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Regional Offices

S-1807 contains records concerning political activities of the United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL).

Deputy Head of Mission
Records consist of: summaries of meetings between ONUSAL and members of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN); analytical summaries of political reports from regional offices; timetables for the implementation of the Chapultepec Peace Accords; statements, reports, aide memoire and meeting summaries produced during visits by Marrack Goulding to El Salvador in November 1993 and Madeleine Albright, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, to El Salvador in July 1993; as well as summaries of meetings between the Head of Mission and Alfredo Christiani, President of El Salvador.

Also included are monthly reports of the Land Transfer and Reintegration Programme (PTT); reports to the Secretary-General about the PTT; aide memoire and minutes of meetings of the Joint Group of the PTT, which consisted of representatives of the Government of El Salvador, ONUSAL and the Farabundo Marti Popular Liberation Front; and reports describing delays and obstructions to implementing the PTT.

Political Officers Section
Records consist of: discussion papers issued by human rights organizations on the human rights situation in El Salvador; records documenting relations between ONUSAL and non-governmental organizations working to promote human rights; memoranda and manuals describing the role of the government in the monitoring of human rights abuses; and records concerning the protocol enacted during ONUSAL’s investigations of human rights violations.

Also included are records pertaining to the operation of the Preliminary Mission established in El Salvador by the Secretary-General in March 1991. The Preliminary Mission studied the feasibility of establishing ONUSAL in advance of the ceasefire stipulated by the Chapultepec Peace Accords, and formally recommended its establishment to the Secretary-General. Documents include handwritten notes, summaries of meetings, and reports and comments about the developing ONUSAL mission mandate.

Records also include: summaries of meetings of the National Commission for the Consolidation of Peace (COPAZ), and of the Special Agrarian Committee (CEA) of COPAZ; summaries of meetings of the Supervision and Security Commission of the Land Transfer and Reintegration Program (PTT); and summaries of meetings between ONUSAL and representatives of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Political Analysis Section
Records consist of: weekly reports of the Head of the Military Team to the Head of Mission; daily situation reports from the Chief Military Observer to United Nations headquarters in New York; and summaries of meetings of various committees and working groups of the Land Transfer and Reintegration Program (PTT), including working groups on loans, the disabled, farming and livestock.

Regional Office of Chalatenango
Records consist primarily of correspondence, as well as: case information sheets, updates on cases of human rights violations, monthly statistics on human rights violations; and reports on the administration of justice in Chalatenango municipalities. Press bulletins comment on activities of the Head of Mission, the Human Rights Division, Military Division, Police Division, and on important mission-related events.

Regional Office of San Miguel
Records consist of: weekly, biweekly and monthly reports of the Regional Office of San Miguel; case information sheets of human rights violations committed in San Miguel and neighboring departments; lists of cases of human rights violations attributed to the National Civil Police (PNC); notes for the file submitted by Human Rights Officers; notes on visits to prisons; situation reports about local conflicts and other incidents; reports on the return of exiled mayors (alcaldes); reports on the reestablishment of public administration in former conflict zones; notes of meetings between ONUSAL officers and local government officials; political situation reports; summaries of meetings of the Forum for Economic and Social Coordination; and records and statistics for Land Bank transactions and other reintegration activities. Also included is correspondence between the Coordinator of the Regional Office of San Miguel and Salvadoran national and local government officials, and the government Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman.

Records relating to the elections include: notes on meetings with representatives of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE); reports on visits to the municipal branches of the TSE; summaries of meetings with representatives of political parties; reports on the election process in the departments of Morazan and La Union; statistics and reports on voter registration; and instructions and regulations for electoral observers.

Records on non-governmental organizations include: correspondence and summaries of meetings between ONUSAL and representatives of non-governmental organizations; position statements; summaries of the missions and principles of non-governmental organizations; and reports on the relations between non-governmental organizations and the Human Rights Division. Non-governmental organizations include: the Monsignor Oscar Arnulfo Romero Committee of Mothers and Families of the Political Prisoners, Disappeared and Assassinated of El Salvador (COMADRES) and ANDES 21 de Junio.

Regional Office of San Salvador
Chronological files include: memoranda describing activities of the Regional Office of San Salvador such as voter registration projects, investigations conducted by Police Observers, and visits to prisons; updates on cases of human rights violations being monitored by the Regional Office of San Salvador; and correspondence with Salvadoran non-governmental organizations, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), local government officials, political parties, and foreign embassies.

Also included are: weekly reports of the Regional Office of San Salvador; circulars; papers on the organization and role of the Regional Office of San Salvador; notes for the file on meetings of Regional Office Coordinators; summaries of Field Officers’ meetings and activities; and papers on the human rights of minors in El Salvador. Also included are papers summarizing and analyzing Salvadoran laws related to topics such as: property rights, compulsory military service, the penal process, habeas corpus, due process, and narcotics.

Regional Office of San Salvador, Political Matters Section
Records include: summaries of ONUSAL meetings with mayors (alcaldes), other local and national government officials, members of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) and representatives of the Corporation of Municipalities of the Republic of El Salvador (COMURES); reports and memoranda describing the state of various municipalities; the Plan to Reestablish Public Administration; statistics on exiled mayors; and correspondence between the Political Affairs Officers and various other ONUSAL officers discussing topics related to demobilization and reintegration programs such as land transfers and assistance to war-wounded.

Regional Office of Santa Ana
Correspondence covers topics such as: land transfer cases; land ownership disputes; relations with agricultural associations; meetings with representatives of the National Civil Police (PNC); human rights reports; deployment of police and electoral observers; voter registration events; political parties; and weekly activities of the Regional Office of Santa Ana. Also included are: summaries of meetings between ONUSAL officials and officials of the Government of El Salvador; notes for the file submitted by Political Affairs Officers; papers on the reforms of personal identity laws; papers and analyses on the status of minors in El Salvador; and reports on visits to municipalities and meetings with mayors (alcaldes). Reports on visits to prisons in the departments of Santa Ana, Ahuachapan, and Sonsonate detail: prison infrastructure, the problems of overcrowding, and delays in legal procedures experienced by prisoners.

Regional Office of Usulutan
Records consist of: papers on voter registration, the election process, and the political climate in Usulutan; election results and statistics; memoranda and information sheets on exiled judges; summaries of visits to mayoralities (alcaldias); notes for the file on activities of the Regional Office of Usulutan; and maps of municipalities in Usulutan.

Electoral Division

S-1811 contains records concerning provision of support and assistance by the United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) for the conduct of the national elections, which were held on 20 March of 1994.

Electoral Division
Records consist of: operational support plans for the elections; progress reports on the activities of the Electoral Division; plans and reports describing observation and monitoring activities enacted in regions; lists of polling stations; analyses of the media coverage of the electoral process; statements signed by candidates; reports describing problems in the process of issuing voter registration cards (carnets); descriptions of ONUSAL’s election-related activities with non-governmental organizations; and electoral and political reports prepared by ONUSAL’s regional offices. Correspondence covers such topics as: the selection and establishment of polling sites; the selection of electoral observers, who were deployed at polling sites to verify that electoral activities took place in a free and fair atmosphere; allegations of electoral fraud; and activities and events held by political parties. Records pertaining to ONUSAL’s preparatory mission for the elections include: work plans; reports assessing the pre-electoral climate; reports examining Salvadoran institutions integral to the electoral process; and reports monitoring fulfillment of the Chapultepec Peace Accords.

Records on political parties consist of: papers describing the principles and objectives of political parties; correspondence between ONUSAL officials and political party leaders; and complaints made about irregularities in the electoral process and improper conduct of public officials and candidates. Also included are lists, tables and statistics compiled by ONUSAL on: voting activities; voting centers; complaints and incidents in departments and municipalities; and the process of issuing voter registration cards (carnets) to members of the public. Records of the El Salvadoran Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) include: correspondence between ONUSAL officials and TSE officials; analyses of political parties; interviews with members of political parties; and reports on problems with El Salvador’s electoral process and possible solutions.

Electoral Division, Regional Office of San Salvador
Records consist of: information circulars and memoranda on the freedom of association; reports of the registration process in San Salvador towns and municipalities; lists of mayors; reports of the Electoral Division; codes of conduct followed in departments during electoral campaigns; operational support plans for the election as enacted in San Salvador and in other regions; booklets, brochures and publicity materials issued by non-governmental organizations that assisted with voter registration; and papers on election strategy, the recount process in San Salvador, methodology for electoral observation, and the organization and functions of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE). Correspondence covers such topics as: selection of and requests for electoral observers; plans for voter registration events; alleged registration and electoral fraud; updates on candidates; campaign events; and post-election wrap-up. Records concerning electoral observers include: data on deployment; orientation materials on the departments of El Salvador; observation procedures; and reports on campaign events.

Complaints include reports of: illegal campaigning; registration and electoral fraud; vandalism; and threats and acts of violence intended to influence voters. Records documenting ONUSAL activities in the Department of Cuscatlan include: notes for the file about registration problems; lists of officials and non-governmental organizations active in the Department; and reports and statistics on the issuing of voter registration cards and the election. Records documenting ONUSAL activities in the Department of La Libertad include: correspondence between officials of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) and ONUSAL officials; results of voter registration drives; reports of visits to mayoralties (alcaldias); papers on the process of document verification and issuing of voter registration cards.

Administrative Files

United Nations Commission for Eritrea

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, cables, telegrams, handwritten documents, notes, agreements, reports, tables, personnel action forms, letters of appointment, itineraries, and shipping authorizations. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: administration; personnel; travel arrangements; visits; rights negotiations for photographs; work programmes; hearings; and demographics. Correspondents include Petrus J. Schmidt, Principal Secretary, UN Commission for Eritrea; Graham Lucas, Secretary, UN Commission for Eritrea; P.E.A. Poullain, Assitant Secretary, UN Commission for Eritrea; and Kamil Tooni, Administrative Officer, UN Commission for Eritea.

Subject Files - Deputy Principal Secretary

Office of the Deputy Principal Secretary

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, notes, situation reports, committee reports, final reports, drafts, tables of contents, indexes, appendices, annexes, working papers, press releases, communications, records of meetings, summary records of hearings, roll-call forms, distribution lists, schedules, invitations, and receipts. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: independence of Eritrea; activities of the Economic Sub-Committee; disposal of former Italian colonies; economics; hearings; non-governmental organizations; personnel; and travel plans. Correspondents include Petrus J. Schmidt, Principal Secretary, UN Commission for Eritrea; Graham Lucas, Secretary, UN Commission for Eritrea; David Bliekenstaff, Deputy Principal Secretary, UN Commission for Eritrea; Kamil Tooni, Administrative Officer, UN Commission for Eritea; P.E.A. Poullain, Assistant Secretary, UN Commission for Eritrea; G.T.C. Campbell, UK Delegate to UN; and Four Power Commission of Investigation for the former Italian colonies.

Related Series:
*S-0721 Subject files of the UN Commissioner in Eritrea

Subject Files

United Nations Commission for Eritea

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, summaries of memoranda, handwritten documents, questionnaires, requests for information, witness statements, witness declarations, reports, tables of contents, annexes, appendices, corrigenda, translations, agendas, summary records of meetings, communiques, drafts, programmes of work roll-call sheets, schedules of visits, charts, tables, maps, and notebooks. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: commission meetings; activities of the Economic Sub-Commission; incidents; hearings at Adiquala and Deranto; inhabitants of Asmara; demographics; and terrorism. Correspondents include Petrus J. Schmidt, Principal Secretary, UN Commission for Eritea; David Bliekenstaff, Deputy Principal Secretary, UN Commission for Eritea; Graham Lucas, Secretary, UN Commission for Eritea; Erling Qvale, Chairman, UN Commission for Eritea; and Zande Cabre Heywot, Director-General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ethiopia.

Correspondence Files - Principal Secretary - Dr. Lucas

United Nations Commissioner in Eritea, Office of the Principal Secretary, Dr. Lucas

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, incoming and outgoing cables, notes, draft constitutions, proclamations, addena, progress reports, press releases, request forms, orders, and diagrams. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: administrative staff; consultations; Asssembly seating arrangements; organization of Eritean administration; constitutional matters; and transfer of Italian property. Correspondents include H.E. Eduardo Anze Matienzo, UN Commissioner for Eritea and A.J. Lucas, Principal Secretary, UN Commissioner for Eritea.

Subject Files - Tribunal

United Nations Tribunal in Eritea

Series consists of correspondence, incoming and outgoing cables, notes, reports, appendices, translations, agreements, resolutions, case files, charge sheets, judgements, petitions, actes de citation, rules of procedure, legal documents, press clippings, periodicals, and reprints of journal articles. Subjects include but are not limited to the following: court cases; tribunal judges; Asmara; economic and financial matters in Ertiea; CITAO (Compagnia Italiana Transporti Africa Orientala); and CINTIA (Compagnia Improse Nazionale Turistich Italia Africa). Correspondents include Trygve Lie, UN Secretary-General; Louis Chapard, Registrar, UN Tribunal in Eritea; Adib Maakad, Registrar, UN Tribunal in Eritea; Albert W. Reid, Registrar, UN Tribunal in Eritea; Faiz Yorukoglu, President, UN Tribunal in Eritea; and Tedla Bairu, Chief Executive, Imperial Ethiopian Court.

Photographs and Records

The United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) was established in 1950 in order to undertake relief and rehabilitation programs in Korea. It ceased operating in 1959, and liquidation was completed in 1960.

Records include registry files, 1950-1960, containing correspondence, memos, reports, and many other types of documents concerning all aspects of the United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency; also project files, 1952-1960, containing correspondence, project agreements, lists of required supplies generated by UNKRA's establishment of projects in the areas of food and agriculture, rural resettlement, transportation, communications, education, health, sanitation and welfare, natural resources, housing, technical assistance, and other projects.
Also included are files concerning personnel, finances, and other matters having to do with the administration of UNKRA, 1951-1960, and containing correspondence, legal documents, minutes, accounts, and photographs.
Historical files, 1951-1960, were assembled in order to write a history of UNKRA, and contain examples of the types of documents mentioned, as well as drafts of a history of UNKRA.

It contains PAG-4/3.0, subseries (3.0) Registry Files; (2) Project Files; (3.1) General Administration Non-Registry Files; (3.2) General Administration Photos; (4) Personnel Office Non-Registry Files; (4.1) Finance Office Non-Registry Files; (4.2) Finance Office Ledgers; (5) Historical Files.

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