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United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) (1943-1946)
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Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Studies of Migration and Settlement

The "Welfare Divisions of UNRRA" was "organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Correspondence

The Welfare Divisions of UNRRA was organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Reports Files

The Welfare Divisions of UNRRA was organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Reports by Country

The Welfare Divisions of UNRRA was organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Country and Area Files

The Welfare Divisions of UNRRA was organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

Division of Repatriation and Welfare - Subject Files

The Welfare Divisions of UNRRA was organized in Feb. 1944. Its internal organization at this time consisted of an Administrative Branch and a Research and Planning Branch. At the same time there was established a Displaced Persons Division.
On 3 May 1945, the functional Divisions of Welfare, Health and Displaced Persons, originally responsible directly to the Director General, were transferred to the Bureau of Services. At the same time the functions of the Camps Division of the Bureau of Areas were transferred to the Displaced Persons Division and the Welfare Division in ERO was abolished. On 13 April 1946, the Welfare Division merged with the Displaced Persons Division to form the Division of Repatriation and Welfare, which included 3 branches: the Reports and Records Branch, the Program Planning Branch, and the Operations Branch. Myer Cohen became the Director of this newly formed Division. In Sept. 1946 the Division was shorn of its welfare functions and became the Division of Repatriation; in Dec. 1946 it was merged with the Bureau of Services.
At various times, the welfare and displaced persons functions included the following:
Provided the basic necessities of life during emergency periods, including temporary mass feeding, temporary shelter, and direct distribution of supplies.
Ensured simple and fair procedures for determining which individuals and families were entitled to receive free supplies and services; ensured that the methods of distribution provided ready access to the supplies and services for all those who were entitled to receive them.
Organized special relief and rehabilitational services for individuals, families or groups who required particular types of assistance. Such services included day nurseries, foster home placement, institutional care and services, individual or family counseling, occupational training etc.
Reviewed requests for and made recommendations concerning supplies, equipment, and other facilities needed to carry out the functions listed above.
Coordinated and regulated the activities of voluntary organizations interested in carrying out relief and rehabilitation programs overseas, in so far as these responsibilities had been delegated to the Administration by member governments.
Reviewed camp management operations and provided technical advice on the management of camps; determined supply requirements of camps and policies affecting camps.
Arranged for the identification and registration of displaced persons, and for their care and repatriation or return to place of former residence.

Ocean Shipping Division - Traffic Branch - Country Files

The central unit in UNRRA for the compilation of shipping programs was the Ocean Shipping Division, established on 26 June 1944. The responsibility for all cargoes originating in the Eastern Hemisphere was vested in the European Regional Office; cargoes originating in. the Western Hemisphere were the responsibility of the Headquarters Office in Washington.
In the spring of 1945 the Ocean Shipping Division underwent a general revision. There was established the post of Deputy Director, who acted as head of the Division in the absence of the Director, and who conducted UNRRA's chartering operation; an Administrative Office was set up; the Program Officers were transferred to corresponding work in the commodity divisions: The Traffic Section was given branch status and reorganized into a Ship and Cargo Section and a Country Control Section. The Ship and Cargo Section consisted of Traffic Officers responsible for ship allocations and bookings, for livestock shipments, for cargoes originating with the War Food Administration, cargoes originating in Latin America, and for coal shipments. The Country Control Section consisted of seven units as Traffic Desks, set up by country of destination - one for Yugoslavia and Austria, the second for Greece, Dodecanese, Middle East Camps, and Ethiopia, the third for Poland, the fourth for Czechoslovakia and German DP Operations, the fifth for Italy and Albania, the sixth for the Soviet Republics and air shipments to all destinations, and the seventh for China, the Philippines and Korea
The main duties and responsibilities of the Ocean Shipping Division were to:
Plan, direct, and coordinate all of UNRRA's shipping operations.
Maintain relations with governments and commercial shipping officials to keep informed of and develop procedures with respect to obtaining shipping space etc
Propose and effectuate policies regarding transfer of title, labeling, packaging, and shipping of UNRRA supplies and relevant procedure to be followed by procurement agencies, private vendors, forwarders, and shipping representatives.
Negotiate and conclude contracts for operating services in warehouses and for chartering of vessels; arrange for movement of supplies from warehouses to vessels.
Develop, place in operation, and supervise certain special programs, such as movement of waterways craft and fishing crafts to China.
Determine required shipping space and obtain from governments or commercial shipping agencies the vessel space required; develop weekly or monthly vessel programs.
Prepare and issue forwarding orders or snipping requests to the procurement agencies, vendors, forwarding agencies, warehouses or other sources of supply.
Maintain registers of the availability, movement, loading, and shipment of supplies in each loading area.
Maintain liaison with each commodity division.
Program, supervise, and arrange for all shipments by air.
Establish and maintain running inventories which reflect at all times amounts, kinds, balances, and dollar value of commodities in UNRRA warehouses or in transit.

Ocean Shipping Division - Executive Office - Subject Files

The central unit in UNRRA for the compilation of shipping programs was the Ocean Shipping Division, established on 26 June 1944. The responsibility for all cargoes originating in the Eastern Hemisphere was vested in the European Regional Office; cargoes originating in. the Western Hemisphere were the responsibility of the Headquarters Office in Washington.
In the spring of 1945 the Ocean Shipping Division underwent a general revision. There was established the post of Deputy Director, who acted as head of the Division in the absence of the Director, and who conducted UNRRA's chartering operation; an Administrative Office was set up; the Program Officers were transferred to corresponding work in the commodity divisions: The Traffic Section was given branch status and reorganized into a Ship and Cargo Section and a Country Control Section. The Ship and Cargo Section consisted of Traffic Officers responsible for ship allocations and bookings, for livestock shipments, for cargoes originating with the War Food Administration, cargoes originating in Latin America, and for coal shipments. The Country Control Section consisted of seven units as Traffic Desks, set up by country of destination - one for Yugoslavia and Austria, the second for Greece, Dodecanese, Middle East Camps, and Ethiopia, the third for Poland, the fourth for Czechoslovakia and German DP Operations, the fifth for Italy and Albania, the sixth for the Soviet Republics and air shipments to all destinations, and the seventh for China, the Philippines and Korea
The main duties and responsibilities of the Ocean Shipping Division were to:
Plan, direct, and coordinate all of UNRRA's shipping operations.
Maintain relations with governments and commercial shipping officials to keep informed of and develop procedures with respect to obtaining shipping space etc
Propose and effectuate policies regarding transfer of title, labeling, packaging, and shipping of UNRRA supplies and relevant procedure to be followed by procurement agencies, private vendors, forwarders, and shipping representatives.
Negotiate and conclude contracts for operating services in warehouses and for chartering of vessels; arrange for movement of supplies from warehouses to vessels.
Develop, place in operation, and supervise certain special programs, such as movement of waterways craft and fishing crafts to China.
Determine required shipping space and obtain from governments or commercial shipping agencies the vessel space required; develop weekly or monthly vessel programs.
Prepare and issue forwarding orders or snipping requests to the procurement agencies, vendors, forwarding agencies, warehouses or other sources of supply.
Maintain registers of the availability, movement, loading, and shipment of supplies in each loading area.
Maintain liaison with each commodity division.
Program, supervise, and arrange for all shipments by air.
Establish and maintain running inventories which reflect at all times amounts, kinds, balances, and dollar value of commodities in UNRRA warehouses or in transit.

Clothing, Textiles and Footwear Division - Office of the Director - Country Files

The Clothing, Textiles, and Footwear Division of the Bureau of Supply was organized January 1944, its basic structure consisting of Commodity Sections.
The basic duties of the Division included the following:
To work with the Requirement and Allocations Committee in the development of overall clothing requirements and to translate these basic standard programs into specific items and commodities.
To refine and reconcile the estimates in the light of probable available world supplies.
To prepare requirements data in suitable form for presentation to the appropriate approving agency.
To develop specifications and standards for the various items.
To negotiate with suppliers and procurement agencies in arranging for purchases.
To prepare requisitions in final form and maintain timetables and inventories.
To maintain appropriate records of world supply and information as to status of allocation requests, requisitions, procurement, and deliveries; to prepare progress and programs status reports.

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