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Security

The title of S-1888 was drawn from the function series Safety Management (PKH.SAF), Security Management (PKH.SEC), and Security Sector Reform (PKH.SSR) from the “Peacekeeping Headquarters Retention Schedule,” v. 2, August 2011, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and Department of Field Support (DFS).

Records primarily consist of memoranda, code cables, and reports on: security incidents, such as seizure of weapons from mission troops, attacks on mission troops and personnel, and violations of mission freedom of movement; health and safety issues, such as control of infectious diseases; and assessments of the security situation in mission areas of responsibility, based on military activity, criminality, civil disobedience, availability of arms, socio-economic factors, and effectiveness of law enforcement institutions. Also present are mission-specific security plans. There are also DPKO-produced standard operating procedures, “Headquarters Crisis Response in Support of DPKO-led Field Missions,” and “Crisis Management in DPKO-led Missions.” The SOPs outline procedures concerning basic and complex crisis response and the responsibilities of DPKO senior management to crisis situations.

There are also memoranda, code cables, and reports related to hostage crises. These are accompanied by lists of hostages giving information such as their locations and nationalities. There are also records concerning the May 2000 hostage-taking of approximately 500 United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) personnel by the Revolutionary United Front (RUF); these detail the participation of President of Liberia Charles Taylor in the hostage negotiations, and give updates on the security situation and military activity in locations where hostages were held.

One file focuses on the Special Battalion for Security in the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT), an integrated Tajik Government / United Tajik Opposition (UTO) military unit that was established to provide security for United Nations personnel. The file contains: a training program for the battalion, memoranda on recruiting battalion trainers from Member States, and rules and regulations for the battalion.

Mine Action

The title of S-1890 was drawn from the function series Mine Action (PKH.MIN) from the “Peacekeeping Headquarters Retention Schedule,” v. 2, August 2011, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and Department of Field Support (DFS).

S-1890 contains records documenting the administration and coordination of mine action activities by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO).

Included are memoranda of the DPKO’s Demining Expert and the Demining Unit, covering such topics as: job descriptions and recruitment for the Demining Unit, coordination between DPKO and the Department of Humanitarian Affairs in the area of mine clearance, and the procurement of technical expertise. There are also briefs issued by the Demining Unit on the landmine situation and clearance activities in specific countries and geographic areas, including Somalia, Sudan, Mozambique, the Libya/Chad border, and other areas. Additionally, there are summaries of meetings of the Working Group on Mine and Munitions Clearance (WGMC), which were attended by the Demining Expert. The WGMC was established in 1992 to coordinate demining activities across all United Nations departments and to develop a United Nations demining policies.

S-1890 also includes draft plans for mine clearance in Angola dating from 1994. The drafts outline the scope of the mine problem in Angola, and preparatory and implantation phases of clearance activities with the assistance of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II) and the Angola Mine Clearance Training Facility. Additionally, there are code cables and briefs documenting mine clearance operations conducted during the United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III). The briefs cover topics such as medical support for mine clearance, the mine threat in regional areas of Angola, and staffing and operations of the UNAVEM III Demining School.

Other records in S-1890 include: a reconnaissance report, dating from 1991, on minefield clearance in the United Nations Buffer Zone, prepared by Canadian forces in the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP); draft mine clearance plans for Rwanda dating from 1994; and a summary, dating from October 2000, of mine clearance statistics prepared by the Mine Action Coordination Centre (MACC), which operated in Pristina under the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo (UNMIK). A brief dating from c. 2005 on the United Nations Mine Action Office in Sudan covers the history of UN-assisted mine action clearance activities in Sudan, the objectives of the office, and the integration of the office with the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS).

Military

Chief Military Observer
The Chief Military Observer (CMO) was tasked with the command of the Military Division of UNOMIL. The CMO was posted at UNOMIL headquarters in Monrovia, Liberia, and reported directly to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) on matters regarding military operations of the UNOMIL mandate. The post was held by Major General Daniel Ishmael Opande, succeeded in April 1997 by Major General Sikandar Shami.

The records contain incoming and outgoing code cables, exchanged between the CMO and United Nations Headquarters, New York (UN-NY) and between the SRSG and: Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Marrack Goulding; Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Bernard Miyet; and Margaret Carey, Africa Specialist with the Department of Peacekeeping Operations. Topics of the cables pertain to military operations and developments of the mission.

The records also contain operational reports such as reconnaissance reports ordered by the CMO and conducted by Military Observers (MILOBS) and/or Electoral Officers to ascertain viability of establishing a field station; or to obtain data on the population and infrastructure necessary for electoral staff. Daily and weekly situation reports and monthly assessments of main developments sent to the SRSG relay information about developments in military and electoral operations.

There are also summaries of meetings of the inter-agency Ceasefire Violations Committee (CFVC), which was chaired by the CMO. The meeting summaries detail the Committee’s discussion of alleged ceasefire violations. The records also include letters of complaint sent by the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) to the CMO, reporting factions’ allegations of ceasefire violations.

Humanitarian Affairs

Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office (HACO), Demobilization and Reintegration Unit
The Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office (HACO) was established by the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA) to support the Humanitarian Coordinator based in Monrovia. The Humanitarian Coordinator was appointed by the Secretary-General and reported to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Liberia (SRSG). The Office’s Demobilization and Reintegration Unit assisted in coordinating the efforts of United Nations agencies involved in relief and resettlement activities and the provision of assistance to demobilizing soldiers.

The files for the Demobilization and Reintegration Unit include concept papers and plans generated by the Unit, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the World Health Organization concerning disarmament, demobilization, reintegration, lessons learned, child soldiers, the impact of the Liberian conflict on women and children, and health care services for demobilized soldiers.

There are also records of the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration Task Force, which was comprised of representatives of UNOMIL, United Nations agencies, NGOs, and the Liberian government, as well as donors to the Task Force. The records include terms of reference, working papers, and meeting minutes concerning: demobilization and reintegration of child soldiers; the demobilization process and policies; obtaining and distributing humanitarian aid; and providing education, medical assistance, and food for demobilized soldiers.

Also present are records of the Unit’s Technical Committee, which provided administrative and management assistance to the Unit. These records include memoranda about the time frame of the demobilization process and a glossary created by the Committee to supplement the Unit’s working papers.

In addition, the records contain statistics on demobilized soldiers and site reports concerning the demobilization process, sanitation, water needs, medical operations, and security. Other reports generated by HACO concern faction compliance with the implementation of the Abuja Agreement of 19 August 1995, UNICEF involvement in demobilization of child soldiers, the consequences of intimidation and re-armament of demobilized children, and demobilization activities of interest to foreign dignitaries. There are also memoranda on the demobilization process prepared by the Humanitarian Coordinator for the SRSG, the Senior Humanitarian Officer for the Humanitarian Coordinator, and by HACO staff for the Complex Emergency Division.

Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office (HACO), Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit
The Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit supported humanitarian work carried out by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations.

The records of the Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office consist of reports, meeting summaries, working papers, and memoranda. Included are reports detailing humanitarian assistance projects in Liberia and their policies; quarterly reports concerning the political climate, security, humanitarian advocacy, humanitarian field work, working relationships with partners, and lessons learned; assessment reports about Liberian counties’ humanitarian needs; and a report on internally displaced persons authored by the Refugee Policy Group, dated March 1997. Summaries of meetings with the United Nations Country Team, NGOs, and donors concern humanitarian need assessments, humanitarian projects, the political climate, and security.

Working papers in the files focus on internally displaced persons and the relationship between agencies involved in humanitarian coordination. There are also memoranda concerning the role of HACO and the funding and logistics of humanitarian projects exchanged by the Humanitarian Coordinator; representatives of NGOs, United Nations agencies, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); and leaders of warring factions. Additionally, there are: minutes of meetings of the Programme Compliance and Violations Committee, which investigated violations of international standards of conduct, human rights, and principles and protocols for humanitarian operations; and investigation reports of security incidents concerning sporadic fighting, looting, and harassment, as well as restrictions of humanitarian aid workers’ freedom of movement and access to civilian populations.

Records relating to bridging projects, the initial reintegration projects for demobilized soldiers, include terms of reference and minutes of meetings of the Task Force on Bridging Operations. Meeting minutes of the Task Force concern the projects of the agencies and NGOs in attendance. Also present are project proposals and updates; working papers on the transition to the next phase of reintegration; and guidelines for the funding of projects.

Photographs and Records

The United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) was established in 1950 in order to undertake relief and rehabilitation programs in Korea. It ceased operating in 1959, and liquidation was completed in 1960.

Records include registry files, 1950-1960, containing correspondence, memos, reports, and many other types of documents concerning all aspects of the United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency; also project files, 1952-1960, containing correspondence, project agreements, lists of required supplies generated by UNKRA's establishment of projects in the areas of food and agriculture, rural resettlement, transportation, communications, education, health, sanitation and welfare, natural resources, housing, technical assistance, and other projects.
Also included are files concerning personnel, finances, and other matters having to do with the administration of UNKRA, 1951-1960, and containing correspondence, legal documents, minutes, accounts, and photographs.
Historical files, 1951-1960, were assembled in order to write a history of UNKRA, and contain examples of the types of documents mentioned, as well as drafts of a history of UNKRA.

It contains PAG-4/3.0, subseries (3.0) Registry Files; (2) Project Files; (3.1) General Administration Non-Registry Files; (3.2) General Administration Photos; (4) Personnel Office Non-Registry Files; (4.1) Finance Office Non-Registry Files; (4.2) Finance Office Ledgers; (5) Historical Files.

General Assembly Files of the Office of the Special Assistant to the Personal Representative of the Secretary-General, Dr. Ralph Bunche

Office of the Special Assistant to the Personal Represetative of the Secretary-General, Dr. Ralph Bunche

Series consists of correspondence, reports, meeting records, newsclippings, press releases and working documents. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: reference library on Palestine; general backround survey on Palestine; suggested solutions of the Palestine Question by government and recognized agencies; summary of written and oral statements; and meeting records inclusive of verbatim records for the First Special Session of the General Assembly.

Reference Files of the Office of the Special Assistant to the Personal Representative of the Secretary-General, Dr. Ralph Bunche

Office of the Special Assistant to the Personal Representative of the Secretary-General, Dr. Ralph Bunche

Series consists of correspondence, news clippings, news releases, press, incident reports, backround information, and topographical survey maps. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: new releases given to the press regarding the first special session by the UNSCOP Committee; incident reports submitted by the government of Palestine; articles published in Palestinian newspapers regarding the work of the United Nations; a guide and general information on Palestine; and topographical survey maps of each region of Palestine including Haifa, Jerusalem, and Jaffa-Tel Aviv.

Correspondence Files of the Office of the Special Assistant to the Personal Representative of the Secretary-General, Dr. Ralph Bunche

Office of the Special Assistant to the Personal Representative of the Principal Secretary Dr. Ralph Bunche

Series consists of correspondence, handwritten notes, invitations, publications, and press. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: handwritten notes regarding UNSCOP meetings; hotel documentation for a trip to Geneva and Jerusalem; invitations to various UN functions including the UN Week Dinner held on 20/09/1947. Correspondents include UN Principal Secretary Dr. Ralph Buche; Rupert Emerson, Department of Government, Harvard University; Mr. William Porter, Consul, United States Consulate in Jerusalem, Palestine; A. Emil Sandstrom, Chairman, UNSCOP. Folder 5 includes Mr. Bunches Countrywide Pass for Palestine.

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