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Judicial and Legal Systems

International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
S-1876 contains records of MICIVIH’s Section des Affaires Juridiques et du Renforcement Institutionnel (SAJRI). SAJRI was tasked with: advising the Haitian justice system on legal and administrative measures in order to improve respect for law and legal procedures; assisting courts and prosecutors’ offices in correctly applying criminal prosecution; strengthening judicial and police capacity to address systematic impunity; and training judicial officers on human rights issues and the administration of justice. Rodolfo Mattarollo served as Director of SAJRI and as Deputy Executive Director of MICIVIH.

A large number of MICIVIH files document the technical assistance provided by MICIVIH at the request of the Government of Haiti for the trials of those convicted in the Raboteau massacre, which took place in the town of Raboteau, Gonaives, in northern Haiti between 18-22 April 1994. During a four-day period, members of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH) and the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti (FRAPH) raided homes and beat, tortured, and killed an unknown number of pro-democracy supporters of Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

Records pertaining to the Raboteau massacre consist of: summaries drafted by MICIVIH Observers which describe the town of Gonaives and its hospital in the days immediately following the massacre; witness testimony collected by MICIVIH Observers; summaries of visits by MICIVIH personnel to courts in Gonaives and briefs about court proceedings and the progress of trials; letters exchanged between the MICIVIH Executive Director and the Bureau de Coordination, Préparation de Procès du Massacre de Raboteau, Gonaives, of Haiti’s Ministry of Justice and Public Security; documents issued by both the Cabinet d'Instruction du Tribunal Civil des Gonaives and the Cour d’Appel des Gonaives; legal complaints by or on behalf of victims of the massacre; and lists of victims and perpetrators. There are also profiles gathered by MICIVIH Observers describing the human rights violations suffered by victims during the massacre, and background information about the perpetrators.

Also included are records documenting a ten-day mission to Raboteau from 24 July - 7 August 1999 by two military experts secured by MICIVIH, Colonel Horacio Pantaléon Ballester and Colonel José Luis García. Included are the experts’ draft and final reports prepared for the leading prosecutor (Juge d’Instruction) for the Tribunal Civil des Gonaives, Me. Jean Sénat Fleury. The reports analyze the structure and accountability of the Haitian military chain of command, the climate of repression, and the implication of military leaders in the events of 18-22 April 1994.

Other MICIVIH files relate to a lengthy report by MICIVIH officials titled "La lutte contre l'impunité et pour la reparation en Haiti" (The Fight Against Impunity and for Reparations in Haiti). The report identified the causes of impunity and examined the failure of the Government of Haiti to provide justice to victims of human rights violations that occurred during the coup d’etat period from 1991 to 1994. The report analyzed and presented statistics about the state of impunity evident in legal proceedings in five jurisdictions in Haiti – Hinche, Gonaives, Mirebalais, Port-au-Prince, and Saint Marc. Also covered in the report are the efforts made in the fight against impunity by Haitian civil society and the international community. MICIVIH’s recommendations in the areas of judicial reform, the promotion of the rule of law, and the respect for human rights are also discussed in the report. The report, based on three years of research, was released on 28 September 1999, the eve of the eighth anniversary of the coup d’etat of 29 September 1991. An earlier version of the report was presented to the Government of Haiti in May 1999.

Records pertaining to the 1999 report on impunity include lists of violations of human rights committed against Haitian civilians during the de facto regime, and lists of people in the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti (FRAPH) and the former Haitian Armed Forces (FADH) suspected of carrying out human rights violations. The location, date and type of violation is also indicated. There is also correspondence between MICIVIH officials and representatives of non-governmental organizations, particularly the Haitian non-governmental organization Assistance to Victims of Violence Movement (MAPVIV). Questionnaires providing factual data about victims are also included. These were used for the compilation of statistics for the report. A large volume of questionnaires are about victims residing in the town of Gonaives who suffered human rights violations primarily in the years preceding the massacre in Raboteau on 18-22 April 1994.

SAJRI also monitored prominent cases of impunity involving Haitian civilians and high-profile Haitian political and military figures, including: Jean-Claude Duvalier, the former President of Haiti; Justice Minister Guy Malary, who was assassinated on 14 October 1993; Emmanuel Constant, the founder of the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haïti (FRAPH); and Antoine Izméry, a prominent Haitian businessman and pro-democracy activist who was assassinated on 11 September 1993. These records consist of: fact sheets and case summaries; medical reports about victims; aide memoire commenting on major developments in the case, such as the arrest and deportation of suspects; summaries of assizes (trials) observed by MICIVIH officials; summaries of meetings between MICIVIH officials and judges (Juges d’Instruction); copies of legal documents pertaining to the cases, such as court proceedings, arrest warrants, and witness testimony; hand-drawn maps of crime scenes; eye-witness accounts of events; and articles from the Haitian and international press about the cases.

SAJRI’s efforts to promote awareness of habeas corpus are documented in: memoranda on the legal evolution of habeas corpus in the Haitian Constitution; research on the application of habeas corpus in Haiti; a MICIVIH pamphlet “Le Recours pour la protection de la liberté individuelle dans la Constitution de 1987,” dated September 1998; and a speech which was broadcast on Radio Haiti by Rodolfo Mattarollo, Director of SAJRI and Deputy Executive Director of MICIVIH. The records also document a round-table debate about habeas corpus and individual liberties held on 6 April 1999 at the École de la Magistrature. Participants included the Minister of Justice, the Haitian National Police (HNP) Inspector General, the Director of the Haitian Prisons Administration Directorate (DAP), representatives of NGOs, and MICIVIH staff members. The event featured a panel discussion between MICIVIH's Deputy Director and MICIVIH consultants (historian Claude Moïse and former Justice Minister Me Jean Joseph Exumé).

MICIVIH records also document SAJRI’s information-sharing with the Criminal Investigation Brigade of the Haitian National Police (HNP). Set up in October 1995, the brigade received case investigation files from MICIVIH via the UNMIH Civilian Police. The investigations are primarily about assassinations, including the assassinations of several prominent individuals: Antoine Izméry, a pro-democracy activist, on 11 September 1993; Mireille Durocher Bertin, an anti-Aristide lawyer, on 28 March 1995; and Jean Hubert Feuille, former bodyguard of Jean-Bertrand Aristide and Deputy of Port-Salut, on 7 November 1995. There is also accompanying documentation about the transmission of cases via CIVPOL, as well as press material and reports about violent crimes committed by members of the illegal paramilitary organization Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti (FRAPH).

The records relating to the National Truth and Justice Commission (CNVJ) primarily consist of case files for investigations of human rights violations perpetrated during the de facto regime between 29 September 1991 and 15 October 1994. The human rights violations include violations of individual rights such as the right to life, freedom, and security; violations of public rights such as freedom of expression; and violations of judicial rights such as the right to a fair trial. The incidents covered include rape, murder, assault, arrests without a warrant, torture, death threats, prevention of peaceful public demonstrations, and illegal imprisonment. Organized by geographical location, the case files consist of final reports, testimonies, medical and forensic anthropology reports, and memoranda prepared by Observers and base staff investigating complaints. Some case files contain memoranda about the transfer of the file from MICIVIH to the CNVJ.

There are also memoranda about: the creation of the CNVJ in December 1994 by an executive order issued by Jean-Bertrand Aristide; joint CNVJ and MICIVIH investigative field trips; base staff and Observers assisting with CNVJ case investigations; and the provision for technical assistance to the CNVJ.

There are also records documenting the work of forensic anthropology consultants secured from 1995 to 1998 by MICIVIH at the request of the National Truth and Justice Commission (CNVJ) and the Haitian Ministry of Justice and Public Security. The consultants provided training in the use of forensic sciences to members of the Ministry of Justice and Public Security and the Haitian judiciary, and assisted in the investigation and judicial proceedings of the Raboteau massacre. Records consist of: Terms of Reference for the forensic anthropology consultants; correspondence between MICIVIH personnel and the consultants; summaries of DNA analysis performed on the remains of Raboteau victims; and final reports for field investigations carried out by the forensic anthropology consultants in 1997 and 1998. A separate report dating from November 1995 presents the consultants’ findings on investigations carried out in various locations in Haiti, including Raboteau, Gonaives, of incidents of human rights violations which occurred from 1991 to 1994 during the de facto regime.

The records of SAJRI’s Legal Officer Chris Thomas primarily relate to the Section’s oversight of Haitian prison administration. The Legal Officer’s correspondence, often exchanged with the Director of SAJRI and Regional Coordinators, concerns a variety of topics, including: prisoners released from the National Penitentiary, prisoners arrested without warrants, meetings with the Haitian Director of Judicial Affairs about prisoner deaths, trials, and foreign nationals in detention. There are also letters sent to Thomas by prisoners. Summaries of meetings of the Commission des Affaires Pénitentiaires (CAP) describe audits of the DAP and the investigation of human rights violations on the part of prison staff. There are also summaries of meetings between MICIVIH officials and representatives of the Office to Control Pre-Trial Detention (BUCODEP) of the National Penitentiary, law faculty, and Checchi and Company Consulting, Inc. Meeting minutes of the Mixed Working Group on the Problem of Prison Overpopulation concern research on lasting solutions to prison crowding. Lists of prisoners contain information about the gender, age, infraction, date of arrival, and sentence.

Summaries of the Legal Officer’s meetings with representatives of DAP and the National Penitentiary Administration (APENA) are also included. These cover issues such as collective warrants, proper prison documentation, recruitment of prison staff, prison escapes, human rights violations experienced by prisoners, repercussions for guards maltreating prisoners, the development of internal prison regulations, prison security, the requisition of prison supplies, and establishing radio communication between prisons. Also included are program outlines, manuals, and regulations developed by DAP and APENA and collected and reviewed by SAJRI.

The records of SAJRI’s Penal Reform Officer Heiner Rosendahl include memoranda, meeting summaries, and reports. The memoranda were primarily exchanged between Rosendahl, and: the Director of SAJRI, the Director for Human Rights, and the Director of the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights Section (PPHR). They concern such topics as negotiation with the National Penitentiary Administration (APENA) staff, the establishment of APENA, releases of prisoners from the National Penitentiary, transfers of prisoners between prisons, corruption in the National Penitentiary’s security system, training and selection of prison wardens and staff, physical renovation of prisons, beatings of prison detainees by APENA officers, and hunger strikes by former Haitian Armed Forces (FADH) prisoners. There are summaries detailing meetings of the Prisons Steering Committee, which was comprised of representatives of MICIVIH, various Haitian agencies and NGOs. Rosendahl’s reports, some of which were forwarded to the Secretary-General for his reports to the General Assembly, cover: the standardization of prison documentation, prison nutrition and health care, human rights violations in prisons, medical conditions of prisoners, and prison crowding in individual prisons.

SAJRI files also include records originating from bases which pertain to MICIHIV-led judicial oversight and reform. Prepared by Observers, they consist of: briefs and reports describing the general state and organization of the judiciary throughout the department; plans for judicial reform; memoranda about the legal developments in cases being monitored by MICIVIH Observers, describing arrests, transfers and releases of detainees from prison, and decisions to refer cases to trial; profiles of cases awaiting trial; lists of judicial personnel present in communes; and organization charts of the Haitian court system.

MICIVIH base Observers’ records also include summaries of visits conducted to criminal assizes (assises criminelles) and tribunals (tribunaux de paix) in communes. These describe: the general functioning and atmosphere of the trial or hearing; the demeanor of judges and attorneys; the jury; arguments, testimony and cross-examination; the evidence; sentencing; the security presence inside and outside of courtrooms; and the public reaction to the cases. Additionally, there are summaries of Observers’ meetings with judicial personnel, including the Commissaire du Gouvernement, juges d'instruction, juges de paix, and doyen, regarding the functioning of the judiciary in communes, inaction on cases, and other obstructions in the judicial process. Crimes include murder, rape, armed robbery, illegal detention, beating and torture, conspiracy against the state, drug trafficking, extortion, infanticide, poisoning, forced evictions, and theft of property, cattle and goats. Also present are copies of legal proceedings obtained by MICIVIH.

There are also outlines and briefs about training seminars led by MICIVIH Observers for judicial, police, and prison personnel, and journalists. The seminars dealt with judicial reform topics such as: the application of the law, the preventive detention process, provisional release of detainees, and the rights of minors.

Of note are memoranda prepared by Observers stationed in Base 2 in Gonaives, which describe the legal proceedings involving Castera Cenafils, the former Captain of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), and other individuals on trial for the massacre of civilians in Raboteau on 18-22 April 1994. Included are Castera Cenafils’ handwritten letters sent to judicial personnel in 1996 and 1997.

International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)
S-1876 also includes records of the MICAH’s Justice Section, which was tasked with assisting the Haitian authorities in reforming and strengthening the judicial system. Notable records of the Justice Section consist of: a report on the organization and structure of the Prisons Administration Directorate (DAP); a MICAH report, dating January 2000, about the Unit for the Protection of Women and Minors in Detention of the DAP; reports covering MICAH’s Projet d’Appui aux Juridictions; a summary, of the indictments from trials carried out in the latter half of 2000 for the Raboteau massacre of 18-22 April 1994, dated 20 October 2000 and prepared by a technical advisor for MICAH; and the End of Mission Report of the Justice Section.

Public Information and Communications

International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
The records document activities of the MICIVIH Press and Information Office. There are press releases and press notes, and issues of MICIVIH-Zen Journal, MICIVIH News, and Kenbe La Page!, a mission-produced publication. There are also outlines, proposals, and summaries of MICIVIH-produced videos and radio programmes. Scripts, video time logs, and transcripts of interviews are also included. Topics of videos and radio programmes cover: the human rights situation in Haiti, violence against women in Haitian society, the rights of journalists, the relations between the police and the population, conditions in prisons, and land disputes. There are also lists of Haitian media outlets and memoranda about conversations with Haitian journalists seeking to learn about the mission or share their views of Haiti’s political atmosphere.

United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)
The files contain issues of the UNMIH Journal dating from 1995 to 1996. Published in English and French, the UNMIH Journal was a mission-produced publication with articles about mission leaders, the inauguration of President René Préval in 1996, non-governmental organizations working in Haiti, health risks to eating in Haitian restaurants, projects to provide Port-au-Prince with reliable electrical power, the history of Haitians’ belief in werewolves, and other subjects.

United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH)
The files contain issues of the UNSMIH Journal dating from 1996 to 1997. Published in English and French, the UNSMIH Journal features articles about such topics as UNICEF’s work in Haiti, planning for United Nations Day commemorated on 24 October, the demobilization of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), the arrival of new staff, President René Préval visiting the Pakistan Battalion in 1996, the donation of mission vehicles to Haitian institutions, and protecting Haiti’s environment. There are also photographs of members of CIVPOL standing in front of mission headquarters.

United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH)
UNTMIH records consist of one folder, containing three issues of the UNTMIH Journal dating from 1997. Published in English and French, the UNSMIH Journal was a mission-produced publication with articles about humanitarian initiatives of mission staff, the new electronic filing system, an Observer’s memories of his first day on the job, and other subjects.

United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH)
The files hold issues of the MIPONUH Journal dating from 1998 to 1999. Published in English and French, the MIPONUH Journal contains articles about mission developments and fulfillment of the mission mandate. Topics covered in the articles include improved commissariats for the Haitian National Police (HNP), death of UN personnel in a helicopter crash, the appointment of Alfredo Lopes Cabral as MIPONUH’s Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG), the closure of MICIVIH bases, political developments, and CIVPOL aid to orphanages.

There are also photographs of Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) Alfredo Lopes Cabral visiting commissariats in Port-au-Prince in November 1999, mission staff visiting schools in Cité Soleil and Delmas in 1999, and the departure of MIPONUH’s CIVPOL component in March 2000. Other photographs document: street scenes of mission personnel interacting with the Haitian population, mission personnel repairing buildings, a group learning about the Haitian Constitution, the interiors and exteriors of mission buildings, police training, mission personnel guarding the National Palace, and a Cité Soleil police station.

International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)
There are photographs of the 1st and 2nd Foundation for Judicial Reform, which were educational initiaves held by the École de la Magistrature in cooperation with MICAH in September 2000 in Freres, Pétion-Ville. The photographs show attendants, speakers, and the closing ceremony of the 1st Foundation for Judicial Reform. Other photographs depict Haitian Prime Minister Jacques-Édouard Alexis travelling by helicopter in 2000, the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) visiting a commissariat in Pétion-Ville and meeting with its police officers, the 2000 visit to Haiti of Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs Danilo Türk, and a dinner attended by the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) and journalists. Other subjects of photographs are: local elections which took place on 27 November 2000, and a seminar held jointly by the MICAH with the Haitian National Police (HNP).

Human resources – Health, welfare – Medical team regional visits

International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
Records in S-1878 document the work of the MICIVIH Medical Unit, which was established in June 1993 to complement the work of Observers, who conducted investigations of human rights violations throughout Haiti. The Medical Unit operated under the authority of MICIVIH’s Director of Human Rights. The Unit treated victims of human rights violations and provided medical documentation of abuses for use in criminal trials. The Unit also documented the health and hygienic conditions in Haitian prisons, and the health of prison inmates in the context of human rights observation. Additionally, the Unit made recommendations for the rehabilitation of the Haitian medical infrastructure.

The files contain a variety of reports prepared by the Medical Unit. One dating from 1995 offers recommendations to the National Truth and Justice Commission (CNVJ) about victims of human rights abuses. The monthly reports describe: activities of the Medical Unit in specific departments; the Unit’s work with the French non-governmental organization Médecins du Monde (MDM); and updates about victims interviewed or treated by Unit personnel.
Reports on medical examinations of victims of human rights violations include information about the incident; the category of violation; clinical observations of the victim; medical treatment history; and the victim’s long-term medical ailments.

The reports prepared by the Medical Unit also describe visits to prisons. These reports note: the hygienic and sanitary conditions in prison cells, showers, latrines, and kitchens; the health status of prisoners with acute conditions; disease outbreak; the supply of medicines and medical equipment; and interviews with prison authorities about medical treatment practices.

Other records include: the terms of reference for the Medical Unit; summaries of meetings of the Medical Unit; discussion papers about human rights, medical ethics, and mental health; and lists of victims and case descriptions. Statistics on the work of the Medical Unit note the ages and gender of victims treated, and the category of human rights violations. Violations include: illegal arrest and detention; forced disappearance; cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment; torture; death threats and attempted murder; intimidation; rape; and violation of the right to free movement.

There are also photocopies of the emergency room and morgue registries dating from 1992-1994 from the Hôpital d l'Universite d'Etat d'Haiti (HUEH) located in Port-au-Prince. These list the names and ages of individuals admitted, date of admittance, and injuries.

Prisons and Corrections Services

International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
S-1879 contains records documenting activities undertaken by MICIVIH Observers stationed in bases throughout Haiti, to: monitor and evaluate the state of respect for human rights in prisons and detention facilities; identify violations of Haitian law and international standards relating to the treatment of prisoners and detainees; ensure proper functioning of penal institutions; and assist in the reform of the penal system in Haiti. The Haitian Armed Forces (FADH) ran the prisons in Haiti until the FADH was dissolved in January 1995. Administration of prisons was then turned over to the Interim Public Security Force (IPSF) until the creation of National Penitentiary Administration (APENA) by Presidential Decree on 29 June 1995.

The records document human rights abuses of prisoners and conditions in prisons and detention centers in Haiti during two years (1993-1994) of the de facto regime (29 September 1991 - 14 October 1994), and up to the closure of MICIVIH on 15 March 2000. The records are arranged by base and geographic location. Major prisons visited by Observers include the National Penitentiary in Port-au-Prince, Saint Marc Prison, Gonaives Prison, Les Cayes Prison, Hinche Prison, and Cap Haitien Prison; detention centers; and jails located in military-occupied casernes (barracks).

Included are reports describing the overall state of the prison system in the department, as well as: the level of cooperation between the mission and the prisons; Observers’ access to prisons and prisoners; relations among the prison, judicial and police authorities in the department; the prevalence of human rights violations in prisons; and recommendations for reforms.

Summaries of periodic visits to prisons by Observers note: structural and hygienic conditions; the availability of potable water, beds, and adequate supply of food to prisoners; the severity of overcrowding; incidents, including riots, hunger strikes, and escapes; and the state of recordkeeping in prisons. The visit reports also provide information about the circumstances of arrest and detention for individual prisoners, their access to legal counsel, and the status of their case in the court system. Additionally, the visit reports document brutality carried out by prison guards and military officers, including: cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment of prisoners; deaths caused by beatings and medical neglect; verbal abuse; arbitrary punishment and detention; and administrative neglect of prisoners’ cases.

The reports of visits to prisons are accompanied by lists featuring prisoners’ names and aliases; dates of arrest; criminal accusations, lengths of sentences; and milestones in the prisoners’ legal processing.

Also included are memoranda, authored by Observers, about: meetings between Observers and prison guards and authorities; the number and status of juvenile and women detainees; interventions enacted by Observers on behalf of individual detainees, particularly meetings with judicial authorities to draw attention to the legal mishandling of their case; the medical state of individual detainees and treatment carried out by MICIVIH medical personnel; and seminars on human rights and prison reform conducted by Observers for prison authorities.

There are also statistics compiled by Observers about the prison population, covering: the genders of prisoners, types of crimes committed, length of detention; and prisoners’ appearance before judicial authorities. The series also includes: lists of prisons, detention centers, casernes, and garde-à-vue of police commissariats in the department; guidelines for Observers on how to conduct prison visits and prisoner interviews; and prisoner data sheets.

Human rights - Investigation and verification

International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
S-1880 consists of case files for human rights violations investigated by MICIVIH Human Rights Observers stationed at bases throughout Haiti from 1993 to 2000. The case files are arranged geographically by base, and then by number. A three-letter series prefix indicates the base. Each series of case files is accompanied by lists of case numbers with the name of the victim, date, location, and type of human rights violation. Violations and incidents investigated include: cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment; torture; murders and shootings; rape; illegal arrest, detention and imprisonment; illegal house searches; destruction of property; false criminal accusations; excessive use of force by members of the Haitian National Police (HNP); intimidation and death threats; extortion; threats to freedom of speech and association; popular justice killings; marronage (hiding); and land conflicts.

The case files for some series consist of a brief intake or incident reporting form, with basic facts about the incident and victim. In other series, the case files contain documentation about the case, compiled by MICIVIH Observers, such as: memoranda drafted by Observers, statements submitted by the victim, correspondence about the incident from various Haitian authorities; assessment reports about the victim prepared by MICIVIH’s Medical Unit, and photographs of the victim’s injuries.

Deputy Secretary-General Asha-Rose Migiro's Activities

"Series 1893 contains records detailing the daily activities of the Deputy Secretary-General and primarily consists of correspondence, invitations, congratulatory letters and chronological files. Asha-Rose Migiro assumed the Office of the Deputy Secretary-General (ODSG) on 5 February 2007 and concluded her tenure on 1 July 2012. Her chronological files consist of 49 boxes. These records provide a detailed record of Ms. Migiro's work and activities, spanning 2007-2012. The files contain information about the crisis in Syria (2011); the conflict in Sudan; the Egyptian Revolution (2011); the earthquakes in Chile and Haiti (2011); women's rights, particularly violence against women; the HIV/AIDS crisis; Iran's nuclear programme; the Israeli-Palestinian peace process; education initiatives; and climate change. There are also records pertaining to meetings of the Policy Committee, Management Committee, Security Council and the Steering Committee. In addition, there are background notes on topics of importance; programme materials for summits and conferences; briefing notes for meetings with commissioners, ministers and government officials; personnel records; planning and strategy documents for current and future UN initiatives, including the Secretary-General's Global Initiative on Education and Umoja ; and copies of notes to the Secretary-General about Ms. Migiro's meetings and travels. The chronological files also contain travel itineraries; copies of Ms. Migiro's speeches; talking points on various topics; and Q & A reference documents. There are occasional reference copies of correspondence between Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and various government officials, as well as drafts of letters for the Secretary-General's approval and signature. S-1893 also contains three boxes of congratulatory letters sent to Dr. Asha-Rose Migiro following her appointment as Deputy Secretary-General in February 2007 from world leaders, diplomats and ministers. Ms. Migiro's corresponding thank-you letters are included. In addition, there are six boxes of invitations, dating from 2007-2008, to attend conferences, summits and events, some focused on women's rights, Africa, poverty, climate change and education initiatives. Other invitations are contained in the chronological files. Additional information about the various conferences may be found in Series 1894 (Trips). S-1893 also contains three boxes of records pertaining to the High-Level Event (HLE) on Millennium Development Goals (MDG) held at United Nations Headquarters in New York on 25 September 2008. These records include invitations to Member States, non-governmental Organizations (NGOs), and individuals in the private sector. Other records include programmes for the event and partnership events; briefings of planning meetings; and invitations for the related High-Level Meeting on Africa's Development Needs, held on 22 September 2008. Volume: 60 boxes"

Deputy Secretary-General Asha-Rose Migiro's Trips

"Series 1894 consists of records documenting the official travel of the Deputy Secretary-General. The records primarily consist of briefing and trip books containing itineraries, programme information, background about the country to be visited, profiles of officials, talking points, and speeches. Asha-Rose Migiro served as Deputy Secretary-General from 5 February 2007 to 1 July 2012. Ms. Migiro travelled to every continent and nearly every region of the world to attend conferences and summits relating to present-day world issues such as HIV/AIDS, women's empowerment, climate change, child poverty, education initiatives and economic development. There are files for conferencesand meetings that she attended regularly, including the African Union Summit, World Knowledge Forum, Economic Commission for Europe, Secretary-General's retreat, United Nations Chief Executives Board Sessions, Economic and Social Council, Millennium Development Goals, and Regional Coordination Meetings. S-1894 also contains one box documenting the official travel of Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson, who assumed his position on 1 July 2012. These records primarily consist of briefing books. Volume: 21 boxes"

Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson's Trips

"S-1944 contains records documenting the official travel of Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson from 2012-2014. The records primarily comprise trip books containing itineraries; programme information; background about the country to be visited; biographical profiles of officials; talking points and speeches. Mr. Eliasson served as Deputy Secretary-General from 1 July 2012 to 31 December 2016. Throughout his tenure, he travelled to almost every continent in order to attend conferences and summits, and visited United Nations offices, missions and staff stationed around the world. A variety of topics are addressed in the talking points and speeches, including: peacekeeping operations in Somalia, Mali and Myanmar; the crisis in Syria; the Israeli-Palestinian peace process; climate change; and the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the post-2015 development agenda. The files document Mr. Eliasson's attendance at the United Nations Chief Executives Board (CEB) sessions, the 2013 European Development Days (EDD13) meeting, the World Bank/International Monetary Fund (IMF) Spring Meetings, and the United Nations Retreat on the 2014 Climate Summit held at the Greentree Estate in New York. Processing Archivist: Virginia Pastor Volume: 10 Boxes"

Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson's Activities

"S-1945 contains records detailing the daily activities of Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson, who held his position from 1 July 2012 to 31 December 2016. The records primarily consist of chronological files and contain correspondence; invitations; congratulatory letters; talking points and background information; and speeches. The bulk of records in S-1945 date from 2012 to 2015 and document the daily work and activities of Mr. Eliasson and his support staff in the Office of the Deputy Secretary-General. The ODSG is responsible for drafting, contributing to and clearing press releases, speeches, Q & A's, reports, talking points, background papers, and correspondence of the Secretary-General and Deputy Secretary-General for public events, meetings, and official travel. The records contain a variety of correspondence exchanged between the Deputy Secretary-General and representatives of Member States, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and individuals. There are also drafts of reports cleared by the ODSG before they are submitted to the Secretary-General; and drafts and final versions of speeches given by Mr. Eliasson at events. In addition, there is a small amount of his personal correspondence written in Swedish. The subjects covered in the chronological files address: the refugee crisis and the investigation into the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian conflict; the cholera epidemic in Haiti; peacekeeping operations in Mali, Myanmar, and Somalia; the Israeli-Palestinian peace process; climate change; the Human Rights up Front (HRuF) Initiative; and the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and post-2015 development agenda. The records also document the Rule of Law Coordination and Resource Group (RoLCRG), chaired by Mr. Eliasson and supported by the Rule of Law Unit of the ODSG. These records contain reports; correspondence and memoranda; as well as speeches on the principle of the rule of law as defined in the United Nations Charter. S-1945 also contains notes from Mr. Eliasson's meetings and telephone calls with Heads of State, representatives of Member States, and United Nations staff, including the Secretary-General and the Chef de Cabinet. Among the topics documented in these meetings are: the Hammarskjold Commission's investigation into the death of former Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold; the crisis in Syria; rule of law; the post-2015 development agenda; and the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC). There are also update notes for the Secretary-General as well as statements issued to the press by the spokesperson of the Secretary-General following approval of the Deputy Secretary-General. Processing Archivists: Virginia Pastor, Aleksandr Gelfand, Emily Pagano, Tara Strongosky Volume: 45 boxes"

Chef de Cabinet Vijay Nambiar's Activities (2007-2012)

"The records in S-1941 document the daily activities of Chef de Cabinet Vijay Nambiar and primarily consist of chronological files dating from 2007 to 2012. The records detail the Chef de Cabinet�s responsibilities in serving and assisting the Secretary-General and in establishing general policy; reviewing proposals, statements and policies brought forth for attention and approval of the Secretary-General; and maintaining links with various entities within the United Nations System. The records also capture the exchange of information between members of the Executive Office of the Secretary-General (EOSG) including: the Deputy Secretary-General; Deputy Chef de Cabinet; Director for Political, Peacekeeping, and Humanitarian Affairs; Director of Communications and Head of Speechwriting Unit; and Chief of the Scheduling Office. S-1941 contains records approved by the Chef de Cabinet on behalf of the Secretary-General. These include summaries of the Secretary-General�s reports to the Security Council and General Assembly; drafts of statements attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General; correspondence and memoranda sent to heads of state, high-level officials and Permanent Representatives; and correspondence with the Presidents of the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) as well as the heads of the Specialised Agencies. Other records include: requests to the Secretary-General for visits and meetings; invitations; daily itemized logs of incoming correspondence; briefing notes; talking points; background information for meetings and phone calls; programmes and lists of delegations for the Secretary-General�s official travel; appointments and nominations of special advisers and top echelon; and minutes from Policy Committee meetings. The records address a variety of subjects including: climate change; human rights initiatives; global health; the crisis in Syria; the Middle East peace process; Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); and UN peacekeeping operations, such as United Nations�African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), and United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). In addition, the chronological files contain documentation about conferences and high-level meetings, including the High-Level Meeting on AIDS in New York, (8-10 June 2011); High-level Event on the Millennium Development Goals in New York, (20-22 September 2010); and United Nations Climate Change Conference in Poznan, Poland, (1-12 December 2008). The records contain invitations and thank you letters; planning and background information; and proposed scenarios. A small portion of S-1941 consists of invitations and requests for meetings sent directly to the Chef de Cabinet and Kim Won-soo, Deputy Chef de Cabinet. Processing Archivists: Matthew Aull, Corinne O�Connor, Virginia Pastor Volume: 115 boxes"

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