- 1988 - 2001 (Creation)
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International Civilian Mission in Haiti, OAS/UN (MICIVIH)
The records consist of legal documents such as the lease agreement for MICIVIH and UNMIH office space, United Nations and Organization of American States (OAS) cost-sharing agreements, and a letter of agreement between the United Nations and the Haitian Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) providing the CEP with technical assistance and funds. There are memoranda concerning Haitian law and the carrying of weapons and on the legal framework for disarmament in Haiti. The records also contain reports on preliminary investigations of incidents of violence involving the Haitian National Police (HNP) occurring in Cité Soleil in March 1996. Also present are summaries of coordination meetings of the Trilateral Commission for Justice, attended by representatives of the Government of Haiti, United States, and MICIVIH. Additionally, there are reports, correspondence and memoranda concerning the judicial and prison reform work of the Comité de Coordination des Bailleurs de Fonds (Coordinating Committee of Donors), which was chaired by MICIVIH Executive Director Colin Granderson. There is a program plan for the reform of the Haitian National Prison System, dated 1995. Memoranda on various types of audits carried out by the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) at headquarters on MICIVIH, UNMIH, UNSMIH, and MIPONUH are also included.
United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)
Records primarily pertain to UNMIH legal matters and agreements. Included are: draft and final Status of Mission Agreements (SOMA) and extensions signed by UNMIH and the Government of Haiti; Status of Forces Agreements (SOFA) signed by UNMIH and the Government of Haiti; draft UNMIH Rules of Engagement (ROE); and agreements titled “Provision of Assistance between the United States and the United Nations” and “Agreement for the Return of Land by UNMIH to the Government of Haiti.” Additionally, there are memoranda evaluating the ROE and SOFAs. These were exchanged between the Legal Adviser, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, the Secretary-General, the Haitian Prime Minister, and the Canadian Ambassador. There are also Memoranda of Understanding (MOU), including an MOU made with the Government of Haiti on converting Fort National to a low-security prison. Another MOU, made with Telecommunications D’Haiti, focuses on reciprocal support in telecommunications tower projects. There are also model lease contracts, leases for Civilian Police (CIVPOL) headquarters and United Nations-occupied buildings, and a lease status report with details on continuing leases. Some memoranda concern the transfer of United States government leases to UNMIH, and the termination of leases at the expiry of the UNMIH mandate.
The files also contain correspondence, chronologies, subject files, reports and meeting materials.
There is outgoing correspondence written by the Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) Lakhdar Brahimi and by Political Advisor Nicole Lannegrace and sent to members of the Government of Haiti and to Ambassadors of foreign countries. Memoranda authored by the Legal Adviser concern the extension of the UNMIH mandate by Security Council Resolution 1048 (1996), and other subjects. There are chronologies titled: “Decade in Haiti” (February 1986 -January 1996); and “Chronology of United Nations and Haiti” (September 1991 – November 1994).
The subject files contain information about: political parties; the National Truth and Justice Commission (CNVJ); the Haitian National Police (HNP); and the Haitian Ministry of Justice. The files hold diagnostic reports on justice, police, and prisons. The files on security have weekly threat assessments, and memoranda sent from the Security Advisor to SRSG Lakhdar Brahimi. The memoranda cover developments in the security situation in Haiti. UNMIH Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and the Police Commissioner’s Standing Orders are also included in the files.
The weekly reports summarize the activities and developments of the Trilateral Working Groups. The Working Groups were created to oversee advancement in areas such as: airport security; justice; human rights; prisons; police training; fire fighting; and presidential security. Trilateral Meetings between representatives of the Government of Haiti, UNMIH, and the United States are also documented. There are draft agenda, briefing documents, and notes for the record which summarize meetings and discuss the extension of the mission’s mandate.
United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH)
UNSMIH legal documents consist of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the United Nations and Canada regarding the country’s contribution of forces to the mission, and copies of lease agreements for UNSMIH office space. The records also contain files on the Haitian National Police (HNP), including memoranda evaluating the development of the HNP. Some agenda and summaries of monthly Trilateral Meetings are also present in the records. The meetings were attended by representatives of the Government of Haiti, Friends of the Secretary-General for Haiti (Argentina, Canada, France, the United States, Venezuela, and Chile) and UNSMIH.
United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH)
The records consist of legal documents such as the UNTMIH Rules of Engagement (ROE) and a lease agreement for headquarters. There also is a Military Campaign Plan for UNTMIH, with strategic guidance and military objectives, and several draft plans for the professionalization of the Haitian National Police (HNP).
United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH)
The records consist of the Rules of Engagement (ROE) for the United Nations Special Police and a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the United Nations and Argentina, about contributions of forces to the mission. There are also memoranda about security and MIPONUH’s Security Plan for Haiti.
International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)
The records consist of draft and final Status of Mission Agreements (SOMA) signed by MICAH and the Government of Haiti. Memoranda evaluating draft SOMAs were exchanged between the Legal Advisor, staff of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs, the Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) Alfredo Lopes Cabral, and the Haitian Minister of Foreign Affairs Fritz Longchamp. Additionally, there are working papers about cooperation between MICAH and the Government of Haiti, such as “Elements du Cadre de Cooperation,” February 2000. Also present is the MICAH End of Mission report, as well as final reports authored by MICAH’s technical advisor for prison administration, and by the technical advisor for the protection of women and minors in detention. Additional records include: United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) audit reports and related memoranda; Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) concerning contingent-owned equipment of countries that contributed troops to peacekeeping missions; and memoranda about United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) activities in Haiti.
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- English, French