1994.

Division of Administration, End of Mission Report Team
Included are records used to create the End of Mission Report of the Division of Administration. The Chief Administrative Officer’s Weekly Diary contains information about the political and military situation, as well as summaries of local media stories and updates from the Chief Administrative Office, Engineering Services, Integrated Support Services, Field Administration, Sector Administration Offices, and Communications and Information Services. The Historical Chronology includes a guide to political and military events in the former Yugoslavia, and details activities and support requirements of the mission. It also has charts and tables which provide monthly and yearly figures on military strength and civilian staff.

Also included are selected issues of and excerpts from internal mission publications including: UNPF News, UNPROFOR News, and UNPROFOR Magazine. Selected issues of Information Notes, a publication of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), include graphs, maps, and summaries of developments on such topics as: refugee movement and resettlement; aid distribution destinations; frontlines and areas of tension; and social service projects.

Military Support - by office

S-1818 contains records concerning military support provided to the United Nations Protection Force (UNPF).

Force Commander
Records consist of: operation orders and instructions; summaries of brainstorming sessions on impediments to fulfilling the mission mandate, and on prospects and limitations of political negotiations; assessments of the military situation in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina by the Force Commander and by the Special Representative of the Force Commander in Belgrade; summaries of visits of the Force Commander, which provide information on deployment, logistics, the humanitarian situation; and agenda and summaries for Force Commander’s Conferences.

Correspondence covers such topics as: updates on the Brcko Safe Area in northern Bosnia; stabilization in the Bihac Pocket in western Bosnia and Herzegovina; attacks against UNPROFOR personnel; the impartiality of UNPROFOR; and the transfer of authority from UNPF to the NATO-led Peace Implementation Force (IFOR). There are also letters from military commanders and political officials protesting warring party actions and demanding that UNPROFOR intervene.

Daily situation reports to United Nations headquarters provide information about conditions in the UNPROFOR-designated sectors of Sector North, Sector South, Sector East, Sector West, and Sector Sarajevo, as well as in the Bihac Pocket in western Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in Gorazde in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. They also contain information about military activities of the Bosnian Serb Army (BSA), the Croatian Army, the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), and the Army of the Republika Srpska (ARSK). These reports also document hostilities between warring parties and UNPROFOR, and provide information about: conditions at crossing points; blockades; sniping; machine gun firing; shelling incidents; explosions; mine detonation; the refugee situation; humanitarian aid operations; prisoners of war (POW) exchanges; conditions in the United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs); and restrictions of freedom of movement. They also contain military assessments made by Section Commanders and reports on violations of ceasefire agreements.

Files pertaining to the Office of the Force Commander include: tables detailing Serbian ceasefire violations; memoranda on air power; summaries of meetings between the Force Commander and military officers of warring parties; correspondence between the Force Commander and officers in the Force; and statements made at the close of the Force Commander’s tenure.

Deputy Force Commander
Records pertaining to UNPROFOR’s mandate and Status of Forces Agreeement (SOFA) include: chronologies of events related to the UNPROFOR mandate; informal consultations of the Security Council on the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA); political and legal analyses, briefs, and reports of the Secretary-General on the renewal of UNPROFOR’s mandate; and summaries of negotiations on the mandate of the United Nations Peace Forces (UNPF).

Also included are papers and memoranda on the organization and management of UNPROFOR, UNPREDEP, UNCRO and UNPF; on the restructuring of the Operations Division; and on the UNPF transition to the Peace Implementation Force (IFOR).

Records on operations in Sectors North, South, East, and West consist of: summaries of visits by the Deputy Force Commander; reports on the United Nations presence along borders; operation orders; transcripts of high-level conversations and on-the-ground negotiations; sketches and annotated maps of military positions and maneuvers; assessment reports on damage to local buildings and civilian dwellings; correspondence and summaries of discussions between the SRSG and political and military officials, including Dr. Radovan Karadzic, the President of Republika Srpska; analyses on perceptions of UNPROFOR; and concept papers on potential outcomes of the military conflict. Also included are similar records pertaining to operations in: Sarajevo, Mostar and Srebrenica in Bosnia and Herzegovina; and in Lipik and Medak in Croatia.

Records pertaining to borders and crossing points include: procedures for UNPROFOR personnel on traversing crossing points; reports describing confrontations at crossing points; and reports on the installation of blockades and analyses on their impact; summaries of meetings with the Government of Croatia on issues relating to freedom of movement; and memoranda and reports on the monitoring of the border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Records pertaining to air operations and NATO air strikes include: Force Commander’s analytical papers on the use of air power; memoranda on the use of the Tuzla Airfield; background and analytical papers and status updates on close air support; chronologies, press statements, and analytical papers on air strikes; summaries of meetings between the SRSG and the Force Commander discussing air strikes; and transcripts of interviews with Admiral Leighton W. Smith, the Commander of the NATO-led Peace Implementation Force (IFOR).

Also included are records pertaining to alleged participation by UNPROFOR personnel in the black market. These consist of: minutes of the Black Marketing Steering Committee; investigation reports; and memoranda on the anti-black marketing public information campaign, which was aimed toward mission personnel.

Records pertaining to missing persons, prisoners of war, refugees, and detainees consist of: correspondence, reports and statistics on the status and movement of refugees and on conditions in refugee settlements; memoranda on the return of displaced persons to locations in the United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs); updates on the release of detainees; and letters from the Association of Displaced Persons of the County of Sisak-Moslavina in Croatia.

Also included are reports of human rights abuses, including: beatings, rape, intimidation, looting and burning of civilian homes and community property, forced expulsions from towns and villages, forced marching of civilians, forced separation of draft-age men from their families, forced labor, unlawful detention, killings, and mass executions. There are also memoranda and reports on ethnic cleansing and mass graves.

Records also include: the Force Commander’s end-of-mission report; summaries of informal consultations of the Security Council on violations of international humanitarian law and human rights; chronologies of diplomatic negotiations; guidelines for handling violations of ceasefire agreements; reports on monitoring of the no fly zone; analyses of media interviews with political figures; transcripts of interviews with UNPF officials on Croatian TV; and analyses on the visit of Pope John Paul II to Croatia in September 1994. There are also summaries of Contingent Commanders’ Conferences, meetings of the Contact Group, and meetings between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and UNPROFOR.

Chief of Staff
Records include: summaries of meetings between UNPROFOR and UNPF military officers and warring parties; protocol for responding to bomb threats; concept of operations for the Rapid Reaction Force (RRF); analyses of the influence of the United Nations on NATO during the peace process; memoranda on the deployment of Military Observers; and discussion papers and analyses on the UNPROFOR rules of engagement.

Military Liaison Office, Zagreb
Records include: memoranda describing the role and structure of the Military Liaison Office; correspondence of the Military Liaison Offices located in Belgrade, Serbia, and Ljubjana, Slovenia; agenda and briefings for Liaison Office conferences; tour reports by the Chief Military Liaison Officer; and draft revisions of the Force Commander’s Policy Directive 7, which pertains to border crossing.

Logistics Branch
Records include: logistics directives on maintenance, supply, movement, contingent-owned material, procurement of goods and services, and the issuing of clothing and vehicles; regulations on the use of ammunition and explosives; chronological reports of convoy routes and a policy handbook on convoy movement; summaries of meetings on convoy operations in conflict areas; charts on battalion organization and composition, summaries of visits by logistics officers to battalion bases, and battalion debriefings; schematic diagrams of logistics deployment; memoranda on winterization requirements for operations and on policies for obtaining supplies from third-world countries; and weekly programs of the Chief of the Logistics Branch.

Joint Logistics Operations Centre (JLOC)
The Joint Logistics Operations Centre coordinated the logistics needs of all military and civilian elements operating within the mission. Records include: administration and logistics instructions; movement orders; terms of reference and organization charts of the logistics component; weekly logistic situation reports with information about movement and transport, deployment, infrastructure and engineering, and contingent rotations; outline plans for support of the Contact Group Peace Accord; and analyses of NATO-related issues.

Also included are documents concerning the Theatre Reserve Force, which consisted of the Multinational Brigade, the Airmobile Brigade and the French Brigade. These records include: meeting minutes and recommended action reports on winterization; situation reports on reinforcements; concept of operations papers; and agreements concerning the basing of the brigades.

Documents pertaining to the restructuring of the United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation (UNCRO) include: operation plans for battalions; operation orders for the withdrawal of UNCRO troops from Croatia; proposals on the reorganization of UNCRO military units; and summaries of coordination meetings.

Force Engineer Branch
Records include: reports on the organization, functions and assets of the Force Engineer Branch; memoranda on the consolidation of the UNPROFOR and UNPF engineer staff; Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) on engineering and logistics; reports and memoranda discussing withdrawal plans and engineering aspects of ceasefire agreements; Force Engineer’s action points; and memoranda on the state of roads in Bosnia, supply routes, and efforts to repair highways and water mains. Also included are summaries of meetings and conferences attended by the Force Engineer, covering such topics as: theatre preparation, force reductions, resources, engineer operations in sectors, mine clearance, and winterization.

Records concerning the restoration of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia include: summaries of technical assessment meetings on the economic agreement between the Croatian government and Croatian Serbs; reports on the relocation of displaced persons; reports and memoranda on setting up refugee camps and providing supplies; correspondence with the UNHCR; memoranda regarding repairs to oil pipelines; reports on the restoration of a water pumping station damaged by an explosion in March 1994 in the village of Kakma, Croatia; and reports on structural damage to the Peruca Dam in the Republic of Serbian Krajina (RSK) by a series of explosions in January 1993.

Force Medical Office
Included are medical policy papers on topics such as: humanitarian medical care; media access to UNPROFOR casualties; UNPROFOR’s responsibility toward casualties of warring factions; mass casualties; evacuation and repatriation of casualties; and HIV in the military community.

Other records include: memoranda on positioning of medical stations in the field; papers describing the functions and operations of the medical support services provided to UNPROFOR personnel; papers and memoranda describing the functions and organization of the Field Surgical Team; memoranda detailing first, second and third lines of medical support in the field; summaries of meetings between UNPROFOR officials and staff of local hospitals; maps depicting the locations of local hospitals; morbidity statistical reports; memoranda on the protection of humanitarian convoys; correspondence between mission officials and Croatian government officials regarding autopsy requirements; correspondence and reports regarding the United States Hospital in Zagreb; and memoranda on post-traumatic stress disorder and psychological counseling services. Also included are reports on: Force Medical Conferences; Force Commander’s Conferences; Operations Branch Conferences; Military Information Conferences; and Coordination Conferences of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG).

Operation Grapple was a British operation tasked with protecting the delivery of humanitarian aid in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Included are records pertaining to its medical aspects, such as: reports detailing medical assets of Operation Grapple; memoranda describing psychiatric support provided to members of Operation Grapple; and End of Tour Reports. Operation Grapple situation reports provide information on military actions of warring parties, humanitarian aid deliveries, and the status of British Forces.

Operation Hanwood was the segment of the British Medical Forces in Croatia tasked with providing medical support for UNPROFOR. Records consist of End of Tour and Post Operational reports, which provide information about concept of operations; pre-deployment training; medical tasks performed; medical matters in sectors; major incidents affecting operational ability; and the larger context of the Operation.

Records on refugees include: statistics; reports detailing medical support provided to refugees and assessing health issues in refugee camps; reports on visits to refugee camps and on the status of refugees operations; and summaries of meetings between UNPROFOR representatives and humanitarian aid agencies. Minutes of the Working Group for Health of the World Health Organization (WHO) concern topics such as: coordination of health agency activities; the drafting of policy on health issues; and medical services provided in the Bihac Pocket, Srebrenica, Belgrade, Gorazde, Zenica, Sarajevo, Tuzla and other areas.

Files on sectors contain: monthly reports of the Sector Medical Liaison Officer (SMEDLO) which provide information on medical support, operational, and humanitarian activities; environmental health situation reports detailing water quality and pest control measures; memoranda regarding the establishment of a medical clinic at Tuzla Air Base; and papers discussing the implications of the withdrawal of the British Medial Battalion (BRITMEDBAT).

Force Medical Office, Administrative Files
Records include: correspondence of the Force Medical Officer; charts depicting medical information reporting channels; weekly and monthly medical statistical reports on clinical services, diagnoses, and casualties; and papers and memoranda on medical support provided during the withdrawal of UNCRO from Croatia, with details of planning principles, concept of operations, and phases of operation.

Force Hygiene Office
Records consist of: reports of visits by the Force Hygiene Officer and by environmental health officers to sectors to inspect cooking and accommodation facilities, refuse disposal, and sanitation, and to investigate outbreaks of infectious disease and rodent and insect infestations.

Also included are records pertaining to the Batnoga and Turanj Refugee Camps in Croatia, which include: reports on hygiene and camp requirements; summaries of visits to the camps detailing facilities and living conditions; and memoranda on preventative medicine recommendations for refugee camps.

There are also records pertaining to the provision of potable water to UNPROFOR personnel in Sarajevo, which consist of: policy and guidelines on water supply methods; comments on the results of the chemical and bacteriological testing of water samples; and correspondence and memoranda on the problems of enacting reliable supply methods.

United Nations Command in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM COMD)
The United Nations Command in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM COMD) was charged with monitoring and reporting developments in border areas on the Macedonian side of the Republic’s borders with Albania and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). Headquartered in Skopje, FYROM COMD reported to UNPROFOR headquarters and liaised with Macedonian military and civil authorities. Records consist of: fortnightly reports detailing military and political developments in FRYOM; memoranda on border relations between Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY); military information summaries reporting on activities of the Army of Yugoslavia (AY), the Army of the Republic of Macedonia (APM), and the Albanian Forces; summaries of meetings between FYROM Command officials and military officials of the Army of Yugoslavia; reports from military observations posts and sketches of positions in the field; and FYROM Command organization charts and papers describing its concept of operations.

Headquarters, Ploce Port
Included are records of the mission’s military headquarters located in the port of Ploce on Croatia’s Adriatic Coast. Records include: reports of visits to the Ploce headquarters, and reports describing dock operations in Ploce Port; memoranda and correspondence pertaining to the mission’s occupation of premises in the port of Ploce; ground plans of the Ploce Dockyard Camp; summaries of meetings on daily operations of the Ploce Dockyard Camp; and reports and tables on winterization and downsizing of the Ploce Dockyard Camp.

Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG)

S-1817 contains records concerning political support provided to the United Nations Peace Forces (UNPF) and the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR).

Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG)
Records concerning the mission’s relations with Croatia include: aide memoire on the Croatian situation; correspondence, talking points, and notes on meetings between the SRSG and Croatian government officials; letters from the Croatian government protesting Serbian military action; correspondence between the SRSG and Croatian government officials regarding ceasefire agreements, the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), the establishment of the United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation (UNCRO), the movement of refugees, freedom of movement, and other topics; and correspondence between the SRSG and leaders of the Center for the Protection of the Human Rights of the Imprisoned and Missing Croatian Citizens and Members of their Families.

Included are correspondence, memoranda and reports documenting the UN’s relations with the Republic of Serbian Krajina (RSK). Records include: analyses of political parties and of the political climate in the region; biographical data about cabinet members of the RSK; position statements made by the government of the RSK; letters from the RSK government protesting Croatian military action; summaries of meetings between UNPROFOR officials and RSK government officials; correspondence between the President of RSK Milan Martic and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG); and correspondence with members of the RSK parliament and government ministers.

Also included are: analyses of relations between UNPROFOR and the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina; correspondence between the SRSG and government officials of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the President of Bosnia and Herzegivina Alija Izetbegovic; correspondence between the SRSG and Dr. Radovan Karadzic, President of Republika Srpska; career information and commentary about military and political figures in the former Yugoslavia; and memoranda and updates on the situation in the Banja Luka region in the Republika Srpska, and in the Bihac Pocket and Gorazde in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Records documenting relations with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) include: correspondence and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and the President of the Republic of Serbia Slobodan Miloševic, as well as with Serbian government ministers; and analytical papers on the presence of UNPROFOR in the FRY, and on political developments in the FRY.

Records relating to the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) include: correspondence and summaries of meetings between UNPROFOR officials and FYROM military and government officials, including President of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Kiro Gligorov; memoranda about ethnic minorities in FYROM and incursions along the border of Serbia and FYROM; and position papers and recommendations for action for the SRSG.

Records relating to the Contact Group, a negotiating group established in the early 1990s consisting major political powers, include: summaries of meetings between the SRSG and the Contact Group; official communiqués from the Contact Group; and reports about the implications of Contact Group sanctions and the 1994 Contact Group peace plan.

Records pertaining to Belgrade and Sarajevo include: reports and updates sent from Bosnia and Herzegovina Command (BH CMD); summaries of Bosnian-Serb radio news; and memoranda on the re-opening of routes. There are also weekly situation reports from the Belgrade Liaison Office covering topics such as: political developments; Milosevic’s foreign and domestic policies; economic developments; and refugee movements and aid to refugees.

Records documenting the involvement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the conflict include: summaries of meetings between UNPROFOR officials and NATO officials; updates on NATO’s political and military activities and its relations with the UNPF Liaison Office; timetables for military, political and humanitarian intervention events; correspondence between the UN Secretary-General and the Secretary-General of NATO.

Records also include: reports on the state of the mission from the SRSG to the Secretary-General; chronologies of events; Memoranda of Understanding; analytical reports of the Analysis and Assessment Unit (AAU) about a wide variety of political, military, and historical events and topics; correspondence and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and ambassadors and foreign dignitaries; summaries of meetings on UNPF’s organizational structure; summaries, briefs and talking points related to the SRSG’s visits; correspondence and memoranda regarding the designation of Safe Areas by the Security Council; reports about human rights violations; reports from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); reports about refugee movement and maps of population changes; and summaries of press conferences and transcripts of interviews. There are also agreements on a wide variety of topics, including: ceasefires and the cessation of hostilities; the restoration of water supply systems; freedom of movement; and the use of the Sarajevo airport for humanitarian purposes

Civil Affairs, Macedonia
Included are records of the Civil Affairs office located in Skopje, Macedonia. Records consist of correspondence of Civil Affairs Coordination officers covering topics such as: elections, civil disturbances, violations of UN sanctions, incidents at borders and checkpoints, UNPROFOR’s humanitarian work, requests for the mission to help local residents access medical care, and the closing down of the mission. Attachments to correspondence consist of: summaries of meetings with local and national political officials; updates on political developments; background material prepared for mission personnel; analyses of Macedonian news stories; briefing notes prepared for the SRSG and the Secretary General; and memoranda detailing visits to the headquarters of the United Nations Command in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM COMD) by government and United Nations officials.

Legal Support

S-1819 contains records concerning legal support provided to the United Nations Protection Force (UNPF) and the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR).

Legal Office
Records include legal analyses covering topics such as: operation concepts for Safe Areas; issues arising from mission-related Security Council resolutions; border control along United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs); confiscated weapons; international humanitarian law; sanctions; the transition of UNPF to the NATO-led Peace Implementation Force (IFOR). Also included are papers describing and analyzing Croatian laws related to: property ownership; the legal status of Serbs in former UNPAs; and the conscription of Croatian residents into the Croatian military.

Memoranda on policy and procedure deal with such topics as: UNPROFOR’s right to use of force; crossing points for convoys and vehicles; the policing of the zones of separation established by the Ceasefire Agreement of March 1994; the transport of non-UN persons on UN flights; and media coverage.

Human rights records include: reports of human rights violations occurring after the fall of Srebrenica in July 1995; summaries of meetings of the Human Rights Working Group; and analytical documents on the possibility of expanding the mission’s human rights-related activities.

There are also records pertaining to relations with the host countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). These consist of: correspondence and aide memoire regarding property use, the payment of taxes, and the conduct of autopsies; memoranda and correspondence on aspects of the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA); agreements between UNPF and the Croatian Ministry of Defence, and with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbian Krajina; memoranda on freedom of movement and procedures for border crossings; claims by various governments for damage to premises caused by UN personnel; papers outlining infrastructure rebuilding projects; and correspondence, papers, and summaries of meetings on the re-opening of the Belgrade-Zagreb highway.

Also included are records pertaining to the Status of Forces Agreements (SOFA), which consist of: draft agreements; memoranda and analyses on the SOFA; comments suggesting changes to the SOFA; and correspondence and summaries of meetings between mission representatives and government officials on issues related to the SOFA, such as freedom of movement, border crossing procedures, and payment of rent, taxes, and tolls to host countries.

Documents related to the mission’s use of premises in host countries include: lease agreements; Memoranda of Understanding; memoranda concerning provisions of the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA); and analyses of laws and government ordinances on property.

Records related to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) include: arrest warrants issued by the ICTY; talking points for meetings between UNPROFOR officials and Judge Richard Goldstone, Prosecutor of the ICTY; reports of visits by the ICTY delegation to the mission areas and areas in the former Yugoslavia; reports relating to the exhumation of mass graves at Ovcara, near Vukovar, Croatia; and operational directives and guidelines on for the missions’ cooperation with the ICTY.

Documents concerning North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces include: discussion points for meetings between representatives of UNPF and NATO; analyses and memoranda on the legal status of NATO forces in Croatia; and comments on agreements between NATO and the United Nations.

Records concerning the Sarajevo Airport include: agreements concerning the use of the airport; analyses of political issues and legal considerations related to the use of the airport, particularly for humanitarian flights; talking points and summaries of meetings about the airport; and chronologies of events occurring at the airport, including attacks against UN flights and personnel.

Also included is a collection of the Force Commander’s policy directives, including directives on: media access, military public information, United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs), crossing and movement policy, the Board of Inquiry, Rules of Engagement, humanitarian assistance, Military Police, and the destruction of ammunition. Administrative circulars cover topics such as: weapons possession; the establishment of a Board of Inquiry Secretariat; disciplinary measures; and rules and regulations regarding staff behavior and locally-recruited staff members.

Records also include: correspondence concerning tracing requests made for missing persons; appeals for humanitarian assistance; analyses of laws affecting refugees and summaries of meetings between UNPF officials and government officials to discuss refugee-related issues; statistics on prison visits made by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); statistics, tables and charts detailing mission casualties and their geographical distribution; reports and memoranda related to the enforcement of no-fly zones; reports detailing operations and mandate implementation in the Prevlaka peninsula in Croatia; papers analyzing and commenting on the Rules of Engagement and proposed changes and revisions; papers and summaries of meetings related to the International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia; papers describing the organization and functions of the Legal Office.