"The records in S-1943 detail the daily activities of Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon from 2007 to 2016. The records are arranged chronologically and contain chronological files; schedules of daily appointments; notes of meetings and telephone conversations; talking points; invitations; messages and requests. The chronological files consist of outgoing correspondence from the Secretary-General from 2007 to 2016. The records address subjects including: climate change, chemical weapons; global health; the crisis in Syria; the Middle East peace process; Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the post-2015 development agenda; as well as UN peacekeeping operations, such as United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA); United Nations Operation in C�te d�Ivoire (UNOCI); United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH); and United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). Outgoing correspondence is addressed from the Secretary-General to heads of state and government, representatives of Member States, United Nations top echelon, Special Advisers and Special Representatives of the Secretary-General, and the Presidents of the Security Council and General Assembly. These records include: letters of appointment and extension; condolence letters sent to Member States and next of kin of deceased UN personnel; invitations to representatives of Member States for UN events; thank you letters following trips; and letters of congratulations to newly elected heads of state and government. A small portion of the chronological files contain meeting minutes of the Policy Committee of the Executive Office of the Secretary-General (EOSG), as well as signed decisions of the Secretary-General. S-1943 also contains schedules of daily appointments, which detail the Secretary-General's itinerary for daily meetings; briefings; phone conferences; and events with heads of state and government; high-level officials of governments; top echelon and senior officials of UN offices, departments, agencies and organs; and representatives of organizations. The records also include notes from the Secretary-General's meetings and telephone conversations and provide a list of participants, as well as key points raised; summaries of discussions; and follow-up actions from previous meetings. The series documents talking points created for the Secretary-General's meetings and phone conferences that provide background information on relevant political issues, as well as questions and points to be raised by the Secretary-General. Additionally, the talking points include remarks and speeches delivered at conferences, events and press encounters, including: opening remarks for the meeting with the Geneva Group (December 2013); press encounter with President Shimon Peres of Israel in Jerusalem (16 August 2013); and the Secretary-General's address to the General Assembly in New York (24 September 2013). There is a small portion of talking points prepared for the Secretary-General's bilateral meetings during the 62nd session of the General-Assembly, as well as 4 boxes of talking points prepared for the Secretary-General's trips in 2014. S-1943 contains invitations and requests from 2007 to 2011 and sent to the Secretary-General requesting his attendance at events sponsored by Member States, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), the private sector, and individuals. These records include photocopies and originals of invitations as well as responses issued by the EOSG on behalf of the Secretary-General. The records also document: correspondence arranging UN representation at events the Secretary-General was not able to attend; programmes and concept papers for events; speeches delivered at events by the Secretary-General or his representative; transcripts of video messages; prefaces and introductions to UN-produced publications; correspondence exchanged between the Scheduling Office of the EOSG and event organizers; and requests for bilateral meetings. Accepted and refused invitations are arranged alphabetically and therein chronologically, while invitations issued to representatives of the Secretary-General and requests for video messages, forwards and meetings are arranged chronologically. Events documented in these records include: various model UN conferences; inaugurations of heads of state; the commemoration of Dag Hammarskjold's death (2011); World Refugee Day Nansen Lecture (2011); International Day in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust (2010); International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action (2009); UN Day Concert (2008); and the 15th Ministerial Council of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (2007). The files in S-1943 also capture daily update notes from the Political Unit of the EOSG documenting international conflicts and political situations. The update notes in S-1943 are the Secretary-General's personal copies and contain his initials, annotations and notes. There are also a small amount of code cables sent to the EOSG with updates from various UN peacekeeping operations, including the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI); Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon (UNSCOL); and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA). Matthew Aull, Audrey Belanger, Aleksandr Gelfand, Corinne O'Connor, Emily Pagano, Virginia Pastor Volume: 159 boxes"
Series 1096 consists of delegation files, meeting notes, correspondence, reports and other documents. The records detail meetings and negotiations between the Office of External Relations and governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), civil, religious and academic institutions, the general public and United Nations Information Centres (UNICs).
The delegation files contain information about a wide variety of issues occurring between 1996 and 2006 including the United Nations’ response to: human rights abuses, humanitarian needs and natural disasters; and involvement in military activities and conflict resolution, political negotiations and matters related to elections, personnel appointments and the security of United Nations personnel. There is correspondence between the Secretary-General and ambassadors, heads of state, government officials and United Nations senior officials, as well as reports prepared for the Secretary-General of permanent missions and resident coordinators. The files also contain documents related to delegations sent by member states: Afghanistan, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Timor-Leste, United States of America and Yugoslavia.
A key set of records in Series 1096 are the meeting notes of Kofi Annan. The notes detail meetings about the terrorist attacks of September 11 and their impact on the work of the United Nations. Several notes focus on issues in the Middle East circa 2002 and 2003 including a meeting with the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission (WMDC) attended by UN Weapons Inspector Hans Blix and with Prime Minister of Lebanon Rafik Hariri, about Israel’s occupation of lands considered to be Lebanese. Other meetings addressed natural disasters, such as the 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and South Asian Earthquake, and were attended by Bill Clinton and George H.W. Bush. Meetings concerning gender equality are featured prominently, often involving discussions with Rachel Mayanja, Special Advisor on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women.
Other files contain correspondence and reports of meetings between the Secretary-General and representatives of religious institutions about religious violence, religious ceremonies and events held in connection with the activities of the United Nations. Several files contain invitations for the Secretary-General to speak or attend events at educational institutions. Some of the records describe projects and collaborative efforts between the United Nations and educational institutions. In addition, the files contain correspondence from the general public contains opinions expressed about the work of the United Nations, suggestions for United Nations activities, reactions to specific decisions made by the Secretary-General, requests for autographs, well-wishes, as well as personal endorsements from the Secretary-General.
International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
The records of the MICIVIH Executive Director consist of Colin Granderson’s subject files, chronological files, and internal and external communications on a wide variety of topics related to: operations and activities of MICIVIH, the United Nations political and peacekeeping missions that were active in Haiti concurrently with MICIVIH from 1993 to 2000, UN agencies and non-governmental organizations operating in Haiti, the Government of Haiti, and the de facto regime.
The Executive Director’s records contain: a report of the UN Advance Team to Haiti, 8-12 September 1993, which evaluated the situation in Haiti for the creation of UNMIH; summaries of meetings between the Executive Director and the President of Haiti René Préval and former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and Haitian government ministers; briefs about the MICIVIH mandate; evaluations of conflict resolution activities; training materials provided to MICIVIH staff; briefs and memoranda on administrative operations; statements delivered to the General Assembly by the Haitian Minister of Foreign Affairs S. E. M. Fritz Longchamp, dating from September and October 1999; organization charts; reports concerning the activities and reform of the Haitian National Police (HNP); reports prepared for Granderson by the Chief of Operations, concerning communications, computers, and water shortages; the End of Mission report on the Institution Building facet of MICIVIH, dated March 2000; and background papers on Haitian history and culture.
Additionally, there are communications between Colin Granderson and officials of the Organization of American States (OAS) about the functioning of MICIVIH; updates on MICIVIH activities prepared by Granderson for the OAS; and records of the Administrative Liaison Office, which was set up in Port-au-Prince to coordinate activities between MICIVIH and UNMIH.
The Executive Director’s chronological files and correspondence consist of: letters exchanged between the Secretary-General and the President of Haiti René Préval; letters sent to Haitian government ministers, particularly the Ministry of Justice and the Minister of Foreign Affairs; letters sent to representatives of non-governmental organizations; job descriptions of MICIVIH personnel and Terms of Reference for high-level consultants to MICIVIH; agenda and panelist papers prepared for international conferences attended by MICIVIH personnel; draft reports prepared by the Secretary-General to the Security Council on the work of MICIVIH; weekly Situation and Activity reports on MICIVIH activities forwarded to the OAS; and press releases and press communiqués. The files also include briefs and memoranda on such topics as: mission premises, the status of the mission mandate, the progress of elections in Haiti, relations between MICIVIH and UNMIH, and the security environment in Haiti. Additionally, there is a MICIVIH-authored report, dated 25 March 1996, on the killings of several civilians by the Haitian National Police (HNP) in Cité Soleil on 6 March 1996.
Additionally, there are several files of code cables exchanged in 1993 and 1994 between Granderson and Dante Caputo, the Special Envoy for Haiti for the Secretaries-General of the United Nations and the OAS. The code cables concern: the evacuation of MICIVIH from Haiti to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic on 15-16 October 1993; the return of mission personnel to Haiti beginning in January 1994; the de facto regime’s denial of the legitimacy of MICIVIH; the Haitian Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ declaration of MICIVIH’s undesirability in Haiti on 8 July 1994. In addition, files concerning security contain documents related to the mission’s evacuation and reestablishment in 1993 and 1994, and these include: mission evacuation plans, security briefings, reports of incidents targeting UN personnel, and outlines describing administrative changes due to the evacuations.
The records of the Executive Director also contain files detailing MICIVIH’s observation and monitoring of the human rights situation in Haiti. Included are MICIVIH-authored reports on human rights in Haiti: a report from a fact-finding mission to Haiti in 1993 titled, “Observations, Concerns and Recommendations Regarding the Role of the OAS/UN Civilian Mission in Haiti: A Report in Progress,” dated April 1993; “Rapport de la Mission Civile Internationel (OEA/ONU) en Haiti sur la Situation des Droits de l’Homme,” 31 Janvier – 30 Juin 1994; “Special Report: Analysis of the Assassinations in Port-au-Prince, November 1994 – July 1995, As Recorded by Base 1,” dated 31 July 1995.
There are also records documenting communications between MICIVIH and the National Commission on Truth and Justice (CNVJ), which was set up on 17 December 1994 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide to investigate human rights violations that took place during the de facto regime. The final report of the National Truth and Justice Commission, dating from 1995, “Si m Pa Rele (‘If I Don’t Shout’), 29 September 1991 - 14 October 1994,” is also included.
The records also include documentation of seminars and conferences on human rights awareness held by the MICIVIH’s Promotion and Protection of Human Rights Section (PPHR), and memoranda exchanged between mission representatives and local and international human rights organizations. Additionally, there are briefs and reports, authored by Observers at bases and copied to Granderson, concerning politically-motivated killings and killings of members of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), Haitians forcibly repatriated by the police and/or military forces, violence against women and children, and human rights violations involving street children.
The Executive Director’s files also include records pertaining to oversight and reform of the Haitian judiciary. Records include: descriptions of weekly activities of MICIVIH’s Section des Affaires Juridiques et du Renforcement Institutionnel (SAJRI); summaries of meetings between MICIVIH personnel and staff of the École de la Magistrature; memoranda about MICIVIH-led training of judges and lawyers at bases; and briefs on the management of the local court system. There are also: summaries of meetings of MICIVIH lawyers who operated at bases and consulted on a variety of judicial reform topics; and Observers’ memoranda and reports, copied to Granderson, about court proceedings, and interactions with local judicial personnel about irregularities. Notable documents include: “Quelques Reflexions à Propos d'une Eventuelle Reforme du Système Judiciare en Haiti,” dated 14 July 1993; an analysis dated 17 March 1994 and titled “Haitian Justice System: A Report by the MICIVIH Working Group on the Haitian Justice System”; a program of instruction dating from October 1997 of the École de la Magistrature; and "Analysis of the Haitian Judicial System," a report authored by the Haitian Ministry of Justice and Public Security, dating from March 1998.
Records pertaining to human rights monitoring in prisons and prison reform are also included. There are memoranda and reports detailing: training for MICIVIH Observers in prison matters, the role of MICIVIH in prison reform, management of the MICIVIH Prison Database System, training for prison wardens, incidents at the National Penitentiary and other Haitian prisons, and visits to prisons carried out by Observers stationed at bases. Additionally, there are communications between Granderson and the National Penitentiary Administration (APENA), and between Granderson and officials running the Assistance à la Réforme Pénitentiaire, a program of the United Nations Development Fund (UNDP). Also included are MICIVIH-produced evaluation reports on prison reform initiatives. A MICIVIH-authored report titled “Prisons in Haiti,” dated July 1997, provides analysis and statistics on the prison system, information about prison conditions, and recommendations for reform.
The files for the elections contain: the final report of the Electoral Assistance Team (EAT) dating from 1995; letters and position statements sent to the Executive Director from political candidates; briefs and correspondence exchanged between the Executive Director and staff of the Electoral Observation Mission (EOM) of the Organization of American States (OAS); and situation reports and final reports prepared by the OAS-EOM. Other records document the structure and work of Haiti’s Provisional Electoral Council (CEP), such as: organization charts of the CEP; letters exchanged between the Executive Director and the Secretary-General of the CEP; and timetables, lists and activity outlines related to technical operations managed by CEP for the elections.
The records also document activities of MICIVIH’s Press and Information Unit. Memoranda cover a variety of topics, including: the strategy to strengthen MICIVIH’s image in the Haitian public and the international community; MICIVIH’s television, radio, and internet communications; the writing of press releases; and journalist training seminars. Additionally, there are reports prepared by the Press and Information Unit, media project proposals, lists of Haitian radio stations, issues of the “MICIVIH News Summary,” MICIVIH press releases, scripts for television and radio and spots, and communications with journalists.
There are also records relating to the planning of a successor mission to MICIVIH and MIPONUH, which was preliminarily named Mission D'Assistance Technique Des Nations Unies Pour Haiti (MATNUH) and then became International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH). The records contain correspondence between MICIVIH and MIPONUH staff, draft resolutions, terms of reference, budget reports, and job descriptions.
MICIVIH’s Coordination, Analysis and Reports Unit (CARU) reported to the Executive Director, and liaised with the Section des Affaires Juridiques et du Renforcement Institutionnel (SAJRI) and the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights (PPHR) Section. The CARU was tasked with: maintaining daily links with MICIVIH’s regional offices with regard to the investigation of human rights violations; ensuring coordination of activities between regional offices and between headquarters and regional offices; preparing weekly and fortnightly reports on the activities of the mission; and assisting in the preparation of public reports for the Secretary-General of the United Nations and for the Secretary-General of the Organization of American States (OAS), about the situation of human rights and democracy in Haiti.
The records include a wide range of reports and publications generated by CARU. Weekly executive summaries cover such topics as the transition to MICAH, the Raboteau massacre of 22 April 1994, the 51st anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, activities of the Haitian Parliament, municipal government structures, and border control. Situation and activity reports discuss topics such as prolonged pre-trial detention, assistance for the Haitian Office de la Protection du Citoyen (OPC), and the UNIFEM campaign against violence towards women. Information about human rights violations is also contained in the CARU human rights situation reports and the publication “Human Rights Review.”
Notable reports collated by CARU include progress reports sent by the Executive Director to the Organization of American States (OAS). The reports summarize MICIVIH field visits and the activities of high-level staff and base coordinators. There is also correspondence about the history of MICIVIH sent from the Executive Director to OAS staff and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG).
In addition, there are memoranda and incident reports detailing the often criminal and illegal activities of the community vigilance brigades and security groups that exercised public order among citizens through intimidation and violent attacks with machetes. Statistics and tables listing incidents of popular justice killings are also included.
CARU records also document investigations undertaken by MICIVIH observers to identify officers of the Haitian National Police (HNP) responsible for brutality and violations of human rights. The investigations involved visits to HNP commissariats, prisons, and victims’ and witnesses’ homes to gather information about and confirm allegations. The records consist of: briefs and tables summarizing the circumstances of police officers suspected of murder, summary execution, excessive use of force, cruel and inhuman treatment, rape, theft, narcotic drug trafficking and other offenses; summaries of meetings between MICIVIH officials and representatives of the Inspection Générale de la Police Nationale d’Haiti (IGPNH); Standard Operating Procedures of the HNP; a Manual of the Commissioner of the HNP; and briefs describing the HNP’s disciplinary procedures. Also included are statistics tallied by MICIVIH on the number and type of human rights violations occurring in each department.
MICIVIH Observers were stationed at bases throughout Haiti to monitor and report on the political situation, elections, human rights violations, security, and the progress of institutional development in their areas on responsibility. The records describe Observers’ interactions with local authorities and organizations, as well as their community education and outreach efforts.
Regional Coordinator final and periodic reports, as well as Observer reports on visits to communes, cover the following topics: activities at elementary and high schools, hospitals, police commissariats, parquets (public prosecutor’s offices), cabinets d’instruction (judicial investigation offices), tribunaux de paix (tribunals); relations with local non-governmental organizations and local popular organizations; MICIVIH-led education activities on human rights, civic matters, and inter-institutional cooperation; interviews with Catholic priests and religious clergy about activities in towns and villages; meetings with local political authorities such as mayors and delegates, in which authorities outline their town’s infrastructural and institutional needs and issues; difficulties in the electoral registration process and local electoral campaigning; demonstrations by students, civilians and pro-Duvalier supporters; the presence in towns and villages of FRAPH, coup d’etat supporters, and supporters of François “Papa Doc” Duvalier (including those known as macoutes); the security climate as monitored by CIVPOL, the Interim Public Security Force (IPSF), and the Haitian National Police (HNP); the functioning of military-occupied casernes (barracks); incidents of brutality experienced by civilians and attributed to military personnel; arms trafficking; incidents of popular justice killings; incidents at the Haitian-Dominican Republic border; the status of persons in marronage (hiding); and activities of the United States Special Forces (USSF).
There are also overviews of departments, authored by the base team, which detail the department’s history, demographics, infrastructure, and political climate. In addition, lists of local authorities enumerate the names of town, communal, or departmental police officers, judges, electoral officials, military officers, politicians, and religious leaders. Minutes of base staff meetings and Regional Coordinator meetings describe planning for security and elections, designing civic education programs, and ways to streamline base functioning.
Visits of citizens of communes to MICIVIH offices are summarized in memoranda. They detail complaints about violations of human rights, obstructions to justice, land conflicts, and breakdown of law and order, including incidents of popular justice, and incidents involving the practice of vodou and sorcery. Other memoranda provide updates on human rights abuses allegedly perpetrated by the Haitian National Police (HNP).
Base records relating to the judiciary system include summaries of assises criminelles (assizes), as well as summaries describing killings and attacks against judicial personnel. Memoranda relating to the judiciary system detail: meetings with judicial personnel on the general functioning of the tribunals and developments in cases monitored by the mission; irregularities and corruption; members of the local judiciary (juges de paix); the condition of judicial building structures; and visits to the Cour d’Appel and Cabinet d’Instruction.
There are also briefs describing seminars and activities undertaken by Observers in collaboration with local authorities. Seminar participants often consisted of representatives of the HNP, non-governmental organizations, and the Conseil d'Administration de la Section Communale (CASEC). Other base educational and outreach initiatives are reflected in memoranda about MICIVIH-sponsored puppet shows, local drawing contests, and spots on radio and television stations.
Records relating to local popular organizations include information sheets profiling popular organizations’ activities, leaders, and history. Memoranda covering meetings with leaders of popular organizations describe challenges faced by the organizations and requests for assistance from MICIVIH. There are also documents about the limitations of MICIVIH’s involvement in community development projects, which define MICIVIH’s role primarily as an intermediary between popular organizations and funding agencies.
Memoranda exchanged between Regional Coordinators, Observers, the Deputy Executive Director, and the Executive Director of MICIVIH cover a range a topics, including: the Aristide government, vigilance brigades, disarmament, gang activity, crime, internally displaced persons, non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations, meetings with journalists on freedom of the press, plots against the state, political parties, base security, labor strikes, women’s rights, the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), medical care available in the commune, and the prevalence of common diseases such as typhoid, tuberculosis, and malaria.
MICIVIH files also included the records of: Dante Caputo, who served as the Special Envoy for Haiti for the Secretaries-General of the United Nations and the OAS from December 1992 to September 1994; and of Mr. Leandro Despouy, Political Advisor to the Special Envoy. Their records consist of: letters exchanged between Caputo and the Commander-in-Chief of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), Lieutenant General Raoul Cédras, and between Cédras and the Secretary-General; lists of senators and members of major Haitian political parties; and correspondence with representatives of political parties. Analyses and briefs cover: the implementation of the Governors Island Agreement, the role of the United Nations in Haiti, the security of the President of Haiti, the restoration of political stability in Haiti, and the economic effects of the embargo on Haiti. Additionally, there is a “Plan d’Action Humanitaire Integre, Nations Unies / Organisation des Etats Americaine: Haiti,” dated March 1993.
United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)
Serving as Head of Mission and Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) were Daniel Caputo (September 1993- September 1994), Lakhdar Brahimi (September 1994 – March 1996), and Enrique ter Horst (March - June 1996).
The records of the Office of the SRSG (OSRSG) contain incoming and outgoing code cables exchanged between the SRSG and Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Kofi Annan at United Nations Headquarters in New York. Code cables consist of: draft reports to the Secretary-General on mission activities; weekly executive summaries detailing political and operational developments; and programmes and agenda for visits to Haiti by the Secretary-General and by United States President Bill Clinton (March 1995).
The records of the OSRSG also include code cables from the Force Commander (FC) and from the Chief of Staff (COS) to Annan. Code cables from the FC concern: criminal and security incidents, battalion activities, arrests, public demonstrations, and activities of the Interim Public Security Force (IPSF) and the Haitian National Police (HNP). They also note the 28 March 1995 assassination of Mireille Durocher Bertin, a lawyer for the Commander-in-Chief of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), Lieutenant General Raoul Cédras. The code cables sent from the COS contain: daily and weekly situation reports from the UNMIH Advance Team; drafts of UNMIH Rules of Engagement (ROE); and a brief titled “Proposed Multinational Force (MNF) to UNMIH Transition Plan,” dating from October 1994.
The records also include: copies of the Governors Island Agreement (3 July 1993) and the New York Pact (16 July 1993); talking points (28 October 1993) about the implementation of the Agreement; statements and correspondence of the Comité National de Resolution de la Crise Haitienne, which convened through the fall of 1993 to oversee the execution of the Agreement; and letters of appeal received by the mission urging the restoration of democracy in Haiti. There are also: bi-monthly situation reports forwarded from the SRSG to Annan; and guidelines for the Commander of the Military Component. Records also include faxes from 1993 concerning the security situation in Haiti, the political climate, and the attitude of the Haitian military; and a draft report of the Secretary-General on the deployment of the Advance Team for UNMIH, dated 10 October 1994.
Also included is correspondence between the SRSG and President Jean-Bertrand Aristide about the Governors Island Agreement and the change in Haitian political leadership; and correspondence between the SRSG and Lieutenant General Raoul Cédras. There are also memoranda, outlines and letters concerning such topics as: the petroleum embargo; amnesty law; and the provision of reparations to victims of human rights violations and political violence during the de facto regime.
United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH)
The Head of Mission was Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) Enrique ter Horst. The records of the Office of the SRSG (OSRSG) consist of incoming code cables from Secretary-General Kofi Annan at United Nations headquarters in New York. Notable items from the code cables include draft Security Council resolutions on the mission and UNSMIH Rules of Engagement (ROE). There are also: Security Management Team agenda; the update of the Security Plan for Haiti dated March 1997; CIVPOL weekly reports; Watch Lists, which provide an overview of threats such as criminal activity, public unrest, and armed conflict by geographic location; and contingency plans outlining responses to potential threats.
The records of the UNSMIH Protocol Office include correspondence with the Office of President René Préval, the Directeur Général of the Haitian National Police (HNP), and other HNP officials. Records of the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) are made up of internal audit reports prepared by the Resident Auditor on road improvements, services contracts, Press Section equipment, disbursements charged to MICIVIH, rations purchasing, cost-benefits of using helicopters to patrol Port-au-Prince, and other topics.
United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH)
Enrique ter Horst served as Head of Mission and Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG). The UNTMIH records consist of: Force Standing Operating Procedures and amendments; weekly summaries of activities, about institution building, human rights promotion activities, meetings, the economic and social development of Haiti, etc.; and a 13 August 1997 UNTMIH Military Campaign Plan. Records of the UNTMIH Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) consist of reports from an external audit conducted by the Audit and Management Consulting Division of the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) in 1997. The audit covered financial and cash management, funding for trust funds for the enhancement of mission capacity, liquidation planning and disposal of assets, asset management, procurement procedures, the Local Property Survey Board, deployment of CIVPOL members, and a new contingent-owned equipment lease system.
United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH)
The Head of Mission and Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) was Julian Harston, who was succeeded by RSG Alfredo Lopes Cabral in October 1999.
The records of the Office of the RSG (ORSG) contain incoming and outgoing code cables and correspondence, exchanged between the RSG and Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations at United Nations Headquarters in New York.
Notable cables include: draft reports by the Secretary-General about MIPONUH; and In Brief reports prepared by Bernard Miyet, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping (USG), detailing key developments in UN-wide peacekeeping operations and related world events. Other cables and situation reports discuss: activities of President René Préval, including his 1999 dissolution of the parliament and subsequent rule by decree; meetings of the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) with government ministers; activities of the government as reported in the Haitian press; activities of the Provisional Electoral Council (CEP); financial, logistics, and monitoring support for elections provided in part by the United Nations Development Fund (UNDP) and the international community; incidents reported by the Civilian Police and by the Haitian National Police (HNP); anticipated Y2K security issues; CIVPOL training for the HNP on judiciary procedure, the functions of police chiefs, community policing, crowd control, traffic code implementation, and investigative techniques; activities of and viewpoints of members of political parties, such as Fanmi Lavalas, the National Committee of the Congress of Democratic Organizations (KONAKOM), and the Papay Peasant Movement (MPP); and arrangements for mission security.
The records of the ORSG also contain memoranda covering topics such as the Rules of Engagement (ROE) for the United Nations Special Police; developments surrounding the elections of 19 March 2000; the activities of the Civilian Police; and the liquidation of the mission. There are also memoranda and pamphlets sent to the RSG by political parties, primarily the Struggling People’s Organization (OPL).
In addition, there are End of Mission reports, mission terms of reference, administrative instructions, updates of the Security Plan for Haiti, a December 1999 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report on the economic and social situation of Haiti, and an October 1999 copy of “MIPONUH Flying Orders and Standard Operating Procedures.”
International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)
Alfredo Lopes Cabral served as the Head of Mission and Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) for the duration of the mission. The records of the Office of the RSG (ORSG) consist of incoming and outgoing code cables exchanged between the RSG and Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Kieran Prendergast at United Nations Headquarters in New York. Additionally, there are daily, weekly and monthly situation reports forwarded from the mission to United Nations headquarters.
The code cables and situation reports cover: meetings attended by the RSG with representatives of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Group of Friends of Haiti; activities of Jean-Bertrand Aristide in garnering support for his government and cultivating opportunities for dialogue and confidence building; the activities of Fanmi Lavalas, the political party that supported Aristide, and Convergence Démocratique, a political coalition created in 2000 to oppose Aristide; preparations and security incidents related to the parliamentary and municipal elections held in 21 May 2000, and the presidential and senatorial elections held 26 November 2000; conspiracy activities and plots to overthrow the Haitian government and to eliminate President René Préval and Jean-Bertrand Aristide; and politically-motivated security incidents, such as bombings, violence targeted at political candidates, and armed clashes between rival political groups and rival gangs. Included among code cables are: summaries of meetings between the RSG and Haitian government ministers, and between the RSG and political party representatives; and periodic threat assessments detailing the security and safety situation in Haiti with regard to infrastructure, economic activities, public order and criminality, and public demonstrations.
Also present in the records of the ORSG are: End of Mission reports; daily itineraries of the RSG; correspondence between the RSG and representatives of political parties, including position statements and programme outlines; and Action Plans for the development of the Haitian National Police (HNP).
Memoranda exchanged between the RSG and the Chiefs of the Police Section, Justice Section, and Human Rights Section are also included. Notable memoranda from of the Police Section concern the massacre on 22 April 1994 in the neighbourhood of Raboteau in Gonaives, Haiti; and minutes of meetings between the director of the HNP and the MICAH Chief of the Police Section sent to the RSG. Memoranda from the Human Rights Section describe the objectives and structure of the Section, and include a Diagnostic Report on the Respect of Human Rights by the HNP and a draft report, dated September 2000, on the high-profile trial of several police officers accused of executing eleven civilians in the Carrefour-Feuilles neighbourhood of Port-au-Prince in May 1999. The records also include work plans of the Police Pillar, the Justice Pillar and the Human Rights Pillar.
International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
The records document activities of the MICIVIH Press and Information Office. There are press releases and press notes, and issues of MICIVIH-Zen Journal, MICIVIH News, and Kenbe La Page!, a mission-produced publication. There are also outlines, proposals, and summaries of MICIVIH-produced videos and radio programmes. Scripts, video time logs, and transcripts of interviews are also included. Topics of videos and radio programmes cover: the human rights situation in Haiti, violence against women in Haitian society, the rights of journalists, the relations between the police and the population, conditions in prisons, and land disputes. There are also lists of Haitian media outlets and memoranda about conversations with Haitian journalists seeking to learn about the mission or share their views of Haiti’s political atmosphere.
United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)
The files contain issues of the UNMIH Journal dating from 1995 to 1996. Published in English and French, the UNMIH Journal was a mission-produced publication with articles about mission leaders, the inauguration of President René Préval in 1996, non-governmental organizations working in Haiti, health risks to eating in Haitian restaurants, projects to provide Port-au-Prince with reliable electrical power, the history of Haitians’ belief in werewolves, and other subjects.
United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH)
The files contain issues of the UNSMIH Journal dating from 1996 to 1997. Published in English and French, the UNSMIH Journal features articles about such topics as UNICEF’s work in Haiti, planning for United Nations Day commemorated on 24 October, the demobilization of the Haitian Armed Forces (FADH), the arrival of new staff, President René Préval visiting the Pakistan Battalion in 1996, the donation of mission vehicles to Haitian institutions, and protecting Haiti’s environment. There are also photographs of members of CIVPOL standing in front of mission headquarters.
United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH)
UNTMIH records consist of one folder, containing three issues of the UNTMIH Journal dating from 1997. Published in English and French, the UNSMIH Journal was a mission-produced publication with articles about humanitarian initiatives of mission staff, the new electronic filing system, an Observer’s memories of his first day on the job, and other subjects.
United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH)
The files hold issues of the MIPONUH Journal dating from 1998 to 1999. Published in English and French, the MIPONUH Journal contains articles about mission developments and fulfillment of the mission mandate. Topics covered in the articles include improved commissariats for the Haitian National Police (HNP), death of UN personnel in a helicopter crash, the appointment of Alfredo Lopes Cabral as MIPONUH’s Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG), the closure of MICIVIH bases, political developments, and CIVPOL aid to orphanages.
There are also photographs of Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) Alfredo Lopes Cabral visiting commissariats in Port-au-Prince in November 1999, mission staff visiting schools in Cité Soleil and Delmas in 1999, and the departure of MIPONUH’s CIVPOL component in March 2000. Other photographs document: street scenes of mission personnel interacting with the Haitian population, mission personnel repairing buildings, a group learning about the Haitian Constitution, the interiors and exteriors of mission buildings, police training, mission personnel guarding the National Palace, and a Cité Soleil police station.
International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)
There are photographs of the 1st and 2nd Foundation for Judicial Reform, which were educational initiaves held by the École de la Magistrature in cooperation with MICAH in September 2000 in Freres, Pétion-Ville. The photographs show attendants, speakers, and the closing ceremony of the 1st Foundation for Judicial Reform. Other photographs depict Haitian Prime Minister Jacques-Édouard Alexis travelling by helicopter in 2000, the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) visiting a commissariat in Pétion-Ville and meeting with its police officers, the 2000 visit to Haiti of Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs Danilo Türk, and a dinner attended by the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) and journalists. Other subjects of photographs are: local elections which took place on 27 November 2000, and a seminar held jointly by the MICAH with the Haitian National Police (HNP).
Chief Administrative Officer (CAO)
Records of the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) include administrative circulars distributed throughout the Mission and daily situation reports created by field teams. Also included are administrative communications exchanged in the wake of the killings of four UNMOT personnel near Garm, Tajikistan on 20 July 1998.
United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT)
Records of the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) consist of code cables, situation reports, and memoranda. Also included are minutes of management meetings that describe Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (DSRSG), Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) and Senior Political Affairs Officer (SPAO) activities. The status of particular regions within the Mission, officer travel plans, diplomatic discussions held, the status of ongoing investigations, humanitarian assistance, and meetings with UN and NGO agencies are discussed within the minutes.
United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace Building (UNTOP)
Records of the United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace Building (UNTOP) consist primarily of code cables transmitted between the Mission and UN Headquarters in NY and cover: issues related to Russian troops stationed on the Tajik-Afghan border; reports on meetings with high level Tajik government figures; significant legal, political moves taken by the Tajik government, changes in Tajik administration; analysis of law enforcement structures in Tajikistan; meetings with ex-combatants; the situation of refugees on the Tajik-Afghan border; and activities related to counter-terrorism.
Notable events described in the code cables include: the assassination of Karim Yuldashev, Presidential State Adviser on Foreign and Political Affairs, in Dushanbe on 17 July 2001; a hostage crisis in Dushanbe, 13 June 2001; and the assassination of Habib Sanginov, an Opposition political figure and former Chairman of the Military Sub-commission of the Commission of National Reconciliation, on 11 April 2001. Clear cables report on UNTOP interactions with the Tajik government and Tajik government requests for assistance from the UN.
The UNTOP records also include incoming and outgoing communications with the following political, non-governmental and diplomatic organizations:
- Islamic Revival Party (Hizbi Nahzati Islomii Tojikiston)
- Democratic Party (Hizbi Demokratii Tojikiston)
- People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan (Hizbi Khalqi-Demokrati Tojikiston)
- Social Democratic Party (Hizbi Sotsial-Demokratii Tojikiston)
- Free Tajikistan Party
- FINCA International - Tajikistan (micro and small business lending)
- CARE Tajikistan
- International Center for Peace Preservation in Asia
- Pharmaciens Sans Frontieres Comite International
- Public Committee for Democratic Processes
- Tajik Society for Friendship and Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries
- Center Legal Support for Youth
- Centre of Mercy of Servicemen’s Mothers of Republic Tajikistan
- Legal Education Center
- Center for Peace, Nonviolence and Human Rights
- Humanity and Charity
- Tajik Juridical Consortium
- Bureau of Human Rights and Rule of Law
- Afghan Ambassador Said Mouhammad Khairkhoh
- German Ambassador Rainer Muller, arranging meetings in Berlin between the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) Vladimir Sotirov and German Ministry of Foreign Affairs officials on Central Asia and Human Rights, sharing of UN reports and other documents such as the Project Document concluded by UNDP, UNTOP and the Government of Tajikistan on National Capacity Building in Electoral Administration (September 2004); agreement between RSG Ivo Petrov and German Ambassador to Tajikistan Wolfgang Neuen for Germany’s financial contribution to the “Preservation of Peace through Capacity Development in Human Rights” project (26 February 2002)
RSG Vladimir Sotirov Speech transcripts (Russian language) on topics such as:
- Peace-building in the region
Other UN Agencies:
- UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) Resident Representative in Tajikistan concerning support for Tajikistan’s Institute of Retraining of Lawyers and a Centre for Legal Information and Human Rights in the Tajik Ministry of Justice; implementation of joint OHCHR/UNDP/UNTOP initiatives, such as the Project: Preservation of Peace and Conflict Prevention through Capacity Development in Human Rights Education
- UNHCR; UNICEF; UNIFEM concerning their activities in Tajikistan
Seminars and other events organized by the office of the RSG:
- Public Council Meetings in Dushanbe
- Election Coordination Meetings
- Human Rights thematic group meetings
Humanitarian Affairs Office
The records of the Humanitarian Affairs Office document coordination between UNMOT and humanitarian agencies active in Tajikistan. Included are a variety of documents forwarded to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) from the following agencies and organizations: the Field Coordination Unit stationed in Dushanbe, which was set up and overseen by the Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA); the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); the International Organization for Migration (IOM); the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); the World Health Organization (WHO); the International Monetary Fund (IMF); and the World Bank.
There are reports of the United Nations Inter-Agency Humanitarian Needs Assessment mission led by the Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA) in October 1996, as well as issues of an information bulletin titled “Humanitarian Assistance in Tajikistan” and circulated by the DHA. The briefs authored by UNHCR officers in Tajikistan cover: the UNHCR’s reintegration programme, the repatriation of Tajik refugees from Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan, conditions at transit centers, and the harassment of Tajik refugees by Opposition forces. There is also a UNDP-authored working paper dating from 1997 titled, “Support to Strategic Framework Process: Managing the Transition from War to Peace.” Also present are summaries of Food Coordination Meetings, which were run by the World Food Programme and attended by UNMOT officials and representatives of non-governmental organizations. Additionally, there is correspondence between the SRSG and representatives of humanitarian agencies as well as summaries of inter-agency meetings convened by the SRSG.
Chief Military Observer
The Chief Military Observer (CMO) was tasked with the command of the Military Division of UNOMIL. The CMO was posted at UNOMIL headquarters in Monrovia, Liberia, and reported directly to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) on matters regarding military operations of the UNOMIL mandate. The post was held by Major General Daniel Ishmael Opande, succeeded in April 1997 by Major General Sikandar Shami.
The records contain incoming and outgoing code cables, exchanged between the CMO and United Nations Headquarters, New York (UN-NY) and between the SRSG and: Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Marrack Goulding; Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Bernard Miyet; and Margaret Carey, Africa Specialist with the Department of Peacekeeping Operations. Topics of the cables pertain to military operations and developments of the mission.
The records also contain operational reports such as reconnaissance reports ordered by the CMO and conducted by Military Observers (MILOBS) and/or Electoral Officers to ascertain viability of establishing a field station; or to obtain data on the population and infrastructure necessary for electoral staff. Daily and weekly situation reports and monthly assessments of main developments sent to the SRSG relay information about developments in military and electoral operations.
There are also summaries of meetings of the inter-agency Ceasefire Violations Committee (CFVC), which was chaired by the CMO. The meeting summaries detail the Committee’s discussion of alleged ceasefire violations. The records also include letters of complaint sent by the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) to the CMO, reporting factions’ allegations of ceasefire violations.
Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office (HACO), Demobilization and Reintegration Unit
The Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office (HACO) was established by the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA) to support the Humanitarian Coordinator based in Monrovia. The Humanitarian Coordinator was appointed by the Secretary-General and reported to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Liberia (SRSG). The Office’s Demobilization and Reintegration Unit assisted in coordinating the efforts of United Nations agencies involved in relief and resettlement activities and the provision of assistance to demobilizing soldiers.
The files for the Demobilization and Reintegration Unit include concept papers and plans generated by the Unit, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the World Health Organization concerning disarmament, demobilization, reintegration, lessons learned, child soldiers, the impact of the Liberian conflict on women and children, and health care services for demobilized soldiers.
There are also records of the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration Task Force, which was comprised of representatives of UNOMIL, United Nations agencies, NGOs, and the Liberian government, as well as donors to the Task Force. The records include terms of reference, working papers, and meeting minutes concerning: demobilization and reintegration of child soldiers; the demobilization process and policies; obtaining and distributing humanitarian aid; and providing education, medical assistance, and food for demobilized soldiers.
Also present are records of the Unit’s Technical Committee, which provided administrative and management assistance to the Unit. These records include memoranda about the time frame of the demobilization process and a glossary created by the Committee to supplement the Unit’s working papers.
In addition, the records contain statistics on demobilized soldiers and site reports concerning the demobilization process, sanitation, water needs, medical operations, and security. Other reports generated by HACO concern faction compliance with the implementation of the Abuja Agreement of 19 August 1995, UNICEF involvement in demobilization of child soldiers, the consequences of intimidation and re-armament of demobilized children, and demobilization activities of interest to foreign dignitaries. There are also memoranda on the demobilization process prepared by the Humanitarian Coordinator for the SRSG, the Senior Humanitarian Officer for the Humanitarian Coordinator, and by HACO staff for the Complex Emergency Division.
Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office (HACO), Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit
The Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit supported humanitarian work carried out by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations.
The records of the Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office consist of reports, meeting summaries, working papers, and memoranda. Included are reports detailing humanitarian assistance projects in Liberia and their policies; quarterly reports concerning the political climate, security, humanitarian advocacy, humanitarian field work, working relationships with partners, and lessons learned; assessment reports about Liberian counties’ humanitarian needs; and a report on internally displaced persons authored by the Refugee Policy Group, dated March 1997. Summaries of meetings with the United Nations Country Team, NGOs, and donors concern humanitarian need assessments, humanitarian projects, the political climate, and security.
Working papers in the files focus on internally displaced persons and the relationship between agencies involved in humanitarian coordination. There are also memoranda concerning the role of HACO and the funding and logistics of humanitarian projects exchanged by the Humanitarian Coordinator; representatives of NGOs, United Nations agencies, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); and leaders of warring factions. Additionally, there are: minutes of meetings of the Programme Compliance and Violations Committee, which investigated violations of international standards of conduct, human rights, and principles and protocols for humanitarian operations; and investigation reports of security incidents concerning sporadic fighting, looting, and harassment, as well as restrictions of humanitarian aid workers’ freedom of movement and access to civilian populations.
Records relating to bridging projects, the initial reintegration projects for demobilized soldiers, include terms of reference and minutes of meetings of the Task Force on Bridging Operations. Meeting minutes of the Task Force concern the projects of the agencies and NGOs in attendance. Also present are project proposals and updates; working papers on the transition to the next phase of reintegration; and guidelines for the funding of projects.
Series contains cables, correspondence, and reports. Subjects include plan to survey economic needs of the area and make reccommendations. Also includes 1 file on successor agency, UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). Arranged alphabetically by subject.
Series maintained by the Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General, Andrew Cordier, until 1961, then by the Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs, Ralph Bunche, who also served as Acting Mediator for Palestine. Records consist of weekly summary reports from the Chief of Staff of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) related to events under his command. Correspondents include Secretaries-General Trygve Lie, Dag Hammarskjold, and U Thant, as well as UNTSO Chiefs-of-Staff William Riley, Vagn Bennike, E.L.M. Burns, Carl C. von Horn, and Odd Bull. Arranged chronologically.