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S-1822 contains records concerning political support provided to the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).

Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG)
The SRSG’s daily reports to United Nations headquarters summarize political and military events. They detail: activities of government ministers and political parties; press conferences and news reported in the Macedonian press; informal meetings attended by the SRSG; visits of delegations to the mission; and demonstrations by ethnic Macedonian and ethnic Albanian students. The SRSG’s daily reports also note illegal crossing activity, smuggling, and intermittent shooting along FYROM’s borders with Albania and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).

Attachments to code cables consist of a wide variety of documents. Included are: summaries of the SRSG’s meetings with President Kiro Gligorov; monthly reports of the SRSG to United Nations headquarters; briefing notes for the Secretary-General’s visit to FYROM in May 1999; memoranda about political developments in Albania; reports about the imprisonment of dissidents; chronologies of events and reports on the political situation in the municipalities of Gostivar and Tetovo; background and commentary on the 1998 national elections; updates on incidents along the United Nations Patrol Line (UNPL) and along the Macedonian-Albanian border; analyses of press articles for the SRSG; transcripts of television interviews of government ministers; and memoranda about the construction of and conditions in refugee camps.

Also included are records documenting relations between UNPREDEP and the Government of the Republic of Macedonia. These consist of: communiqués; transcripts of ministers’ speeches and interviews; correspondence between the SRSG and the Minister of Defense regarding the mission’s land use; correspondence and memoranda regarding the President’s visit to UN Observation Posts; memoranda detailing the October 1995 attempt to assassinate President Gligorov with a car bomb and the subsequent investigation; summaries of security incidents reported by the Ministry of the Interior; and memoranda about good offices initiatives.

Records pertaining to elections consist of: correspondence between UNPREDEP officials and members of political parties; statements and papers on positions of political parties; career information about government ministers; analyses of the municipal elections; and reports of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) on the elections.

There are also summaries of luncheons hosted by the SRSG for representatives of political parties, including: the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO-DPMNE); the Democratic Party of Macedonia (DPM); and the Socialist Party of Macedonia (SPM). Topics discussed at these luncheons include: the general elections; draft electoral law; the political situation; changes in government leadership; mergers between political parties; judicial autonomy; ownership of private property; the right to freedom of expression and freedom of the press; the display of Albanian flags on public buildings; the demarcation of the border between FYROM and FRY; the situation in Kosovo; inter-ethnic relations and human rights; the need for an international military presence in FYROM; international security arrangements; and UNPREDEP’s mandate. Also included are summaries of luncheons hosted by the SRSG for representatives of politically-oriented youth organizations.

Files maintained on Kosovo consist of: reports about refugee movements and correspondence regarding the entry of Kosovo refugees into FYROM; updates, memoranda, meeting summaries, and analytical papers about the situation in Kosovo, particularly regarding its impact on UNPREDEP’s operations.

Security-related records include: meeting minutes of the Security Management Team; Quarterly Security Reports; security alerts reports; and the Mission Security Plan. Security situation reports particularly detail: the movements of refugees from Kosovo into FYROM; incidents at refugee camps; and military and humanitarian use of airports.

Included are records of a workshop conducted by the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs in cooperation with UNPREDEP titled “An Agenda for Preventive Diplomacy: Theory and Practice,” held in Skopje in October 1996. These consist of: agreements between UNPREDEP and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs; correspondence; participant lists; agenda; and addresses and papers presented at the workshop. In addition, there are papers, proceedings, and correspondence related to the Consultative Meeting of the Entities of the United Nations System on the Activities in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), held in Skopje in March 1998.

Also included are: memoranda and correspondence pertaining to the organization of UNPREDEP and the extension of its mandate; drafts of the Secretary-General’s reports on UNPREDEP to the Security Council, and comments relating to the reports; end of mission reports by the SRSG; and itineraries for the SRSG’s travel, as well as talking points, statements delivered, summaries of meetings, and summaries of visits. In addition, there are: papers about illegal drug trafficking and organized crime, and on reform of the criminal justice system and of the criminal code; and project proposals and outlines for social programs initiated by UNPREDEP in cooperation with United Nations agencies and the FYROM government.

Special Assistant to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG)
Records relating to the Government of the Republic of Macedonia include biographical and career information about government ministers; correspondence regarding visits by government ministers to UNPREDEP; correspondence discussing seminars and training resources for the Macedonian police; and invitations sent to ministers to attend seminars.

Records related to the workshop titled “An Agenda for Preventive Diplomacy: Theory and Practice,” held in Skopje in October 1996, consist of: discussion papers about ethnicity as a source of social conflict and on the evolution, meaning, and components of preventive diplomacy; and correspondence and information about governmental and non-governmental organizations working in Macedonia.

The Intersectoral Mission on Developmental Social Issues was a team of experts tasked to implement goals established at the World Summit on Social Development, held in Copenhagen in 1995. Records pertaining to its visit to FYROM consist of outlines and proposals for projects addressing unemployment, early childhood education, services for disabled persons, services for orphaned and abandoned children, and poverty elimination.

Records pertaining to drug control and crime prevention consist of: summaries of crime prevention activities undertaken by UNPREDEP in cooperation with United Nations agencies; maps of drug trafficking routes; agenda for seminars, conferences and symposia on the prevention of organized crime and corruption; and summaries of meetings on the review of draft laws on the control and prevention of corruption held among government ministers, the SRSG, representatives of United Nations agencies, and legal experts. Related papers cover such topics as: proposed drug control programs for FYROM outlined by UN agencies; the incidence of crime in the Republic of Macedonia; and programs intended to strengthen the government.

Records pertaining to youth include: correspondence, project proposals, and seminar programmes related to training in leadership, computer literacy, and foreign languages for youth; and outlines describing income-generating projects for youth and changes proposed for the Macedonian educational system.

Records also include: papers, program plans, curriculum outlines, and correspondence related to the Institute for Social Work and Social Policy affiliated with the University of Sts. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje; and discussion papers on the Legal Consultancy Mission to Macedonia presented to the United Nations Focal Point for Electoral Assistance Activities.

S-1822 includes a group of publications in Macedonian which were produced in whole or in part by UNPREDEP; these publications have been removed to ARMS’s reference library.

Human Rights Support
S-1037 · Series · 1993 - 1999
Part of United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) (1997-1999)

S-1037 contains records concerning human rights activities of the following peacekeeping missions:

United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III), 8 February 1995 – 30 June 1997
United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA), 30 June 1997 – 26 February 1999

The MONUA peacekeeping mission maintained the files of two of its predecessor missions – UNAVEM II and UNAVEM III - and added records to those files until mission closure. Files for predecessor missions are searchable in S-1037 by date.

Human Rights Division / UNAVEM III and MONUA
Records of the Human Rights Division consist of: weekly situation reports from Human Rights Officers sent to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG); summaries of meetings held by the Chief of the Human Rights Division; reports of investigations carried out by Human Rights Officers; reports of Human Rights Officers’ visits to prisons; agendas and summaries of local seminars and workshops on human rights; and field reports of Human Rights Officers sent to the Chief of the Human Rights Division, which document local human rights violations, mission support for the rehabilitation of a fair judicial system, and the mission’s promotion of local human rights campaigns. Also included are questionnaires and results of MONUA’s “Lessons to be Learned Survey” conducted in 1998, which gathered perceptions of human rights related issues from Human Rights Officers, Political Affairs Officers, Military Observers, Civilian Police, and other personnel upon departure from the mission.

Code cables - cities

UN. Chef de Cabinet - 1961-1973: Narasimhan; 1979-1981: Ahmed; 1982-1993: Dayal
UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General - 1974: Kittani and Ismat; 1975: Ahmed and Kittani; 1976-1978: Ahmed

Series consists of incoming and outgoing code cables - numbered and unnumbered including memorandums and situation reports. Correspondence is between top eschelon United Nations - UN officials at New York headquarters and United Nations personnel based in cities, such as Nicosia, Damascus, Bangkok, Baghdad, Luanda, Jerusalem, Tegucigalpa, Srinagar, Zagreb, and Windhoek. Subject matters discussed relate to administrative issues including office operations, personnel, facilities management and travel arrangements; humanitarian activity; political events; security matters; and the activities of peace-keeping and observer missions. Code cables are contained in boxes 1 through 72; requests for code clearances are located in box 73. Correspondents include Secretaries-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Javier Perez de Cuellar, Kurt Waldheim, and U Thant; Jean-Claude Aime, Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General and later Chief of Staff; and Under-Secretary-General of Special Political Affairs M. Goulding.

Accession numbers include: 89/29, boxes 1-6; 92/70, boxes 1-15; and 94/22, boxes 1-2.

Actual series size: 73 boxes.

Bary

S-0309 · Series · 1960 - 1999
Part of United Nations Office for Special Political Affairs (1955-1991)

UN. Office of the Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs (OUSGSPA) (1958-1972: Bunche; 1963-1964: Protitch; 1965-1970: Rolz-Bennett; 1970-1978: Guyer; 1979-1981: Perez de Cuellar; 1974-1985: Urquhart; 1981-1988: Cordovez)

Series consists of materials documenting the progress of the United Nations Peace-Keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP), including information reports, incident reports, notes for briefings, strength reports, rotation reports, visit requests, visit and air clearances, casualty briefings, directives, operation information, staff lists, country files, cables, instructions, personnel files and correspondence. Subjects include armed elements, troop movements,and civil defense training; Cypriot relations with the UN; freedom of movement; Yukon supply flights; flag related incidents; Lonelines projects; Operation Mayflower; Ledra palace; and S/RES/54. Correspondents include Under-Secretary-General of Special Political Affairs R. J. Bunche; Special representative of the Secretary-General, Cyprus, Lt. Weckmann-Munoz; UNFICYP Commander Lt.-Gen. D. Prem Chand; and UNFICYP Commander Gen. G. G. Griendel.
Series contains photographs of the Auscon headquarters and the Mayflower Operation, located in the "M" section of the alphabetically arranged series. These photographs are still in glue-backed photograph albums and are in need of archival sleeving.

Accession number 1987/005, boxes 1-14

Actual series size: 52 boxes

Novak

Code and clear cables

Series dates primarily from 1961-1973 - there are a few items dated 1980. Documented are office operations including personnel administration, contract and purchasing, facilities management, travel arrangements and visits, humanitarian activity, political events, and the activities of peacekeeping and observer missions. Records are incoming and outgoing code and clear cables, as well as numbered and unnumbered cables. Correspondence is between top echelon United Nations officials in New York and missions located in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and the Dominican Republic, including Secretaries-General U Thant and Kurt Waldheim, Deputy Chef de Cabinet and later Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs Jose Rolz-Bennett, Under Secretary General for Special Political Affairs Ralph Bunche, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Philippe de Seynes, Controller Bruce Turner, Senior Officer for the Office of Special Political Affairs Brian Urquhart, Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs J. Peres de Cuellar, Deputy Executive Officer for Department of Public Information R. Eriksen, and Chief of Section of the Executive Office of the Secretary-General D. Blickenstaff. Arranged alphabetically by location and therein chronologically.

Legal
S-1859 · Series · 1992 - 1998
Part of United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)

Legal Section
The UNOMIL legal records detail the development of mission-related legal agreements.

Several legal agreements between UNOMIL and Liberia are present in the records, such as Status of Mission Agreements (SOMA); Status of Forces Agreements (SOFA); and Memoranda of Understanding (MOU). Also included are lease agreements pertaining to the UNOMIL Headquarters (Hotel Africa) in Monrovia, Liberia.

The records also contain memoranda exchanged between Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Kofi Annan and Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) Anthony Nyakyi, describing the implementation of the 28 December 1994 Accra Agreement and the 19 August 1995 Abuja Agreement.

Also included is a legal chronological file, containing memoranda exchanged between the UNOMIL Legal Officer and other UNOMIL officials: SRSG; Chief Administrative Officer (CAO); Chief Financial Officer (CFO); and Chief Procurement Officer (CPO). Documents of note in the chronological file are communications between the Legal Officer and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and/or the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO), regarding the development of mission-related legal affairs and agreements such as: drafts of lease agreements for UNOMIL Headquarters; draft MOU; and preliminary, interim, and final reports prepared by the UNOMIL Ad-Hoc Committee of Inquiry about the Sinje Massacre that took place on 28 September 1996 in Singe, Grand Cape Mount County.

S-0306 · Series · 1988 - 1998
Part of United Nations Office for Special Political Affairs (1955-1991)

Series consists of numbered clear and code cables (incoming and outgoing) regarding the United Nations Iran - Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG) mission to supervise the Iran-Iraq cease-fire and troop withdrawal. Code cable subjects include daily situation reports; deployment and security of U.N. military observers; cease-fire violations; status of forces agreements; the return of POWs and war dead; UNIIMOG personnel relations with Iranian authorities; and the Irani/Iraqi mixed military working group. Other subjects documented include the political situation in Iran; incidents and casualties; and administrative matters, including press relations and communications difficulties. Clear cables are primarily summaries of Iraqi daily newspapers reports. Correspondents include UNIIMOG Chief Military Observer Maj. Gen. Slavko Jovic.

Accession numbers: 92/150, boxes 3-9

Actual series size: 11 boxes

Chore

Series contains records related to incidents and violations in the DMZ, and formal complaints filed by Kuwait and Iraqi authorities to UNIKOM. Record types include standard letters, notes verbales, Board of Inquiry convening orders, memoranda, meeting minutes, liaison office periodic summaries, occurrence reports, situation reports, and newspaper clippings. Subjects include shooting incidents, aggression toward UNIKOM personnel, illegal border crossings, asylum seekers, police deployment in the DMZ. All but first three files arranged by case report number.

Title based on series contents.

Head of Mission
S-1857 · Series · 1993 - 1998
Part of United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)

Special Representative for the Secretary-General (SRSG)
The Office of the Special Representative for the Secretary-General (SRSG) to Liberia was located at UNOMIL headquarters in Monrovia, Liberia. Records derive from the tenures of Mr. Anthony Nyakyi (December 1994 - April 1997) and Mr. Tuliameni Kalomoh, who succeeded Nyakyi in April 1997. The documents primarily consist of incoming and outgoing code cables and subject files which relate to the SRSG’s activities as Head of the Mission.

The code cables were sent from SRSG Nyakyi to United Nations Headquarters, New York and include: drafts and final progress reports to the Secretary-General; daily and weekly situation reports, sent to Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Kofi Annan, detailing political and military developments in the mission; and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and Heads of State, Foreign Affairs Ministers, and faction leaders. Memoranda are also included in the outgoing code cables, describing: the electoral process; analyses of ceasefire violations as relating to the 28 December 1994 Accra Agreement and the 19 August 1995 Abuja Agreement; and deployment of UNOMIL and Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) observers. The code cables also contain notes for file prepared by the Political Affairs Officer (PAO) and by the Human Rights Officer (HRO). The notes for file offer summaries and analyses of the meetings with high-level officials and human rights investigations, respectively.

Also present in the records are incoming code cables from Annan and the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Marrack Goulding to SRSG Nyakyi on topics such as the Brussels Conference held to support the peace process in Liberia (December 1996); the Mission of the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Liberia (April 1996); and human rights violations (December 1995).

Other files relate to meetings held by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), including meetings of the Chiefs of Staff; the Council of Ministers; the Committee of Four on Sierra Leone; the Committee of Nine on Liberia; and sessions of Authority Heads of State and Government. Documents relating to these meetings include agenda; minutes from the meetings; draft and final reports; notes verbal; and final communiqués. There are also statements presented at meetings by ECOWAS member states’ Ministers of Foreign Affairs and SRSG Nyakyi.

Also included are files about the disarmament and demobilization process: correspondence between the SRSG and representatives of warring factions about the progress of disarmament; meeting summaries of, and attendance lists for, the inter-agency Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Task Force, chaired by the Humanitarian Coordinator of the United Nations Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office in Liberia (UN-HACO); working papers about the disarmament and demobilization process; and correspondence between the UN-HACO Humanitarian Coordinator and the SRSG.

There are also subject files which relate to the ECOWAS Military Observer Group (ECOMOG), which include meeting reports of the ECOMOG Disarmament Committee. Records of the inter-agency Ceasefire Violation Committee (CFVC) are also present. These contain meeting minutes summarizing faction allegations of ceasefire violations, and letters of protest from factions and sent to the CFVC.

Chief Administrative Officer (CAO)
Also included are documents from the UNOMIL Office of the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO), who reported to the SRSG. These include: UNOMIL organization charts; code cables sent from both the SRSG and the CAO to United Nations Headquarters, New York; daily, weekly, and monthly situation reports detailing political and military activities, in particular the activities of President Charles Taylor; and daily press briefings summarizing the daily briefing delivered by Spokesman of the Secretary-General, Fred Eckhard.

S-0229 · Series · 1971 - 1998
Part of United Nations Office for Special Political Affairs (1955-1991)

UN. Office of the Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs (1971-1975: Guyer)

Series conists of correspondence, incoming and outgoing clear cables, memoranda, and reports relating to the UN's food relief operations in East Pakistan before, during, and after the war between India and Pakistan, and is divided into four major subject categories as follows: a) administration, including communications, transportation, markings and insignia, and interaction with other UN agencies; b) staff, including files on senior and lower echelon staff members, as well as some substantive material on the various special representatives; c) evacuation of UNEPRO staff from Dacca, East Pakistan during India-Pakistan fighting of 1971; and d) reports, including progress updates. Correspondents include Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, Under-Secretaries-General Roberto Guyer and Brian Urquhart, Assistant Secretary-General Paul-Marc Henry, Assistant Secretary-General for Interagency Affairs Ismat Kittani, Special Representative B.A. El-Tawil, and UNEPRO Senior Advisor Stephen Tripp.

Accession numbers: A/754; 77/207

Actual series size: 1.5 feet