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United Nations Office for Special Political Affairs (1955-1991) Serie
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United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Subject Files - Civilian Operations

UN. Office of the Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs

Series consists of correspondence, incoming and outgoing clear and code cables, press releases, photographs, newspaper articles, publications, and reports. These records originated primarily in the Offices of Special Assistant for Congo Civilian Operations Gustavo Duran and Special Advisor for Civilian Affairs in the Congo Sir Alexander MacFarquhar. Incorporated with these files are records from Political Affairs Officer Fou Tchin Liu, Principal Secretary of the Conciliation Commission for the Congo Dragoslav Protitch, Under-Secretary in Charge of Civilian Affairs in the Congo Godfrey Amachree and Special Assistant for Burundi and Rwanda Affairs Jan G. Schumacher. Files include information on the financial and administrative status of the Congo Fund; documentation on the Office of Public Information; information on agricultural training, communication and transportation projects; Conciliation Commission minutes; statistical information relating to the economy; documentation regarding education; records on the implementation of the Security Council Resolution (1961); police training records; government information bulletins and details on the technical assistance program in Rwanda-Burundi; data on food production; and correspondence regarding specialized agencies such as the World Health Organization and the International Telecommunications Union.

Accession Numbers: A/225, A/521, A/431, A/433, A/624, A/706-75/7, A/481

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Records on Foreign Countries

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General (1946-1961: Cordier) Office for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of correspondence, press releases, and incoming and outgoing clear cables regarding the cooperation of various foreign governments with the United Nations efforts in the Congo. This support involved both military and civilian operations and included both the reinforcement of United Nations troops and airlifts of relief supplies. The files also contain information on investigations into missing aircraft (Italy); the need for English and French speaking officers (Ireland); information regarding the Nigeria/Mali airlift; issues surrounding the transfer of military forces to civilian status (Pakistan); the Congo's embargo on exports from South Katanga (Portugal); expulsion of Sudanese refugees from the Stanleyville area; and expulsion of the Soviet embassy staff (U.S.S.R.). This series also includes files on the cities of Gaza and Jerusalem. Correspondents include Under Secretary for Special Political Affairs Ralph Bunche, Executive Assistant Andrew Cordier, and General Sean Maceoin.

Accession Numbers: 75/7, 72/88

Actual series size: 9.25 feet

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Military Operations

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General (1946-1961: Cordier) Office for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of correspondence, reports, certificates, and incoming and outgoing clear cables. and provides information on ONUC's military involvement in the Congo including military history, policies, information on aircraft, reinforcements and withdrawal of troops, and regulations for the United Nations force. Military reports provide details on military conditions, health situations, military progress, and air missions. (Some reports contain civilian operation information, as well.) Files also contain information on and correspondence from military staff and high ranking officers such as General Sean Maceoin, Major-General Christian R. Kaldager, and Major-General C.C. Von Horn. This series also includes material, both military and civilian, on the Kamina, Kitona and Banana bases.

The "Summary of Events for 1963" contains information on the role of the United Nations on the training and reorganization of the Congolese National Army (A.N.C.).

Accession Numbers: 75/7, 72/88

Actual series size: 4.5 feet

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Civilian Operations

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General (1946-1961: Cordier) Office for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of reports, press releases, correspondence, agreements for financial assistance, and incoming and outgoing clear cables relating to aspects of ONUC's civilian operations. The files include information on airlifts, the Congo Fund, ONUC fulfilling public health needs, recruitment, and relief efforts of the International Red Cross. Files also contain documentation on specialized agencies dealing with various issues of relief and normalization. These agencies included the International Monetary Fund which focused on currency unification in the Congo; agencies supporting telecommunication improvement, the World Health Organization, and the Universal Postal Union. Correspondents include Ralph Bunche, Officer-in-Charge B. F. Osorio-Tafall and Officer-in-Charge Max H. Dorsinville.

Accession Number: 75/7

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Incident Reports

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General (1946-1961: Cordier) Office for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of incoming and outgoing clear cables, correspondence, investigative reports, press releases, maps, and photographs regarding massacres, accidents, arrests, evacuations, and other incidents investigated or recorded by the United Nations. Incidents include aircraft accidents such as a Rhodesian aircraft making a forced landing after being hit by small arms fire in Manono; an ONUC Commission report and other documentation regarding the Kindu Incident when thirteen Italian contingent air crew lost their lives due to an invasion of the Congolese National Army Soldiers in Kindu; and investigations into the death of Mme. Felicienne Dister who was killed at her home in Elisabethville. The series also includes incidents involving the Congolese National Army in Katanga and Elisabethville. Correspondents include Under-Secretary for Special Political Affairs Ralph Bunche, Legal Counsel C.A. Stavropoulos, Officer-in-Charge B. F. Osorio-Tafall, and Officer-in-Charge Robert Gardiner.

Accession Numbers: 75/7, 72/88

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Provinces

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General (1946-1961: Cordier) Office for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of incoming and outgoing clear cables, correspondence, reports, press releases and photographs relating to the six provinces of the Congo: Equateur, Katanga, Kasai, Kivu, Leopoldville, and Orientale. Katanga province makes up the bulk of the records which detail the conditions at Elisabethville Refugee Camp, general ONUC military operations, and incidents regarding the United Nations Peace-Keeping Troops.

Files include information on air missions; famine (Kasai); refugees (Kivu); military operations (Leopoldville); Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba (Orientale); and maps of all the provinces. Correspondents include Under-Secretary for Special Political Affairs Ralph Bunche, Officer-in-Charge R. K. Gardiner, and Officer-in-Charge B. F. Osorio-Tafall.

Actual series size: 3.5 feet
Accession Numbers: 75/7, 72/88

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Congolese National Army (ANC)

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General (1946-1961: Cordier) Office for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of incoming and outgoing code cables, reports, correspondence, newsclippings, etc. and includes an organizational chart for ANC training and modernization under the United Nations umbrella, resolutions regarding ANC training, issues surrounding ONUC's role and the ANC in Katanga -- specifically the relationship between the Katanga gendarmerie, ANC, and ONUC. Correspondents include Under-Secretary for Special Political Affairs Ralph Bunche, Officer-in-Charge B. F. Osorio-Tafall, and Major-General Christian R. Kaldager.

Accession Number: 75/7

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Congo Government

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary - General (1946-1961: Cordier)
UN. Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of incoming and outgoing clear cables, correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, press releases, and public statements relating to all aspects of the Congo Government. The files include information on the convening of parliament; visits to New York, London, and Italy by Congolese Premier Mr. Cyrille Adoula; correspondence regarding various government issues by Adoula; records relating to Prime Minister Moise Tshombe; draft laws designing the court system; a Christmas address to the Congolese people by Mobutu Sese Seko (1966); general information on new provinces; agreements between the United Nations and the Congo; drafts and copies of the constitution; and a speech by President Kasavubu.

Accession Number: 75/7

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Ralph Bunche's Trips

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General (1946-1961: Cordier) Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of reports, incoming and outgoing clear cables, correspondence, briefing papers, press conference transcripts, press releases, itineraries, and notes from meetings relating to Ralph Bunche's trips to the Congo during the spring/summer of 1960, fall 1962, and winter 1963. During these trips, Bunche represented the Secretary-General or acted as a consultant during the decolonization process. Correspondents include Under-Secretary for Special Political Affairs Ralph Bunche, Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold, and Congolese Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba.

Accession Number: 75/7

Actual Linear Feet: 1/2

United Nations Operations in the Congo (ONUC) - Cables and Telexes

UN. Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General (1946-1961: Cordier) Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs (1958-1972: Bunche)

Series consists of incoming and outgoing code, clear, unnumbered, top secret, and only cables, and telex conversations primarily between high ranking United Nations personnel in New York and Leopoldville relating to the military and civilian operations in the Congo. Cables were also sent to or received from other cities, such as Elisabethville, Jerusalem, Geneva, Gaza, Beirut, Mogadiscio and Brussels. Code cables detail various matters relating to United Nations intervention, creation of the Congolese government, training of the Congolese army and the existence or need of mercenary troops, unrest between the Lumumba Youth Party and the United Nations and Belgians, the refugee situation, evacuation of Belgian military personnel, and food distribution. Clear cables include information on the international Famine Relief Fund and personnel issues such as salary and appointments in the relief and public works administrations. Telex conversations focus on various aspects of the military and civilian operations in the Congo including hostile actions towards ONUC personnel, military reinforcements, and food deliveries. Housed separately are five feet of duplicate code cables, unnumbered, top secret, only, and clear cables regarding a wide range of subjects including military events, administrative issues, political developments, and hostages.
Correspondents include Under-Secretary for Special Political Affairs Ralph Bunche, Officer-in-Charge Andrew Cordier, and Special Advisor for Civilian Affairs in the Congo Sir Alexander Macfarquhar.

Accession numbers: 63/163, 74/74, 72/88, 75/7, 77/207

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