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United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC) (1960-1964) Series
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Stanleyville Branch Office - Cables

Series consists of incoming and outgoing cables, telegrams, handwritten cables, lists of telegrams, memoranda, business cards, correspondence, passenger manifests, and situation reports. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: flooding of Congolese River; food transport and requests; burning of villages; UN personnel; visits by UN personnel; transport and storage of medicine; civil servants strike; rabies outbreak; repatriated refugees; finances; attacks on planters on plantations; agriculture project; attacks on UN staff; Red Cross; USSR states that it will not contribute funds to UN peace keeping operation in the Congo; air operations; beatings and arrests of three WHO doctors; and meteorological stations. Correspondents include R. Gardiner; S. Habib Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; S. Linner; Ben Twigt; A.C. Gilpin; Mr. Gauvreau, Chief, Personnel Office; Nancy Gray; S. Tselentis, Administrative Officer, ONUC; Thomas de Candia, Chief Finance Officer, Leopoldville; M.V. Beraud, Administrative Officer; E. Pokorny, Finance Officer; F.J. Tickner; John B. Saccheri, Engineer, Public Works Program, Stanleyville; W. Micuta; E. Esteban, Officer-in-Charge, ICAO, Stanleyville; and K.H. Englund, Chief Civilian Affairs Officer, Stanleyville. Arranged in general topical sequence, and therein chronologically.

Stanleyville Branch Office - Chronological Reference

Series consists of correspondence, minutes of staff conferences, incoming and outgoing cables, code cables, translations, drafts, reports, log sheets, audit reports, handwritten documents, and administration circulars. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: gasoline allocations; vehicle maintenance; military operations; military information and personnel; accomodations for UN personnel and civilians; black market activities; movement of refugees; refugee property; Dag Hammarskjold ceremony; scheme for protection and evacuation of refugees from Bukavu; food supplies and transportation. Correspondents include Mr. Khiary, Chief of Civilian Operations; Gen. Mac Eoin, Force Commander; S. Habib Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; E. Bellinger, Chief PX Officer; Nancy Osborne, Chief Personnel Officer; Charles Taff, Special Legal Advisor; Sture Linner, Officer-in-Charge, ONUC, Leopoldville; Ralph Bunche; R. Gardiner, Officer-in-Charge; and J. Rolz-Bennett, Civilian Affairs Officer, Elizabethville. Arranged chronologically.

Elizabethville Branch Office - Non-Registry

Series consists of several loosely defined sub-series: correspondence, Joint Enquiry Commission on Mercenaries official UN documents, Mercenaries and Political Advisors case files, subject files of various officials (Special Assistant to Chief UN Representative, Civilian Affairs Officer, etc.), and others. Records include correspondence, incoming and outgoing cables, code cables, memoranda, telegrams, reports, minutes of meetings, interview transcriptions, photographs, maps, diagrams, instructions, estimates, personal items, budgets, press clippings, press releases, and lists. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: US food aid; evacuation plan for Katanga; protests against alleged violations by UN of cease fire agreement; arrivals and departures in Katanga; food shortages; National Reconciliation Plan; UN posistion in the event of ANC entry into Katanga; military and civilian relations; reopening of trade between Katanga, Kasai, and Kivu; military operations; cease fire agreement; reactivation of CFL Railway; damage to railway installation; looting of Tunisian Camp; misuse of water supplies by ONUC personnel; Belgian mercenaries travelling disguised as priests; mercenary case files; refugees; British Nationals as mercenaries; instructions for the mixed commission of UN, ANC and Civilian Police representatives; civil aviation issues and practices; Public Works Projects; accounts of torture at the hands of the Katanges; education; finance; production and income in the Congo; promotions of ONUC personnel; measures to secure public order; and theft of ONUC vehicles. Correspondents include Sture Linner; Roger Polgar; M. Rolz-Bennett; E.W. Mathu; Robert Gardiner; George Ivan Smith; M. Khiary; S. Ahmed-Habib; Ben T. Twight; J.H. Amonoo; G. Ghaleb; and Michael Tomblain. Arranged in sub-series sequence.

Mbandaka Branch Offices (formerly known as Coquilhatville)

Series consists of forms, itineraries, memoranda, monthly reports, receipts, weekly situation reports, cables, handwritten notes, inventories, letters, contracts, drafts, lists, teleprinter printouts, accident reports, cargo manifests, bulletins, transcript of a press conference, brochures, air way bills. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: technical assistance; flight schedules; accommodations; wearing of UN headgear and clothing by non-UN personnel; actions by the Air Operations Technical Assistance Board; transfer of vehicles to UNESCO; travel across Congo border; travel claims; disposal of UN property; staff reductions; health programs; public works programs; education programs; vacancy notices; appointments; letters of application; civilian staff strength; maintenance and repair of UN vehicles. Correspondents include F. Scheller, Administrative Officer, Bukavu; B. Beruander, Administrative Officer, Elisabethville; J. Medina, Acting Administrative Officer, Stanleyville; A.E. Saenger, Deputy Resident Representative, Administration; B.F. Osorio-Tafall, Resident Representative and Director of Special Fund Programmes; John M. Saunders, Deputy Resident Representative, Administration. Date of establishment occurred on 14/07/1960 by Security Resolution 143 (1960). The date of dissolution was 30/06/1964.

Force Commander - Registry

Series consists of correspondence, handwritten documents, administrative circulars, itineraries, agendas, forms, invoices, minutes of conferences, brochures, reports, aide-memoires, Congo medals designs, maps, diagrams, memoranda, business cards, resolutions, notes-verbale, photographs, and agreements. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: visits to the Congo by VIP's; phasing out of UN troops; resolution of Unity in the Congo; escape and capture of mercenaries; transfer of prisoners; organization of hospitals; detainment and abuse of UN personnel by ANC; situation in Katanga; mining in the Congo; security; personnel; Congolese Parliament; Congolese Government; incidents; and the railway system. Correspondents include Max Dorsinville, Officer-in-Charge; Andrew Cordier, Special Representative of the Secretary-General; Ben Twigt, Chief Administrative Officer; U. Thant, Secretary-General; Major General Charles R. Kaldager, ONUC Force Commander, UN Headquarters, New York; S. Habib-Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; Ralph J. Bunche, Under-Secretary for Special Political Affairs; R. Gardiner, Officer-in-Charge, ONUC; C.C. Von Horn, Supreme Commander; Sture Linner, Chief of Civilian Operations; and Major General I.J. Rikhye, Military Advisor to the Secretary-General. NOTE: Expunge sensitive/personal information (e.g. medical information, national identity and passport information) before releasing records for access. Arranged in filing number order.

Force Commander - Non-Registry

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, reports, code cables, incoming and outgoing cables, situation reports, illustrations, maps, minutes of meetings, photographs, press releases, information circulars, and administrative circulars. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: ANC; movement of troops; Congolese Army; violence between UN personnel and Congolese; fighting between ANC and UN troops; theft and recovery of UN vehicles; labor strikes; debate in UN over Kruschev and Hammarskjold; Coud d'Etat in Congo; violence against Europeans in Congo; military operations; military build up; withdrawal of troops from provinces; provisions of foodstuffs and equipment; sacking, looting, and rapes committed by ANC troops; murder of Europeans; bread poisening in Goma; road blocks; destruction of bridges; cease-fire in Katanga; refugee camps; unlawful importation of arms, ammunition, and military equipment; operation 'Rum Punch'; explosion in Kindu; curfews; customs issues at ports; ex-gendarmes; and entrances into Ruandan territory. Correspondents include Lg. Normandin, Liason Officer to ANC; Wf. Wiltshire, Chief Air Transport Officer; General M. Eoin, Force Commander, Leopoldville; General Mobutu, Commander in Chief, ANC; Major Ce. Davidsson; A.C. Gilpin, Special Assitant to the Officer-in-Charge; O. Jackman, OPI; Ambassador R. Dayal, Special Representative of the Secretary-General; J.G. Poulin, Chief of Military Operations; Ben Twigt, Chief Logistics Officer; N. Boskovic, Senior Consultant; K. Gordon, Chief OPI; and Major General A. F. Klintberg, Deputy Force Commander. Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Force Commander - Cables

Series consists of incoming/Outgoing cables, code cables, memoranda, correspondence, handwritten notes, newspaper clippings, diagrams, and maps. Subjects include airlifting equipment; airlifing personnel; airfield security; death of tribal chiefs; entertainment of troops; high level talks involving UN officials; troop transportation; road blocks; theft of vehicles; deployment of troops; looting; destruction of civilian property; propaganda leaflets; evacuation of civilians; traffic accidents; mercenaries; repatriation via air; striking workers; destruction of UN property; escalation of violence; smuggling activities; Kalonjist movement; court of inquiry; departure of UN staff; itineraries; riots; capture of arms and munitions; death of troops; prisoners of war; Katangese gendarmes; cease-fire; illegal diamond trade; destruction of bridges; refugees; refugee camps; relief supplies; flooding; problems with paracommandos; violent incidents; stores of meats and vegetables; killing of civilians by UN soldiers; refugee trains; and bombings by Katangese. Correspondents include W.F. Wiltshire, Chief, Air Transport Operations; Max Dorsinville; Carey Seward; S. Linner; J. Aguiyi-Ironsi, Force Commander; Ralph Bunche; Lt. Col. J. Cooney, Air Commander; R. Gardiner, Chief of Staff; Lt. Col. Mattimore, Force Commander; Col. O'Brien; President Tshombe; J. Rolz-Bennett, ONUC Representative; and Major B.P. Bhalla, Chief, Military Operations. Arranged by town of operations in two alphabetical sequences.

Force Commander - Headquarters Commander - Registry

Series consists of memoranda, correspondence, reports, handwritten notes, reports, information circulars, receipts, vouchers, administrative orders, administrative circulars, and cables. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: civilian complaints; personnel; company strength; reduction of staff; civilian employees; loss of merchandise; ration system; black market; UN medal; Camp Martini; court of inquiry; operating procedures; accomodations; furnishings; and detainees. Correspondents include S.P. Jamieson, Deputy Provost Marshall; M.O. Bissonnette, Headquarters Commandant; P.J. O'Reilly, Supervisor, Civilian Staff; Major Chawdry, Logisitics Coordinator; Major Puri, Logistics Planning; Major Chopra, Logistics Statistics; Major Mark Strom, Transit Camp Martini; Major R.W. Parker, Force Provost Marshal; and D. Manson, Chief of Maintenance and Furnishing Branch. Arranged in filing number order.

Force Commander - Military Operations Branch - Registry

Series consists of correspondence, incoming and outgoing cables, code cables, lists, memoranda, telegrams, translations, base orders, receipts, vouchers, health circulars, handwritten documents, administrative circulars, information circulars, situation reports, minutes of conferences, minutes of meetings, certificates, log sheets, and aide-memoires. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: personnel; movement of troops; treatment of tribal chiefs; evacuation of European nuns and priests; movement of refugees; diamond smuggling; captured and surrendered weapons and munitions; cease-fire; movement of medical teams; pillaging and looting; various military operations including: Jumbo, Wilma, and Simba. Correpondents include S. Linner, Chief of Civilian Operations and TAB Resident Representative; Colonel James J. Quinn, Acting Chief of Staff; C.C. Von Horn, General Supreme Commander; R. Dayal, Special Representative of the Secretary-General; S. Habib Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; M. Gauveau, Acting Base Administrator, Kamina; Peter J. Hazou, Chief of General Services; Lieut. Colonel J.G. Poulin, Chief Military Operations; and Colonel J. Guha, Chief of Staff. Arranged in filing number order.

Force Commander - Chronological Reference

Series consists of letters, force routine orders, memoranda, situation reports, military police reports, minutes of meetings, invoices, contracts, price lists, equipment lists, copies of incoming and outgoing cables, copies of news reports, and administrative circulars. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: accounts of accidents; organization of a Congo military college; history of the Congolese National Army; Congolese legal structure; views of the UNIMO youth organisation; Congolese National Air Force; notes on the atmosphere for pilots; reports of ballistics experts; use of the Congo Force Publique; health and medical care of troops; telephone service; incidents at the refugee camp; foreign brigades, especially Tunisian Brigade; rations; reports of the WHO advisory team; Operation Bee-Hive; Congolese complaints about UN personnel; and a copy of the Congo New Highway Code. Correspondents include General Sean MacEoin, Force Commander; Major General J.T.U. Aguiyi-Ironsi, Force Commander; Colonel B.L. Kapoor, Senior Medical Staff Doctor; Major Nielsen, Chief of Movement Control; Colonel Lasmar, Commander of the Tunisian Brigade; Lieutenant Colonel N. N. Madan, Chief Logistics Officer; Moise Tshombe, President of Katanga; General Kebbede Guebre, Force Commander; General Chr. R. Kaldager, Force Commander; Major General G.L. Yacob, Deputy Force Commander; S.H. Ahmed, Chief Administrative Officer; Mr. Khiary, Chief of Civilian Operations; General Carl Carlson Van Horn, Supreme Force Commander; General H. Kettani, Officiating Supreme Force Commander; and General Iyassu Mengasha, Force Commander. Date of establishment occurred on 14/07/1960 by Security Resolution 143 (1960). The date of dissolution was 30/06/1964.
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