- 1977 - 1999
S-1822 contains records concerning political support provided to the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).
Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG)
The SRSG’s daily reports to United Nations headquarters summarize political and military events. They detail: activities of government ministers and political parties; press conferences and news reported in the Macedonian press; informal meetings attended by the SRSG; visits of delegations to the mission; and demonstrations by ethnic Macedonian and ethnic Albanian students. The SRSG’s daily reports also note illegal crossing activity, smuggling, and intermittent shooting along FYROM’s borders with Albania and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).
Attachments to code cables consist of a wide variety of documents. Included are: summaries of the SRSG’s meetings with President Kiro Gligorov; monthly reports of the SRSG to United Nations headquarters; briefing notes for the Secretary-General’s visit to FYROM in May 1999; memoranda about political developments in Albania; reports about the imprisonment of dissidents; chronologies of events and reports on the political situation in the municipalities of Gostivar and Tetovo; background and commentary on the 1998 national elections; updates on incidents along the United Nations Patrol Line (UNPL) and along the Macedonian-Albanian border; analyses of press articles for the SRSG; transcripts of television interviews of government ministers; and memoranda about the construction of and conditions in refugee camps.
Also included are records documenting relations between UNPREDEP and the Government of the Republic of Macedonia. These consist of: communiqués; transcripts of ministers’ speeches and interviews; correspondence between the SRSG and the Minister of Defense regarding the mission’s land use; correspondence and memoranda regarding the President’s visit to UN Observation Posts; memoranda detailing the October 1995 attempt to assassinate President Gligorov with a car bomb and the subsequent investigation; summaries of security incidents reported by the Ministry of the Interior; and memoranda about good offices initiatives.
Records pertaining to elections consist of: correspondence between UNPREDEP officials and members of political parties; statements and papers on positions of political parties; career information about government ministers; analyses of the municipal elections; and reports of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) on the elections.
There are also summaries of luncheons hosted by the SRSG for representatives of political parties, including: the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO-DPMNE); the Democratic Party of Macedonia (DPM); and the Socialist Party of Macedonia (SPM). Topics discussed at these luncheons include: the general elections; draft electoral law; the political situation; changes in government leadership; mergers between political parties; judicial autonomy; ownership of private property; the right to freedom of expression and freedom of the press; the display of Albanian flags on public buildings; the demarcation of the border between FYROM and FRY; the situation in Kosovo; inter-ethnic relations and human rights; the need for an international military presence in FYROM; international security arrangements; and UNPREDEP’s mandate. Also included are summaries of luncheons hosted by the SRSG for representatives of politically-oriented youth organizations.
Files maintained on Kosovo consist of: reports about refugee movements and correspondence regarding the entry of Kosovo refugees into FYROM; updates, memoranda, meeting summaries, and analytical papers about the situation in Kosovo, particularly regarding its impact on UNPREDEP’s operations.
Security-related records include: meeting minutes of the Security Management Team; Quarterly Security Reports; security alerts reports; and the Mission Security Plan. Security situation reports particularly detail: the movements of refugees from Kosovo into FYROM; incidents at refugee camps; and military and humanitarian use of airports.
Included are records of a workshop conducted by the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs in cooperation with UNPREDEP titled “An Agenda for Preventive Diplomacy: Theory and Practice,” held in Skopje in October 1996. These consist of: agreements between UNPREDEP and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs; correspondence; participant lists; agenda; and addresses and papers presented at the workshop. In addition, there are papers, proceedings, and correspondence related to the Consultative Meeting of the Entities of the United Nations System on the Activities in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), held in Skopje in March 1998.
Also included are: memoranda and correspondence pertaining to the organization of UNPREDEP and the extension of its mandate; drafts of the Secretary-General’s reports on UNPREDEP to the Security Council, and comments relating to the reports; end of mission reports by the SRSG; and itineraries for the SRSG’s travel, as well as talking points, statements delivered, summaries of meetings, and summaries of visits. In addition, there are: papers about illegal drug trafficking and organized crime, and on reform of the criminal justice system and of the criminal code; and project proposals and outlines for social programs initiated by UNPREDEP in cooperation with United Nations agencies and the FYROM government.
Special Assistant to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG)
Records relating to the Government of the Republic of Macedonia include biographical and career information about government ministers; correspondence regarding visits by government ministers to UNPREDEP; correspondence discussing seminars and training resources for the Macedonian police; and invitations sent to ministers to attend seminars.
Records related to the workshop titled “An Agenda for Preventive Diplomacy: Theory and Practice,” held in Skopje in October 1996, consist of: discussion papers about ethnicity as a source of social conflict and on the evolution, meaning, and components of preventive diplomacy; and correspondence and information about governmental and non-governmental organizations working in Macedonia.
The Intersectoral Mission on Developmental Social Issues was a team of experts tasked to implement goals established at the World Summit on Social Development, held in Copenhagen in 1995. Records pertaining to its visit to FYROM consist of outlines and proposals for projects addressing unemployment, early childhood education, services for disabled persons, services for orphaned and abandoned children, and poverty elimination.
Records pertaining to drug control and crime prevention consist of: summaries of crime prevention activities undertaken by UNPREDEP in cooperation with United Nations agencies; maps of drug trafficking routes; agenda for seminars, conferences and symposia on the prevention of organized crime and corruption; and summaries of meetings on the review of draft laws on the control and prevention of corruption held among government ministers, the SRSG, representatives of United Nations agencies, and legal experts. Related papers cover such topics as: proposed drug control programs for FYROM outlined by UN agencies; the incidence of crime in the Republic of Macedonia; and programs intended to strengthen the government.
Records pertaining to youth include: correspondence, project proposals, and seminar programmes related to training in leadership, computer literacy, and foreign languages for youth; and outlines describing income-generating projects for youth and changes proposed for the Macedonian educational system.
Records also include: papers, program plans, curriculum outlines, and correspondence related to the Institute for Social Work and Social Policy affiliated with the University of Sts. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje; and discussion papers on the Legal Consultancy Mission to Macedonia presented to the United Nations Focal Point for Electoral Assistance Activities.
S-1822 includes a group of publications in Macedonian which were produced in whole or in part by UNPREDEP; these publications have been removed to ARMS’s reference library.