Showing 1614 results

Catalogue

Series contains chiefly minutes and supporting documents (correspondence, inter-office memoranda, pre-meeting briefs, etc.) of meetings between UNIKOM officials and Iraqi or Kuwaiti authorities. Iraqi authorities include the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), the Coordinating Committee with the United Nations Observer Group (CC), the Ministry of Industry and Minerals, the Senior Iraqi Liaison Officer (SILO) in Umm Qasr and the governor of Basra. Kuwaiti authorities include the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), the Ministry of Interior International Organizations Liaison Office (IOLO) and the Kuwaiti army. Other records in the series consist of minutes and supporting documents of meetings between UNIKOM or other UN officials and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), foreign government representatives in Iraq, United Nations regional missions, or the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Subjects covered include: redeployment of border posts, activities of the Boundary Demarcation Commission, status of mission agreements, arrests, visits, employment of local personnel, medical support issues, mine clearance, sea traffic in the DMZ, border violations, administrative matters, retrieval of property, return of missing persons, coast guard patrols, alleged cease-fire violations, civilian demonstrations, alleged smuggling, displaced persons camp in DMZ, photography in the DMZ, Bangladeshi infantry battalion (BANBAT), repatriation of human remains, UNIKOM military observer (MILOB) conduct,construction of trench, oil-for-food programme, security, fishing industry, and contracts. Series divided into two sub-series - Iraq and Kuwait - and chiefly arranged chronologically therein. Other meeting minutes are interspersed throughout both sub-series.

Title based on series contents.

Additional meeting minutes, up to the year 2001, are located in Series S-0945, Operational subject files.

Series contains correspondences between UNIKOM and Iraq, Kuwait, and to a lesser extent, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). The principal liaising organ in Iraq was the Coordinating Committee with the United Nations Observer Group (CC), also known as the Higher Committee for Coordination of the Republic of Iraq. UNIKOM also regularly corresponded with Iraq's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Senior Iraqi Liaison Officer (SILO), the latter stationed in Umm Qasr. In Kuwait, UNIKOM liaised chiefly with the Ministry of Interior International Organizations Liaison Office and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Department of International Organizations. Outgoing letters chiefly signed by UNIKOM Chief Military Officer / Force Commander (CMO / FC); others from Deputy Chief Military Officer (DCMO)/Chief of Staff (COS) or Chief Operations Officer (COO). Letters to/from Iraq transmitted via Liaison Office-Baghdad; those sent to/from Kuwait transmitted via Liaison Office-Kuwait (Kuwait City). Subjects covered include: alleged violations of the cease-fire agreement, border crossings, general maintenance issues (construction, post, telephone, electricity, water, radio), demarcation of maritime boundary, oil-for-food programme, mine clearance, smuggling allegations, UNIKOM safety and security, press visits to the DMZ, recovery of property, use of photography in the DMZ, visas, detained foreign nationals, missing persons, and induction of Bangladeshi infantry battalion (BANBAT). Letters grouped by corresponding authority (Iraq, GCC, and Kuwait, in this order), and with the exception of the series' last file, further subdivided into outgoing and incoming correspondence, which are arranged chronologically (NB: exceptions occur regularly). Copies of referenced letters or related documents (memoranda, reports, minutes of meetings, news clippings, situation reports, etc.) follow the principal correspondence. Incoming letters from all authorities in Arabic with English translations provided.

Title based on series contents.

Additional correspondence between UNIKOM and Iraqi and Kuwaiti authorities, up to the year 2001, is located in Series S-0945, Operational subject files.

S-1823 contains records concerning military support provided to the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).

Force Commander
Files related to military officers include: analyses on the reduction of military strength; papers about the concept of operations for United Nations Military Observers (UNMOs); daily situation reports from the Chief of Staff (COS); papers and memoranda regarding the implementation of special security phases; and analyses on developments in Kosovo and Serbia.

Correspondence of the Force Commander covers such topics as: the Security Council’s extension of UNPREDEP’s mandate; fortification along the United Nations Patrol Line (UNPL); concept of operations; and the closing-down of UNPF and the establishment of UNPREDEP. Correspondence also includes updates on activities of teams of UNMOs and summaries of meetings between representatives of UNPREDEP and representatives of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).

Military reports were sent from the Force Commander to United Nations headquarters in New York and provide information about: the political and military situation; force structure and command; training of the Nordic Battalion (NORDBAT) and the United States Battalion (USBAT); border and community patrols and air operations; engineering and logistics aspects; and drawdown actions.

Records pertaining to the Nordic Battalion (NORDBAT) consist of: papers describing the composition of NORDBAT among the troop-contributing nations of Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland; battalion orders; reports on deployment at Observation Posts; organization charts and deployment maps of NORDBAT; monthly reports by NORDBAT to the Force Commander; and summaries of meetings between NORDBAT officers and border troops and Frontier Guard Officers of the FRY.

Records pertaining to the United States Battalion (USBAT) consist of: briefings prepared for the Force Commander; reports of the Force Commander’s inspections; monthly “roll up” reports on USBAT activities; and the Memorandum of Agreement and the Contribution Agreement between the United States and the United Nations.

Included are weekly reports of the United Nations Liaison Offices (UNLOs) in Belgrade, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), and Zagreb, Croatia, which were established in March 1996 with the task of monitoring and analyzing the policies and actions of the offices’ host governments which could have an impact on three peacekeeping missions active in the former Yugoslavia: UNPREDEP; the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH); and the United Nations Transitional Authority in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium (UNTAES). The weekly reports provide updates and commentary on: domestic political and military activities; foreign relations of the host country; electoral, humanitarian and human rights affairs; and the activities of the UNLOs.

Also included are records documenting visits made by the Force Commander to a variety of locations, including: Belgrade and Sarajevo in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY); Tirana and Pogradec in Albania; headquarters of the United States Army Europe (USAREUR) in Heidelberg, Germany; United Nations headquarters in New York; Washington, D.C.; and the Task Force Able Sentry near Skopje, and other locations in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). These records consist of: itineraries, notes for the file; discussion points and briefs; and summaries of meetings with military and government officials. Records also document visits made to UNPREDEP headquarters in Skopje by: Kofi Annan, the Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, and other United Nations officials; and government officials and ambassadors of the United States and European countries.

Force Commander’s records also include: briefs for and agenda and minutes of Force Commander’s Conferences; speeches made at Force Commanders’ change-of-command ceremonies as well as Force Commanders’ end of tour reports; summaries and minutes of meetings between the Force Commander and the FYROM Minister of Defense; analytical and discussion papers about the conditions along the border between Albania and the FYROM; letters protesting the FRY’s treatment of UN troops who accidentally crossed the border; special reports by the UNMOs; memoranda outlining public information strategies and guidelines for dealing with the media; contribution agreements between troop-contributing nations and UNPREDEP; and memoranda and charts describing the drawdown of UNPREDEP.

Chief of Staff
Records include: discussion papers about the role of UNPREDEP; end of mission reports of the military component of the United Nations Peace Forces (UNPF); and analyses on the border trespassing events that took place at Cupino Brdo, a hill mass located near the FYROM’s border with the FRY. Records pertaining to military changes-of-command ceremonies include: programs; invitation lists; ceremony scripts and speeches; and diagrams depicting troop formation.

Operations Branch, Senior Plans Officer (SPO)
Records of the Senior Plans Officer (SPO) consist of: minutes of Operations Conferences; mission Standard Operating Procedures (SOP); and military liquidation plans and outlines. Also included are operation orders and directives. Operation orders concern: alert stages and measures; deployment of troops along the border with the FRY and along the border with Albania; the drawdown and evacuation of military forces, civilian personnel and equipment; the handling of border incidents; and the provision of emergency assistance to ethnic Albanian refugees entering the FYROM from Kosovo. Incident reports cover: shootings and explosions near borders; cross-border smuggling activity; demonstrations; and violations of FYROM airspace.

Logistics Branch, Chief Logistics Officer (CLOGO)
Records of the Chief Logistics Officer (CLOGO) consist of: minutes of Logistics Conferences; logistics directives; reports of the CLOGO’s visits to Observation Posts; and correspondence concerning helicopter logistical support, refueling policies, and NORDBAT liquidation.

Military Information Liaison Office (MILO)
Included are records pertaining to the United Nations Patrol Line (UNPL), a military administrative boundary negotiated in 1994 by the mission and by the authorities of the FYROM and the FRY, and accepted as a gentlemen’s agreement as the Northern Limit of the Area of Operation (NLAOO). The NLAOO was revised and renamed the UNPL in 1995. The purpose of the boundary was to establish the northernmost area of United Nations operations and to prevent mission troops from accidentally wandering into FRY territory. Records include: analyses on the definition of the UNPL; memoranda describing the terrain constituting the UNPL; summaries of meetings between the Force Commander and the military officials of the FRY about adjustments and revisions made to the UNPL; hand-drawn sketches of the UNPL; and maps depicting military dispositions of UNPREDEP along the UNPL.

Also included are records pertaining to liaison meetings conducted by the staff of the Military Information Liaison Office (MILO). Meetings were held with: representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and of the Ministry of Defense of the FYROM; military officials of the Army of Yugoslavia (AY) of the FRY; and Albanian border police and Albanian government officials. Records include: summaries, minutes, and verbatim transcripts of meetings; and notes and memoranda for the file.

Military information summaries detail: activities along the FYROM’s border with Albania and with the FRY; and weekly activities of the Army of Yugoslavia (AY), the Army of the Republic of Macedonia (APM), and Albanian forces. Records pertaining to the drawdown of military forces mandated by Security Council Resolution 1082 (1996), which extended UNPREDEP’s mandate but reduced its size, include: presentations and memoranda on the concept of drawdown operations; plans and outlines for the drawdown; and minutes of drawdown planning meetings.

Records of the MILO also include maps. There is a map approved on 7 July 1994 that depicts the Northern Limit of the Area of Operations (NLAOO). This maps features paper notes affixed to the map surface, and hand-drawn markings of border changes. Also included is a series of maps produced by the Military Survey of the Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom in 1993 which depict areas that surround a number of cities and towns in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Albania, Kosovo, Bulgaria and Greece. Laminated maps of areas in the FYROM, as well as in Kosovo, are also included.

Civilian Police Support

S-1824 contains records concerning police support provided to the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).

Civilian Police Support
Civilian Police Support were deployed in the border areas of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) to monitor the work of the Macedonian border police. Civilian Police Support also conducted community patrols and liaised with local police.

Included are daily, weekend, and weekly situation reports consolidating information from the following Civilian Police Support stations: Station Skopje, Station Ohrid and Station Tetovo. Situation reports contain information gathered from border patrols regarding: shootings and sporadic firing; discoveries of smuggling; black marketing; and illegal border crossings. Situation reports also cover: demonstrations and hunger strikes held by civilians; visits to refugee camps and movements of refugees; and proceedings of the trial of Gostivar mayor Rufi Osmani held in September 1997, which was prompted by violence resulting from a flag-raising incident in July.

Also detailed in the situation reports are meetings conducted by Civilian Police Support. Meetings with chiefs and deputy commanders of local police concern such topics as: border incidents; local criminal activity; and the organization and administration of local police. Meetings with members of political parties primarily concern the controversial issue of the public raising of the Macedonian, Albanian and Turkish flags. Meetings with mayors concern such issues as: local business and economic conditions; local strikes; drug use; infrastructure challenges; attitudes toward CIVPOL and UNPREDEP’s presence; alleged government hostilities against the ethnic Albanian population; the difficulty of obtaining citizenship papers; and the activities of Roma.

Monthly situation reports, which were prepared by Civilian Police Support teams in Ohrid, Skopje, and Tetovo, detail: cooperation between CIVPOL and the Macedonian police; the professionalism of the Macedonian police; meetings with police chiefs; and incidents, crime trends, and prison visits.

There are also reports about villages visited by Civilian Police Support from Station Gostivar, Station Skopje, Station Ohrid and Station Tetovo. Most profiles are of villages located near FYROM’s borders with Albania and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). Village profiles document repeated visits to villages from 1993 to 1999. Information was gathered through observation and from conversations with village mayors, shopkeepers, farmers, and other residents.

Village profiles provide population figures and percentages of the ethnic makeup of villages, including figures on the following groups: Macedonian Orthodox Christians, Macedonia Muslims, Albanian Muslims, Turks, Roma, and Vlachs. Also noted are: comments about the crime rate; observations about population loss and the abandonment of villages during the winter months; and figures on unemployment and overseas emigration from villages. Details about infrastructure pertain to: plumbing; electricity; telephone lines; conditions of village roads; waste collection; and the functioning of wells and villagers’ access to potable water. Notes about village elementary and secondary schools mention class size, condition of facilities, and language used in instruction (Macedonian, Albanian or Turkish). Also noted are figures about refugees from Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia, and Kosovo residing in villages, and details about medical services available to and humanitarian assistance needed by villagers.

Chief Administrative Officer

S-1825 contains records concerning administrative support provided to the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).

Chief Administrative Officer (CAO)
Records include: minutes of meetings held by the Chief Administrative Officer with service and section chiefs, which detail communications, procurement, engineering, and transport activities; several editions of the mission’s Standard Operating Procedures (SOP); memoranda and reports about the administrative and military implications of the reconfiguration of UNPREDEP; correspondence between mission officials and government officials of the Republic of Macedonia; notes and agenda for Force Commander’s Conferences; and weekly logistics reports.

Correspondence and circulars cover such topics as: procedures for the use of helicopters; entry and exit procedures of the UNPREDEP headquarters; bomb threat procedures; procedures for new arrivals in the mission; emergency radio procedures; inspection and operational readiness reports; and procedures for contracts.

Also included are records pertaining to internal and external audits performed on UNPREDEP. Audit records include: correspondence exchanged between the Chief Administrative Officer and various offices at the United Nations headquarters in New York; memoranda pertaining to the visit of auditors to the mission and their activities; and reports of audits, which cover audit objectives, scope, findings, and recommendations.

Legal documents include: Memoranda of Understanding between UNPREDEP and troop-contributing countries regarding the supply of personnel, equipment and services; and letters of assist. Records of the Legal Officer consist of: notes for the file on the Legal Officer’s high-level meetings; and memoranda concerning a variety of topics, including immunity of United Nations personnel and court case proceedings.

Police Support
S-1038 · Series · 1991 - 1999
Part of United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) (1997-1999)

S-1038 contains records concerning police activities of the following peacekeeping missions:

United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II), 30 May 1991 – 8 February 1995
United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III), 8 February 1995 – 30 June 1997
United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA), 30 June 1997 – 26 February 1999

The MONUA peacekeeping mission maintained the files of two of its predecessor missions – UNAVEM II and UNAVEM III - and added records to those files until mission closure. Files for predecessor missions are searchable in S-1038 by date.

Civilian Police / UNAVEM II, UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Civilian Police consist of: summaries on the implementation of police issues of the Lusaka Protocol; summaries of meetings between the Police Commissioner and Angolan National Police officials; talking points for the Police Commissioner’s meetings with Dr. Jonas Savimbi; summaries of Heads of Components meetings attended by the Police Commissioner; summaries of Civilian Police Heads of Sections meetings; note verbale issued by the Police Commissioner; the Police Commissioner’s briefs on police activities prepared as part of the Secretary-General’s reports on Angola to the Security Council; and records concerning the quartering of the Rapid Reaction Police.

Records concerning the United Nations’ verification and monitoring of the collection and custody of armaments illegally possessed by civilians include: statistics of weapons collected; notes on public campaigns of civilian disarmament; and weekly progress reports. Also included are records pertaining to the Joint Commission, which consist of: briefs on police issues submitted by the Police Commissioner to the Joint Commission; summaries of allegations of banditry committed by the Angolan National Police (ANP); and Civilian Police implementation timetables of Security Council resolutions.

S-1044 · Series · 1995 - 1999
Part of United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) (1997-1999)

S-0145 contains records concerning oversight, audit, and investigation of the following peacekeeping missions:

United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III), 8 February 1995 – 30 June 1997
United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA), 30 June 1997 – 26 February 1999

Board of Inquiry (BOI)/ UAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Board of Inquiry consist of incoming and outgoing chronological files. Documents include: updates on, recommendations regarding, and conclusions of BOI cases; reviews of cases from the Legal Adviser; internal memoranda regarding cases; and correspondence discussing appointments to the Board and the assembly of case files.

Legal Support
S-0145 · Series · 1946 - 1999
Part of United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) (1997-1999)

S-0145 contains records concerning legal activities of the following peacekeeping missions:

United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II), 30 May 1991 – 8 February 1995
United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA), 30 June 1997 – 26 February 1999

Files for individual missions are searchable in S-0145 by date.

Legal Adviser / MONUA
Records of the Legal Adviser consist of: the Legal Adviser’s briefs to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG); memoranda of understanding; records concerning the use of premises for mission headquarters and for the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG); records describing legal opinion and the status of legal discussions on various subjects; background and case history notes; and case files.

Legal Adviser / UNAVEM II
Records of the Legal Adviser consist of: reports summarizing the findings of the Investigative Committee on the Conduct of the Electoral Process; reports on the conduct of elections in provinces; and weekly reports of Electoral Observers and Regional Electoral Coordinators, which describe regional political climate, the electoral process, the impact of the UNAVEM II presence in Angola, and the activities of political parties and their relations with UNAVEM II.

Military Support
S-1035 · Series · 1986 - 1999
Part of United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) (1997-1999)

S-1035 / Field Operations - Military Support

S-1035 contains records concerning military operations of the following peacekeeping missions:

United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II), 30 May 1991 – 8 February 1995
United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III), 8 February 1995 – 30 June 1997
United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA), 30 June 1997 – 26 February 1999

The MONUA peacekeeping mission maintained the files of two of its predecessor missions – UNAVEM II and UNAVEM III - and added records to those files until mission closure. Files for predecessor missions are searchable in S-1035 by date.

Force Commander / UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Force Commander include: minutes and verification reports of the Armed Conflict Prevention Group; minutes of the Force Commander’s monthly conferences; records concerning the building of a Government of National Unity and Reconciliation (GURN); reports to United Nations headquarters on the political situation in Angola; reports of the Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit (UCAH); and summaries of Security Council consultations on Angola.

During the mandate of UNAVEM II the territory of Angola was divided into six military regions: the Northern Region, North Eastern Region, Central Region, Southern Region, South Eastern Region and Eastern Region. Records from regions consist of: reports to Regional headquarters and to the Force Commander; incident reports; minutes of Regional Commanders conferences; minutes of Regional Commanders meetings with the Uniao Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola (UNITA); and minutes of Regional Commanders meetings with non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

Records of the Joint Commission include: summaries of meetings on the implementation of the Lusaka Protocol; briefs of the Force Commander to the Joint Commission; and reports to the Joint Commission on the humanitarian situation and on demobilization.

The Force Commander’s records also contain: records pertaining to the activities of the UNITA president Jonas Savimbi, such as: messages, speeches, commentary, and meeting talking points. There also are records concerning the administration of the Demining School, located in Viana. Other records pertain to the quartering of UNITA troops, including tables accounting for the handover of weapons and reports on the dismantling of UNITA command posts.

Deputy Force Commander (DFC) / UNAVEM II and UNAVEM III
Records of the Deputy Force Commander include: reports of mine incidents and papers regarding the establishment of a national mine clearance capacity in Angola; papers concerning the demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants and war-disabled persons; reports on the humanitarian situation; and minutes of the Joint Commission. Documents concerning the quartering of troops include reconnaissance reports and reports on camp construction.

Chief of Staff (COS) / UNAVEM II, UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Chief of Staff consist of: administrative instructions; briefs and analyses of the political-military situation; memoranda concerning the safety of UNITA leaders; logistics plans; evacuation instructions for regions if the peace process fails; and records describing the activities of United Nations agencies in Angola. Other records pertain to talks held in April 1993 in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire, such as: drafts of the Protocol of Abidjan; D-Day time tables; agendas and meeting summaries; and position statements of the Government of Angola on the peaceful settlement of the conflict. Records concerning the air accidents of 26 December 1998 and 2 January 1999 include: correspondence, chronologies of events surrounding the accidents, and reports of the events.

Chief Military Officer (CMO) / UNAVEM II
A key set of records documents the activities of the Joint Political-Military Commission (CCPM), which was responsible for the implementation of the political and military agreements contained in the Bicesse Accords signed on 31 May 1991 in Lisbon by the Popular Movement for Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and UNITA. These files contain: agendas, notes and papers describing the progress of the implementation of the peace accords; summaries of CCPM meetings held in Cabinda, Cunene and other provinces in Angola; statements made by Observers of the commission; papers on the reintegration of former combatants; and documents pertaining to the planning of free and fair elections in Angola. Records of the Joint Verification and Monitoring Commission (CMVF), a subordinate commission of the CCPM, consist of: minutes and summaries of meetings, and reports on the verification and monitoring of troops.

The Chief Military Officer’s records also hold: updates to the Security Council of the UNAVEM II military and police components; discussion papers on the future of UNAVEM and on the United Nations mediation in the Angolan crisis; chronological reviews of major events and incidents of UNAVEM II; minutes of the Chief Military Officer’s bi-monthly conferences held at mission headquarters; and notes for heads of components meetings. Also included is correspondence between the Chief Military Officer and UNAVEM II personnel in the province of Cabinda; summaries of meetings with Cabinda citizens; and summaries of the political situation concerning the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC).

Documents pertaining to Angolan political parties consist of: summaries of meetings between Margaret Anstee, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), and the presidents of Angolan political parties; documents describing the rules of conduct of political parties during the electoral process; and statements made by political parties. There is correspondence between Margaret Anstee and Marrack Goulding, the Under Secretary-General, as well as: reports of the SRSG’s meetings with Jonas Savimbi and Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos; progress reports about the elections; and summaries of political developments in Angola.

Chief Plans Officer (CPLANO) / UNAVEM III
The Chief Plans Officer’s records contain correspondence, memoranda, schedules, reports and papers concerning: contingency evacuation plans; the downsizing of regional headquarters; tasks accomplished and yet-to-be accomplished by the military component; the withdrawal of formed military units; developments in the political-military situation in Angola in relation to the military requirements of UNAVEM III; and the transition of UNAVEM III to the Observer Mission. Also included are records pertaining to the establishment, organization and deployment of the Rapid Reaction Force.

Chief Operations Officer (COO) / UNAVEM II
Records of the Chief Operations Officer include: fortnightly information bulletins; training programmes for newly arriving Military Observers; reports on demobilization; and monthly reports from regions.

Senior Military Observer (SMO) / UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Senior Military Observer include: briefs for the Force Commander from the Senior Military Observer and minutes of meetings on deployment. Records concerning Team Sites include: reconnaissance reports; Team Commander’s briefs on Team Site activities; and reports of visits to Team Sites by the Senior Military Observer. Records reporting on ceasefire allegations also describe the following: attacks and ambushes on villages, abductions, refugee movements, mine accidents, theft, and murder carried out by UNITA and the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA).

Chief Military Personnel Officer (CMPO) / UNAVEM III
Records of the Chief Military Personnel Officer contain: efficiency reports sent to the Force Commander; and administrative records concerning policy and procedures for payment of officers, repatriation, leave and other matters.

Chief Air Support Officer (CASO) / MONUA
Records of the Chief Air Support Officer include: weekly reports of air activities and reports of aircraft accidents and incidents.

Outstation Coordinating Unit (OCU) / UNAVEM III
Records of the Outstation Coordinating Unit include: weekly reports sent to the Outstation Coordinator in Luanda from Regional Administrative Officers; reports of political developments in regions; documents regarding security arrangements in regions; summaries of Civilian Police activities in regions; and monthly logistics reports.

Regional Headquarters (Luena), Eastern Region / MONUA
Records include: reports of ceasefire violations against UNITA, FAA and the Angola National Police (ANP); correspondence between UNITA and governors of Angolan provinces; weekly reports of the Human Rights Officer; reports on the political-military situation in provinces and UNITA rallies; reports of the visit of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) to Luena; security and evacuation plans for mission personnel; and statistics on mine incidents and underage soldiers in the Eastern Region. Additional records concern the extension of state administration of the Government of National Unity and Reconciliation (GURN) in the Moxico Province including: agendas and minutes of meetings of the Provincial Inter-Sectorial Group (GOIP) and programmes of ceremonies at various localities in the province.

Military Police / UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Provost Marshal Section include: memoranda concerning the organization and functions of the Military Police; directives issued by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG); the Provost Marshal’s briefs for the Force Commander’s monthly conferences; records concerning the use of weapons; and reports to the Provost Marshal from Military Police Detachments in Regional Headquarters. Records of the Special Investigations Section include: administrative instructions; final investigation reports concerning theft, intimidation and assault; and weekly gazettes summarizing investigation activities.

Political Affairs
S-1036 · Series · 1990 - 1999
Part of United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) (1997-1999)

S-1036 contains records concerning political activities of the following peacekeeping missions:

United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II), 30 May 1991 – 8 February 1995
United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III), 8 February 1995 – 30 June 1997
United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA), 30 June 1997 – 26 February 1999

The MONUA peacekeeping mission maintained the files of two of its predecessor missions - UNAVEM II and UNAVEM III - and added records to those files until mission closure. Files for predecessor missions are searchable in S-1036 by date.

Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) / UNAVEM III and MONUA
Code cables include: summaries of the SRSG’s meetings with the president of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) Dr. Jonas Savimbi, and the President of the Government of Angola, Jose Eduardo dos Santos; summaries of meetings of the Troika of observer states represented on the Joint Commission; documents outlining the special status of Dr. Jonas Savimbi, as provided by the Lusaka Protocol; summaries of agreements between the Government of Angola and UNITA Renovada, a militant group that separated from UNITA in 1998; progress reports on search and rescue operations of the air accidents of 26 December 1998 and 2 January 1999; and records concerning the relocation of the Andulo and Bailundo Team Sites.

Other files include the SRSG’s correspondence with: United Nations headquarters and the president of the Security Council; governments of African states; embassies located in Luanda; and human rights, humanitarian, non-governmental, business, and religious organizations in Angola and abroad. Included are speeches by the SRSG, President Jose Eduardo dos Santos, and Dr. Jonas Savimbi, made for various events, including: the signing ceremony of the Lusaka Protocol held in Zambia in November 1994; and the investiture of the Government of National Unity and Reconciliation (GURN) in 1997.

Files on the Government of Unity and National Reconciliation (GURN) include: correspondence between the SRSG and the Minister of Territorial Administration of the Government of Angola; protest notes; and summaries of meetings of the Committee on the Extension of State Administration. Also included are statements made by President Jose Eduardo dos Santos and statements made by UNITA on the programme of the GURN.

Records pertaining to UNITA consist of: correspondence between the SRSG and Dr. Jonas Savimbi, as well as other UNITA officials; communiqués from UNITA sent to United Nations headquarters via the SRSG; manifestos of UNITA militants; papers describing violations of the Lusaka Protocol; and allegations made by UNITA against the Angolan National Police (ANP).

Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) / UNAVEM II
Records of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) include: reports from the SRSG to United Nations headquarters on political developments; records concerning the public information programme initiated in support of United Nations activities in Angola; summaries of meetings between the SRSG and representatives of United Nations agencies on mission activities; talking points for meetings between the SRSG and Dr. Jonas Savimbi, and between the SRSG and President Jose Eduardo dos Santos; and summaries of meetings between President Jose Eduardo dos Santos and Dr. Jonas Savimbi. Records concerning the national election of 29-30 September 1992 include: reports on the registration of voters in regions; reports concerning the airlift operations engaged to expedite the electoral process; and statements by the SRSG on the electoral process.

Security Council files include: summaries of meetings of the Security Council Ad Hoc Commission to Angola; and statements on the Angola situation made by the president of the Security Council.

Incident reports from regions describe hostilities in the field, such as: mortar shelling, sporadic rifle and artillery shooting; aerial and grenade attacks; and hijackings of vehicles. Incident reports also provide information about the following: the locations of fighting and the launching of counter attacks; the capture of territory by fighting parties; the status of UNAVEM personnel and the safety of UNAVEM compounds; relations between UNITA generals and generals of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA); and anti-UNAVEM sentiment.

Records pertaining to UNITA consist of: Dr. Jonas Savimbi’s messages to the people of Angola; a report describing violations identified by UNITA of the electoral law in the national election of 29-30 September 1992; and memoranda concerning the personal safety of UNITA leaders and the protection of the party’s facilities.

Senior Political Adviser (SPA) / MONUA, UNAVEM III
Notes and briefings from the Senior Political Adviser to the SRSG include: comments and background analyses; and talking points and aide memoire for the SRSG’s meetings and events.

Records pertaining to the visit of Secretary-General Kofi Annan to Angola in March 1997 include: speeches made to UNAVEM III staff, the Joint Commission and the people of Angola; and talking points for the Secretary-General’s audience with President Jose Eduardo dos Santos and Dr. Jonas Savimbi.

Records concerning the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) document: allegations made by UNITA to the Joint Commission against the Angolan National Police (ANP); arbitrary acts and violations of the Lusaka Protocol carried out by the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) as identified by UNITA; and UNITA’s surrendering of weapons and ammunition at MONUA team sites.

The Senior Political Adviser’s dossier on Angola includes: analyses on the activities of political parties; talking points and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and representatives of political parties; statements on the peace process made by political parties; and requests made by non-governmental organizations for audience with the Senior Political Adviser.

Division of Political Affairs / UNAVEM II, UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Division of Political Affairs contain the proceedings of the Angola peace talks held in Lusaka, Zambia, from November 1993 to January 1994. Also included are: briefings from the Director of the Political Affairs Division to the SRSG; summaries of consultations between the SRSG and the Troika of observer states of the Angolan peace process; summaries of consultations between the SRSG and Dr. Jonas Savimbi; summaries of meetings in Andulo between UNITA officials and representatives of the Government of Angola; documents summarizing UNITA’s viewpoint on the formation of the Government of National Unity and Reconciliation (GURN); discussion papers on mitigating the impact of armed conflict on children; documents describing the humanitarian situation in Angola; and synthesis reports sent to the SRSG from Political Affairs Officers, who were charged with monitoring political developments in assigned areas.

Political analyses sent from the Director of the Division of Political Affairs to the SRSG concern a variety of topics, including: the transformation of Radio VORGAN into a non-partisan radio station as required by the Lusaka Protocol; and the activities of the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) and other opposition parties in the parliament. Also include are: summaries of meetings, seminars and workshops held between Political Affairs Officers and political parties; summaries of press conferences held by political parties; and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and representatives of political parties.

Records concerning demobilization and the reintegration of combatants include: reintegration proposals; inventories of weapons and war materials handed over by UNITA; policy guidelines on the closure of quartering areas; and meetings minutes of the Joint Commission’s Technical Working Group on Demobilization and Reintegration.

Division of Political Affairs, Deputy Director / UNAVEM II, UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Deputy Director of the Division of Political Affairs include: code cables, reading files, reports from regions, and weekly reports.

Code cables include: summaries of meetings between the SRSG and Dr. Jonas Savimbi in Andulo; implementation timetables on the extension of state administration; papers concerning the establishment of UNITA Renovada.

Reading files consist of: note verbale, information circulars, and internal memoranda of the Division of Political Affairs. Additionally, they contain: summaries of the SRSG’s meetings with the Diplomatic Corps; analyses of political developments; analyses of press coverage of mission activities; records pertaining to the visit of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General to Angola, Lakhdar Brahimi, in August 1998; summaries of meetings between the SRSG and representatives of non-governmental organizations; briefs on the implantation of sanctions against Angola; plans and updates on the extension of state administration; and political analyses of news reports and press releases of Radio VORGAN (Voz Resistencia do Galo Negro).

Reports from regions consist of: daily and weekly political reports sent to the Director of the Division of Political Affairs from Regional Political Affairs Officers in the field; summaries of complaints sent to the SRSG from UNITA; summaries and minutes of Provincial Inter-Sectorial Group (GOIP) meetings; documents pertaining to the establishment of Radio Despertar, which replaced Radio VORGAN. Reports from regions concern: attacks on villages; the arbitrary harassment and arrest of civilians; the forced conscription of young men into the Angolan National Police (ANP), the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA), and UNITA; humanitarian assistance provided to internally displaced persons (IDP); land mine incidents; the relocation of threatened mission Team Sites to safer areas; and the development of cattle stealing as a political weapon.

Joint Commission Secretariat / UNAVEM II, UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Joint Commission Secretariat consist of: minutes of ordinary and extraordinary sessions; implementation timetables for Security Council resolutions; briefs and reports prepared by the Force Commander for the Joint Commission; and reports prepared by the Ad Hoc Group to Review Allegations of Human Rights Violations to the Joint Commission.