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Photographs

Contains B&W photographic prints and negatives generated by the UNIO documenting the activities of the Allied Forces and Axis Powers. The goal of the UNIO was to: provide information, and facilities for distribution of information, through the press, radio, film, exhibitions and other media on the United Nations, their common aims, interests and joint activities; the peoples of the United Nations, showing their fundamental unity and interdependence, their comparative activities, backgrounds, etc.

Coordination, partnership: Partnered project planning, Member States

The records in S-1905 document regional project coordination and partnerships between the Technical Assistance Administration and United Nations Member States. The function of S-1905 is derived from DESA.DEV.018 of the retention schedule of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), dated 21 January 2013.

Included in S-1905 are records of the Office for Latin America (OLA) from the Programme Division of the Technical Assistance Administration (TAA). The OLA was located in Santiago, Chile and coordinated its activities with a branch office in Mexico City that was established in 1956. The TAA’s Programme Division was headquartered in New York.

S-1905 records date primarily from 1956 through 1959 when Mr. Bruno Leuschner served as the Director of the OLA. The Mexico City Office was staffed by Carlos S. Vegega during this period and coordinated technical assistance activities in countries throughout Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean.

The OLA coordinated projects through the employment of technical experts and consultants. The governments of Latin American countries made requests in consultation with their government ministries to the TAA. After a detailed process to gain approval, requests were funded under the Regular or Expanded Programme and a technical expert was recruited and deployed.

Experts undertook a wide variety of projects in social welfare, economic development and public administration and were tasked with conducting studies, making recommendations, and implementing specific advancements and reforms within the parameters of the project. For example, experts carried out community development among Andean Indians in South America; studies of refrigeration for slaughtered cattle and meat products; economic surveys; studies and recommendations for railroad construction and traction; the development of the pharmaceutical industry, including penicillin manufacturing in Chile, the management of natural resources; deep sea diving and shipwreck salvage operations; low-cost housing; rehabilitation of the physically handicapped; and training in hotel management.

Experts also advised Latin American countries on improving the efficiency of government functions in the fields of public administration, budget and tax administration, and fiscal policy. Some projects focused on updating and negotiating outdated government laws and industry regulations.

The records consist of: job descriptions outlining the project aims and the responsibilities of the technical expert; terms of reference letters sent to experts orienting them to the project once they arrived in the country; telegrams sent and received by the Office for Latin America; and draft legal agreements between the United Nations and governments of Latin American countries soliciting experts for country-specific studies and projects. Memoranda and correspondence document: the recruitment of technical experts; relations between experts and the government, industry professionals and professional organizations; comments on the expert’s progress and final reports; and the funding of projects.

The files also contain progress reports authored by technical experts and submitted to the Office for Latin America. The progress reports describe the objectives of the project; the political, social, economic climate of the country; activities undertaken during the phases of the project. They also cover experts’ tours of remote areas, observations of local populations, and the state of local manufacturing facilities, social service facilities, chemical plants, and mines. In addition, the progress reports served as an opportunity for experts to ask for advice on how to handle an unexpected situation, which would be received by a TAA official and passed along the appropriate channels.

The series also includes technical experts’ final reports of projects, as well as preliminary and draft reports. The final reports include discussions of: the state of a particular industry or professional field; the condition of machinery being used; the quality and type of raw materials; and deficiencies in administration. In addition, final reports provide recommendations such as the adoption or improvement of government laws and regulations, and improvements towards efficiency and productivity for industrial development. Final reports contain tables, graphs, statistics and other supporting data and, depending on the technical assistance offered, may include annexes and appendices of large-scale mechanical, engineering, and architectural designs. Maps and sketches of geographical areas under study are also included as annexes.

At the conclusion of a project, the final reports were required to be approved by the concerned substantive departments. For example, the final report on Chemical Industries in Peru, “Aspects of the Development of the Heavy Chemical Industry in Peru,” would need to be approved by the Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA) and the Bureau of Economic Affairs, Headquarters before it was produced and formally submitted to the Government.

Upon approval final reports were forwarded to United Nations headquarters and presented to the government. Sometimes reports were rejected by the TAA because they did not fall under the experts’ terms of reference in order to be accepted as a final report. Reasons for rejection include: inaccuracies; subjective recommendations; or statements that run against the U.N. policy or would be objectionable to the government.

Comprehensive Programme
S-1905 also contains records of the Office for Latin America’s Comprehensive Programme documenting coordination and management of technical experts’ active or proposed projects for a particular country or region in Latin America. The records primarily consist of project submission forms, correspondence, and job descriptions. These records include correspondence between Mr. Bruno Leuschner, Director of the Office for Latin America, and Mr. Carlos S. Vegega of the Mexico City Office; experts in the field; Resident Representatives; and representatives of governments throughout Latin America.

Correspondence also covers the recruitment of technical experts and the extension of their contracts; the development of project objectives; and the financing of projects. The files also include country requests for technical assistance and annual country-specific evaluations of technical assistance programmes.

Technical Assistance Projects Files - Asia and Pacific Branch

The series consists of records which deal with the origination, formulation, execution and evaluation of the relevant projects. The types of records include any of the following: proposals, preparatory documentation, agreements, plans of operation and various reports such as progress, technical, mission, evaluation, etc. There are also departmental supporting documents which comprise background data, guidelines, studies, terms of reference and other relevant papers that bear elements further elucidating project activities. The department which is responsible for providing the necessary advisory services and assistance to the governments of developing countries and countries with economies in transition to strengthen their national capacities has been re-organized several times under the following names:
Dept. of Economic Affairs, ca 1946-1954
Dept. of Economic and Social Council, ca 1955
Technical Assistance Administration, ca 1955-1958
Dept. of Economic and Social Affairs, ca 1955-1978
Office of Technical Co-operation, ca 1967-1977
Dept. of International Economic and Social Affairs, ca 1979-1993
Dept. of Technical Co-operation for Development, ca 1979-1993
United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations, ca 1985-1993
Dept. for Policy Co-ordination and Sustainable Development, ca1994-1997
Dept. for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, ca 1994-1997
Dept. for Development Support and Management Services, ca 1994-1997
Dept. of Economic and Social Affairs, ca 1998 up to present.
To preserve their identity, the records of the various technical assistance projects are maintained according to their provenance, i.e. the actual name of the organizational element which originated the records forms a part of the series title.

Office of the Assistant Secretary-General - Registry and Non-Registry

Series is comprised of the filing system numbered files of the Assistant Secretary-General relating to Culture-Education-Science matters, to the Economic and Social Council, to matters of development in health, to human rights and the Human Rights Commission, to narcotics (and the work of the Division of Narcotic Drugs), to non-governmental organizations, to the work of the Population Division, to refugee issues, to the work of the Temporary Social Commission (including the protection of youth), and includes studies on related matters. The predominant dates are 1946-1947 (with records dated in the 1930s related to health work within the League of Nations). Arranged in classification system order.

Related records: This series is followed by S-0917.

Clothing, Textiles and Footwear Division - Office of the Director - Country Files

The Clothing, Textiles, and Footwear Division of the Bureau of Supply was organized January 1944, its basic structure consisting of Commodity Sections.
The basic duties of the Division included the following:
To work with the Requirement and Allocations Committee in the development of overall clothing requirements and to translate these basic standard programs into specific items and commodities.
To refine and reconcile the estimates in the light of probable available world supplies.
To prepare requirements data in suitable form for presentation to the appropriate approving agency.
To develop specifications and standards for the various items.
To negotiate with suppliers and procurement agencies in arranging for purchases.
To prepare requisitions in final form and maintain timetables and inventories.
To maintain appropriate records of world supply and information as to status of allocation requests, requisitions, procurement, and deliveries; to prepare progress and programs status reports.

Central Registry Files

Series consists of primarily documents the organizing of international conferences and commissions, General Assembly meeting arrangements, personnel hiring, and information/media activities. Records of the Preparatory Commission of the United Nations were incorporated in the Temporary London Office Central Registry files comprising this series. Included are records such as correspondence, reports Arranged alphabetically by file title.

Operational Records

Series consists of a small volume of operational files Missions and commissions UN agencies and organs Government affairs Political matters Union of South Africa and miscellaneous files. Includes a few files of correspondence which were returned to the United Nations by Brian Urquhart. Arranged in the preceding categories.

Centre for Development Planning, Projections and Policies (CDPPP) - project files

Records in S-1925 document the coordination of projects and partnerships between the Development Planning Advisory Services (DPAS) section of the Centre for Development Planning, Projections and Policies (CDPPP) of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) and the United Nations regional economic commissions. The bulk of records dates from 1973 to 1976 and details the planning and placement of long-term advisers to interdisciplinary United Nations Development Advisory Teams (UNDAT) expert posts in developing countries and regions.

S-1925 consists of records from UNDATs in the regions of: the Caribbean, Central Africa, Central America, South East Africa, South America, the South Pacific, and West Africa. Assigned to a group of countries, the UNDATs advised individual governments in overall development planning and facilitated collaboration for multinational projects. Each UNDAT consisted of a team leader and five to eight technical advisers form various fields, including economic and social development planning, financial management, public administration and agriculture.

DPAS and the regional economic commissions, including the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), the Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA), and the Economic Commission for Asia and the Economic Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), collaborated to recruit and arrange the placement of experts, conduct periodic reviews of UNDAT activities, and provide comments and recommendations on reports. UNDATs were originally funded from Part V of the regular UN budget and the UN Trust Fund for Development Planning and Projections. In 1976, following a decrease in funding, the responsibilities of the UNDATs were decentralized to the regional economic commissions and the UNDAT programme was dissolved.

Arranged alphabetically by region, the records include job descriptions and terms of reference, meeting minutes, and reports. S-1925 also includes correspondence and memoranda exchanged between DPAS, the regional economic commissions, and UNDAT advisers.
Correspondence and memoranda concern: UNDAT financing, programme development and activities, comments on reports, and the status of UNDAT advisers’ contracts. Reports include monthly activity reports, progress reports and mission reports authored by team leaders and UNDAT advisers.

Regional Commissions Section

Records in S-1937 document the coordination between the Regional Commissions Section of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) and the United Nations regional economic commissions. The Regional Commissions Section served as the liaison between DESA and the United Nations regional economic commissions. The bulk of the records dates from 1963 to 1968 and documents the activities of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE), and Economic Commission for Europe (ECE). A small portion of the records also concern the Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA).

The records in S-1937 were maintained by the Regional Commissions Section of DESA and are arranged alphabetically and therein chronologically. The records include: correspondence and memoranda concerning administrative arrangements for personnel; budget material; and memoranda and newspaper clippings documenting the change in membership status of member states to the regional economic commissions.

The records of ECA and ECAFE document the co-operation and consultation between International Governmental Organizations (IGOs); Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs); Technical Assistance Board (TAB); United Nations Headquarters; and United Nations specialized agencies. The ECA records include the commission’s co-operation and consultation between IGOs such as the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the Economic Committee of the League of Arab States, the African Malagasy Union for Economic Co-operation (UAMCE) and the Equatorial Customs Union (UDE); through newspaper clippings, memoranda and correspondence, directives, and reports. S-1937 records also contain annual work programmes and meeting schedules of ECA, ECAFE and ECLA.

S-1937 includes records of the annual sessions of ECA, ECAFE, and ECE. These records consist of: correspondence and memoranda related to planning; press releases and press cables; and drafts of annual reports and related correspondence. For example, at the Sixth Session of ECA held in Addis Ababa from 20 February - 2 March, the following matters were addressed: a five-year review of the Commission’s activities; the work programme for 1964-1965; a situation report on the African Development Bank; a progress report on the creation of an African Common Market; and a joint report of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and ECA on the development of air transport in Africa. Records also document the Twentieth Session of the ECAFE held in Tehran from 2 -17 March 1964 adoption of the resolution on international trade also known as the “Teheran Resolution.” In addition, S-1937 contains press releases that summarize the activities of the sessions, including the adoption of resolutions.

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