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Peacekeeping - Vietnam and Indo-China

Series comprises the documented record of the Secretary-General's involvement in diplomacy on the Vietnam war (1972-1973), and the subsequent humanitarian and reconstruction assistance on the Indo-China peninsula (1975-1981), primarily Kampuchea and Vietnam. Records include copies of agreements, correspondence (including cables and incoming war protest correspondence), discussion papers, press releases, etc. Includes files on the International Conference on Vietnam (Jan. 1973 to Dec. 1974) and on the Cambodian/Kampuchean refugee problem (May 1979 to Apr. 1980). Correspondents include high level UN officials, Henry Kissinger (Secretary of State, USA), and Nguyen Thi Binh (Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam). Arranged in two groupings (Vietnam, followed by Indo-China), and therein by topical categories (original order).

Police Support

Civilian Police, Commissioner
The Civilian Police consisted of the Operations Branch, the Logistics Branch, the Liaison Branch, the Personnel Branch, and the Inspection and Discipline Branch. The Civilian Police also managed a Special Task Force, which reported to the Operations Branch. Twenty-one provincial headquarters, headed by Provincial Commanders, were also established. The headquarters of the Civilian Police was located in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The Civilian Police were mandated to ensure that law and order were maintained effectively and impartially in Cambodia, and that human rights were fully protected. Additionally, the Civilian Police: supervised and trained local police; ensured that political rallies were free of harassment and intimidation and that campaigners could exercise freedom of speech; ensured safe and orderly voter registration; monitored static and mobile polling stations during the election for the Cambodian Constituent Assembly held 23-28 May 1993; and assisted refugees returning to Cambodia. Brigadier General Klaas C. Roos of the Netherlands served as the Commissioner of the Civilian Police for the duration of the mission.

Chronological and operations files primarily contain briefs and memoranda issued by the Commissioner and sent to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and the Civilian Police on the following topics: maintenance of security and neutrality in the electoral environment; monitoring of political party activity; the progress of investigations; the operation of the Khmer Police Training School and CIVPOL’s training of Khmer police; operations of the Special Task Force of the Civilian Police; the protection of ethnic Vietnamese and their movements within and out of Cambodia; and the closure of Civilian Police headquarters in September 1993. There are also directives for the Civilian Police when reporting on public meetings, rallies, and demonstrations, when stationed at political party offices, and during the May 1993 election. Chronological and operations files also contain a concept for the withdrawal of the Civilian Police operation.

In addition, the Commissioner’s files contain: briefs on the organization and mandate of the Civilian Police; Standard Operating Procedures for Civilian Police Monitors; summaries of meetings between the Commissioner and leaders of the State of Cambodia (SOC), political parties, and factions; summaries of meetings of Provincial Commanders; briefs describing terrorism and incidents of politically-motivated violence, particularly grenade attacks on political party offices and murders of political party members; a discussion paper titled “UN Peacekeeping: Lessons Learned from the Cambodia Mission”, dated 22 July 1993; an evaluation report on the UNTAC Civilian Police, dating from August 1993. There are also lists with data on the geographic deployment of CIVPOL, and on the strength and nationality of CIVPOL monitors.

Civilian Police, Operations Branch, Communications Centre
Part of the Operations Branch, the Communications Centre was the focal point for the transmission of information to Civilian Police deployed throughout Cambodia. The Centre’s records consist of daily and weekly situation reports compiled by the Civilian Police Deputy Chief of Operations and sent to the Commissioner.

The situation reports detail incidents throughout the provinces, including armed robberies, shootings, shelling, murders, abductions, political intimidation, vehicle theft and traffic accidents. Incidents often were perpetrated by the National Army of Democratic Kampuchea (NADK), the Cambodian People’s Armed Forces (CPAF), and the Khmer People National Liberation Armed Forces (KPNLAF). The reports note: CIVPOL’s confiscation of weapons and ammunition; CIVPOL’s monitoring of the activities of political parties; operations at UNTAC-monitored checkpoints; activities of the local police of the State of Cambodia (SOC); ceasefire violations; the movements of Vietnamese; landmine explosions; and anti-UNTAC demonstrations and activities, such as attacks on UN vehicles and the circulation of anti-UNTAC leaflets among the population. Also reported are the activities of the Civilian Police Airport Team stationed at the Pochentong International Airport in Phnom Penh. The Civilian Police Airport Team monitored the arrival and departure of VIPs and items, particularly gold and foreign currencies, being declared at the airport Customs Office.

Records of the CIVPOL Communications Centre also include: weekly reports on arms and ammunitions seized by CIVPOL, noting the locations and circumstances of the seizures; and weekly reports of political intimidation, such as arson, vandalism of party offices and signage, death threats against party members, and bomb throwing at political party offices. In addition, the files contain statistics on political party activity and statistics on voter registration.

Civilian Police, Operations Branch
The Operations Branch was commanded by the Chief of Operations, who reported to the Commissioner.

Records primarily consist of chronological files documenting routine operational activities of the Civilian Police. These hold briefs and memoranda on a range of subjects, including: monitoring and closures of political party offices; the training of local police; activities of factions, including the National Army of Democratic Kampuchea (NADK) and the Cambodian People’s Armed Forces (CPAF); activities at road checkpoints; security provided to electoral registration and polling centres; security at the Pochentong International Airport in Phnom Penh; and the harassment of Vietnamese in Cambodia.

The chronological files also include reports on a variety of topics, such as: reconnaissance and familiarization tours of provinces and districts conducted by the Civilian Police; secret meetings held by warring factions; soldiers who approached the Civilian Police after surrendering from factions; conditions in provincial prisons and the status of individual prisoners; the confiscation of weapons and ammunition; and ceasefire violations. Chronological files also contain: leaflets circulated in the local population and collected by UNTAC indicative of anti-UNTAC sentiment and political intimidation; reviews and analyses on the criminal justice system in provinces; and statistics on the movements and resettlement of displaced persons.

In addition, the chronological files contain summaries of meetings held by the Civilian Police with: provincial government representatives; chiefs of local police; representatives of political parties, including the National United Front for and Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC), the Buddhist Liberal Democratic Party (BLDP), the Cambodia People’s Party (CPP) and the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP); and leaders of factions. Daily situation reports and daily patrol reports sent from the CIVPOL Province Commanders to CIVPOL headquarters in Phnom Penh document CIVPOL visits to districts and villages. They are also found in the chronological files, and they note: the status of investigations; conditions in prisons; living conditions in villages, such as the availability of food and potable water, and the conditions of roads and bridges; and civilian complaints against the local police and provincial government officials.

Chronological files of Civilian Police operations in provinces also contain reports of investigations carried out by the Civilian Police. Crimes investigated include: murders of political party members, locally-recruited election staff, and local police; death threats, hand grenade attacks, and arson carried out against political party members; abduction of political party members; attacks and arson on political party offices and disruptions of political party meetings; the removal, destruction, and defacing of political party signboards and posters; forced conscription; attacks on villages by factions; extortion and bribing of local police in communes, at trading posts, and at road checkpoints; land disputes; the circulation of counterfeit money; and thefts of cultural heritage objects at temples. Politically-motivated crime primarily targeted the Buddhist Liberal Democratic Party (BLDP); the Cambodia People’s Party (CPP); the National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC); the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP); and the Molinaka and Naktaorsou Khmer for Freedom Party. The files contain: final and interim reports of investigations; victim and witness statements, as well as transcribed testimony, which often feature fingerprint impressions; hand drawn sketches; and photographs of crime scenes.

Also included among records of the Operations Branch are records of the Special Task Force, which was overseen by the Operations Branch and which reported to the Commissioner through the Chief of Operations. The Special Task Force investigated high-profile and politically sensitive cases and worked closely with Provincial Commanders, who maintained command of all Civilian Police-led investigations in the province. The records of the Special Task Force are arranged in chronological order by case number. The case files consist of: final reports; sworn statements of victims and witnesses; hand drawn maps; photographs of the crime scene; sketches indicating victims’ injuries; death certificates; and investigation diaries of the Special Task Force.

The records of the Operations Branch also include several station diaries and visit registers which document activities at the UNTAC Detention Centre. The UNTAC Detention Centre was administered by the Civilian Police and was located in Phnom Penh. The diaries and registers note: activities of the Detention Centre’s Chief Warden; patrol and hand-over operations at the Detention Centre; cell checking; and the physical condition of individual prisoners.

There are also records pertaining to Civilian Police policy and guidelines, and these include memoranda, briefs, and administrative circulars on topics such as: the maintenance of a neutral political environment; the duties of Civilian Police at polling stations and when monitoring political rallies and public meetings; the carriage of weapons and ammunition and the use of force; the procedures for arrest and prosecution; the procedures for investigation; the security of Vietnamese in Cambodia; and the handling of defectors from the National Army of Democratic Kampuchea (NADK).

In addition, there is one file with information about the remains of American military personnel missing or killed during the Vietnam War and found in various locations in Cambodia. UNTAC obtained this information from Cambodian locals.

Civilian Police, Koh Kong Province
The records document the activities of the Civilian Police stationed in districts in Koh Kong Province in southwestern Cambodia. Included are daily and monthly situation reports prepared by District Commanders and sent to Provincial Commanders, noting the political climate, statistics on returnees, and progress on investigations of criminal activity and human rights violations. There are also briefs, authored by District Commanders, about: seizures of arms and ammunition; incidents, including murder, abduction, rampant firing, banditry, and robbery; faction activities; and weekly crime statistics. Also present are several case files for investigations carried out or monitored by the Civilian Police, including the killing of fourteen Vietnamese fishermen in the Chamkalor Village in the Botum Sakor District in October 1992. The case files contain: final reports, witness statements, hand drawn sketches of the crime scene, and photographs.

Civilian Police Liaison Cell
The Civilian Police Liaison Cell was established following the termination of the UNTAC mandate on 24 September 1993. The Cell was tasked with monitoring the crime situation in Phnom Penh and protecting United Nations personnel and property remaining in Cambodia during the post-UNTAC period. It was headed by the Chief Police Liaison Officer and was located at the headquarters of the Municipal Police Commissioner in Phnom Penh. The records consist of: briefs on the functions of the Civilian Police Liaison Cell; Standard Operating Procedures and administrative instructions for investigating and reporting criminal activity; daily and weekly situation reports noting incidents involving international personnel and local citizens, and activities of the local police; and tables with tallies on crime throughout thedistricts in Phnom Penh. The Civilian Police Liaison Cell was closed on 31 December 1993.

Division of Administration and Management

S-1061 consists of records from various parts of the Division of Administration and Management, including the Board of Inquiry (BOI) Unit, the subject files of the Administrative/Legal Officer Mtshana M. Ncubem, and files from the UNAMIR office in Nairobi.

The legal subject files include: contracts; lease agreements; memoranda of understanding (MOU); correspondence; notes; and purchase orders. Among the subjects included are: the accommodations of Military Observers and Civilian Police; the rental of vehicles and office space; claims made for damages to property and unpaid bills; and construction and renovation work.

The BOI Unit records include reports of the Headquarters Board of Inquiry and case files of the Board of Inquiry. Case files are arranged in numerical order and may contain lists of summary disposal cases, convening orders, incident reports, Military Police Investigation Reports (MPIR), Civilian Police Investigation Reports, damage/discrepancy reports, motor vehicle accident reports, sketches and photographs of crime/accident scenes, autopsy reports, witness statements, and other evidence submitted to the BOI.

S-1061 also contains correspondence and subject files from the Office of the Chief of Administration. Correspondence consists of situation and logistics reports; UNAMIR budget submissions; and reports from Brown and Root Services Corporation. Subject files include records pertaining to: the International Commission of Inquiry (ICOI) for Rwanda; UNAMIR’s repair of buildings; security; and Status of Mission Agreements (SOMA).

The documents from the UNAMIR office in Nairobi include correspondence between UNAMIR and United Nations headquarters in New York as well as the president and ministers of Rwanda. Also present are internally- and externally-produced reports about the Rwandan crisis (including some by Amnesty International and the InterAfrica Group). Finally, there are summaries, agendas and correspondence pertaining to conferences and meetings held about the political and military situation in Rwanda (including the Bujumbura Conference Plan of Action on Assistance to Refugees, Returnees and Displaced Persons in the Great Lakes Region (1996) and the Joint Zaire/United Nations Commission on the Situation in the Rwandan Refugee Camps in Zaire). Publications found in this series have been removed to ARMS’s reference library.

Publications from the UNAMIR Office in Nairobi:

  • CONFÉRENCE DES ÉVÊQUES CATHOLIQUES DU RWANDA, Recueil des lettres et messages de la Conference des Evêques Catholiques du Rwanda publiés pendant la période de guerre (1990-1994), Secrétariat de la Conférence des Evêques Catholiques du Rwanda, 1995, Kigali.
  • DE BEER Daniel, Les poursuites pour crime de génocide et crime contre l’humanité: fondements juridiques, Editions R.C.N, Rwanda, 1995.
  • DE BEER Daniel, The prosecutions for crime of genocide and crime against humanity : legal basis, Editions R.C.N, Rwanda, 1995.
  • DIALLO, Toumani Djime, Le problème du Nord malien, 1ère partie : La maladroite intrusion du parlement européen, Le Démocrate malien, édition spéciale, Edition Mundekera, janvier 1995, Bamako.
  • HAUT COMMISSARIAT DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LES REFUGIES, Les réfugiés dans le monde, en quête de solutions, Editions La Découverte, 1995, Paris.
  • JOINT EVALUATION OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO RWANDA, The international response to conflict and genocide : lessons from the Rwanda experience, Synthesis report, David Milwood, Editor, Copenhagen, 1996.
  • MISSION DE LA BANQUE MONDIALE, Évaluation du programme de rapatriement et de réinstallation des réfugiés rwandais, Banque Mondiale, 1995, Kigali.
  • NATIONS UNIES, Les Nations Unies et la situation en Haiti, Mars 1995, Département de l’Information des Nations Unies, New York 1995.
  • RÉPUBLIQUE DU MALI, Livre Blanc sur le Problème du Nord du Mali, 1994, Bamako.
  • RÉPUBLIQUE RWANDAISE, Accord entre le gouvernement de la République Rwandaise et le front patriotique rwandais sur le retour et la réinstallation dans leurs biens des personnes déplacées de guerre et sur l’administration de la zone démilitarisée, Kinihira, 1993, deux exemplaires.
  • REPUBLIC OF RWANDA, Agreement between the government of the republic of Rwanda and the Rwandese patriotic front on the return and the resettlement of the war displaced persons in their prop and the administration of the demilitarized zone, Kinihira, 1993.
  • U.S. COMMITTEE FOR REFUGEES, Transition in Burundi, The context for a homecoming, Issue paper, September 1993, American Council for Nationalities Service, 1993.
  • UNDP, Conférence de table ronde pour la République rwandaise, Rapport de la conférence, Genève, 1995.
  • UNITED NATIONS, The United Nations and the situation in Rwanda, April 1995, Department of Public Information, New York, 1994.
  • UNITED NATIONS, United Nations Peace-Keeping, Update May 1994, Department of Public Information, New York, 1994.
  • UNITED NATIONS, United Nations Peace-Keeping, Update December 1994, Department of Public Information, New York, 1994.

Correspondence - Individuals and Organizations

Series consists of interview transcriptions, business cards, memoranda, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, agendas, brochures, cables, diagrams, handwritten notes and letters, maps, postcards, speeches, translations, agreements, cartoons, drafts, information circulars, invitations, press releases, resumes, notes for the record, programs, airfreight bills, magazines, journals, drawings, tear sheets. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: investigation into the death of Dag Hammarskjold; American public opinion regardingand the Secretary-General; donations; situation in the Middle East, Occupied Territories; biography of U Thant entitled U Thant - the Search for Peace by June Bingham; Hymn to theby W.H. Auden and Pablo Casals; conflict in Vietnam; assassination of Martin Luther King; situation in Tibet and the Dalai Lama; Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation; nuclear disarmament;25th Anniversary; changes in the new charter for the UN; acknowledgements of books, gifts, requests, assistance and comments; appointments requested by letter; interview by David Sureck for Look Magazine; offers of services; regrets for invitations to speak, articles, photos, sponsorship and messages; end of the year statements by U Thant; Christmas card lists; shots fired at the Soviet mission; Dag Hammarskjold memorial, death, foundation and 10th anniversary. Correspondents include U Thant, Secretary-General; C.V. Narasimhan, Chef de Cabinet; Piero Vinci, Permanent Representative from Italy; June Bingham, Author; Dalai Lama; Henry T. Heald, President, Ford Foundation; Thor Heyerdahl, Explorer; Jacqueline Kennedy; Coretta Scott King; John V. Lindsay, Mayor, City of New York; Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, President and Publisher, The New York Times; Bertrand Russell; George Ivan Smith, Director,Information Centre; Brian Urquhart, Director, Offices of the Under-Secretaries-General for Special Political Affairs; Robert Muller, Director, Executive Office of the Secretary-General; Eleanor Roosevelt. U Thant was Secretary-General from 1961 to 1971.

Political Matters - Country Files

Series consists of member states case files documenting the correspondence of the Secretary-General with heads-of-state, General Assembly representatives, and others, including correspondence about crises within countries among top echelon staff. Records include correspondence, handwritten notes, code cables, photographs, newspaper clippings, minutes of meetings, and a variety of other types. Arranged alphabetically by country.

Peacekeeping - Official Documents

Series is comprised of official United Nations documents on peacekeeping matters, arranged in by subject. Subjects are: Middle East; Congo; India - Pakistan; Vietnam; China; Secretary-General (matters referred to); hijacking; kidnapping of diplomats; financing of Peacekeeping operations. Arranged in the preceding order, and therein by type of official document (e.g. General Assembly, Security Council, press releases, etc.).

Acting as Burmese Representative

Series relates to matters addressed by U Thant as the Permanent Representative of Burma to the UN. Issues such as peace-keeping missions, appointment as Secretary-General, critical situations in Cyprus, Hungary, South West Africa and the Korean Peninsula, UN administrative matters, representation within the UN, and disarmament are covered. The series also consists of speeches, interviews and memorabilia relating to U Nu, Prime Minister of Burma. Records consist of letters, memoranda, speeches, transcripts of interviews, reports, and briefs. Correspondents include U Thant, Secretary-General; C.V. Narasimhan, Associate Managing Director of the UN Special Fund; Henry Cabot Lodge, Permanent Representative from the US; Frank N. Trager, Professor of International Affairs, New York University; U Nu, Prime Minister, Burma; Adlai Stevenson, Permanent Representative from the US. U Thant was Secretary-General from 1961 to 1971. Series arrangement: alphabetical.

Office of the Force Commander

S-1062 contains the records of the Office of the Force Commander, which was in charge of UNAMIR’s military operations. Components of this office represented in S-1062 include: the G2 Unit and the G3 Operations Branch, which were responsible for military intelligence and the planning of military operations (respectively); the Humanitarian Assistance Cell (HAC), which was responsible for providing humanitarian assistance in Rwanda, including the evacuation of foreign nationals; the mission’s Military Observer Group (MILOBS), which was responsible for monitoring the military situation in Rwanda, and facilitating the resolution of conflicts and the provision of humanitarian assistance; and the Medical Branch, which provided medical support to the mission and medical humanitarian assistance to Rwandans. Also included in this series are the records of the United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR). UNOMUR was established in June 1993 to monitor the border between Uganda and Rwanda and verify that no military assistance was being provided across it. It was based in Kabale, Uganda, but ended in September 1993, when its monitoring functions were assumed by UNAMIR.

Records from the Office of the Force Commander include: subject files; correspondence; summaries of meeting between the Government of Rwanda and UNAMIR; summaries of press conferences; operation orders and directives; and lists of Rwandese government members. Documents of the G2 Unit include situation reports, correspondence and subject files.

Records of the G3 Operations Branch consist of situation reports (SITREP); summaries and minutes of the meetings of UNAMIR’s military officers, including those of the Force Commander; the final reports of sectors; revisions and amendments to UNAMIR’s Rules of Engagement (ROE) and Standard Operating Procedures (SOP); summaries of meetings, after-action reports, and coordination and security instructions pertaining to Operations Retour, Overture, Hope, Homeward and Passage; and records of the Tactical Headquarters in Butare. The SITREP collected by the G3 Operations Branch include those from: sectors to UNAMIR headquarters; military battalions and companies to G3 Operations headquarters; the Civilian Police Commissioner to the Chief of Staff, describing security and investigations in sectors; and the UNAMIR Military Police to the Duty Officer at UNAMIR Headquarters Operations Centre. The records of the Tactical Headquarters include: reports from the Integrated Operations Centre (IOC); incident reports (INCREP); situation reports (SITREP) from sectors, battalions and companies; and SITREP sent from Tactical Headquarters to UNAMIR headquarters.

Records of the HAC include humanitarian requests from governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for food, water, medical supplies, building materials, office equipment, transportation and the evacuation of personnel. The evacuation request files include lists of persons requesting evacuation and documents pertaining to missing persons and efforts to locate them. HAC records also include lists of internally displaced persons (IDPs) evacuated from Rwanda.

Military Observer Group (MILOBS)
The MILOBs forces were deployed to geographic sectors created by UNAMIR. Much of the documentation of MILOBS activities was created at the sector level. At the sector level, MILOBS records include: briefings for Sector Commanders and summaries their conferences; SITREP; humanitarian assistance records; and records pertaining to IDPs and refugees. These SITREP describe the political, military and humanitarian situation in a given sector. They document significant changes or incidents affecting an area’s judicial system, medical and transportation services, population, prisons or detention centers. Records of humanitarian assistance at the sector level inventory food, water, medical and housing supplies, and provide statistics about returnee settlement in communes and information about the status of an area’s orphans. Documentation of Rwanda’s IDPs and other refugees includes: lists of people present in communes, camps and other locales; maps of camps and communes; correspondence; and reports on the return of IDPs and refugees to their homes. Other subjects covered by records from MILOBS sectors include: the conditions in and staffing of prisons; the activities of NGOs and UN agencies; the location and condition of mass graves; and the activities of the Integrated Operations Centre (IOC), which was created to coordinate the return of IDPs to their homes.

Other MILOBS documentation includes: reports prepared for the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG); operation orders; SITREP sent from the MILOB Group headquarters to UNAMIR’s Force headquarters in Kigali; records detailing contingency plans and the extension of the UNAMIR mandate; records pertaining to visits of the sectors by the Force Commander; reconnaissance reports; and minutes, briefings and notes pertaining to meetings and conferences attended by the Force Commander and other officers, including meetings between the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA) representatives and UNAMIR officers.

Medical Branch
Records of UNAMIR’s Medical Branch include monthly treatment reports, memoranda (called FLOATS), health hazard outbreak reports, medical diagnosis and treatment reports, standard operating procedures and policy documents. Subjects covered include: the medical evacuation and repatriation of UNAMIR staff; humanitarian medical assistance; and medical operations planning. Also present are records documenting medical support provided to UNAMIR by NORMED, an NGO operated by the Norwegian Refugee Council.

UNOMUR’s records include: SITREP sent from the SRSG to United Nations headquarters in New York; reports, memoranda and statistics exchanged with the Department of Peace-keeping Operations (DPKO); and reports and memoranda from the Royal Netherlands Army. Also included are records concerning the UNOMUR mandate, UNOMUR’s closing and relations between UNOMUR and the Ugandan government.

Coordination, partnership: Regional economic commissions, funds and programmes, and specialized agencies

The records in S-1915 contain agency files which document the coordination of projects and partnerships between the Office of Technical Co-operation (OTC) and the United Nations regional economic commissions, funds and programmes, and specialized agencies. The bulk of the records date from 1973 to 1978 and detail the planning and execution of technical assistance projects in developing countries. The records are arranged alphabetically and include draft project documents, correspondence, memoranda, progress reports, and mission reports.

Regional Economic Commissions

The records of the UN regional economic commissions contain requests for large-scale technical assistance projects in the regions of Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and Europe and include draft project documents, correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by regional advisors. Project documents were official proposals that outline project objectives, work plans, budgets, and other information relating to project implementation. The files contain records of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE), Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA), Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), and the Economic Commission for Western Asia (ECWA).

The regional economic commissions served as the executing agency for regional projects financed by the Regular Programme, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) or the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA). Projects executed by regional economic commissions include a 1978 Workshop on Budget Reclassification and Budget-Plan Harmonization in Western Asia (ECWA) and the Regional Population Programme for Latin America (ECLA). While some projects were jointly executed, such as On-the-Job Training in Integrated Rural Development for Countries of the ESCAP Region (ESCAP/OTC) and a Training Workshop on Estimates of National Accounts at Constant Prices (ECWA and the Regional Institute for Training and Research in Statistics for the Near East, Baghdad), all regional projects executed independently by the OTC or the UN specialized agencies were also sent to the regional economic commissions for review.

S-1915 contains draft project documents, job descriptions for regional advisors, memoranda and correspondence between the geographic branches of the OTC and the Technical Assistance Units of the regional economic commissions on project funding, and comments on regional advisors’ reports. These records also include progress reports and mission reports prepared by regional advisors and submitted for review to the OTC and the regional economic commissions. The regional economic commissions were responsible for assigning regional advisors who participated in seminars, gave lectures at regional institutes and provided short-term advice to country governments on technical assistance projects in the field. Progress reports and mission reports identify project objectives and work plans, detail activities undertaken by regional advisors during each phase of the project, offer conclusions and make recommendations for the project’s future.

Funds, Programmes and Specialized Agencies

The records in S-1915 also provide information on the coordination between the OTC and the UN funds, programmes and specialized agencies to implement country and regional technical assistance projects. The files contain records of: the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), United Nations International Children’s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the World Health Organization (WHO).

The OTC reviewed all project proposals for which a UN fund, programme or specialized agency served as an executing agency including: the Development of the Aguán Valley in Honduras (UNDP); an Agricultural Planning and Marketing project in Ecuador (FAO); the establishment of Technical Education, Vocational and Management Training in Indonesia (IBRD); a regional project on the Potential Contribution of Aviation to African Economies (ICAO); and a Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning project in Afghanistan (WHO). Projects were also executed in the fields of agricultural and rural development, population, transport, tourism, education, and health.

The records contain project documents, correspondence and memoranda exchanged between the OTC, UNDP Resident Representatives, the substantive offices of DESA, and the funds, programmes and specialized agencies. Memoranda and correspondence document the implementation of country and regional projects, project financing, and contain comments on project documents and reports. Other files contain progress reports and mission reports which were authored by technical experts and submitted to the OTC for review.

Capacity Development: Project files, training and study activities

The records in S-1913 document the project files and training and study activities of the Department for Technical Co-operation for Development (DTCD) with United Nations member states, in the regions of Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, and Europe. The bulk of the records dates from 1979 to 1983 and details the planning and implementation of fellowships and training programmes for developing countries. The function of S-1913 is derived from DESA.DEV.062 and DESA.DEV.063 of the retention schedule of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), dated 21 January 2013. The records largely consist of country files documenting the Technical Assistance Fellowship Programme, in addition to records related to interregional seminars, and regional and interregional training centres.

Technical Assistance Fellowship Programme

The DTCD’s Fellowship Section within the Support Services Branch of the Division of Programme Support oversaw the Technical Assistance Fellowship Programme for developing countries. Nominated by country governments, individuals were awarded fellowships for study in academic institutions, participation in training courses, observation studies, and interregional seminars. Following the completion of the fellowship, fellows were required to submit a final report evaluating the course to the DTCD Fellowship Section.

These files, arranged alphabetically by country, include memoranda, correspondence, fellowship project documents, and final reports. S-1913 documents fellowships in the fields of: tax administration, customs, statistics, transport, development planning, public administration, computer processing, hydrology and mining.

Interregional Seminars

The Interregional and Regional Projects Section of the Middle East, Mediterranean, Europe and Interregional Projects Branch of DTCD oversaw the planning and implementation of interregional seminars, symposiums, workshops, study tours, and expert group meetings. Participants included fellows and experts intending to gain more experience in their field. The level of knowledge and ability of participants ranged from the novice to junior and senior levels and determined the type of meeting. For example, senior experts would participate in an expert group meeting, such as the Interregional Expert Group Meeting on Curricula Design for Management Development (Arusha, Tanzania, 20-24 July 1981).

The records in S-1913 document interregional seminars in the fields of economic planning, public administration, finance, demographics, community development, natural resources, energy and water resources and include seminars such as: the Interregional Symposium on Development Process and Technological Options in Developing Countries (Lome, Togo, 2-26 May 1979); United Nations Symposium on World Coal Prospects (Katowice, Poland, 15-23 October 1979); and the Interregional Meeting of International River Organizations (Dakar, Senegal, 5-14 May 1981). The files include correspondence and memoranda pertaining to the implementation and planning of interregional seminars; country monographs, technical papers, and reports such as rapporteurs’ reports and final reports of seminars.

Regional and Interregional Training Centres

The files contain documentation related to UN regional and interregional demographic training and research centres including: Institut de Formation et de Recherches Démographiques (IFORD), Yaoundé, Cameroon; Regional Institute for Population Studies (RIPS), University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana; Centre Demographique ONU-Roumanie (CEDOR), Bucharest, Romania; and the Interregional Demographic Research and Training Centre, Cairo, Egypt where training courses and seminars were held.

In addition to documenting the recruitment of fellows, consultants, associate experts, professors and directors to training centres, the records include job descriptions; work programmes; project budget revisions; requests for equipment; cables and memoranda detailing travel arrangements; reports; memoranda and correspondence.

These records contain agreements between the UN and the training centres’ country’s government addressing, for example, the extension of the agreement between the UN and the Government of Cameroon regarding continued support of IFORD; a project document, work plan and institutional framework containing short-term and long-term objectives for continued assistance to the Demographic Research and Training Centre in Cairo, Egypt; a project request for a Computer Facility at RIPS; correspondence and memoranda about the fellowship programme at CEDOR; and reports of RIPS experts and fellows.

S-1913 also contains files related to the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD), Nagoya Japan which was established in June 1971 under the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Resolution 1086-C (XXXIX) through a Funds-in-Trust arrangement with the Government of Japan. UNCRD provided training in regional development to officials who were engaged in the planning, management and implementation of development activities in developing countries in the Asian region.. Training and staffing of the UNCRD was provided by UN consultants and experts.

The UNCRD records include: budget plans and proposals; reports; job descriptions; correspondence and memoranda related to the planning and implementation of advisory meetings, expert group meetings, and seminars; as well as administrative arrangements for UNCRD experts and consultants. These files also include a variety of reports on specific missions or topics, authored by UNCRD experts such as “Report of the Consultative Meeting of Experts on Training for Regional Development, 29 January - 4 February 1980.”

S-1913 also contains records of the Latin American Institute for Crime Prevention and Treatment of Offenders (ILANUD) in San Juan, Costa Rica, which carried out training programmes and seminars for policymakers, planners and administrators; produced guidelines; and provided advisory services to governments in the field of crime prevention and treatment of offenders. The records include: budget revisions; programmes of activities; job descriptions; memoranda and correspondence about workshops; administrative arrangements and travel arrangements for ILANUD personnel.

S-1913 also documents the coordination between DTCD and the Environnement et Développement du Tiers-Monde (ENDA) for the Joint Programme on Exchange of Experience and Training in Grass-Root Community Development and Appropriate Technologies (APTEC), a project to support technical co-operation by facilitating the exchange of experience at the local level. These records include: travel arrangements; reports by participants; job descriptions for consultants; and various publications issued by ENDA.

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