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United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) (1943-1946) Série organique
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Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Studies of Migration and Settlement

The Welfare Divisions of UNRRA was organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

British Zone Headquarters

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration UNRRA/Germany Mission: British Zone in Lemgo

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, periodic reports including narrative description and statistics, meeting minutes, and policy and procedures relating to the administration and operations of the British Zone. The series consists of the following subjects: protective officer; finance; travel; transport; administration; communications and records; property accounting; personnel; field operations; employment; volunteer services; child search; eligibility and care; repatriation; reports and statistics; Celle Field Supervisor; and unclassified subject files including medical officer, employment, finance, supply and transport, area teams, and teams.


French Zone - Team and Camp Files - Haslach

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)/Germany Mission: French Zone (Haslach)

Series consists of notes of service, district and general bulletins, accident reports and claims, personnel materials (including lists, permissions, transfers, terminations, statistics, and pay), lists of repatriated persons, documents related to unaccompanied children, strength returns, weekly reports of assembly centers, camp newspapers, ephemera (such as posters and invitations), technical instructions, reports on infectious diseases and sickness, correspondence, memoranda, and photographs. Subjects include welfare services; repatriement; screening of displaced persons; employment; discipline and supervision; medical supplies; rations; clothing; transpor;, and police matters (citations). Correspondents include French Zone team directors; Chefs de Detachment; E. P. Moreland, Director of the Southern District; G. A. Bohn, District Employment Officer; Lieut.-General A. A. L. Mercier, Director of the North District; General C. A. Lenclud, Director, French Zone; and Lieut.-General F. E. Morgan, Chief of Operations, Germany.

Teams identified by number and location.


British Zone - Central Registry - Assembly Centres and Camps

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)/Germany Mission: British Zone (Lemgo), Central Registry

Series consists of medical reports and statistics, assembly center progress reports, nursing narrative reports, displaced person self-government reports, minutes of the Displaced Persons Committee, camp education reports, minutes of team meetings, situation reports, camp forms (blank), displaced persons publications, director's reports (monthly and narrative), exhibition pamphlets, repatriation reports, correspondence, memoranda, and photographs. Subjects include detention centers; camp accidents; admissions into trade schools; vocational training; Glynn Hughes Hospita;, repatriation from assembly centers; security; welfare and transport history; children's homes; and supplies. Correspondents include Brig. F. A. J. E. Marshall, Area Supervising Officer; Raphael Cilento, Director, British Zone; J. N. Wheatley, Medical Superintendent; and J. A. Greenwood, Field Supervisory Officer.


United States Zone - District Operation and Administration

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)/Germany Mission: United States Zone (Pasing), District Operation and Administration

Series consists of director's, division, field supervisor, army, accident, nursing, incident, and welfare reports, personnel materials (lists, statistics, terminations, transfers), bulletins, team correspondence and memoranda, liaison logs, tracing documents, personal names/lists of displaced persons, books and publications, organizational charts, and cash statements. Subjects include eligibility; zone protective service; displaced persons registration; displaced persons civil rights; the Kurhessen welfare program; inter-camp security; the riot at Polish Camp Altenstadt (9/5/1947; infiltrees; Jewish Affairs; population and census; employment programs; the formation of new teams; and the Regensburg Military Community. Correspondents include A. T. Berney Ficklin, District 1 Director; C. J. Williams, District 1 Director; A. C. Dunn, District 3 Director; S. B. Zisman, District 5 Director; J. H. Whiting, Zone Director; Alvin Guyler, Zone Director; and Vernon R. Kennedy, Zone Director.


Central Headquarters - Office of the Chief of Field Operations

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration UNRRA/Germany Mission: Central Headquarters in Arolsen, Department of Field Operations

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, orders, printed materials (UNRRA generated), blueprints, bi-weekly situation reports, displaced person registration forms, cables, welfare bulletins, administrative orders, newspaper clippings, and British and American Zone inspection reports. Subjects include child search and care; food rationing; unauthorized movement of displaced persons; eligibility for UNRRA assistance; the Hanau Work Training Center; camp publications; repatriation policies; camp inspections; Red Cross trains; and medical supplies. Correspondents include Denys Erlam, Chief Liaison Officer, Berlin; J. H. Whiting, Zone Director; Selene Gifford, Director, Welfare and Repatriation Division; and Lieut.-General F. E. Morgan, Chief of Operations, Germany.

Central Headquarters - Medical Section

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)/Germany Mission: Central Headquarters (Arolsen), Department of Field Operations, Medical Section

Series consists of reports of field visits, supply reports, consolidated monthly narrative reports, schedules of courses, memoranda, staff meeting minutes, consolidated communicable disease reports, monthly health reports, medical staff lists (personnel) and correspondence. Subjects include health policies; TB hospitals and sanatoriums; revision of forms for reports on health and communicable diseases; nutrition; dental exams; TB control; Elliot's Palestine Project; and Dr. Zborowski and Dr. Mintek's visits to Poland. Correspondents include E. E. Rhatigan, Deputy Director General, UNRRA; Sir Raphael Cilentro, Chief Medical Officer, UNRRA; and J. Balfour Kirk, Chief Medical Officer, Central Headquarters.

Actual series size: 3 boxes


British Zone Headquarters - Area Teams

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)/Germany Mission: British Zone (Lemgo) Central Registry (Series UN/BZ/HQ)

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, periodic reports, meeting minutes, bulletins, invitations, administrative orders, and executive instructions relating to the administration of area Teams in the British Zone. The series is organized by area Teams number and thereunder by subject categories. Teams included are 902, 908, 909, 910, 911, 912, 913, and 918. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: finances; employment; medical; child search Teams; emigration and repatriation of displaced persons. transport and supplies; field recruitment; voluntary societies; assembly centre statistical reports; tracing of displaced persons; centres for children and infants; and propaganda.


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