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United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) (1943-1946) Série organique
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Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Correspondence

The Welfare Divisions of UNRRA was organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Reports by Country

The Welfare Divisions of UNRRA was organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

Direct Procurement Division - Medical and Sanitation Supplies Branch - Executive Offices - Country Files

"The Direct Procurement Division first came into being as a Section of the Procurement Coordination Division in the spring of 1944. On 9 May 1946 the Direct Procurement Branch was given full divisional status. On 1 Oct. 1946 the purchasing functions of the Purchase Section, Purchase and Supply Branch, Administrative Services Division were transferred to the Direct Procurement Division, which consequently became the sole procurement agency of the Administration Printing and duplicating work and the planning and authorization of requirements remained. The primary and basic functions of the Division were: To purchase small quantities of urgently required commodities with non-convertible funds which it would have been uneconomical to channel through the normal machinery of United States Government purchase, i.e. Treasury Procurement, US Department of Agriculture etc. To negotiate procurement, using Free Funds, in markets which were outside the sphere of normal US Government activities, e. g. War Surplus Stores etc. To procure administrative supplies, PX, Commissary and Camp Supplies for UNRRA field missions. To procure supplies with funds contributed by Voluntary Agencies. "

Food Division - Beverages Sugar and Vegetables Branch - Country Files

On 10 Feb. 1944, the Food Division was added to the temporary interim organization of the Bureau of Supply. A group of commodity sections was set up within the Division to perform all supply functions with respect to the particular commodity or commodity groups assigned to the respective sections. A Service Section was also included in the organization to perform the routine duties of preparing requisitions, maintaining time-tables, preparing progress reports etc.
Functions of the Division included the following:
To work with the Requirements and Allocations control group in the development of over-all food requirements estimates for countries to be assisted by UNRRA to refine and reconcile commodity requirements estimates in the light of probable available supplies; and to prepare requirements data in suitable form for presentation to the Combined Food Board.
To develop specifications and standards for the food items involved, including decisions as to types and varieties of products, methods of packaging, labeling, etc.
To negotiate with suppliers and procurement agencies, both U.S. and foreign, in arranging for purchases.
To prepare work-sheets of purchase requisitions.
To maintain appropriate records of world supply.
To maintain a time-table and follow-up on the various commodity branches to make sure that data is available when required.
To maintain records of the status of allocation requests.
To prepare progress and program status reports.

Ocean Shipping Division - Executive Office - Country Files

The central unit in UNRRA for the compilation of shipping programs was the Ocean Shipping Division, established on 26 June 1944. The responsibility for all cargoes originating in the Eastern Hemisphere was vested in the European Regional Office; cargoes originating in. the Western Hemisphere were the responsibility of the Headquarters Office in Washington.
In the spring of 1945 the Ocean Shipping Division underwent a general revision. There was established the post of Deputy Director, who acted as head of the Division in the absence of the Director, and who conducted UNRRA's chartering operation; an Administrative Office was set up; the Program Officers were transferred to corresponding work in the commodity divisions: The Traffic Section was given branch status and reorganized into a Ship and Cargo Section and a Country Control Section. The Ship and Cargo Section consisted of Traffic Officers responsible for ship allocations and bookings, for livestock shipments, for cargoes originating with the War Food Administration, cargoes originating in Latin America, and for coal shipments. The Country Control Section consisted of seven units as Traffic Desks, set up by country of destination - one for Yugoslavia and Austria, the second for Greece, Dodecanese, Middle East Camps, and Ethiopia, the third for Poland, the fourth for Czechoslovakia and German DP Operations, the fifth for Italy and Albania, the sixth for the Soviet Republics and air shipments to all destinations, and the seventh for China, the Philippines and Korea
The main duties and responsibilities of the Ocean Shipping Division were to:
Plan, direct, and coordinate all of UNRRA's shipping operations.
Maintain relations with governments and commercial shipping officials to keep informed of and develop procedures with respect to obtaining shipping space etc
Propose and effectuate policies regarding transfer of title, labeling, packaging, and shipping of UNRRA supplies and relevant procedure to be followed by procurement agencies, private vendors, forwarders, and shipping representatives.
Negotiate and conclude contracts for operating services in warehouses and for chartering of vessels; arrange for movement of supplies from warehouses to vessels.
Develop, place in operation, and supervise certain special programs, such as movement of waterways craft and fishing crafts to China.
Determine required shipping space and obtain from governments or commercial shipping agencies the vessel space required; develop weekly or monthly vessel programs.
Prepare and issue forwarding orders or snipping requests to the procurement agencies, vendors, forwarding agencies, warehouses or other sources of supply.
Maintain registers of the availability, movement, loading, and shipment of supplies in each loading area.
Maintain liaison with each commodity division.
Program, supervise, and arrange for all shipments by air.
Establish and maintain running inventories which reflect at all times amounts, kinds, balances, and dollar value of commodities in UNRRA warehouses or in transit.

Industrial Rehabilitation Division - Office of the Chief - Country Files

As first conceived, the Division of Industrial Rehabilitation was a separate entity within UNRRA, responsible directly to the Director General. Not until 26 June 1944 was it established as a division within the Bureau of Supply, combining the responsibilities therefore assigned to the Division of Industrial Rehabilitation, the Division of Industrial Equipment of the Bureau of Supply, and the Division of Raw Materials of the Bureau of Supply. A structure for the division was devised consisting of a Requirements and Supply Section and a Technical Section. Subsequently this organizational structure was changed and commodity sections established.
The supplies provided by UNRRA in the industrial rehabilitation program can be divided into four broad categories:
(1) Highway, railway, and water transport equipment.
(2) Coal and other fuel, and lubricants.
(3) Materials for the restoration of public utilities, for provision of shelter, and for the repair of highways.
(4) Materials and equipment necessary for the restoration of essential industries.
In brief, the duties and responsibilities of this division were as follows:
To collect and analyze all necessary information for the preparation of requests for allocations of supplies, including available information on the state of industry and condition of industrial plants.
To examine import programs submitted by both paying and non-paying governments and to suggest substitutes or changes in these programs.
To examine the capacities of countries and decide which are best suited to produce and supply materials and equipment for the relief and rehabilitation of liberated areas.
To develop specifications and standards and to prepare the necessary procurement orders for materials, equipment and supplies which are to be produced.
To make arrangements with national procurement authorities for the timely scheduling and delivery of the commodities to be procured.
To establish pools of equipment and material and to determine priorities.
To act as technical adviser and consultant to the Administration; to cooperate fully with the Standing Technical Committee on Industrial Rehabilitation and its Sub-committees.

Agricultural Rehabilitation Division - Office of the Director - Country Files

The agricultural rehabilitation planning work started under OFRRO, and the Division was established as a part of the UNRRA Bureau of Supply early in 1944.
The functions of the Division, outlined in A.O. No. 8, 15 April 1944, were to prepare requirements estimates; negotiate allocations of supplies; develop specifications and standards for supplies to be purchased; cooperate with other UNRRA divisions in achieving orderly, balanced programs, analyzing relevant reports and data, providing advice and information on agricultural commodities, and developing time schedules; and negotiate with national procurement agencies in arranging for purchase and deliveries.
At the peak of operations (about July 1946), the Division consisted of the Office of the Director and five major Branches: Field Services, Agriculture (and Fisheries) Equipment, livestock, General Farm Supplies, and Program Analysis and Control, each broken into a number of sections and units. A Records and Shipping Section, at that time a part of the Office of the Director, seems later to have been incorporated with the Progress Control Section of the Program Analysis and Control Branch.

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