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The Misil Whoi (sewing guild)
S-0526-0344-0025-00002 · Unidad documental simple · 1956-12-31
Parte de United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) (1950-1958)

In February 1953, a group of UNKRA and voluntary agency officials formally opened a little community of 25 duplex houses on a hillside overlooking Pusan. To widows of Christian clergyman it was the beginning of a new life and a chance to support themselves and their children. The Misil Whoi (sewing guild) received sewing machines from Church World Service, and $10,000 toward construction of the Mother and Child House Settlement from UNKRA. This photograph shows a Korean widow working on a hand-operated spinning wheel. [Photograph 1474]

The Wons in their new home
S-0526-0345-0007-00001 · Unidad documental simple · 1956-12-31
Parte de United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) (1950-1958)

The war rendered homeless millions of Koreans who, still now, live in temporary shacks and shelters in overcrowded cities. Because housing materials are scarce in Korea, the UNKRA introduced new building techniques in the country to erect rapidly and with a minimum of materials the thousands of new houses needed. Special machines were imported from South Africa by the Agency to turn out pressed blocks of earth stabilized with a small amount of cement. These blocks are used in the construction of small dwellings suitable for Korean families. This picture, taken in one of the new UNKRA-built houses in Seoul, shows members of a Korean family, the Wons, who moved in recently. Mrs. Won is pressing the family wash by the traditional Korean method of beating the clothing with clubs. Seoul, 1955. [Photograph UN DPI 47694]

Schooling a streetcar in Korea
S-0526-0345-0012-00001 · Unidad documental simple · 1956-12-31
Parte de United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) (1950-1958)

So smashed up were the Korean school buildings by the fighting that it has even become necessary to use abandoned streetcars as emergency classroom for refugee children (as shown here). About 64% of all classrooms were destroyed or badly damaged and 80% of the educational equipment was lost. By 1953, UNKRA had allocated nearly $8,500,000 to rebuild South Korea's educational system. About 3,000 new classrooms are in process of construction; another 1,000 have already been repaired. Some 300,000 textbooks have been bought for a drive against illiteracy. More than 3,000 tons of paper have been imported to print another 38,000,000 textbooks; and the Government and UNESCO are working with UNKRA on a textbook printing plant at Seoul which is due to open at the end of June 1954. [Photograph DPI-43714]

Mungyong Cement plant - A-frame
S-0526-0345-0014-00001 · Unidad documental simple · 1956-12-31
Parte de United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) (1950-1958)

UNKRA built cement plant in South Korea. A cement plant that will meet the requirements of an expanding economy is being erected by the UNKRA at Mungyong, South Korea, at a cost of $8,500,00, Scheduled for completion in 1957, it will have a capacity of 200,000 tons a year. Construction work, which began in September 1955, includes: two massive kilns, a building to house and overhead traveling crane, laboratory, buildings, offices, workshops, storage facilities, railway sidintgs, an access road, homes for employees, and a sewage system. One of the most comprehensive industrial units in the Republic of Korea, the plant will have its own limestrone quarries, its own electrical power plant, its own water supply and its own housing development. Here: Korean laborer with typical A frame load at Mungyong Cement Plant. [Photograph 4503]

Barley being unloaded at Pusan
S-0526-0345-0016-00001 · Unidad documental simple · 1956-12-31
Parte de United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) (1950-1958)

Barley being unloaded at Pusan under the UNKRA $11,000,000 program of food imports for the financial year 1953. J. Donald Kingsley, then UNKRA Agent General, and Paik Too-Chin, Acting Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea, examine a sack of barley at the unloading ceremony. On the right is Shin Chung Mok, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry. Photographer: J. Breitenbach. [Photograph 581]