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Description archivistique
S-0947 · Série organique · 1993 - 2003
Fait partie de United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM) (1991-2003)

Series contains meeting minutes, constitutions, and general operational records of three UNIKOM business establishments: UNIKOM Service Institute (USI), UNIKOM Club, and Kheitan Club. Also included are related agreements between UNIKOM and the Army and Air Force Exchange Service and between UNIKOM and Iraq. Folders are arranged by subject and chronologically therein.

Title based on series contents.

Head of Mission
S-1857 · Série organique · 1993 - 1998
Fait partie de United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)

Special Representative for the Secretary-General (SRSG)
The Office of the Special Representative for the Secretary-General (SRSG) to Liberia was located at UNOMIL headquarters in Monrovia, Liberia. Records derive from the tenures of Mr. Anthony Nyakyi (December 1994 - April 1997) and Mr. Tuliameni Kalomoh, who succeeded Nyakyi in April 1997. The documents primarily consist of incoming and outgoing code cables and subject files which relate to the SRSG’s activities as Head of the Mission.

The code cables were sent from SRSG Nyakyi to United Nations Headquarters, New York and include: drafts and final progress reports to the Secretary-General; daily and weekly situation reports, sent to Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Kofi Annan, detailing political and military developments in the mission; and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and Heads of State, Foreign Affairs Ministers, and faction leaders. Memoranda are also included in the outgoing code cables, describing: the electoral process; analyses of ceasefire violations as relating to the 28 December 1994 Accra Agreement and the 19 August 1995 Abuja Agreement; and deployment of UNOMIL and Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) observers. The code cables also contain notes for file prepared by the Political Affairs Officer (PAO) and by the Human Rights Officer (HRO). The notes for file offer summaries and analyses of the meetings with high-level officials and human rights investigations, respectively.

Also present in the records are incoming code cables from Annan and the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Marrack Goulding to SRSG Nyakyi on topics such as the Brussels Conference held to support the peace process in Liberia (December 1996); the Mission of the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Liberia (April 1996); and human rights violations (December 1995).

Other files relate to meetings held by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), including meetings of the Chiefs of Staff; the Council of Ministers; the Committee of Four on Sierra Leone; the Committee of Nine on Liberia; and sessions of Authority Heads of State and Government. Documents relating to these meetings include agenda; minutes from the meetings; draft and final reports; notes verbal; and final communiqués. There are also statements presented at meetings by ECOWAS member states’ Ministers of Foreign Affairs and SRSG Nyakyi.

Also included are files about the disarmament and demobilization process: correspondence between the SRSG and representatives of warring factions about the progress of disarmament; meeting summaries of, and attendance lists for, the inter-agency Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Task Force, chaired by the Humanitarian Coordinator of the United Nations Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Office in Liberia (UN-HACO); working papers about the disarmament and demobilization process; and correspondence between the UN-HACO Humanitarian Coordinator and the SRSG.

There are also subject files which relate to the ECOWAS Military Observer Group (ECOMOG), which include meeting reports of the ECOMOG Disarmament Committee. Records of the inter-agency Ceasefire Violation Committee (CFVC) are also present. These contain meeting minutes summarizing faction allegations of ceasefire violations, and letters of protest from factions and sent to the CFVC.

Chief Administrative Officer (CAO)
Also included are documents from the UNOMIL Office of the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO), who reported to the SRSG. These include: UNOMIL organization charts; code cables sent from both the SRSG and the CAO to United Nations Headquarters, New York; daily, weekly, and monthly situation reports detailing political and military activities, in particular the activities of President Charles Taylor; and daily press briefings summarizing the daily briefing delivered by Spokesman of the Secretary-General, Fred Eckhard.

Civilian Police Support
S-1824 · Série organique · 1993 - 1999
Fait partie de United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP) (1995-1999)

S-1824 contains records concerning police support provided to the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).

Civilian Police Support
Civilian Police Support were deployed in the border areas of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) to monitor the work of the Macedonian border police. Civilian Police Support also conducted community patrols and liaised with local police.

Included are daily, weekend, and weekly situation reports consolidating information from the following Civilian Police Support stations: Station Skopje, Station Ohrid and Station Tetovo. Situation reports contain information gathered from border patrols regarding: shootings and sporadic firing; discoveries of smuggling; black marketing; and illegal border crossings. Situation reports also cover: demonstrations and hunger strikes held by civilians; visits to refugee camps and movements of refugees; and proceedings of the trial of Gostivar mayor Rufi Osmani held in September 1997, which was prompted by violence resulting from a flag-raising incident in July.

Also detailed in the situation reports are meetings conducted by Civilian Police Support. Meetings with chiefs and deputy commanders of local police concern such topics as: border incidents; local criminal activity; and the organization and administration of local police. Meetings with members of political parties primarily concern the controversial issue of the public raising of the Macedonian, Albanian and Turkish flags. Meetings with mayors concern such issues as: local business and economic conditions; local strikes; drug use; infrastructure challenges; attitudes toward CIVPOL and UNPREDEP’s presence; alleged government hostilities against the ethnic Albanian population; the difficulty of obtaining citizenship papers; and the activities of Roma.

Monthly situation reports, which were prepared by Civilian Police Support teams in Ohrid, Skopje, and Tetovo, detail: cooperation between CIVPOL and the Macedonian police; the professionalism of the Macedonian police; meetings with police chiefs; and incidents, crime trends, and prison visits.

There are also reports about villages visited by Civilian Police Support from Station Gostivar, Station Skopje, Station Ohrid and Station Tetovo. Most profiles are of villages located near FYROM’s borders with Albania and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). Village profiles document repeated visits to villages from 1993 to 1999. Information was gathered through observation and from conversations with village mayors, shopkeepers, farmers, and other residents.

Village profiles provide population figures and percentages of the ethnic makeup of villages, including figures on the following groups: Macedonian Orthodox Christians, Macedonia Muslims, Albanian Muslims, Turks, Roma, and Vlachs. Also noted are: comments about the crime rate; observations about population loss and the abandonment of villages during the winter months; and figures on unemployment and overseas emigration from villages. Details about infrastructure pertain to: plumbing; electricity; telephone lines; conditions of village roads; waste collection; and the functioning of wells and villagers’ access to potable water. Notes about village elementary and secondary schools mention class size, condition of facilities, and language used in instruction (Macedonian, Albanian or Turkish). Also noted are figures about refugees from Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia, and Kosovo residing in villages, and details about medical services available to and humanitarian assistance needed by villagers.

Chief Administrative Officer
S-1825 · Série organique · 1993 - 1999
Fait partie de United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP) (1995-1999)

S-1825 contains records concerning administrative support provided to the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).

Chief Administrative Officer (CAO)
Records include: minutes of meetings held by the Chief Administrative Officer with service and section chiefs, which detail communications, procurement, engineering, and transport activities; several editions of the mission’s Standard Operating Procedures (SOP); memoranda and reports about the administrative and military implications of the reconfiguration of UNPREDEP; correspondence between mission officials and government officials of the Republic of Macedonia; notes and agenda for Force Commander’s Conferences; and weekly logistics reports.

Correspondence and circulars cover such topics as: procedures for the use of helicopters; entry and exit procedures of the UNPREDEP headquarters; bomb threat procedures; procedures for new arrivals in the mission; emergency radio procedures; inspection and operational readiness reports; and procedures for contracts.

Also included are records pertaining to internal and external audits performed on UNPREDEP. Audit records include: correspondence exchanged between the Chief Administrative Officer and various offices at the United Nations headquarters in New York; memoranda pertaining to the visit of auditors to the mission and their activities; and reports of audits, which cover audit objectives, scope, findings, and recommendations.

Legal documents include: Memoranda of Understanding between UNPREDEP and troop-contributing countries regarding the supply of personnel, equipment and services; and letters of assist. Records of the Legal Officer consist of: notes for the file on the Legal Officer’s high-level meetings; and memoranda concerning a variety of topics, including immunity of United Nations personnel and court case proceedings.

Administration
S-1657 · Série organique · 1993 - 1995
Fait partie de United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) (1992-1994)

S-1657 contains records of the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO). Records consist of: note verbale; itineraries and instructions concerning the visit of the Secretary-General to Mozambique on 17-20 October 1993; minutes of Section Chiefs’ weekly meetings; drafts of the Status of Forces Agreement, including notes and correspondence; reports on the extension of the ONUMOZ mandate; and calendars on the drawdown and withdrawal of ONUMOZ. Correspondence regarding the elections held in October 1994 concerns: electoral consultants and tribunal justices; deployment and activities of international electoral observers; and procedures followed by the Electoral Operations Room. Also included are statements and addresses made immediately following the elections.

S-0999 · Série organique · 1993 - 1995
Fait partie de United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) (2003-2005)

Series documents the substantive and administrative work of the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General. The series is arranged into five sub-series: chronological file, including various forms of correspondence; code cables (incoming); code cables (outgoing); faxes (outgoing); and outgoing faxes and code cables of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General. The earliest records in the files were created under the mandate of United Nations Operation in Somalia I, which ended in March 1993. Series is arranged alphabetically by sub-series, then chronologically therein.

Title based on series contents.

S-1007 · Série organique · 1993 - 1994
Fait partie de United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) (2003-2005)

UNOSOM Headquarters Boards of Inquiry (BOI) were convened to make decisions regarding serious injury, death, major property damage, and major property loss in which UNOSOM personnel were involved. Final case reports with supporting documentation regularly were sent to the Department of Peacekeeping Operations at UN headquarters in New York.

Series consists of reports/case files of the Headquarters Boards of Inquiry. Records included are: witness statement forms, BOI convening orders, interoffice memoranda, accident/incident reports, security statement forms, security investigation reports, damage/discrepancy reports, medical reports, death certificates, autopsy reports, letters of condolence, incident sketches, and interview transcripts.

Title based on series contents.

S-1880 · Série organique · 1993 - 2001
Fait partie de United Nations Political and Peacekeeping Missions in Haiti (1993-2001)

International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
S-1880 consists of case files for human rights violations investigated by MICIVIH Human Rights Observers stationed at bases throughout Haiti from 1993 to 2000. The case files are arranged geographically by base, and then by number. A three-letter series prefix indicates the base. Each series of case files is accompanied by lists of case numbers with the name of the victim, date, location, and type of human rights violation. Violations and incidents investigated include: cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment; torture; murders and shootings; rape; illegal arrest, detention and imprisonment; illegal house searches; destruction of property; false criminal accusations; excessive use of force by members of the Haitian National Police (HNP); intimidation and death threats; extortion; threats to freedom of speech and association; popular justice killings; marronage (hiding); and land conflicts.

The case files for some series consist of a brief intake or incident reporting form, with basic facts about the incident and victim. In other series, the case files contain documentation about the case, compiled by MICIVIH Observers, such as: memoranda drafted by Observers, statements submitted by the victim, correspondence about the incident from various Haitian authorities; assessment reports about the victim prepared by MICIVIH’s Medical Unit, and photographs of the victim’s injuries.

Elections

Electoral Section
Records of the Electoral Section document the assessment, planning and observation of the 27 February 2000 elections of the Majlisi Oli, the parliament of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan. The files contain: reports relating to support of elections by United Nations peacekeeping missions prior to UNMOT; an undated position paper, titled “Criteria for the Arrival of the Joint UNMOT-Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Electoral Needs-Assessment Mission”; a deployment plan for Joint Electoral Observation Mission (JEOM) offices and for the deployment of electoral observers. There is also a 25 March 1999 working paper about the conditions for a timeline of joint-commission involvement in free and fair elections; and the terms of reference for the Joint UNMOT-OSCE Observation Mission in Tajikistan (JEOMT).

Also included in the records are: a report providing recommendations for international monitoring of parliamentary elections, of the 5 August 1999 Second Joint Assessment Mission for Election Preparations in Tajikistan; a (1999) draft titled “Amendments and Changes to the Constitution of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan”; a proposed plan for parliamentary elections, with a September 1999 timeline; and an unsigned assessment report to the head of mission of OSCE about the political climate of Tajikistan in preparation for an electoral referendum. There are also summaries of “Focal Point Strategy Meetings on Elections,” attended by the Assistant to the Special Representative to the Secretary-General (ASRSG), the Organization for Co-operation and Security in Europe (OSCE), and representatives of UNMOT.

Chief Administrative Officer (CAO)
Also included in S-1866 are records of the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) which document the electoral process. There is information about the 6 November 1999 Tajikistan presidential elections and the elections of the Majlisi Oli, held on 27 February 2000. The files include reports from UNMOT’s field office in the town of Kurgan Tube to UNMOT HQ about meetings of the regional government and the registration of parliamentary electoral candidates. A 5 August 1999 report from the Civil Affairs Officer, copied to the CAO, includes an assessment of the political climate for the holding of free and fair elections in Khorog Town. In addition, there is a 25 February 2000 assessment prepared by the CAO, titled “Prognostics of the Majlisi Oli elections in Khatlon Province Field Office”; it has an analysis of candidate biographies.

The files also contain statements and letters sent to the Secretary-General Kofi Annan. There is a joint statement, about free and fair presidential elections, prepared by the Political Union of United Tajikistan, a union comprised of banned Tajik political parties. There are also statements about the implementation of the General Agreement, especially with regard to parliamentary elections. These were received by the United Tajik Opposition (UTO) and the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan. There are also joint statements of candidates for the office of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan.

United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT)
There are records about the Joint Election Observation Mission to Tajikistan (JEOMT), jointly managed by UNMOT and the Organization for Cooperation and Security in Europe (OSCE). Highlights include: a revised 11 February 2000 “Terms of Reference for the UN Electoral Reference Team,” sent from United Nations New York to the UNMOT CAO and a Manual for Short-Term Observers of the 27 February 2000 parliamentary elections.