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AG-026 · Fonds · 1964 - 1996

United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR)
Mission Structure

Roman numerals (I, II, III…) = Series
Uppercase letters (A, B, C…) = Box titles

I. Office of the Executive Director (S-1120)
A. Office of Political Affairs
B. Special Assignments
C. Office of Protocol
D. Office of the Spokesman
E. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance
F. Office of Legal Affairs
G. Radio Unit

II. Office of the Force Commander (S-1062)
A. Chief of Staff (COS)
B. Chief Military Personnel Officer (CMPO)
C. Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations (DCOS Ops)
D. Deputy Chief of Staff for Staff Support (DCOS Sp)
E. Medical Branch
F. Military Observer (MILOB) Group

III. Division of Administration and Management (S-1061)
A. Security Section
B. Civilian Personnel Section
C. Procurement Section
D. Integrated Support Services Section (ISS)
E. Management Information Systems Section
F. Finance Section
G. General Services Section (GSS)
H. Regional Offices
I. Board of Inquiry (BOI) Unit
J. Medical Branch
K. Office in Nairobi

IV. Office of the Police Commissioner (S-1060)

V. Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (S-1063)
A. Special Assistant
B. Personal Assistant
C. Deputy Area Security Coordinator and CSO

This mission structure was developed for the purpose of archival arrangement.

Winthrop Group, 5 November 2009

United Nations Mission in Rwanda

S-1062 contains the records of the Office of the Force Commander, which was in charge of UNAMIR’s military operations. Components of this office represented in S-1062 include: the G2 Unit and the G3 Operations Branch, which were responsible for military intelligence and the planning of military operations (respectively); the Humanitarian Assistance Cell (HAC), which was responsible for providing humanitarian assistance in Rwanda, including the evacuation of foreign nationals; the mission’s Military Observer Group (MILOBS), which was responsible for monitoring the military situation in Rwanda, and facilitating the resolution of conflicts and the provision of humanitarian assistance; and the Medical Branch, which provided medical support to the mission and medical humanitarian assistance to Rwandans. Also included in this series are the records of the United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR). UNOMUR was established in June 1993 to monitor the border between Uganda and Rwanda and verify that no military assistance was being provided across it. It was based in Kabale, Uganda, but ended in September 1993, when its monitoring functions were assumed by UNAMIR.

Records from the Office of the Force Commander include: subject files; correspondence; summaries of meeting between the Government of Rwanda and UNAMIR; summaries of press conferences; operation orders and directives; and lists of Rwandese government members. Documents of the G2 Unit include situation reports, correspondence and subject files.

Records of the G3 Operations Branch consist of situation reports (SITREP); summaries and minutes of the meetings of UNAMIR’s military officers, including those of the Force Commander; the final reports of sectors; revisions and amendments to UNAMIR’s Rules of Engagement (ROE) and Standard Operating Procedures (SOP); summaries of meetings, after-action reports, and coordination and security instructions pertaining to Operations Retour, Overture, Hope, Homeward and Passage; and records of the Tactical Headquarters in Butare. The SITREP collected by the G3 Operations Branch include those from: sectors to UNAMIR headquarters; military battalions and companies to G3 Operations headquarters; the Civilian Police Commissioner to the Chief of Staff, describing security and investigations in sectors; and the UNAMIR Military Police to the Duty Officer at UNAMIR Headquarters Operations Centre. The records of the Tactical Headquarters include: reports from the Integrated Operations Centre (IOC); incident reports (INCREP); situation reports (SITREP) from sectors, battalions and companies; and SITREP sent from Tactical Headquarters to UNAMIR headquarters.

Records of the HAC include humanitarian requests from governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for food, water, medical supplies, building materials, office equipment, transportation and the evacuation of personnel. The evacuation request files include lists of persons requesting evacuation and documents pertaining to missing persons and efforts to locate them. HAC records also include lists of internally displaced persons (IDPs) evacuated from Rwanda.

Military Observer Group (MILOBS)
The MILOBs forces were deployed to geographic sectors created by UNAMIR. Much of the documentation of MILOBS activities was created at the sector level. At the sector level, MILOBS records include: briefings for Sector Commanders and summaries their conferences; SITREP; humanitarian assistance records; and records pertaining to IDPs and refugees. These SITREP describe the political, military and humanitarian situation in a given sector. They document significant changes or incidents affecting an area’s judicial system, medical and transportation services, population, prisons or detention centers. Records of humanitarian assistance at the sector level inventory food, water, medical and housing supplies, and provide statistics about returnee settlement in communes and information about the status of an area’s orphans. Documentation of Rwanda’s IDPs and other refugees includes: lists of people present in communes, camps and other locales; maps of camps and communes; correspondence; and reports on the return of IDPs and refugees to their homes. Other subjects covered by records from MILOBS sectors include: the conditions in and staffing of prisons; the activities of NGOs and UN agencies; the location and condition of mass graves; and the activities of the Integrated Operations Centre (IOC), which was created to coordinate the return of IDPs to their homes.

Other MILOBS documentation includes: reports prepared for the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG); operation orders; SITREP sent from the MILOB Group headquarters to UNAMIR’s Force headquarters in Kigali; records detailing contingency plans and the extension of the UNAMIR mandate; records pertaining to visits of the sectors by the Force Commander; reconnaissance reports; and minutes, briefings and notes pertaining to meetings and conferences attended by the Force Commander and other officers, including meetings between the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA) representatives and UNAMIR officers.

Medical Branch
Records of UNAMIR’s Medical Branch include monthly treatment reports, memoranda (called FLOATS), health hazard outbreak reports, medical diagnosis and treatment reports, standard operating procedures and policy documents. Subjects covered include: the medical evacuation and repatriation of UNAMIR staff; humanitarian medical assistance; and medical operations planning. Also present are records documenting medical support provided to UNAMIR by NORMED, an NGO operated by the Norwegian Refugee Council.

UNOMUR’s records include: SITREP sent from the SRSG to United Nations headquarters in New York; reports, memoranda and statistics exchanged with the Department of Peace-keeping Operations (DPKO); and reports and memoranda from the Royal Netherlands Army. Also included are records concerning the UNOMUR mandate, UNOMUR’s closing and relations between UNOMUR and the Ugandan government.

S-1061 consists of records from various parts of the Division of Administration and Management, including the Board of Inquiry (BOI) Unit, the subject files of the Administrative/Legal Officer Mtshana M. Ncubem, and files from the UNAMIR office in Nairobi.

The legal subject files include: contracts; lease agreements; memoranda of understanding (MOU); correspondence; notes; and purchase orders. Among the subjects included are: the accommodations of Military Observers and Civilian Police; the rental of vehicles and office space; claims made for damages to property and unpaid bills; and construction and renovation work.

The BOI Unit records include reports of the Headquarters Board of Inquiry and case files of the Board of Inquiry. Case files are arranged in numerical order and may contain lists of summary disposal cases, convening orders, incident reports, Military Police Investigation Reports (MPIR), Civilian Police Investigation Reports, damage/discrepancy reports, motor vehicle accident reports, sketches and photographs of crime/accident scenes, autopsy reports, witness statements, and other evidence submitted to the BOI.

S-1061 also contains correspondence and subject files from the Office of the Chief of Administration. Correspondence consists of situation and logistics reports; UNAMIR budget submissions; and reports from Brown and Root Services Corporation. Subject files include records pertaining to: the International Commission of Inquiry (ICOI) for Rwanda; UNAMIR’s repair of buildings; security; and Status of Mission Agreements (SOMA).

The documents from the UNAMIR office in Nairobi include correspondence between UNAMIR and United Nations headquarters in New York as well as the president and ministers of Rwanda. Also present are internally- and externally-produced reports about the Rwandan crisis (including some by Amnesty International and the InterAfrica Group). Finally, there are summaries, agendas and correspondence pertaining to conferences and meetings held about the political and military situation in Rwanda (including the Bujumbura Conference Plan of Action on Assistance to Refugees, Returnees and Displaced Persons in the Great Lakes Region (1996) and the Joint Zaire/United Nations Commission on the Situation in the Rwandan Refugee Camps in Zaire). Publications found in this series have been removed to ARMS’s reference library.

Publications from the UNAMIR Office in Nairobi:

  • CONFÉRENCE DES ÉVÊQUES CATHOLIQUES DU RWANDA, Recueil des lettres et messages de la Conference des Evêques Catholiques du Rwanda publiés pendant la période de guerre (1990-1994), Secrétariat de la Conférence des Evêques Catholiques du Rwanda, 1995, Kigali.
  • DE BEER Daniel, Les poursuites pour crime de génocide et crime contre l’humanité: fondements juridiques, Editions R.C.N, Rwanda, 1995.
  • DE BEER Daniel, The prosecutions for crime of genocide and crime against humanity : legal basis, Editions R.C.N, Rwanda, 1995.
  • DIALLO, Toumani Djime, Le problème du Nord malien, 1ère partie : La maladroite intrusion du parlement européen, Le Démocrate malien, édition spéciale, Edition Mundekera, janvier 1995, Bamako.
  • HAUT COMMISSARIAT DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LES REFUGIES, Les réfugiés dans le monde, en quête de solutions, Editions La Découverte, 1995, Paris.
  • JOINT EVALUATION OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO RWANDA, The international response to conflict and genocide : lessons from the Rwanda experience, Synthesis report, David Milwood, Editor, Copenhagen, 1996.
  • MISSION DE LA BANQUE MONDIALE, Évaluation du programme de rapatriement et de réinstallation des réfugiés rwandais, Banque Mondiale, 1995, Kigali.
  • NATIONS UNIES, Les Nations Unies et la situation en Haiti, Mars 1995, Département de l’Information des Nations Unies, New York 1995.
  • RÉPUBLIQUE DU MALI, Livre Blanc sur le Problème du Nord du Mali, 1994, Bamako.
  • RÉPUBLIQUE RWANDAISE, Accord entre le gouvernement de la République Rwandaise et le front patriotique rwandais sur le retour et la réinstallation dans leurs biens des personnes déplacées de guerre et sur l’administration de la zone démilitarisée, Kinihira, 1993, deux exemplaires.
  • REPUBLIC OF RWANDA, Agreement between the government of the republic of Rwanda and the Rwandese patriotic front on the return and the resettlement of the war displaced persons in their prop and the administration of the demilitarized zone, Kinihira, 1993.
  • U.S. COMMITTEE FOR REFUGEES, Transition in Burundi, The context for a homecoming, Issue paper, September 1993, American Council for Nationalities Service, 1993.
  • UNDP, Conférence de table ronde pour la République rwandaise, Rapport de la conférence, Genève, 1995.
  • UNITED NATIONS, The United Nations and the situation in Rwanda, April 1995, Department of Public Information, New York, 1994.
  • UNITED NATIONS, United Nations Peace-Keeping, Update May 1994, Department of Public Information, New York, 1994.
  • UNITED NATIONS, United Nations Peace-Keeping, Update December 1994, Department of Public Information, New York, 1994.

S-1120 contains the records of the offices overseen by the Office of the Executive Director. These offices included the Offices of Legal Affairs, Protocol, Political Affairs, and the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance. They were responsible for fulfilling the political (non-military) aspects of UNAMIR’s mandate and acted as liaisons between the military peace-keeping forces and governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and other UN agencies.

Records in S-1120 consist of the following: correspondence; reports; situation reports (SITREP); subject files; minutes of the meetings of the UNAMIR Humanitarian Assistance Advisory Group (UHAAG); daily reports from Radio UNAMIR and Radio Rwanda; records concerning the status of UNAMIR’s mandate; and the records of the Liquidation Task Force, which was responsible for coordinating UNAMIR’s evacuation from Rwanda.