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Peacekeeping - Vietnam and Indo-China

Series comprises the documented record of the Secretary-General's involvement in diplomacy on the Vietnam war (1972-1973), and the subsequent humanitarian and reconstruction assistance on the Indo-China peninsula (1975-1981), primarily Kampuchea and Vietnam. Records include copies of agreements, correspondence (including cables and incoming war protest correspondence), discussion papers, press releases, etc. Includes files on the International Conference on Vietnam (Jan. 1973 to Dec. 1974) and on the Cambodian/Kampuchean refugee problem (May 1979 to Apr. 1980). Correspondents include high level UN officials, Henry Kissinger (Secretary of State, USA), and Nguyen Thi Binh (Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam). Arranged in two groupings (Vietnam, followed by Indo-China), and therein by topical categories (original order).

Peacekeeping - India, Pakistan, Bangladesh

Series comprises the documented record of the Secretary-General's involvement in peacekeeping, diplomacy, and humanitarian assistance coordination in the region of India, West Pakistan, and East Pakistan (the latter two subsequently Pakistan and Bangladesh). Represented are the following United Nations missions: UNEPRO, UNROB, and UNROD (United Nations East Pakistan Relief Operation, United Nations Relief Operation in Bangladesh, and United Nations Relief Operation in Dacca). Records include correspondence with the appointed focal point of the humanitarian operations, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and the participating organizations (UNICEF, WFP, FAO, WHO, and League of Red Cross Societies). Correspondents include numerous senior UN officials and heads-of-state including Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (President of Pakistan), Sheik Mujibur Rahman (Prime Minister of Bangladesh), and Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister of India). Arranged in the following broad categories: general subject files on relief and peacekeeping matters, clear cables, Chronological files (Pakistan files contain correspondence between Bhutto and Gandhi), and United Nations documents on the admission to the United Nations of the new nation of Bangladesh.
Variations in title: Previously called 'Political matters : India, Pakistan, Bangladesh'
Source of title: Title based on function and contents

Peacekeeping - Middle East

Series comprises the documented record of the Secretary-General's involvement in peacekeeping and diplomacy in the region of Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, the Palestinians, and Syria, including the periods of military conflicts and peacemaking successes, during the SG's tenure, 1972-1981. Represented are the following United Nations missions: UNEF II, UNDOF, and UNIFIL (United Nations Emergency Force, United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, and United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon). Records include correspondence, clear and code cables, the Secretary-General's handwritten notes, interview transcripts, maps, press clippings, photographs, etc. Correspondents include heads-of-states of the region and from outside it. Arranged in the following broad categories: personal files, peacekeeping operations and other missions, country files (first the countries of the region, then other countries), Palestinian matters, the peace conferences and treaties, and a variety of miscellaneous topics (e.g. 'incidents').
Variations in title: Previously called 'Political matters : Middle East'.
Source of title: Title based on function and contents

Code Cables

Series consists of incoming and outgoing code cables and associated records (e.g. handwritten notes, press statements, situation reports, translations, etc.) relating to political contact with various countries or regions, and with UN representation within those countries or regions. Correspondents are primarily senior UN officials, but also include military commanders and non-UN representatives. Arranged alphabetically by country, city, or mission in the following order: Addis Ababa, Athens, Bangkok, Beirut, Cairo, Cyprus, Damascus, Geneva, India/Pakistan/Bangladesh, Ismalia, Nicosia, general, Jerusalem, Latin America, Lusaka, Middle East, Namibia, Naguora, Nicosia, Santiago, Seoul, Southern Rhodesia, Syria, Teheran, Timor, UNHCR, UNRWA, and miscellaneous.
Variations in title: Previously called 'Political matters - code cables'
Source of title: Title based on record type.

Claims

The records in S-1952 document the claims processing review procedures; evidentiary matrices; and logistics for claim payments submitted to the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC). The function of S-1952 is derived from the Secretary-General’s bulletin: Records of the United Nations Compensation Commission (ST/SGB/2007/10), dated 29 June 2007. S-1952 is arranged according to the six claim categories, “A” - “F”; in addition to Palestinian and Bedouin claims that fell under the late claims programme.

Category 'A' claims were submitted by individuals who departed from Kuwait or Iraq during the period between Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 and the date of the cease-fire on 2 March 1991. Category “A” records document the processing of claims for the first instalment and establishes methodologies for expediting future instalments. The records include: diagrams depicting work-flows; task lists developed to establish an improved workflow for future instalments; memoranda analysing fundamental issues regarding the processing of “A” claims; examples of “A” claim forms to be filled out by governments or international organizations; workflows for the computerized verification of “A” claims; guidelines for the preparation of arrival and departure records; guidelines for the matching programme; and protocols for processing duplicate claims.

The records also contain meeting minutes from working sessions with the “A” claims panel of Commissioners. These meetings were attended by the Commissioners as well as by the Executive Secretary, the Deputy Executive Secretaries, and the Secretariat’s legal staff. Meeting minutes contain updates on claims processing, including: analysis of methodologies for matching claims; review of the verification of claims; and developments in the processing of other claim categories.

In addition, there are departure reports that contain correspondence by the submitting Government describing its National Claims Programme and detailing claims statistics as well as summary reports that identify inconclusive and insufficient claims. The records also document a sampling of “A” claims and detail the methodology and guidelines for review of samples; statistical analyses; correspondence and memoranda addressing the handling of problems with submitting entities; progress reports; and reference material.

Category 'B' claims were submitted by individuals who suffered serious personal injury or whose spouse, child or parent died as a result of Iraq's invasion and occupation of Kuwait. Category “B” records contain correspondence, memoranda and reports outlining methodologies, guidelines and submission criteria. There are also workflow diagrams; instructions for filling out “B” claim forms, with sample forms; examples of required documentation, including health and birth certificates; summary and progress reports on the work accomplished; memoranda and correspondence that detail filing deadlines; explanations of how the filing process works and how to address factual and legal issues encountered in “B“ claims; as well as revisions and refinements to improve claims processing. The records also contain handwritten meeting minutes from working sessions with the “B” claims panel of Commissioners; agendas; and original signed reports and recommendations.

In addition, there are evidentiary and background materials assembled by UNCC or submitted by the Public Authority for Assessment of Compensation for Damages Resulting from Iraqi Aggression (PAAC). These contain non-papers; witness statements; statistical and historical information on countries; explanations of damages sustained; definitions of medical conditions caused or exacerbated by the Iraqi invasion; memoranda identifying after-effects that warrant compensation; and detailed explanations of how the evidence was collected.

Category 'C' claims were individual claims for damages of up to US$100,000 each. Category 'C' claims included twenty-one different types of losses, such as those relating to departure from Kuwait or Iraq; personal injury; mental pain and anguish; loss of personal property; loss of bank accounts, stocks and other securities; loss of income; loss of real property; and individual business losses. Within each loss type, claims were made for a variety of loss elements. Category 'C' claims were among the most complicated because almost anything connected with the lives, livelihood and possessions of individuals in Iraq or Kuwait at the time of the invasion could be the subject of a claim. The complexity associated with processing 'C' claims required the resolution of a myriad of legal, factual, evidentiary and valuation issues, and was compounded by the fact that more than 415,000 category “C” claims were filed. In addition, the Central Bank of the Government of Egypt submitted a consolidated 'C' claim on behalf of more than 800,000 workers in Iraq for the non-transfer of remittances by Iraqi banks to beneficiaries in Egypt. This consolidated Egyptian 'C' claim comprised 1,240,000 individual claims with an asserted value of approximately US$491 million.

Category “C” losses were organized into the following nine groups for filing purposes: “C1” claims for expenses incurred and other costs related to departure, inability to leave, or a decision not to return to Iraq or Kuwait, or from mental pain and anguish associated with hostage taking or other illegal detention; “C2” claims for medical expenses related to personal injury or from witnessing the intentional infliction of serious injury on a spouse, child, or parent; “C3” claims for compensation for the death of the claimant's spouse, child or parent; “C4” claims for loss of personal property; “C5” claims for losses related to bank accounts, stocks and other securities; “C6” claims for employment-related losses such as unpaid salaries and wages or for loss of financial support; “C7” claims for real property losses including costs of repairs; “C8” claims for individual business losses; a ninth 'catch-all' loss type was also included. Claimants were also able to request compensation for mental pain and anguish (MPA), subject to the standards and limitations set forth in Decisions 3 and 8 of the Governing Council for loss types 'C1', 'C2', 'C3', and 'C6'.

The records contain correspondence, reports and memoranda addressing the development of methodologies used for filing and evaluating different types of “C” claims. These include specific instructions and guidelines for each type of claim; examples of different types of “C” claim forms; examination and analysis of potential and actual issues that arose during the process, for instance the problem of double claiming of business losses; and comparisons to other types of claims, including matching between categories “B” and “C” to eliminate overlapping claims.

In addition, the records are also composed of correspondence, reports and memoranda detailing the results of pilot sample studies and establishing guidelines; development of a statistical model to allow mass payment; suggestions and recommendations for improvements and adjustments; development of a compensation formula and an explanation of how it works; reviews and summary reports on claims filed; valuation information, including who is eligible, what constitutes damage, and outlining any limits on claimant entitlements; datasets and detailed statistical information; formulas with explanation of calculations; analysis of data anomalies and outliers; graphs with distribution of claims by type; and computer action requests (CARs). The records also include meeting minutes from working sessions; agendas; and original signed reports with specific recommendations of the category “C” panel of Commissioners.

Category “C” records also contain reference material sent by PAAC to UNCC that provide detailed statistical and historical information on foreign populations living and working in Iraq and Kuwait before the war, their methods of departure, and the effect the invasion had on them. These documents contain affidavits and background material on the inheritance law in Kuwait and on currency exchange as well as decrees and laws of Kuwait from the private and public sectors. There are also reports produced by Adjusters International (AI), a disaster recovery consulting organization that assisted PAAC in preparing its war reparations submissions to UNCC. A compendium of Iraqi documents left behind by Iraq forces after the occupation of Kuwait is organized into four volumes and covers topics related to arrest, detention, or execution; the Ruling Family; confiscation of goods; and transport of goods to Iraq.

Reference material compiled by UNCC are organized by the following countries: Iraq, Kuwait, Egypt, Pakistan, Jordan, Palestine, India, and Sri Lanka and other countries in Asia. The reference material contains articles from various publications, including legal journals; selected laws pertaining to a specific country relevant to category “C” claims; and country profiles and reports. A portion of records composed of other reference material from publications not organized by country focus primarily on past corporate legal cases such as: Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited (Belgium v. Spain) and International Technical Products Corporation v. Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Category “D” claims were individual claims for more than US$100,000 for various losses. These were similar to category “C” and used comparable methodologies and guidelines. Category “D” claims were organized into the following groups: “D1” claims for departure costs, and metal pain and anguish resulting from being taken hostage, illegally detained or forced to hide; “D2” claims for damages arising from personal injury; “D3” claims for death; “D4” claims for losses of personal property including motor vehicles; “D5” claims for loss of bank accounts and securities; “D6” claims for loss of income; “D7” claims for real property losses; “D8” and “D9” claims for business losses; “D10” claims for losses arising from relief payments; and a miscellaneous “D” category for any losses not covered elsewhere.

The records contain correspondence, memoranda and reports dealing with methodologies; guidelines for review of various types of “D” claims; valuation sheets; standard operating procedures (SOPs) for all types of “D” claims; refinement of claim methodologies; audit of “D” claims; examples of “D” claim forms and instructions for completing them; instructions on re-categorisation of loss types; and explanation of selection criteria. The records also contain meeting minutes from working sessions with the “D1” panel of Commissioners, agendas; and original signed procedural orders for instalments and decisions.

At the forty-second session of the Governing Council held in December 2001, the Council established a late claims programme for Palestinians who could demonstrate that they did not have a full and effective opportunity to file during UNCC’s regular filing period for individual claims from 1 January 1992 to 1 January 1996. The bulk of records concerning the Palestinian late claims focus on the five instalments under category “C”. These records are composed of memoranda, correspondence and reports that provide review and analysis of claims required for the different instalments; correspondence on improving quality assurance; reports and recommendations of the panel of Commissioners; results from testing of claims processing and compensation modules; and results of matching claims to determine claimants’ eligibility. In addition, there are memoranda and correspondence submitted by the Palestinian Authority (PA) enumerating the reasons that prevented Palestinians from filing claims on-time, including the frequent closure of checkpoints in the Gaza Strip; a lack of information in the press; and confusion on filing deadlines.

The records also include summaries regarding the issue of duplicate claims; computer action reports (CARs); guidelines for data-entry; proposals for the computation of compensation; a “Reasons Review of Palestinian Late Claims,” manual; worksheets and forms for applicants to justify late filing; procedures for identifying irregularities in Palestinian late claims; data entry guidelines; comparative analysis datasets; workflow charts and work-plans as well as reference material used to assist in the preparation of working sessions with the panels of Commissioners. The records also contain meeting minutes of the panel of Commissioners.

At the forty-seventh session of the Governing Council held in March 2003, the Government of Kuwait requested the Council’s authorization to file “late claims” on behalf of the Bedouin, a community that has lived in Kuwait for many years and over several generations and have frequently served in the police and the armed forces of Kuwait. Most members of the Bedouin community were not granted nationality by Kuwait or any other country. The Panel noted with regret that no Government or authority accepted responsibility for filing claims on behalf of the Bedouin community during the regular filing period. Consequently, members of the Bedouin community were unable to claim the full compensation that was available to other claimants.

After considerable deliberation of the Government of Kuwait’s request, the Governing Council concluded that claims had not been filed on behalf of the Bedouin community for various historical and political reasons. Since the Bedouins had suffered losses during Iraq’s invasion and occupation of Kuwait and based on humanitarian considerations, the Governing Council established a special late claims programme for the Bedouin (the Bedouin programme) at its fifty-second session held from 29 June to 2 July 2004. Under the programme a fixed amount of US$2,500 would be awarded to each Bedouin who met the criteria established by the Council and reflected in decision 225.

The records documenting Bedouin late claims include examples of claim forms with a list of required documents needed by claimants; examples of documents submitted by claimants, including hiring contracts, leases and partnership agreements; update reports on the programme; workflow documentation; a “Kuwait Mission” report that detailed the results of a mission by a UNCC team to Kuwait to interview and screen potential claimants; results of a Bedouin sampling project; reference and historical documentation on the Bedouin community; and memoranda from PAAC responding to questions submitted by UNCC. The records also contain “D1” meeting minutes of the panel of Commissioners.

Category 'E' claims were claims filed by corporations, other private legal entities, and public sector enterprises. They included claims for: construction or other contract losses; losses from the non-payment for goods or services; losses relating to the destruction or seizure of business assets; loss of profits; and oil sector losses. Category “E” claims were organized into the following groups: “E1” for oil sector claims; “E2” for non-Kuwaiti corporations that did not fall into any of the other sub-categories of 'E' claims; “E3” claims for non-Kuwaiti corporations related to construction and engineering, excluding those involved in the oil sector; and “E4” claims from Kuwaiti corporations, excluding those relating to the oil sector.

Category “E” records contain memoranda and correspondence detailing verification and valuation methodologies; summary of steps in the verification programme; workflow charts; briefing notes on legal and jurisdictional issues; requests for correction of previously approved awards; a “Report on the Stand Alone Claim Mission to Jordan and Syria;” protocol for adjustment of awards between competing “C”, “D”, and “E” claims; and criteria and examples of questions to use when evaluating overlapping claims. In addition, records are also composed of reference materials submitted by PAAC including auditor’s reports; financial statements; company lists; copies of Iraqi documents showing evidence of malicious damage perpetrated by the Iraqi Army; as well as background information on Kuwaiti recovery efforts immediately after the war.

Category “E” records also contain historical reference and research documentation such as translated copies of various Kuwaiti laws; excerpts from published legal precedents and judgements such as Portugal v. Germany (1930) and the Lusitania Cases (1923); photographs of damage to Kuwaiti infrastructure; memoranda on the Kuwait Difficult Debt Settlement Programme and the Private Vehicle Loan Exemption Programme; and UNCC requests for additional evidentiary information. In addition, category “E” records include meeting minutes and agendas from working sessions with the “E1” and “E2” panels of Commissioners.

Category 'F' claims were filed by Governments and international organizations for losses incurred in evacuating citizens; providing relief to citizens; damage to diplomatic premises and loss of, and damage to, other government property; and damage to the environment. Category 'F' claims were organized into four groups: “F1' claims were for losses incurred in connection with the departure and evacuation of individuals and for damage to property belonging to Governments and to international organizations; 'F2'claims were filed by the Governments of Jordan and Saudi Arabia; 'F3' were filed by the Government of Kuwait, excluding environmental claims; and 'F4' claims were for damage to the environment. Most of the 'F3' claims included multiple types of loss, such as damage to government buildings, loss of equipment, loss of the value of work carried out by contractors prior to the invasion and relief provided to the Kuwaiti population. The 'F4' claims fell into two broad groups: the first group comprised claims for environmental damage and the depletion of natural resources in the Persian Gulf region including those resulting from oil-well fires and the discharge of oil into the sea; the second group consisted of claims for costs incurred by Governments outside of the region for aid to countries that were directly affected by the environmental damage. This assistance included relief for damage caused by the oil-well fires; the prevention and clean-up of pollution; and the provision of manpower and supplies. In addition, a sub-category of mixed 'E/F' claims was also identified relating to export guarantee and insurance claims.

Category “F” records contain meeting minutes from working sessions with “F1”, “F2”, “F3”, “F4”, and “E/F” panels of Commissioners. The meeting minutes address the review of preliminary claim summaries including the evaluation of specific claims; updates on UNCC activities; review of different reports by UNCC such as “Currency Conversion Rate to Convert Amounts in Iranian Rials into US dollars, Preliminary Report: On-Site Technical Mission to Egypt;” and briefings on technical missions.

“F1” records include methodologies; claim review procedures; and memoranda and reports addressing the verification and valuation of claims and evidentiary standards. “F2” records document the verification and valuation of claims through reports such as the report titled “F2/2 Claims Instalment: Consultants’ General Report” that provided expert advice to the UNCC-appointed panel of Commissioners with respect to verification and valuation of amounts claimed by the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for losses incurred from Iraq’s invasion and occupation of Kuwait. The UNCC classified these claims as the second instalment of the “F2” claims (“F2/2” claims). The report titled “F2 Government Claims: Jordan: Alternate Methodology” outlines an alternative methodology to verify the humanitarian aid elements of the “F2” Jordan claims by explaining why an alternative methodology was developed and how it would be applied.

“F3” records include procedures for claim processing; verification and valuation; and record keeping. In addition, there are decision notes produced from meetings with the “F3” panel of Commissioners. “F4” records contain transcripts of oral proceedings for the second, third and fourth instalments. In addition, the “F4” records also include monitoring and assessment guidelines; reports and memoranda on tracking progress of environmental monitoring and assessment projects pursuant to Governing Council Decision 132; reports and memoranda for plans on the assessment of valuation review of claims for the third and fourth instalments; and background material documenting the transition from the tracking programme to the Follow-up Programme.

Records documenting the Follow-up Programme include reports issued by the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. PME is the government body in charge of environment related issues in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and provides meteorological information as well as weather prediction. The reports include: 'Uses of the Risk Assessment and Survey Results to Design other Long-term Studies to Support their Findings: Final Report: Planning Document for a Long-term Health and Exposure Study in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia;' '7th Biannual Report: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Remediation and Restoration Programme;” and the 'Outstanding Issues Report for Consideration at the 75th Session of the Governing Council: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Remediation and Restoration Programme.' Follow-up Programme records also contain reports issued by the National Focal Points and Independent Reviewers of Iran, Kuwait and Jordan.

The Verification and Valuation Support Branch (VVSB) and the Legal Service Branch (LSB) were both a part of the Claims Processing Division within the Office of the Executive Secretary. The two branches worked closely in the valuation of claims. LSB handled all organizational work related to the task of claims review, but when new issues arose, its teams worked with VVSB and the panels of Commissioners to develop appropriate methodologies.

VVSB records contain memoranda and correspondence dealing with valuation, verification, workflows and methodologies of category “D” and “E” claims, including an indemnity valuation guide provided by PAAC; valuation of intellectual property with discussions of specific cases; verification program methodologies; progress reports and other types of reports including “Evaluation of Losses Arising from the Destruction of Property.” In addition, there are operating and instructional manuals including “D4 Personal Property Training Manual,” “D7 (Real Property) Training Manual,” “D Miscellaneous Loss Types Training Manual,” “VVSB Tool Kit to the “E4” Methodology;” as well as a manual for new UNCC staff. The records also contain meeting minutes from working sessions with “D4” claims panel of Commissioners.

LSB records include correspondence and memoranda with corrections to previously filed claims, such as a provisional procedure for responding to Article 41 of the Provisional Rules for Claims Procedure (annexed to Decision 10 (1992)) that provided corrections to awards due to computational, clerical, typographical or other errors, in categories “D” - “F”; documentation of the investigation of duplicate claims and the attempts to return some previously expended funds; guidelines for reviewing claims that were either too low or too high; presentation slides, transparencies, and drafts of official UNCC reports.

Processing Archivists: Corinne O’Connor, Aleksandr Gelfand
Volume: 81 boxes

Registry Office

The Registry Office was established to receive and register all claims and supporting documentation submitted to the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC). S-1950 contains the reports and recommendations of the panel of Commissioners for consideration by the Governing Council, in addition to Procedural Orders. The function of S-1950 is derived from the Secretary-General’s bulletin: Records of the United Nations Compensation Commission (ST/SGB/2007/10), dated 29 June 2007.

The reports and recommendations of the panels of Commissioners are organized by claim and instalment. Categories “A-F” are represented in addition to Palestinian late claims. The reports and recommendations feature the original signatures of the Commissioners. However, there are instances where the original signatures are not present. In addition, while there are Procedural Orders with original signatures of the Commissioners for Categories “D, E, F” claims, there are also instances where the original signatures are missing.

S-1950 contains 25 official bound volumes titled “Reports of the Panels of Commissioners.” These volumes collect the final versions of reports and recommendations by the panels of Commissioners that were made available to the general public. In addition, there are bound volumes titled “United Nations Security Council Resolutions Pertaining to the UNCC”; “Decisions of the UNCC Governing Council” (volumes 1 and 2); and “Article 41: Reports of the Executive Secretary.” All of the volumes were published in 2014.

Processing Archivists: Corinne O’Connor, Aleksandr Gelfand
Volume: 34 boxes

Governing Council

The Governing Council is the body of the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) that sets its policy within the framework of relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions. It established the criteria for the compensability of claims; rules and procedures for processing claims; guidelines for the administration and financing of the Compensation Fund; and outlined procedures for the payment of compensation. The records in S-1949 document Governing Council sessions 1 through 75 dating from 1991 to 2013. The function of S-1949 is derived from the Secretary-General’s bulletin: Records of the United Nations Compensation Commission (ST/SGB/2007/10), dated 29 June 2007.

The records are organized chronologically by session and include: working papers; conference room papers; correspondence from member states; session documents, including provisional agendas, schedules of meetings, lists of delegates; statements of delegates; reports of the Executive Secretary; draft decisions concerning individual claims; informational notes; press releases; fact sheets and conclusions; reports and recommendations of the panels of Commissioners; minutes from informal and formal meetings; reviews of UNCC procedures; procedural notes; proposals for adjustments to the UNCC budget; reports from the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS); and post session letters sent to the Security Council and the Secretary-General. S-1949 records also address topics such as the Follow-up Programme for environmental awards; UNCC archiving policy; and arrangements for ensuring payments were made to the Compensation Fund.

In addition, there is also correspondence and memoranda addressing administrative matters, such as communication between nominated candidates and the Office of the Executive Secretary (OES); announcements on the appointments of Commissioners; biographical information of Commissioners; and terms of reference.

Candidates for the position of Commissioner were chosen by the Executive Secretary, usually from a Register of Experts that had been established by the Secretary-General in 1991, that was regularly updated and maintained by the Secretariat. The Executive Secretary recommended the candidates to the Secretary-General, and if approved, the Secretary-General nominated them for the Governing Council’s decision. S-1949 includes records of the Register of Experts, containing lists of potential candidates and corresponding curricula vitae.

Processing Archivists: Corinne O’Connor, Aleksandr Gelfand
Volume: 45 boxes

United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) Index of Jurisprudence (IOJ) database

The United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) Index of Jurisprudence (IOJ) database is a searchable research and document retrieval database containing documentation related to the work of the Commission up to 2002. The Table of Contents listed for the IOJ Main Navigation Screen include: Resolutions of the Security Council; Reports and Recommendations made by the Panels of Commissioners; Summary Records of the Governing Council Sessions; Summaries of Activities (1991-2002); Reports on Articles (16 and 41); Responses to the Reports; Memoranda on Legal Issues; Notes Prepared by the Secretariat for the Governing Council; Secretariat Summaries of the Panel Reports; Working Papers Prepared for the Governing Council; Procedural Orders issued by Panels; as well as Governing Council and UNHQ (New York) Documents including Original Documents from May 1 and 2, 1991. There are also Lists of Documents by Session; Type; and Date. The Main page also includes a primer on using the UNCC Index of Jurisprudence and an Analytical Index.

The database provides cross-referencing capabilities across many different resources. A portion of IOJ records are official documents published by the United Nations; however there is variation between IOJ documents and the official versions. Official and working documents were reformatted in order to facilitate searches throughout the database. Once a search is completed and displayed as reformatted text, often times missing page and paragraph numbers, an official version can be viewed by clicking on the icon marked “Original Document” located at the top of the screen. Most links are functional with the exception of the Decisions of the Governing Council, which are not stored in the database, though they can be retrieved from http://www.uncc.ch. In addition, official UN documents can be retrieved directly from the “List of UNCC Documents by Type” section. All documents are retrievable within several table views found in “Documents by Session, Type, Date, and Original Documents,” and text is searchable within the body of the individual documents.

The “User’s Help Guide,” provided with the IOJ software, explains site and document navigation, search strategies, how to save searches, and how to use the analytical index. Furthermore, the “User’s Help Guide” provides detailed instructions for searching across the database, and points the researcher to special menus applications and functions that allow specific navigation to relevant groupings of documents called “Infobases” by using links within the on-screen documents. The “Analytical Index” provides searches for documents that are categorized by terms such as Expedited Procedures Generally, Evacuation Costs, Expropriation, and Deprivation of Economic Resources.

Office of the Executive Secretary (OES)

The records in S-1946 document the activities of the Office of the Executive Secretary (OES) of the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC). The records are organized by incoming, outgoing, and internal correspondence and memoranda. The bulk of records are dated 1991 to 2007, during the tenures of Executive Secretaries Carlos Alzamora (1991-1997), Jean-Claude Aime (1997-2001), and Rolf Knutsson (2001-2007). The function of S-1946 is derived from the Secretary-General’s bulletin: Records of the United Nations Compensation Commission (ST/SGB/2007/10), dated 29 June 2007.

Records containing outgoing correspondence and memoranda were created by the respective Executive Secretaries or by staff members of the OES and sent to various offices and persons throughout the United Nations System as well as to external entities including: the Secretary-General; the Chef de Cabinet; Office of the Spokesman for the Secretary-General; Department of Political Affairs (DPA); Office of Legal Affairs (OLA); Office of the Programme Planning Budget and Accounts (OPPBA) of the Department of Management (DM); Office of Internal Oversight (OIOS); United Nations Board of Auditors; Permanent Missions of member states; the Public Authority for Assessment of Compensation for Damages resulting from Iraqi Aggression (PAAC); and offices of international organizations that had submitted claims to the UNCC. The correspondence and memoranda pertain to: UNCC budget proposals; responses to the Iraq and Kuwait governments regarding claimants, awards, and governing council decisions; responses to audits conducted by OIOS and reports of the Board of Auditors; comments provided after review of draft reports; updates on the status of processing and payment of claims; and notes regarding the funding required for payment of awards to claimants.

Incoming correspondence and memoranda contain records sent to the Executive Secretary and OES staff members from individual claimants; lawyers representing individual and corporate claimants; Permanent Representatives to the United Nations; PAAC; and other departments, divisions, and offices of the United Nations System. These include requests from claimant nations asking for an extension to file additional claims; appeals regarding decisions made by the UNCC; statements made at Governing Council sessions; protests by the Iraqi delegation over the legality of the UNCC; letters of introduction for newly appointed ambassadors; lists with the names of mission delegates; invitations to conferences, commemorations, and other events held at the UN and elsewhere; audit certificate reports submitted by PAAC that detail successful and unsuccessful payments made to approved claimants; reports of experts and consultants; and staffing authorization.

Internal correspondence and memoranda contain records sent to and from the OES, Governing Council, and the Commissioners. These include meeting minutes of senior management, the Legal Services Branch (LSB), the Committee on Administrative Matters (CAM), and the Committee for Archives, and document security and supply procedures for the UNCC offices in Geneva; archives and records retention policy; and the construction of a claims database. In addition, there are reports authored by UNCC staff and experts investigating environmental claims through site visits to Kuwait, Iran, Jordan, and Syria; reports from site visits to other claimant nations that analyse and document the competency of filing and payment mechanisms; as well as reports documenting instalment payments of D, E, and F claims. The records also detail issues encountered during the processing of claims such as late filing, overpayment, and duplicate claims.

Internal correspondence and memoranda document the administrative management of the UNCC Secretariat and contain information on staff appointments, promotions, and training; invoices submitted by staff members for reimbursement; travel itineraries; background checks; curricula vitae; personnel reviews.; balance sheets with monthly revenues and expenses of the Compensation Fund; and budget planning and requests for upcoming years.

A small portion of S-1946 records contain summary reports apprising the Secretary-General of the progress of the UNCC; notes and briefs from informal meetings and consultations; drafts of budget proposals and amendments; correspondence sent to regular sessions of the Governing Council; and records documenting the task of securing funding for the UNCC before Iraq agreed to contribute to the Compensation Fund through Security Council resolution 705 (1991).

Processing Archivists: Corinne O’Connor, Aleksandr Gelfand
Volume: 45 boxes

Government Mission Access (GMA) database

The United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) Government Mission Access (GMA) database was designed to provide secure online access to governments and submitting entities to process, distribute, and query their country’s claim award, payment, and refund information for claims submitted. The GMA system accurately reflects award, payment and refund activity of the UNCC until 27 September 2007. Subsequent payments made to successful claimants are not reflected in the GMA system.

The database was created with an Apache server, PHP language and Firebird databases. The system was secured by passwords and RSA cards. The central design and purpose of the database, to provide secure access to governments and submitting entities, allowed access to reference information for their claims only, which were updated by UNCC staff each evening. For the purpose of their work, the version of the GMA database used by UNCC staff was modified so that all countries could be referenced, albeit one at a time. Presently, when the database is viewed, the UNCC staff version is accessed.

The Main Navigation Screen allows for Claims Information searches by name, identification number, and country/entities within 15 Claim Categories. The results to queries are displayed in a Claims Detail Screen that provides information about awards, payment history, refunds, Instalment numbers, as well as a link to the relevant Governing Council Decision documents. Claim status and awards can also be queried through the Summary Reporting feature using search values such as the National Reference Number or Individual Claim Identifiers. The Main Navigation Screen provides ready access to the Governing Council Decisions displayed as a table of decisions pertaining to awards and payments. The Governing Council Decisions from 1991 to 2007 that are accessible within the database include: S/AC.26/1991/1 through 7/Rev.1; S/AC.26/1992/8 through 16; S/AC.26/Dec. 17 (1994) through S/AC.26/265 (2007). Subsequent decisions adopted by the Governing Council can be viewed at http://www.uncc.ch/decisions-governing-council (as of December 2016).

The Main Navigation Screen’s UNCC Documents - System User Guide also contains a 12-page document that provides instructions for secure log-on procedures and tips on navigating the site.

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