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United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC) (1960-1964) Série organique
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Force Commander - Cables

Series consists of incoming/Outgoing cables, code cables, memoranda, correspondence, handwritten notes, newspaper clippings, diagrams, and maps. Subjects include airlifting equipment; airlifing personnel; airfield security; death of tribal chiefs; entertainment of troops; high level talks involving UN officials; troop transportation; road blocks; theft of vehicles; deployment of troops; looting; destruction of civilian property; propaganda leaflets; evacuation of civilians; traffic accidents; mercenaries; repatriation via air; striking workers; destruction of UN property; escalation of violence; smuggling activities; Kalonjist movement; court of inquiry; departure of UN staff; itineraries; riots; capture of arms and munitions; death of troops; prisoners of war; Katangese gendarmes; cease-fire; illegal diamond trade; destruction of bridges; refugees; refugee camps; relief supplies; flooding; problems with paracommandos; violent incidents; stores of meats and vegetables; killing of civilians by UN soldiers; refugee trains; and bombings by Katangese. Correspondents include W.F. Wiltshire, Chief, Air Transport Operations; Max Dorsinville; Carey Seward; S. Linner; J. Aguiyi-Ironsi, Force Commander; Ralph Bunche; Lt. Col. J. Cooney, Air Commander; R. Gardiner, Chief of Staff; Lt. Col. Mattimore, Force Commander; Col. O'Brien; President Tshombe; J. Rolz-Bennett, ONUC Representative; and Major B.P. Bhalla, Chief, Military Operations. Arranged by town of operations in two alphabetical sequences.

Force Commander - Non-Registry

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, reports, code cables, incoming and outgoing cables, situation reports, illustrations, maps, minutes of meetings, photographs, press releases, information circulars, and administrative circulars. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: ANC; movement of troops; Congolese Army; violence between UN personnel and Congolese; fighting between ANC and UN troops; theft and recovery of UN vehicles; labor strikes; debate in UN over Kruschev and Hammarskjold; Coud d'Etat in Congo; violence against Europeans in Congo; military operations; military build up; withdrawal of troops from provinces; provisions of foodstuffs and equipment; sacking, looting, and rapes committed by ANC troops; murder of Europeans; bread poisening in Goma; road blocks; destruction of bridges; cease-fire in Katanga; refugee camps; unlawful importation of arms, ammunition, and military equipment; operation 'Rum Punch'; explosion in Kindu; curfews; customs issues at ports; ex-gendarmes; and entrances into Ruandan territory. Correspondents include Lg. Normandin, Liason Officer to ANC; Wf. Wiltshire, Chief Air Transport Officer; General M. Eoin, Force Commander, Leopoldville; General Mobutu, Commander in Chief, ANC; Major Ce. Davidsson; A.C. Gilpin, Special Assitant to the Officer-in-Charge; O. Jackman, OPI; Ambassador R. Dayal, Special Representative of the Secretary-General; J.G. Poulin, Chief of Military Operations; Ben Twigt, Chief Logistics Officer; N. Boskovic, Senior Consultant; K. Gordon, Chief OPI; and Major General A. F. Klintberg, Deputy Force Commander. Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Force Commander - Registry

Series consists of correspondence, handwritten documents, administrative circulars, itineraries, agendas, forms, invoices, minutes of conferences, brochures, reports, aide-memoires, Congo medals designs, maps, diagrams, memoranda, business cards, resolutions, notes-verbale, photographs, and agreements. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: visits to the Congo by VIP's; phasing out of UN troops; resolution of Unity in the Congo; escape and capture of mercenaries; transfer of prisoners; organization of hospitals; detainment and abuse of UN personnel by ANC; situation in Katanga; mining in the Congo; security; personnel; Congolese Parliament; Congolese Government; incidents; and the railway system. Correspondents include Max Dorsinville, Officer-in-Charge; Andrew Cordier, Special Representative of the Secretary-General; Ben Twigt, Chief Administrative Officer; U. Thant, Secretary-General; Major General Charles R. Kaldager, ONUC Force Commander, UN Headquarters, New York; S. Habib-Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; Ralph J. Bunche, Under-Secretary for Special Political Affairs; R. Gardiner, Officer-in-Charge, ONUC; C.C. Von Horn, Supreme Commander; Sture Linner, Chief of Civilian Operations; and Major General I.J. Rikhye, Military Advisor to the Secretary-General. NOTE: Expunge sensitive/personal information (e.g. medical information, national identity and passport information) before releasing records for access. Arranged in filing number order.

Mbandaka Branch Offices (formerly known as Coquilhatville)

Series consists of forms, itineraries, memoranda, monthly reports, receipts, weekly situation reports, cables, handwritten notes, inventories, letters, contracts, drafts, lists, teleprinter printouts, accident reports, cargo manifests, bulletins, transcript of a press conference, brochures, air way bills. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: technical assistance; flight schedules; accommodations; wearing of UN headgear and clothing by non-UN personnel; actions by the Air Operations Technical Assistance Board; transfer of vehicles to UNESCO; travel across Congo border; travel claims; disposal of UN property; staff reductions; health programs; public works programs; education programs; vacancy notices; appointments; letters of application; civilian staff strength; maintenance and repair of UN vehicles. Correspondents include F. Scheller, Administrative Officer, Bukavu; B. Beruander, Administrative Officer, Elisabethville; J. Medina, Acting Administrative Officer, Stanleyville; A.E. Saenger, Deputy Resident Representative, Administration; B.F. Osorio-Tafall, Resident Representative and Director of Special Fund Programmes; John M. Saunders, Deputy Resident Representative, Administration. Date of establishment occurred on 14/07/1960 by Security Resolution 143 (1960). The date of dissolution was 30/06/1964.

Elizabethville Branch Office - Non-Registry

Series consists of several loosely defined sub-series: correspondence, Joint Enquiry Commission on Mercenaries official UN documents, Mercenaries and Political Advisors case files, subject files of various officials (Special Assistant to Chief UN Representative, Civilian Affairs Officer, etc.), and others. Records include correspondence, incoming and outgoing cables, code cables, memoranda, telegrams, reports, minutes of meetings, interview transcriptions, photographs, maps, diagrams, instructions, estimates, personal items, budgets, press clippings, press releases, and lists. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: US food aid; evacuation plan for Katanga; protests against alleged violations by UN of cease fire agreement; arrivals and departures in Katanga; food shortages; National Reconciliation Plan; UN posistion in the event of ANC entry into Katanga; military and civilian relations; reopening of trade between Katanga, Kasai, and Kivu; military operations; cease fire agreement; reactivation of CFL Railway; damage to railway installation; looting of Tunisian Camp; misuse of water supplies by ONUC personnel; Belgian mercenaries travelling disguised as priests; mercenary case files; refugees; British Nationals as mercenaries; instructions for the mixed commission of UN, ANC and Civilian Police representatives; civil aviation issues and practices; Public Works Projects; accounts of torture at the hands of the Katanges; education; finance; production and income in the Congo; promotions of ONUC personnel; measures to secure public order; and theft of ONUC vehicles. Correspondents include Sture Linner; Roger Polgar; M. Rolz-Bennett; E.W. Mathu; Robert Gardiner; George Ivan Smith; M. Khiary; S. Ahmed-Habib; Ben T. Twight; J.H. Amonoo; G. Ghaleb; and Michael Tomblain. Arranged in sub-series sequence.

Stanleyville Branch Office - Chronological Reference

Series consists of correspondence, minutes of staff conferences, incoming and outgoing cables, code cables, translations, drafts, reports, log sheets, audit reports, handwritten documents, and administration circulars. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: gasoline allocations; vehicle maintenance; military operations; military information and personnel; accomodations for UN personnel and civilians; black market activities; movement of refugees; refugee property; Dag Hammarskjold ceremony; scheme for protection and evacuation of refugees from Bukavu; food supplies and transportation. Correspondents include Mr. Khiary, Chief of Civilian Operations; Gen. Mac Eoin, Force Commander; S. Habib Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; E. Bellinger, Chief PX Officer; Nancy Osborne, Chief Personnel Officer; Charles Taff, Special Legal Advisor; Sture Linner, Officer-in-Charge, ONUC, Leopoldville; Ralph Bunche; R. Gardiner, Officer-in-Charge; and J. Rolz-Bennett, Civilian Affairs Officer, Elizabethville. Arranged chronologically.

Stanleyville Branch Office - Cables

Series consists of incoming and outgoing cables, telegrams, handwritten cables, lists of telegrams, memoranda, business cards, correspondence, passenger manifests, and situation reports. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: flooding of Congolese River; food transport and requests; burning of villages; UN personnel; visits by UN personnel; transport and storage of medicine; civil servants strike; rabies outbreak; repatriated refugees; finances; attacks on planters on plantations; agriculture project; attacks on UN staff; Red Cross; USSR states that it will not contribute funds to UN peace keeping operation in the Congo; air operations; beatings and arrests of three WHO doctors; and meteorological stations. Correspondents include R. Gardiner; S. Habib Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; S. Linner; Ben Twigt; A.C. Gilpin; Mr. Gauvreau, Chief, Personnel Office; Nancy Gray; S. Tselentis, Administrative Officer, ONUC; Thomas de Candia, Chief Finance Officer, Leopoldville; M.V. Beraud, Administrative Officer; E. Pokorny, Finance Officer; F.J. Tickner; John B. Saccheri, Engineer, Public Works Program, Stanleyville; W. Micuta; E. Esteban, Officer-in-Charge, ICAO, Stanleyville; and K.H. Englund, Chief Civilian Affairs Officer, Stanleyville. Arranged in general topical sequence, and therein chronologically.

Stanleyville Branch Office - Non-Registry

Series consists of correspondence, cables, memoranda, movement orders, travel authorizations, reports, maps, referrals, airline tickets, administrative reports, Security Council resolution minutes, press releases, and press conference materials. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: travel of government officials; assault by gendarmes; Public Works Flood Relief; refugees; reconstruction/construction of infrastructure; agriculture; petrol supplies; renewal of visas; teachers; training of judges; transfer of vehicles; travel of family dependents; vaccinations; dental clinic; Red Cross programs in the Congo; distribution of milk; Austrian medical team; dental exams; dental bills; DDT stock for pest control; malaria; stolen equipment; police training; accomodations; air missions; political detainees; and language proficiency exams. Correspondents include S. Habib Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; J. M. Marek, Administrative Officer; A.F. Akangay, Provincal Minister of Economic Affairs; S. Brzak, ONUC Civilian Affairs; J. Kelly, Assistant to Special Representative; S. Linner, Chief of Civilian Operations; A. Bronsema, Chief Finance Officer; M. Ledkie, Chief Finance Officer; H. Kaufmann, Chief of Mission, ONUC; J. Hobisch, Administrative Assistant; and C. Terenzio, Chief, UNESCO. Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Luluabourg Branch Office - Chronological Reference

Series consists of correspondence, reports, handwritten documents, and proces-verbals. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: transport of UN personnel; deaths of UN personnel; violence in Kasai; buring of villages; repatriation; control of postal services in provinces; visits by members of the press; food supplies; accidents; requests for and allocation of vehicles; transport of medical supplies; and Red Cross efforts. Correspondents include E. Mathu, Chief Civilian Affairs Officer, Elizabethville; E.S. Packham, Chief of Civil Mission, ONUC; Major Neils Karlsson, Chief of Air Operations; Robert K. Gardiner, Officer-in-Charge, Leopoldville; Nancy Gray, Chief of Personnel, Leopoldville; V. Jercovic, Special Assistant to the Chief of Civilian Operations; A.C. Gilpin, Acting Chief of Civil Operations, Leopoldville; and S. Habib Ahmed, Chief of Civil Operations, Leopoldville. Arranged in general chronological sequence.

Luluabourg Branch Office - Cables

Series consists of incoming/Outgoing cables, situation reports, reports, and telegrams. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: reports of actitivies occuring in the provinces; movement of UN personnel; withdrawel of ONUC troops guarding the Regideso Power house; UN personnel; bands of pillagers; arrests; escapes from refugee camp; shooting incidents in refugee camp; outbreak of smallpox; Red Cross; stolen vehicles; college students strike; arrival of medical specialists; transport of refugees from camps to be resettled in South Kasai; diamonds found on prisoners; and curfew. Correspondents include A.C. Gilpin, ONUC Civilian Officer; S. Linner, UN Civilian Operations in the Congo; I. Berendsen, Chief ONUC Civilian Officer, Elizabethville; E.S. Packham; R. Gardiner; Mr. Khiary; Mr. Gaviola; S. Habib Ahmed; Mr. Osario-Tafall; and C. Blom. Arranged in general topical sequence, and therein chronologically.

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