S-1036 contains records concerning political activities of the following peacekeeping missions:
United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II), 30 May 1991 – 8 February 1995
United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III), 8 February 1995 – 30 June 1997
United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA), 30 June 1997 – 26 February 1999
The MONUA peacekeeping mission maintained the files of two of its predecessor missions - UNAVEM II and UNAVEM III - and added records to those files until mission closure. Files for predecessor missions are searchable in S-1036 by date.
Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) / UNAVEM III and MONUA
Code cables include: summaries of the SRSG’s meetings with the president of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) Dr. Jonas Savimbi, and the President of the Government of Angola, Jose Eduardo dos Santos; summaries of meetings of the Troika of observer states represented on the Joint Commission; documents outlining the special status of Dr. Jonas Savimbi, as provided by the Lusaka Protocol; summaries of agreements between the Government of Angola and UNITA Renovada, a militant group that separated from UNITA in 1998; progress reports on search and rescue operations of the air accidents of 26 December 1998 and 2 January 1999; and records concerning the relocation of the Andulo and Bailundo Team Sites.
Other files include the SRSG’s correspondence with: United Nations headquarters and the president of the Security Council; governments of African states; embassies located in Luanda; and human rights, humanitarian, non-governmental, business, and religious organizations in Angola and abroad. Included are speeches by the SRSG, President Jose Eduardo dos Santos, and Dr. Jonas Savimbi, made for various events, including: the signing ceremony of the Lusaka Protocol held in Zambia in November 1994; and the investiture of the Government of National Unity and Reconciliation (GURN) in 1997.
Files on the Government of Unity and National Reconciliation (GURN) include: correspondence between the SRSG and the Minister of Territorial Administration of the Government of Angola; protest notes; and summaries of meetings of the Committee on the Extension of State Administration. Also included are statements made by President Jose Eduardo dos Santos and statements made by UNITA on the programme of the GURN.
Records pertaining to UNITA consist of: correspondence between the SRSG and Dr. Jonas Savimbi, as well as other UNITA officials; communiqués from UNITA sent to United Nations headquarters via the SRSG; manifestos of UNITA militants; papers describing violations of the Lusaka Protocol; and allegations made by UNITA against the Angolan National Police (ANP).
Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) / UNAVEM II
Records of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) include: reports from the SRSG to United Nations headquarters on political developments; records concerning the public information programme initiated in support of United Nations activities in Angola; summaries of meetings between the SRSG and representatives of United Nations agencies on mission activities; talking points for meetings between the SRSG and Dr. Jonas Savimbi, and between the SRSG and President Jose Eduardo dos Santos; and summaries of meetings between President Jose Eduardo dos Santos and Dr. Jonas Savimbi. Records concerning the national election of 29-30 September 1992 include: reports on the registration of voters in regions; reports concerning the airlift operations engaged to expedite the electoral process; and statements by the SRSG on the electoral process.
Security Council files include: summaries of meetings of the Security Council Ad Hoc Commission to Angola; and statements on the Angola situation made by the president of the Security Council.
Incident reports from regions describe hostilities in the field, such as: mortar shelling, sporadic rifle and artillery shooting; aerial and grenade attacks; and hijackings of vehicles. Incident reports also provide information about the following: the locations of fighting and the launching of counter attacks; the capture of territory by fighting parties; the status of UNAVEM personnel and the safety of UNAVEM compounds; relations between UNITA generals and generals of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA); and anti-UNAVEM sentiment.
Records pertaining to UNITA consist of: Dr. Jonas Savimbi’s messages to the people of Angola; a report describing violations identified by UNITA of the electoral law in the national election of 29-30 September 1992; and memoranda concerning the personal safety of UNITA leaders and the protection of the party’s facilities.
Senior Political Adviser (SPA) / MONUA, UNAVEM III
Notes and briefings from the Senior Political Adviser to the SRSG include: comments and background analyses; and talking points and aide memoire for the SRSG’s meetings and events.
Records pertaining to the visit of Secretary-General Kofi Annan to Angola in March 1997 include: speeches made to UNAVEM III staff, the Joint Commission and the people of Angola; and talking points for the Secretary-General’s audience with President Jose Eduardo dos Santos and Dr. Jonas Savimbi.
Records concerning the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) document: allegations made by UNITA to the Joint Commission against the Angolan National Police (ANP); arbitrary acts and violations of the Lusaka Protocol carried out by the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) as identified by UNITA; and UNITA’s surrendering of weapons and ammunition at MONUA team sites.
The Senior Political Adviser’s dossier on Angola includes: analyses on the activities of political parties; talking points and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and representatives of political parties; statements on the peace process made by political parties; and requests made by non-governmental organizations for audience with the Senior Political Adviser.
Division of Political Affairs / UNAVEM II, UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Division of Political Affairs contain the proceedings of the Angola peace talks held in Lusaka, Zambia, from November 1993 to January 1994. Also included are: briefings from the Director of the Political Affairs Division to the SRSG; summaries of consultations between the SRSG and the Troika of observer states of the Angolan peace process; summaries of consultations between the SRSG and Dr. Jonas Savimbi; summaries of meetings in Andulo between UNITA officials and representatives of the Government of Angola; documents summarizing UNITA’s viewpoint on the formation of the Government of National Unity and Reconciliation (GURN); discussion papers on mitigating the impact of armed conflict on children; documents describing the humanitarian situation in Angola; and synthesis reports sent to the SRSG from Political Affairs Officers, who were charged with monitoring political developments in assigned areas.
Political analyses sent from the Director of the Division of Political Affairs to the SRSG concern a variety of topics, including: the transformation of Radio VORGAN into a non-partisan radio station as required by the Lusaka Protocol; and the activities of the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) and other opposition parties in the parliament. Also include are: summaries of meetings, seminars and workshops held between Political Affairs Officers and political parties; summaries of press conferences held by political parties; and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and representatives of political parties.
Records concerning demobilization and the reintegration of combatants include: reintegration proposals; inventories of weapons and war materials handed over by UNITA; policy guidelines on the closure of quartering areas; and meetings minutes of the Joint Commission’s Technical Working Group on Demobilization and Reintegration.
Division of Political Affairs, Deputy Director / UNAVEM II, UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Deputy Director of the Division of Political Affairs include: code cables, reading files, reports from regions, and weekly reports.
Code cables include: summaries of meetings between the SRSG and Dr. Jonas Savimbi in Andulo; implementation timetables on the extension of state administration; papers concerning the establishment of UNITA Renovada.
Reading files consist of: note verbale, information circulars, and internal memoranda of the Division of Political Affairs. Additionally, they contain: summaries of the SRSG’s meetings with the Diplomatic Corps; analyses of political developments; analyses of press coverage of mission activities; records pertaining to the visit of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General to Angola, Lakhdar Brahimi, in August 1998; summaries of meetings between the SRSG and representatives of non-governmental organizations; briefs on the implantation of sanctions against Angola; plans and updates on the extension of state administration; and political analyses of news reports and press releases of Radio VORGAN (Voz Resistencia do Galo Negro).
Reports from regions consist of: daily and weekly political reports sent to the Director of the Division of Political Affairs from Regional Political Affairs Officers in the field; summaries of complaints sent to the SRSG from UNITA; summaries and minutes of Provincial Inter-Sectorial Group (GOIP) meetings; documents pertaining to the establishment of Radio Despertar, which replaced Radio VORGAN. Reports from regions concern: attacks on villages; the arbitrary harassment and arrest of civilians; the forced conscription of young men into the Angolan National Police (ANP), the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA), and UNITA; humanitarian assistance provided to internally displaced persons (IDP); land mine incidents; the relocation of threatened mission Team Sites to safer areas; and the development of cattle stealing as a political weapon.
Joint Commission Secretariat / UNAVEM II, UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Joint Commission Secretariat consist of: minutes of ordinary and extraordinary sessions; implementation timetables for Security Council resolutions; briefs and reports prepared by the Force Commander for the Joint Commission; and reports prepared by the Ad Hoc Group to Review Allegations of Human Rights Violations to the Joint Commission.