- 1943 - 1949
As first conceived, the Division of Industrial Rehabilitation was a separate entity within UNRRA, responsible directly to the Director General. Not until 26 June 1944 was it established as a division within the Bureau of Supply, combining the responsibilities therefore assigned to the Division of Industrial Rehabilitation, the Division of Industrial Equipment of the Bureau of Supply, and the Division of Raw Materials of the Bureau of Supply. A structure for the division was devised consisting of a Requirements and Supply Section and a Technical Section. Subsequently this organizational structure was changed and commodity sections established.
The supplies provided by UNRRA in the industrial rehabilitation program can be divided into four broad categories:
(1) Highway, railway, and water transport equipment.
(2) Coal and other fuel, and lubricants.
(3) Materials for the restoration of public utilities, for provision of shelter, and for the repair of highways.
(4) Materials and equipment necessary for the restoration of essential industries.
In brief, the duties and responsibilities of this division were as follows:
To collect and analyze all necessary information for the preparation of requests for allocations of supplies, including available information on the state of industry and condition of industrial plants.
To examine import programs submitted by both paying and non-paying governments and to suggest substitutes or changes in these programs.
To examine the capacities of countries and decide which are best suited to produce and supply materials and equipment for the relief and rehabilitation of liberated areas.
To develop specifications and standards and to prepare the necessary procurement orders for materials, equipment and supplies which are to be produced.
To make arrangements with national procurement authorities for the timely scheduling and delivery of the commodities to be procured.
To establish pools of equipment and material and to determine priorities.
To act as technical adviser and consultant to the Administration; to cooperate fully with the Standing Technical Committee on Industrial Rehabilitation and its Sub-committees.