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Security

The title of S-1888 was drawn from the function series Safety Management (PKH.SAF), Security Management (PKH.SEC), and Security Sector Reform (PKH.SSR) from the “Peacekeeping Headquarters Retention Schedule,” v. 2, August 2011, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and Department of Field Support (DFS).

Records primarily consist of memoranda, code cables, and reports on: security incidents, such as seizure of weapons from mission troops, attacks on mission troops and personnel, and violations of mission freedom of movement; health and safety issues, such as control of infectious diseases; and assessments of the security situation in mission areas of responsibility, based on military activity, criminality, civil disobedience, availability of arms, socio-economic factors, and effectiveness of law enforcement institutions. Also present are mission-specific security plans. There are also DPKO-produced standard operating procedures, “Headquarters Crisis Response in Support of DPKO-led Field Missions,” and “Crisis Management in DPKO-led Missions.” The SOPs outline procedures concerning basic and complex crisis response and the responsibilities of DPKO senior management to crisis situations.

There are also memoranda, code cables, and reports related to hostage crises. These are accompanied by lists of hostages giving information such as their locations and nationalities. There are also records concerning the May 2000 hostage-taking of approximately 500 United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) personnel by the Revolutionary United Front (RUF); these detail the participation of President of Liberia Charles Taylor in the hostage negotiations, and give updates on the security situation and military activity in locations where hostages were held.

One file focuses on the Special Battalion for Security in the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT), an integrated Tajik Government / United Tajik Opposition (UTO) military unit that was established to provide security for United Nations personnel. The file contains: a training program for the battalion, memoranda on recruiting battalion trainers from Member States, and rules and regulations for the battalion.

Mine Action

The title of S-1890 was drawn from the function series Mine Action (PKH.MIN) from the “Peacekeeping Headquarters Retention Schedule,” v. 2, August 2011, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and Department of Field Support (DFS).

S-1890 contains records documenting the administration and coordination of mine action activities by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO).

Included are memoranda of the DPKO’s Demining Expert and the Demining Unit, covering such topics as: job descriptions and recruitment for the Demining Unit, coordination between DPKO and the Department of Humanitarian Affairs in the area of mine clearance, and the procurement of technical expertise. There are also briefs issued by the Demining Unit on the landmine situation and clearance activities in specific countries and geographic areas, including Somalia, Sudan, Mozambique, the Libya/Chad border, and other areas. Additionally, there are summaries of meetings of the Working Group on Mine and Munitions Clearance (WGMC), which were attended by the Demining Expert. The WGMC was established in 1992 to coordinate demining activities across all United Nations departments and to develop a United Nations demining policies.

S-1890 also includes draft plans for mine clearance in Angola dating from 1994. The drafts outline the scope of the mine problem in Angola, and preparatory and implantation phases of clearance activities with the assistance of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II) and the Angola Mine Clearance Training Facility. Additionally, there are code cables and briefs documenting mine clearance operations conducted during the United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III). The briefs cover topics such as medical support for mine clearance, the mine threat in regional areas of Angola, and staffing and operations of the UNAVEM III Demining School.

Other records in S-1890 include: a reconnaissance report, dating from 1991, on minefield clearance in the United Nations Buffer Zone, prepared by Canadian forces in the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP); draft mine clearance plans for Rwanda dating from 1994; and a summary, dating from October 2000, of mine clearance statistics prepared by the Mine Action Coordination Centre (MACC), which operated in Pristina under the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo (UNMIK). A brief dating from c. 2005 on the United Nations Mine Action Office in Sudan covers the history of UN-assisted mine action clearance activities in Sudan, the objectives of the office, and the integration of the office with the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS).

Military - Planning, strategy - Analysis of current mission capacity

The title of S-1831 was drawn from the function series PKH.MIL004 from the “Peacekeeping Headquarters Retention Schedule,” v. 2, August 2011, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and Department of Field Support (DFS).

S-1831 contains records documenting the planning for and analysis of deployed military capacity of peacekeeping operations, transition and exit operations in peacekeeping missions, and the liquidation of missions.

Records relating to deployment consist of plans of deployment phases; status and update reports of air, maritime and ground assets; strength reports; and memoranda and communications regarding a mission’s military reinforcement requirements. S-1831 also contains records relating to air operations in peacekeeping missions, and these document tasks and plans of mission air units; mission activities at airports and airfields; meetings between parties on the use of air power; and the procurement and utilization of helicopters by the mission. Also included are records pertaining to mission-specific operations of the United Nations Standby Force, and deployment of rapid reaction forces in specific missions and/or regions.

S-1831 also contains records pertaining to the expansion and reconfiguration of deployed missions. These include reports and memoranda analyzing options for the future presence of the mission and implications of different expansion scenarios. There are also plans for the disengagement of military operations in the mission area, outlines and briefs on the withdrawal of assets and personnel from the mission area, and technical documents relating to the liquidation of the mission.

United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO)

Records include: summaries of visits by the DPKO Planning Team to MINURSO in 1994 and 1995; papers describing the logistical concepts and implications of the repatriation and referendum phases of the mission; briefs and tables on the downsizing of the military component; and maps of Western Sahara depicting Force deployment. Records relating to the implementation plan of the settlement proposals put forth by the Secretary-General concern the military, logistics, and operational aspects of the plan, and they detail the deployment, transition, referendum, and post-referendum phases of the plan; composition and tasks of military units during phases; size and composition of disputing parties; operational time lines; and the operational environment. Records pertaining to air support in MINURSO include outlines describing air operations, including aerial surveillance and verification, transport of troops and Military Observers, and casualty evacuations; correspondence concerning flights over Algerian territory; memoranda on helicopter support; and maps depicting air deployment and landing points.

UNAVEM I, UNAVEM II, and UNAVEM III
Records concerning operations and logistics consist of monthly reports providing operational updates on activities in various regions in Angola; briefs on the composition, mission, and deployment of the Rapid Reaction Force; and outlines describing the downsizing, withdrawal, and liquidation of military forces. Weekly logistics reports and minutes of logistics implementation meetings cover deployment; supply and fuel stores; ground and air transport activities and transport equipment; infrastructure and engineering projects; and medical operations. There are also updates on the status of the UNAVEM III Implementation Plan and the state of readiness of UNAVEM III infantry units.

United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR)
Records include maps produced by the Department of Public Information (DPI) of UNAMIR deployment throughout Rwanda from May 1994 to February 1996; a draft of the UNAMIR Operations and Support Instruction directives, which describes liquidation policies and procedures for all civilian and military elements of the mission; a brief on possible scenarios for the expansion of UNAMIR, dating from June 1994; and staff planning directives on liquidation, which include schedules and tasks. There are also executive summaries prepared by the DPKO Field Administration and Logistics Division (FALD), which note air, land, and naval movements and transport; medical, logistics, and engineering support; and drawdown and liquidation developments. Attached to the executive summaries are weekly logistics reports detailing procurement matters; ration requests; the status of service contracts; and communications support.

United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)
Records include summaries of security meetings; reports by the Chief of the Observer Group, Egypt (COGE) (an outstation); briefs on the streamlining of UNTSO operations; and briefs on political Islam and the peace process. Monthly reports on UNTSO military, political, and administrative activities sent to DPKO headquarters also describe strength levels and operational deficiencies; activities at UNDOF outstations; and activities of the Chief of Staff. Records relating to security describe unrest related to Palestinian rule in the Gaza Strip, beginning in 1994; fatalities caused by the occupying forces, and among the Israeli military staff and civilians; updates on hostages held in countries in the region; harassment and attacks against UNTSO and UN agency personnel; and violations of UN premises.

United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)
UNDOF records consists of reports on inspections carried out by UNDOF personnel in the Area of Limitation (AOL); UNDOF reports of violations in the Area of Separation (AOS); chronologies of military events in the UNDOF mission area; reports on battalion deployment; and summaries of meetings between the UNDOF Force Commander and government officials of the Syrian Arab Republic. Information summaries provide figures on military, civilian, and shepherd violations; ground and construction activity; air activity; and small arms fire. Periodic reports submitted to DPKO headquarters by the UNDOF Force Commander in Damascus note activities in the Syrian Golan, such as - inspections of the Area of Limitation (AOL); violations of the Agreement on Disengagement, signed 31 May 1974, in the Alpha Side and Bravo Side, such as shootings, overflights, and ground incursions; minefield activity; and patrolling.

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
Records consist of summaries of meetings between the UNIFIL Force Commander and Lebanese Army officials, and between the UNIFIL Force Commander and officials of the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF); reports of incidents and statistics on clashes between the armed elements (AE) and the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) and the de facto forces (DFF); summaries of changes in UNIFIL deployment; deployment maps; lists of positions of the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF), the de facto forces (DFF), and the South Lebanon Army (SLA) in the UNIFIL area of interest; briefs on the reduction and streamlining of Force strength; memoranda on the operations of armoured personnel carriers (APC) in the UNIFIL mission area; and outlines and reviews of security arrangements.

United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM)
UNIKOM records encompass weekly and monthly reports detailing ground and air monitoring of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), violations in the DMZ committed by Iraq and Kuwait, and UNIKOM’s investigations of Iraqi and Kuwaiti complaints; summaries of meetings between the UNIKOM officials and Iraqi officials from the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Foreign Affairs; and deployment maps. Briefs and memoranda are included, covering organization, composition, and deployment of UNIKOM; maritime capability of UNIKOM and the movement of Iraqi ships in the estuary Khawr ‘Abd Allah; UNIKOM’s use of ground surveillance radar; appointments to mission posts; and relations between UNIKOM and the Iraqi Border Police. There is also a Contingency Plan for the Reinforcement of UNIKOM dating from 1992, called Plan Locksmith, which was to be enacted in the event of threat to the security of UNIKOM personnel or property. Additionally, there is a plan for the liquidation and asset disposal of UNIKOM dated from 2003.

United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG)
Records pertain largely to planning and expansion of the mission. They include summaries of DPKO-held meetings on planning and expansion, covering areas such as the concept of operations, and the need for personnel, equipment, and vehicles; summaries of meetings held between United Nations officials and Georgian and Abkhaz authorities on the expansion of UNOMIG; figures on the provision of Military Observers for the expansion of UNOMIG; and briefs on the participation in the operational aspects of UNOMIG by Member States, including the United States, Russia, and Cuba. In addition to these records, there are briefs and progress reports on deployment and operations of the Civilian Police; briefs on the relations between UNOMIG and the peacekeeping force of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS); political addresses on the situation in Georgia made to the Security Council by Permanent Representatives; summaries of meetings held between United Nations officials and Russian officials on the Agreement on a Ceasefire and a Separation of Forces signed on 14 May 1994; and comments and analyses of the 14 May 1994 ceasefire agreement.

Haiti
Included are records pertaining to operations in several peacekeeping missions in Haiti, namely, the United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH), the United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH), the United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH), and the United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH). These records include outlines and tables detailing the medical support provided; outlines providing figures for adjustments in Force deployment, and on the Force structure of UNMIH; Force Operation Orders for UNMIH and UNSMIH detailing threats to the Government of Haiti (GOH) and to a secure and stable environment, plan tasks and execution, and the Force Commander’s intent; the UNTMIH Military Campaign Plan; assessments of the future of UNMIH and future peacebuilding activities in Haiti; and maps depicting developments in Force liquidation. Records on air operations in Haiti include code cables, briefs, and memoranda on the transport of non-UN personnel on UN aircraft, and Member States’ contributions of helicopters to the mission.

Additional records contained in S-1831 include: a briefing about the logistical requirements and capabilities of the United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) dated 2 March 1993; briefs on the withdrawal and exit strategy for troops in the United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB); briefing papers about military contingency planning of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, particularly in Srebrenica and Tuzla; briefs on the strength and operational situation of the United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP); statistics and identifying information for aircraft in operation in the United Nations Military Observers in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) and in peacekeeping missions in the Middle East; and an Operation Order for the withdrawal of the Military Component of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC).

Legal - Legal agreements development and review

The title of S-1840 was drawn from the function series Legal (PKH.LEG) from the “Peacekeeping Headquarters Retention Schedule,” v. 2, August 2011, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and Department of Field Support (DFS).

Records in S-1840 relate to DPKO headquarters and peacekeeping mission legal matters and agreements. The records primarily consist of mission-specific legal documents, including: Status of Forces Agreements (SOFAs), Status of Mission Agreements (SOMAs), Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs), and Rules of Engagement (ROE). Also included are records relating to the development of agreements, and model agreements.

Status of Forces and Status of Mission Agreements between the United Nations and the governments of countries hosting peacekeeping missions address such areas as: the international status of the peacekeeping mission; civil and criminal jurisdiction of mission personnel; mission use of premises; freedom of movement and use of roads, airfields, and waterways by mission personnel; wearing of uniforms and civilian dress by mission personnel; possession and carrying of arms by mission personnel; travel by mission personnel to and from the host country; local recruitment of mission personnel; facilities for mission contractors; and privileges and immunities granted to mission personnel.

Also included are Memoranda of Understanding between the United Nations and mission host countries, as well as MOU between the United Nations and United Nations Member States. Memoranda of Understanding cover various topics, including: security of United Nations premises in the host country; provision of standby arrangements by Member States; transport of personnel, logistical supplies, and equipment through Member State territories; mission support provided to judicial, police, and electoral institutions in the host country; relations between the mission and countries neighbouring the host country; cost-sharing; and relations between DPKO and United Nations agencies with regard to mission operations. There are also Letters of Assist (LOA) in which Member States and host countries agree to provide a peacekeeping mission with support, such as equipment and transportation. Other legal agreements included cover such topics as: expansion of the mission mandate; temporary ceasefire and cessation of hostilities between parties in conflict; establishment of mission liaison offices; and the contribution of equipment and personnel to a mission.

Rules of Engagement (ROE) provided specific guidance on the use of force within the mission area to military commanders at all levels of a peacekeeping mission. They also address the use and carriage of weapons, and civil actions permitted by military personnel in the mission area. Procedures on warning, firing, search, and apprehension are also detailed.

The files also contain drafts, revisions, and amendments to legal documents; briefs and correspondence from the Legal Counsel and the Office of Legal Affairs detailing opinions on mission-related matters; correspondence with Members States regarding the development and review of legal agreements for peacekeeping operations; and code cables exchanged between the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping and Special Representatives of the Secretary General (SRSG). In addition, the files contain records relating to mission use of host country property and premises, such as: lease agreements; and memoranda concerning rental fees, property condition and damage.

Head of Mission

International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
The records of the MICIVIH Executive Director consist of Colin Granderson’s subject files, chronological files, and internal and external communications on a wide variety of topics related to: operations and activities of MICIVIH, the United Nations political and peacekeeping missions that were active in Haiti concurrently with MICIVIH from 1993 to 2000, UN agencies and non-governmental organizations operating in Haiti, the Government of Haiti, and the de facto regime.

The Executive Director’s records contain: a report of the UN Advance Team to Haiti, 8-12 September 1993, which evaluated the situation in Haiti for the creation of UNMIH; summaries of meetings between the Executive Director and the President of Haiti René Préval and former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and Haitian government ministers; briefs about the MICIVIH mandate; evaluations of conflict resolution activities; training materials provided to MICIVIH staff; briefs and memoranda on administrative operations; statements delivered to the General Assembly by the Haitian Minister of Foreign Affairs S. E. M. Fritz Longchamp, dating from September and October 1999; organization charts; reports concerning the activities and reform of the Haitian National Police (HNP); reports prepared for Granderson by the Chief of Operations, concerning communications, computers, and water shortages; the End of Mission report on the Institution Building facet of MICIVIH, dated March 2000; and background papers on Haitian history and culture.

Additionally, there are communications between Colin Granderson and officials of the Organization of American States (OAS) about the functioning of MICIVIH; updates on MICIVIH activities prepared by Granderson for the OAS; and records of the Administrative Liaison Office, which was set up in Port-au-Prince to coordinate activities between MICIVIH and UNMIH.

The Executive Director’s chronological files and correspondence consist of: letters exchanged between the Secretary-General and the President of Haiti René Préval; letters sent to Haitian government ministers, particularly the Ministry of Justice and the Minister of Foreign Affairs; letters sent to representatives of non-governmental organizations; job descriptions of MICIVIH personnel and Terms of Reference for high-level consultants to MICIVIH; agenda and panelist papers prepared for international conferences attended by MICIVIH personnel; draft reports prepared by the Secretary-General to the Security Council on the work of MICIVIH; weekly Situation and Activity reports on MICIVIH activities forwarded to the OAS; and press releases and press communiqués. The files also include briefs and memoranda on such topics as: mission premises, the status of the mission mandate, the progress of elections in Haiti, relations between MICIVIH and UNMIH, and the security environment in Haiti. Additionally, there is a MICIVIH-authored report, dated 25 March 1996, on the killings of several civilians by the Haitian National Police (HNP) in Cité Soleil on 6 March 1996.

Additionally, there are several files of code cables exchanged in 1993 and 1994 between Granderson and Dante Caputo, the Special Envoy for Haiti for the Secretaries-General of the United Nations and the OAS. The code cables concern: the evacuation of MICIVIH from Haiti to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic on 15-16 October 1993; the return of mission personnel to Haiti beginning in January 1994; the de facto regime’s denial of the legitimacy of MICIVIH; the Haitian Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ declaration of MICIVIH’s undesirability in Haiti on 8 July 1994. In addition, files concerning security contain documents related to the mission’s evacuation and reestablishment in 1993 and 1994, and these include: mission evacuation plans, security briefings, reports of incidents targeting UN personnel, and outlines describing administrative changes due to the evacuations.

The records of the Executive Director also contain files detailing MICIVIH’s observation and monitoring of the human rights situation in Haiti. Included are MICIVIH-authored reports on human rights in Haiti: a report from a fact-finding mission to Haiti in 1993 titled, “Observations, Concerns and Recommendations Regarding the Role of the OAS/UN Civilian Mission in Haiti: A Report in Progress,” dated April 1993; “Rapport de la Mission Civile Internationel (OEA/ONU) en Haiti sur la Situation des Droits de l’Homme,” 31 Janvier – 30 Juin 1994; “Special Report: Analysis of the Assassinations in Port-au-Prince, November 1994 – July 1995, As Recorded by Base 1,” dated 31 July 1995.

There are also records documenting communications between MICIVIH and the National Commission on Truth and Justice (CNVJ), which was set up on 17 December 1994 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide to investigate human rights violations that took place during the de facto regime. The final report of the National Truth and Justice Commission, dating from 1995, “Si m Pa Rele (‘If I Don’t Shout’), 29 September 1991 - 14 October 1994,” is also included.

The records also include documentation of seminars and conferences on human rights awareness held by the MICIVIH’s Promotion and Protection of Human Rights Section (PPHR), and memoranda exchanged between mission representatives and local and international human rights organizations. Additionally, there are briefs and reports, authored by Observers at bases and copied to Granderson, concerning politically-motivated killings and killings of members of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), Haitians forcibly repatriated by the police and/or military forces, violence against women and children, and human rights violations involving street children.

The Executive Director’s files also include records pertaining to oversight and reform of the Haitian judiciary. Records include: descriptions of weekly activities of MICIVIH’s Section des Affaires Juridiques et du Renforcement Institutionnel (SAJRI); summaries of meetings between MICIVIH personnel and staff of the École de la Magistrature; memoranda about MICIVIH-led training of judges and lawyers at bases; and briefs on the management of the local court system. There are also: summaries of meetings of MICIVIH lawyers who operated at bases and consulted on a variety of judicial reform topics; and Observers’ memoranda and reports, copied to Granderson, about court proceedings, and interactions with local judicial personnel about irregularities. Notable documents include: “Quelques Reflexions à Propos d'une Eventuelle Reforme du Système Judiciare en Haiti,” dated 14 July 1993; an analysis dated 17 March 1994 and titled “Haitian Justice System: A Report by the MICIVIH Working Group on the Haitian Justice System”; a program of instruction dating from October 1997 of the École de la Magistrature; and "Analysis of the Haitian Judicial System," a report authored by the Haitian Ministry of Justice and Public Security, dating from March 1998.

Records pertaining to human rights monitoring in prisons and prison reform are also included. There are memoranda and reports detailing: training for MICIVIH Observers in prison matters, the role of MICIVIH in prison reform, management of the MICIVIH Prison Database System, training for prison wardens, incidents at the National Penitentiary and other Haitian prisons, and visits to prisons carried out by Observers stationed at bases. Additionally, there are communications between Granderson and the National Penitentiary Administration (APENA), and between Granderson and officials running the Assistance à la Réforme Pénitentiaire, a program of the United Nations Development Fund (UNDP). Also included are MICIVIH-produced evaluation reports on prison reform initiatives. A MICIVIH-authored report titled “Prisons in Haiti,” dated July 1997, provides analysis and statistics on the prison system, information about prison conditions, and recommendations for reform.

The files for the elections contain: the final report of the Electoral Assistance Team (EAT) dating from 1995; letters and position statements sent to the Executive Director from political candidates; briefs and correspondence exchanged between the Executive Director and staff of the Electoral Observation Mission (EOM) of the Organization of American States (OAS); and situation reports and final reports prepared by the OAS-EOM. Other records document the structure and work of Haiti’s Provisional Electoral Council (CEP), such as: organization charts of the CEP; letters exchanged between the Executive Director and the Secretary-General of the CEP; and timetables, lists and activity outlines related to technical operations managed by CEP for the elections.

The records also document activities of MICIVIH’s Press and Information Unit. Memoranda cover a variety of topics, including: the strategy to strengthen MICIVIH’s image in the Haitian public and the international community; MICIVIH’s television, radio, and internet communications; the writing of press releases; and journalist training seminars. Additionally, there are reports prepared by the Press and Information Unit, media project proposals, lists of Haitian radio stations, issues of the “MICIVIH News Summary,” MICIVIH press releases, scripts for television and radio and spots, and communications with journalists.

There are also records relating to the planning of a successor mission to MICIVIH and MIPONUH, which was preliminarily named Mission D'Assistance Technique Des Nations Unies Pour Haiti (MATNUH) and then became International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH). The records contain correspondence between MICIVIH and MIPONUH staff, draft resolutions, terms of reference, budget reports, and job descriptions.

MICIVIH’s Coordination, Analysis and Reports Unit (CARU) reported to the Executive Director, and liaised with the Section des Affaires Juridiques et du Renforcement Institutionnel (SAJRI) and the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights (PPHR) Section. The CARU was tasked with: maintaining daily links with MICIVIH’s regional offices with regard to the investigation of human rights violations; ensuring coordination of activities between regional offices and between headquarters and regional offices; preparing weekly and fortnightly reports on the activities of the mission; and assisting in the preparation of public reports for the Secretary-General of the United Nations and for the Secretary-General of the Organization of American States (OAS), about the situation of human rights and democracy in Haiti.

The records include a wide range of reports and publications generated by CARU. Weekly executive summaries cover such topics as the transition to MICAH, the Raboteau massacre of 22 April 1994, the 51st anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, activities of the Haitian Parliament, municipal government structures, and border control. Situation and activity reports discuss topics such as prolonged pre-trial detention, assistance for the Haitian Office de la Protection du Citoyen (OPC), and the UNIFEM campaign against violence towards women. Information about human rights violations is also contained in the CARU human rights situation reports and the publication “Human Rights Review.”

Notable reports collated by CARU include progress reports sent by the Executive Director to the Organization of American States (OAS). The reports summarize MICIVIH field visits and the activities of high-level staff and base coordinators. There is also correspondence about the history of MICIVIH sent from the Executive Director to OAS staff and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG).

In addition, there are memoranda and incident reports detailing the often criminal and illegal activities of the community vigilance brigades and security groups that exercised public order among citizens through intimidation and violent attacks with machetes. Statistics and tables listing incidents of popular justice killings are also included.

CARU records also document investigations undertaken by MICIVIH observers to identify officers of the Haitian National Police (HNP) responsible for brutality and violations of human rights. The investigations involved visits to HNP commissariats, prisons, and victims’ and witnesses’ homes to gather information about and confirm allegations. The records consist of: briefs and tables summarizing the circumstances of police officers suspected of murder, summary execution, excessive use of force, cruel and inhuman treatment, rape, theft, narcotic drug trafficking and other offenses; summaries of meetings between MICIVIH officials and representatives of the Inspection Générale de la Police Nationale d’Haiti (IGPNH); Standard Operating Procedures of the HNP; a Manual of the Commissioner of the HNP; and briefs describing the HNP’s disciplinary procedures. Also included are statistics tallied by MICIVIH on the number and type of human rights violations occurring in each department.

MICIVIH Observers were stationed at bases throughout Haiti to monitor and report on the political situation, elections, human rights violations, security, and the progress of institutional development in their areas on responsibility. The records describe Observers’ interactions with local authorities and organizations, as well as their community education and outreach efforts.

Regional Coordinator final and periodic reports, as well as Observer reports on visits to communes, cover the following topics: activities at elementary and high schools, hospitals, police commissariats, parquets (public prosecutor’s offices), cabinets d’instruction (judicial investigation offices), tribunaux de paix (tribunals); relations with local non-governmental organizations and local popular organizations; MICIVIH-led education activities on human rights, civic matters, and inter-institutional cooperation; interviews with Catholic priests and religious clergy about activities in towns and villages; meetings with local political authorities such as mayors and delegates, in which authorities outline their town’s infrastructural and institutional needs and issues; difficulties in the electoral registration process and local electoral campaigning; demonstrations by students, civilians and pro-Duvalier supporters; the presence in towns and villages of FRAPH, coup d’etat supporters, and supporters of François “Papa Doc” Duvalier (including those known as macoutes); the security climate as monitored by CIVPOL, the Interim Public Security Force (IPSF), and the Haitian National Police (HNP); the functioning of military-occupied casernes (barracks); incidents of brutality experienced by civilians and attributed to military personnel; arms trafficking; incidents of popular justice killings; incidents at the Haitian-Dominican Republic border; the status of persons in marronage (hiding); and activities of the United States Special Forces (USSF).

There are also overviews of departments, authored by the base team, which detail the department’s history, demographics, infrastructure, and political climate. In addition, lists of local authorities enumerate the names of town, communal, or departmental police officers, judges, electoral officials, military officers, politicians, and religious leaders. Minutes of base staff meetings and Regional Coordinator meetings describe planning for security and elections, designing civic education programs, and ways to streamline base functioning.

Visits of citizens of communes to MICIVIH offices are summarized in memoranda. They detail complaints about violations of human rights, obstructions to justice, land conflicts, and breakdown of law and order, including incidents of popular justice, and incidents involving the practice of vodou and sorcery. Other memoranda provide updates on human rights abuses allegedly perpetrated by the Haitian National Police (HNP).

Base records relating to the judiciary system include summaries of assises criminelles (assizes), as well as summaries describing killings and attacks against judicial personnel. Memoranda relating to the judiciary system detail: meetings with judicial personnel on the general functioning of the tribunals and developments in cases monitored by the mission; irregularities and corruption; members of the local judiciary (juges de paix); the condition of judicial building structures; and visits to the Cour d’Appel and Cabinet d’Instruction.

There are also briefs describing seminars and activities undertaken by Observers in collaboration with local authorities. Seminar participants often consisted of representatives of the HNP, non-governmental organizations, and the Conseil d'Administration de la Section Communale (CASEC). Other base educational and outreach initiatives are reflected in memoranda about MICIVIH-sponsored puppet shows, local drawing contests, and spots on radio and television stations.

Records relating to local popular organizations include information sheets profiling popular organizations’ activities, leaders, and history. Memoranda covering meetings with leaders of popular organizations describe challenges faced by the organizations and requests for assistance from MICIVIH. There are also documents about the limitations of MICIVIH’s involvement in community development projects, which define MICIVIH’s role primarily as an intermediary between popular organizations and funding agencies.

Memoranda exchanged between Regional Coordinators, Observers, the Deputy Executive Director, and the Executive Director of MICIVIH cover a range a topics, including: the Aristide government, vigilance brigades, disarmament, gang activity, crime, internally displaced persons, non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations, meetings with journalists on freedom of the press, plots against the state, political parties, base security, labor strikes, women’s rights, the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), medical care available in the commune, and the prevalence of common diseases such as typhoid, tuberculosis, and malaria.

MICIVIH files also included the records of: Dante Caputo, who served as the Special Envoy for Haiti for the Secretaries-General of the United Nations and the OAS from December 1992 to September 1994; and of Mr. Leandro Despouy, Political Advisor to the Special Envoy. Their records consist of: letters exchanged between Caputo and the Commander-in-Chief of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), Lieutenant General Raoul Cédras, and between Cédras and the Secretary-General; lists of senators and members of major Haitian political parties; and correspondence with representatives of political parties. Analyses and briefs cover: the implementation of the Governors Island Agreement, the role of the United Nations in Haiti, the security of the President of Haiti, the restoration of political stability in Haiti, and the economic effects of the embargo on Haiti. Additionally, there is a “Plan d’Action Humanitaire Integre, Nations Unies / Organisation des Etats Americaine: Haiti,” dated March 1993.

United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)
Serving as Head of Mission and Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) were Daniel Caputo (September 1993- September 1994), Lakhdar Brahimi (September 1994 – March 1996), and Enrique ter Horst (March - June 1996).

The records of the Office of the SRSG (OSRSG) contain incoming and outgoing code cables exchanged between the SRSG and Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Kofi Annan at United Nations Headquarters in New York. Code cables consist of: draft reports to the Secretary-General on mission activities; weekly executive summaries detailing political and operational developments; and programmes and agenda for visits to Haiti by the Secretary-General and by United States President Bill Clinton (March 1995).

The records of the OSRSG also include code cables from the Force Commander (FC) and from the Chief of Staff (COS) to Annan. Code cables from the FC concern: criminal and security incidents, battalion activities, arrests, public demonstrations, and activities of the Interim Public Security Force (IPSF) and the Haitian National Police (HNP). They also note the 28 March 1995 assassination of Mireille Durocher Bertin, a lawyer for the Commander-in-Chief of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), Lieutenant General Raoul Cédras. The code cables sent from the COS contain: daily and weekly situation reports from the UNMIH Advance Team; drafts of UNMIH Rules of Engagement (ROE); and a brief titled “Proposed Multinational Force (MNF) to UNMIH Transition Plan,” dating from October 1994.

The records also include: copies of the Governors Island Agreement (3 July 1993) and the New York Pact (16 July 1993); talking points (28 October 1993) about the implementation of the Agreement; statements and correspondence of the Comité National de Resolution de la Crise Haitienne, which convened through the fall of 1993 to oversee the execution of the Agreement; and letters of appeal received by the mission urging the restoration of democracy in Haiti. There are also: bi-monthly situation reports forwarded from the SRSG to Annan; and guidelines for the Commander of the Military Component. Records also include faxes from 1993 concerning the security situation in Haiti, the political climate, and the attitude of the Haitian military; and a draft report of the Secretary-General on the deployment of the Advance Team for UNMIH, dated 10 October 1994.

Also included is correspondence between the SRSG and President Jean-Bertrand Aristide about the Governors Island Agreement and the change in Haitian political leadership; and correspondence between the SRSG and Lieutenant General Raoul Cédras. There are also memoranda, outlines and letters concerning such topics as: the petroleum embargo; amnesty law; and the provision of reparations to victims of human rights violations and political violence during the de facto regime.

United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH)
The Head of Mission was Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) Enrique ter Horst. The records of the Office of the SRSG (OSRSG) consist of incoming code cables from Secretary-General Kofi Annan at United Nations headquarters in New York. Notable items from the code cables include draft Security Council resolutions on the mission and UNSMIH Rules of Engagement (ROE). There are also: Security Management Team agenda; the update of the Security Plan for Haiti dated March 1997; CIVPOL weekly reports; Watch Lists, which provide an overview of threats such as criminal activity, public unrest, and armed conflict by geographic location; and contingency plans outlining responses to potential threats.

The records of the UNSMIH Protocol Office include correspondence with the Office of President René Préval, the Directeur Général of the Haitian National Police (HNP), and other HNP officials. Records of the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) are made up of internal audit reports prepared by the Resident Auditor on road improvements, services contracts, Press Section equipment, disbursements charged to MICIVIH, rations purchasing, cost-benefits of using helicopters to patrol Port-au-Prince, and other topics.

United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH)
Enrique ter Horst served as Head of Mission and Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG). The UNTMIH records consist of: Force Standing Operating Procedures and amendments; weekly summaries of activities, about institution building, human rights promotion activities, meetings, the economic and social development of Haiti, etc.; and a 13 August 1997 UNTMIH Military Campaign Plan. Records of the UNTMIH Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) consist of reports from an external audit conducted by the Audit and Management Consulting Division of the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) in 1997. The audit covered financial and cash management, funding for trust funds for the enhancement of mission capacity, liquidation planning and disposal of assets, asset management, procurement procedures, the Local Property Survey Board, deployment of CIVPOL members, and a new contingent-owned equipment lease system.

United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH)
The Head of Mission and Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) was Julian Harston, who was succeeded by RSG Alfredo Lopes Cabral in October 1999.

The records of the Office of the RSG (ORSG) contain incoming and outgoing code cables and correspondence, exchanged between the RSG and Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations at United Nations Headquarters in New York.

Notable cables include: draft reports by the Secretary-General about MIPONUH; and In Brief reports prepared by Bernard Miyet, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping (USG), detailing key developments in UN-wide peacekeeping operations and related world events. Other cables and situation reports discuss: activities of President René Préval, including his 1999 dissolution of the parliament and subsequent rule by decree; meetings of the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) with government ministers; activities of the government as reported in the Haitian press; activities of the Provisional Electoral Council (CEP); financial, logistics, and monitoring support for elections provided in part by the United Nations Development Fund (UNDP) and the international community; incidents reported by the Civilian Police and by the Haitian National Police (HNP); anticipated Y2K security issues; CIVPOL training for the HNP on judiciary procedure, the functions of police chiefs, community policing, crowd control, traffic code implementation, and investigative techniques; activities of and viewpoints of members of political parties, such as Fanmi Lavalas, the National Committee of the Congress of Democratic Organizations (KONAKOM), and the Papay Peasant Movement (MPP); and arrangements for mission security.

The records of the ORSG also contain memoranda covering topics such as the Rules of Engagement (ROE) for the United Nations Special Police; developments surrounding the elections of 19 March 2000; the activities of the Civilian Police; and the liquidation of the mission. There are also memoranda and pamphlets sent to the RSG by political parties, primarily the Struggling People’s Organization (OPL).

In addition, there are End of Mission reports, mission terms of reference, administrative instructions, updates of the Security Plan for Haiti, a December 1999 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report on the economic and social situation of Haiti, and an October 1999 copy of “MIPONUH Flying Orders and Standard Operating Procedures.”

International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)
Alfredo Lopes Cabral served as the Head of Mission and Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) for the duration of the mission. The records of the Office of the RSG (ORSG) consist of incoming and outgoing code cables exchanged between the RSG and Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Kieran Prendergast at United Nations Headquarters in New York. Additionally, there are daily, weekly and monthly situation reports forwarded from the mission to United Nations headquarters.

The code cables and situation reports cover: meetings attended by the RSG with representatives of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Group of Friends of Haiti; activities of Jean-Bertrand Aristide in garnering support for his government and cultivating opportunities for dialogue and confidence building; the activities of Fanmi Lavalas, the political party that supported Aristide, and Convergence Démocratique, a political coalition created in 2000 to oppose Aristide; preparations and security incidents related to the parliamentary and municipal elections held in 21 May 2000, and the presidential and senatorial elections held 26 November 2000; conspiracy activities and plots to overthrow the Haitian government and to eliminate President René Préval and Jean-Bertrand Aristide; and politically-motivated security incidents, such as bombings, violence targeted at political candidates, and armed clashes between rival political groups and rival gangs. Included among code cables are: summaries of meetings between the RSG and Haitian government ministers, and between the RSG and political party representatives; and periodic threat assessments detailing the security and safety situation in Haiti with regard to infrastructure, economic activities, public order and criminality, and public demonstrations.

Also present in the records of the ORSG are: End of Mission reports; daily itineraries of the RSG; correspondence between the RSG and representatives of political parties, including position statements and programme outlines; and Action Plans for the development of the Haitian National Police (HNP).

Memoranda exchanged between the RSG and the Chiefs of the Police Section, Justice Section, and Human Rights Section are also included. Notable memoranda from of the Police Section concern the massacre on 22 April 1994 in the neighbourhood of Raboteau in Gonaives, Haiti; and minutes of meetings between the director of the HNP and the MICAH Chief of the Police Section sent to the RSG. Memoranda from the Human Rights Section describe the objectives and structure of the Section, and include a Diagnostic Report on the Respect of Human Rights by the HNP and a draft report, dated September 2000, on the high-profile trial of several police officers accused of executing eleven civilians in the Carrefour-Feuilles neighbourhood of Port-au-Prince in May 1999. The records also include work plans of the Police Pillar, the Justice Pillar and the Human Rights Pillar.

Public Information and Communications

International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
The records document activities of the MICIVIH Press and Information Office. There are press releases and press notes, and issues of MICIVIH-Zen Journal, MICIVIH News, and Kenbe La Page!, a mission-produced publication. There are also outlines, proposals, and summaries of MICIVIH-produced videos and radio programmes. Scripts, video time logs, and transcripts of interviews are also included. Topics of videos and radio programmes cover: the human rights situation in Haiti, violence against women in Haitian society, the rights of journalists, the relations between the police and the population, conditions in prisons, and land disputes. There are also lists of Haitian media outlets and memoranda about conversations with Haitian journalists seeking to learn about the mission or share their views of Haiti’s political atmosphere.

United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)
The files contain issues of the UNMIH Journal dating from 1995 to 1996. Published in English and French, the UNMIH Journal was a mission-produced publication with articles about mission leaders, the inauguration of President René Préval in 1996, non-governmental organizations working in Haiti, health risks to eating in Haitian restaurants, projects to provide Port-au-Prince with reliable electrical power, the history of Haitians’ belief in werewolves, and other subjects.

United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH)
The files contain issues of the UNSMIH Journal dating from 1996 to 1997. Published in English and French, the UNSMIH Journal features articles about such topics as UNICEF’s work in Haiti, planning for United Nations Day commemorated on 24 October, the demobilization of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), the arrival of new staff, President René Préval visiting the Pakistan Battalion in 1996, the donation of mission vehicles to Haitian institutions, and protecting Haiti’s environment. There are also photographs of members of CIVPOL standing in front of mission headquarters.

United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH)
UNTMIH records consist of one folder, containing three issues of the UNTMIH Journal dating from 1997. Published in English and French, the UNSMIH Journal was a mission-produced publication with articles about humanitarian initiatives of mission staff, the new electronic filing system, an Observer’s memories of his first day on the job, and other subjects.

United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH)
The files hold issues of the MIPONUH Journal dating from 1998 to 1999. Published in English and French, the MIPONUH Journal contains articles about mission developments and fulfillment of the mission mandate. Topics covered in the articles include improved commissariats for the Haitian National Police (HNP), death of UN personnel in a helicopter crash, the appointment of Alfredo Lopes Cabral as MIPONUH’s Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG), the closure of MICIVIH bases, political developments, and CIVPOL aid to orphanages.

There are also photographs of Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) Alfredo Lopes Cabral visiting commissariats in Port-au-Prince in November 1999, mission staff visiting schools in Cité Soleil and Delmas in 1999, and the departure of MIPONUH’s CIVPOL component in March 2000. Other photographs document: street scenes of mission personnel interacting with the Haitian population, mission personnel repairing buildings, a group learning about the Haitian Constitution, the interiors and exteriors of mission buildings, police training, mission personnel guarding the National Palace, and a Cité Soleil police station.

International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)
There are photographs of the 1st and 2nd Foundation for Judicial Reform, which were educational initiaves held by the École de la Magistrature in cooperation with MICAH in September 2000 in Freres, Pétion-Ville. The photographs show attendants, speakers, and the closing ceremony of the 1st Foundation for Judicial Reform. Other photographs depict Haitian Prime Minister Jacques-Édouard Alexis travelling by helicopter in 2000, the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) visiting a commissariat in Pétion-Ville and meeting with its police officers, the 2000 visit to Haiti of Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs Danilo Türk, and a dinner attended by the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) and journalists. Other subjects of photographs are: local elections which took place on 27 November 2000, and a seminar held jointly by the MICAH with the Haitian National Police (HNP).

Management and Integration - Reporting to United Nations Headquarters

Chief Administrative Officer (CAO)
Records of the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) include administrative circulars distributed throughout the Mission and daily situation reports created by field teams. Also included are administrative communications exchanged in the wake of the killings of four UNMOT personnel near Garm, Tajikistan on 20 July 1998.

United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT)
Records of the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) consist of code cables, situation reports, and memoranda. Also included are minutes of management meetings that describe Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (DSRSG), Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) and Senior Political Affairs Officer (SPAO) activities. The status of particular regions within the Mission, officer travel plans, diplomatic discussions held, the status of ongoing investigations, humanitarian assistance, and meetings with UN and NGO agencies are discussed within the minutes.

United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace Building (UNTOP)
Records of the United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace Building (UNTOP) consist primarily of code cables transmitted between the Mission and UN Headquarters in NY and cover: issues related to Russian troops stationed on the Tajik-Afghan border; reports on meetings with high level Tajik government figures; significant legal, political moves taken by the Tajik government, changes in Tajik administration; analysis of law enforcement structures in Tajikistan; meetings with ex-combatants; the situation of refugees on the Tajik-Afghan border; and activities related to counter-terrorism.

Notable events described in the code cables include: the assassination of Karim Yuldashev, Presidential State Adviser on Foreign and Political Affairs, in Dushanbe on 17 July 2001; a hostage crisis in Dushanbe, 13 June 2001; and the assassination of Habib Sanginov, an Opposition political figure and former Chairman of the Military Sub-commission of the Commission of National Reconciliation, on 11 April 2001. Clear cables report on UNTOP interactions with the Tajik government and Tajik government requests for assistance from the UN.

The UNTOP records also include incoming and outgoing communications with the following political, non-governmental and diplomatic organizations:

Political Parties:

  • Islamic Revival Party (Hizbi Nahzati Islomii Tojikiston)
  • Democratic Party (Hizbi Demokratii Tojikiston)
  • People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan (Hizbi Khalqi-Demokrati Tojikiston)
  • Social Democratic Party (Hizbi Sotsial-Demokratii Tojikiston)
  • Free Tajikistan Party

International NGO’s

  • FINCA International - Tajikistan (micro and small business lending)
  • CARE Tajikistan
  • International Center for Peace Preservation in Asia
  • Pharmaciens Sans Frontieres Comite International

Local NGO’s

  • Public Committee for Democratic Processes
  • Tajik Society for Friendship and Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries
  • Center Legal Support for Youth
  • Centre of Mercy of Servicemen’s Mothers of Republic Tajikistan
  • Legal Education Center
  • Center for Peace, Nonviolence and Human Rights
  • Humanity and Charity
  • Tajik Juridical Consortium
  • Bureau of Human Rights and Rule of Law

Embassies

  • Afghan Ambassador Said Mouhammad Khairkhoh
  • German Ambassador Rainer Muller, arranging meetings in Berlin between the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) Vladimir Sotirov and German Ministry of Foreign Affairs officials on Central Asia and Human Rights, sharing of UN reports and other documents such as the Project Document concluded by UNDP, UNTOP and the Government of Tajikistan on National Capacity Building in Electoral Administration (September 2004); agreement between RSG Ivo Petrov and German Ambassador to Tajikistan Wolfgang Neuen for Germany’s financial contribution to the “Preservation of Peace through Capacity Development in Human Rights” project (26 February 2002)

RSG Vladimir Sotirov Speech transcripts (Russian language) on topics such as:

  • Peace-building in the region

Other UN Agencies:

  • UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) Resident Representative in Tajikistan concerning support for Tajikistan’s Institute of Retraining of Lawyers and a Centre for Legal Information and Human Rights in the Tajik Ministry of Justice; implementation of joint OHCHR/UNDP/UNTOP initiatives, such as the Project: Preservation of Peace and Conflict Prevention through Capacity Development in Human Rights Education
  • UNHCR; UNICEF; UNIFEM concerning their activities in Tajikistan

Seminars and other events organized by the office of the RSG:

  • Public Council Meetings in Dushanbe
  • Election Coordination Meetings
  • Human Rights thematic group meetings

Humanitarian Affairs - Coordination, partnership

Humanitarian Affairs Office
The records of the Humanitarian Affairs Office document coordination between UNMOT and humanitarian agencies active in Tajikistan. Included are a variety of documents forwarded to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) from the following agencies and organizations: the Field Coordination Unit stationed in Dushanbe, which was set up and overseen by the Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA); the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); the International Organization for Migration (IOM); the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); the World Health Organization (WHO); the International Monetary Fund (IMF); and the World Bank.

There are reports of the United Nations Inter-Agency Humanitarian Needs Assessment mission led by the Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA) in October 1996, as well as issues of an information bulletin titled “Humanitarian Assistance in Tajikistan” and circulated by the DHA. The briefs authored by UNHCR officers in Tajikistan cover: the UNHCR’s reintegration programme, the repatriation of Tajik refugees from Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan, conditions at transit centers, and the harassment of Tajik refugees by Opposition forces. There is also a UNDP-authored working paper dating from 1997 titled, “Support to Strategic Framework Process: Managing the Transition from War to Peace.” Also present are summaries of Food Coordination Meetings, which were run by the World Food Programme and attended by UNMOT officials and representatives of non-governmental organizations. Additionally, there is correspondence between the SRSG and representatives of humanitarian agencies as well as summaries of inter-agency meetings convened by the SRSG.

Subject Files - Tribunal

United Nations Tribunal in Eritea

Series consists of correspondence, incoming and outgoing cables, notes, reports, appendices, translations, agreements, resolutions, case files, charge sheets, judgements, petitions, actes de citation, rules of procedure, legal documents, press clippings, periodicals, and reprints of journal articles. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: court cases; tribunal judges; Asmara; economic and financial matters in Ertiea; CITAO (Compagnia Italiana Transporti Africa Orientala); and CINTIA (Compagnia Improse Nazionale Turistich Italia Africa). Correspondents include Trygve Lie, UN Secretary-General; Louis Chapard, Registrar, UN Tribunal in Eritea; Adib Maakad, Registrar, UN Tribunal in Eritea; Albert W. Reid, Registrar, UN Tribunal in Eritea; Faiz Yorukoglu, President, UN Tribunal in Eritea; and Tedla Bairu, Chief Executive, Imperial Ethiopian Court.

Administrative Files - United Nations Special Committee on the Balkans (UNSCOB)

The United Nations Special Committee on the Balkans (UNSCOB) was established in November, 1947 to perform good offices, and to help settle disputes. It lasted until December 1951.

Records relate primarily to personnel matters, and include staff lists, letters of appointment for general staff, drivers, and interpreters; as well as correspondence concerning general matters. Also included are memoranda concerning the responsibilities of UNSCOB.

Series consists of correspondence, reports, and brochures. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: letters of appointment for local staff; letters of appointment for UN staff; pay scales; requests for leave; and indemnity pay. Correspondents include John Townend, Administrative Officer, UNSCOB, Salonika; M.F. Payne, Administrative Officer, UNSCOB, Athens; L. Nicolaou, Greek Liason Service Secretary; Mary McKenna, Administrative Officer, UNSCOB; and Byron Price, Assistant to the Secretary-General, Department of Administrative and Financial Services.

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