Series Military and Political - Planning, strategy - Mission establishment - S-1830

Identity area

Reference code

S-1830

Title

Military and Political - Planning, strategy - Mission establishment

Date(s)

  • 1961 - 2006 (Creation)

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No. of Boxes: 28

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Scope and content

The title of S-1830 was drawn from the function series PKH.MIL003 from the “Peacekeeping Headquarters Retention Schedule,” v. 2, August 2011, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) and Department of Field Support (DFS).

S-1830 contains records pertaining to the establishment of all functions and components of United Nations peacekeeping operations, including political, military, police, humanitarian, human rights, administrative and logistical functions. Records in S-1830 also document DPKO’s periodic assessment of deployed missions, and its decision-making process with regard to reconfiguring and expanding missions, and developing exit and transition strategies for deployed missions.

Records primarily consist of reports about United Nations-led technical surveys, and reconnaissance and fact-finding missions to countries where the deployment of a peacekeeping mission was being considered; concepts of operations for the mission; organization charts; options for and assessments of military action in proposed peacekeeping missions; assessments of security conditions throughout the projected area for the operation of a mission; country profiles of conflict areas and of countries hosting peacekeeping missions; and reports on United Nations-led technical missions to review operations in deployed peacekeeping missions. Additionally, there are records pertaining to the organization and structure of the mission’s headquarters and Force. There are also summaries of meetings between United Nations officials and officials of governments hosting peacekeeping missions, and letters exchanged between United Nations officials and representatives of Member States contributing troops and equipment to peacekeeping missions.

A significant volume of records are present in S-1830 for the following peacekeeping missions and countries.

United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO)
Records relating to the establishment of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) in 1991 include: demographical information about Western Sahara; political analyses of the conflict in Western Sahara drafted by officials at the Office of Special Political Affairs (OSPA); a proposal for the formation of a peacekeeping mission in Western Sahara; outlines describing the proposed military component of MINURSO, and tasks for military component units, infantry battalions, Military Observers, and the Military Police; the concept of air operations; draft organization charts; and maps of Western Sahara with hand-drawn notations of military and Civilian Police sites. Additionally, there are: a summary report of the United Nations Visiting Mission to Spanish Sahara in 1975; records relating to the Technical Survey Mission to Western Sahara and Neighboring Countries conducted in July and August of 1990, such as reports, itineraries, terms of reference, and composition and plans for the Technical Survey Mission; and reports detailing the visit by the Technical Team from 7-14 October 1997 and their assessment of the military and Civilian Police components of MINURSO.

Angola
Records documenting the establishment of United Nations peacekeeping missions in Angola include the following: briefs and notes about the United Nations Angola Verification Mission I (UNAVEM I)’s observation of the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola in 1989; organization charts for UNAVEM I headquarters and of military staff; a reconnaissance report about suitable locations for regional headquarters for the United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II), dated 7 June 1991; an expansion plan for UNAVEM II dated June 1994; and the report of the Technical Survey Mission, undertaken from 24 November to 8 December 1994, to establish the United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III). There are also records documenting the United Nations Assessment Mission to Angola, which was led by James O. C. Jonah, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General, from 5-16 September 1994. These records include Jonah’s final report, and briefs prepared for Jonah on the political, military and humanitarian situation in Angola.

Zaire and Congo-Brazzaville
Included are records relating to the establishment in 1996 of a Multinational Force (MNF) headquartered in Kampala, Uganda, which was mandated by the Security Council to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid along Zaire’s eastern border with Rwanda and Burundi and to assist in the voluntary repatriation of refugees and displaced persons. These records include: the general framework for operations for the Multinational Force; a report of the visit of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Great Lakes Region, undertaken from 5 November to 6 December 1996; briefs and analyses about political developments in Zaire; and letters from the Secretary-General to representatives of Members States about contributions to the Multinational Force. There are also updates on the refugee situation in eastern Zaire Also included are: analyses of the situation emerging in Congo-Brazzaville, Republic of Congo; and a report on the Technical Survey Mission for Congo-Brazzaville, undertaken from 24 July to 4 August 1997 in Gabon and the Republic of Congo.

United Nations Mission in Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC)
Records relating to the establishment of MONUC include: a draft concept of operations for the mission; a paper on the establishment and functions of the Joint Military Commission to oversee the implementation of the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, signed 10 July 1999; briefs on coordination between MONUC and the JMC; the report by the Logistics Technical Survey Mission, dispatched 18 October to 9 November 1999, about the logistics environment and infrastructure throughout the country; and the report of the Inter-Agency Assessment Mission to Kisangani, undertaken from 13-24 August 2000, about the loss of life and property damage in the city of Kisangani as a result of fighting between Rwandan and Ugandan troops in June 2000.

United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR)
Records include: situation reports recounting reconnaissance in Uganda undertaken by UN personnel prior to mission establishment; briefs describing crossing points along the Rwandan-Ugandan border; mission name proposals; hand-drawn maps for deployment along the Rwandan-Ugandan border; a lengthy brief detailing the operational support required from the Ugandan Army for the mission; memoranda about high-level appointments in the mission; and correspondence related to Member States’ contributions of personnel to the mission.

United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR)
Records relating to the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) include: memoranda on items and modifications to the Status of Mission Agreement (SOMA) and the Rules of Engagement (ROE); outlines of the organization of the UNAMIR headquarters, as well as the logistics branch, infantry battalions, engineer squadrons, and the medical company; hand-drawn maps of sector boundaries; letters exchanged between the Secretary-General and heads of state of African nations, as well as representatives of the Organization of African Unity (OAU); outlines on requirements and operations of the Neutral Military Observer Group (NMOG) furnished by the OAU; and briefs on technical assistance provided by the United Nations to the OAU, and on cooperation between the United Nations and the OAU. Also included are the Military Adviser’s briefing books on Rwanda, and memoranda describing recommendations for the United Nations concerning a response to the conflict in Rwanda. There is also the final report of the Reconnaissance Mission to Rwanda, dispatched 19-31 August 1993, which describes the political, military, logistics, and humanitarian aspects of the mission. In addition, there is a handbook for the Advance Party to Rwanda, which was launched in September 1993, detailing the mission mandate and concept of operations, structure of the Force, administrative guidelines, and the organization of the military division. Also present is the final report of the United Nations Technical Mission on the Security Situation in the Rwandese Refugee Camps in Zaire, 26 September - 11 October 1994.

UNOSOM I and UNOSOM II
Records related to the establishment of the United Nations Operation in Somalia I (UNOSOM I) and to the United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II), include: reports describing the history and political roles of Somali tribal clans; briefs on the state of the Self-Proclaimed Republic of Somaliland; Letters of Agreement signed in March 1992 by officials of the United Nations Technical Mission to Somalia, and leaders of Somali political and paramilitary organizations on mechanisms for monitoring the ceasefire and on the distribution of humanitarian aid in Somalia; summaries of meetings between Technical Team officials and Somaliland elders; briefs by representatives of United Nations agencies on their perceptions for conditions of work in Somalia; organization charts of UNOSOM I; and concept proposals for the development of a Somali national police force.

A report of the United Nations Technical Mission to Somalia undertaken in March and April of 1992 details daily activities of the Technical Mission, including meetings with General Mohamed Farah Aidid, the interim President Ali Mahdi, and leaders of Somali political and paramilitary organizations; field visits made by the Medical Section of the Technical Mission to various parts of Somalia to survey local health facilities and infrastructure, and to collect data on health risks; the types of humanitarian relief needed, including food aid, shelter, water, livestock, seeds, and education; and modalities and strategies for implementing humanitarian relief assistance. Additionally, there is a report by the Technical Mission to Somalia undertaken in August 1992.

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
There is a lengthy report referencing mission code cables and Security Council documents which chronologizes the establishment of United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in 1978 and its operations through roughly 1980. This report describes: the political background to UNIFIL; Member State troop contributions; fatalities affecting infantry battalions; military and political efforts undertaken by UNIFIL to restore the authority of the Government of Lebanon in the south and in the UNIFIL area of operations; UNIFIL deployment in Christian and Shia Islam enclaves in southern Lebanon; and the activities of the first Commander of UNIFIL (1978-1981), Major General Emmanuel Erskine. In addition, there are: outlines and tables on changes to the Force structure, and on reductions to personnel and budget, enacted in the mission in the early 1990s; a report of an evaluation of the Military Component undertaken from 10-13 May 2005; and the military concept of operations dating from 2006.

United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM)
UNIKOM-related records include: lists of high-level appointments in the mission; briefs on troop and equipment contributions made by Member States to the mission; and briefs on the structure and operations of UNIKOM infantry battalions.

United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)
Records pertaining to the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP), established in 1964, date primarily from the 1980s and early 1990s, and include: organization charts; memoranda on headquarters staffing arrangements; papers describing the rank structure of the Military Police; briefs on engineer support for UNFICYP; maps depicting deployment and briefs on deployment options; a report on the visit to UNFICYP of the United Nations Secretariat Team in June 1980; a report on an audit of the UNFICYP Civilian Labor Establishment conducted in 1983; and reports of assessments of the mission undertaken by DPKO officials in 1997 and 1998.

Yugoslavia and UNPROFOR
Records pertaining to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia consist of: briefs on the concept of operations planned for a peacekeeping mission in Yugoslavia; handwritten notes on deployment and Force requirements; hand-drawn sketches of the Force structure and chain of command; briefs on planned logistics, civil affairs, and medical components; reports and hand-drawn sketches of reconnaissance operations carried out in Yugoslavia; reports describing ceasefire violations; maps depicting the locations of ethnic minorities in Yugoslavia; summaries of meetings between the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General Cyrus R. Vance and Yugoslav leaders; working papers and briefs on the function and role of United Nations Military Liaison Officers in Yugoslavia (UNMLOY); reports on the visit by the Preparatory Group Yugoslavia (PGY) in 1991 and their recommendations on peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia; reports on sector reconnaissance operations in the Republic of Serbian Krajina (RSK); United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) organization charts; and documents outlining phases of action for the establishment of UNPROFOR. Additionally, there are: papers detailing the conflict on the Prevlaka Peninsula, located at the southern tip of Croatia, and profiling the United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP); and reports about visits by the United Nations Medical Director to survey medical support being provided in UNMIK, UNMIBH, UNTAES, and UNMOP.

United Nations Transitional Administration in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium (UNTAES)
There are also records pertaining to the United Nations Transitional Administration in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium (UNTAES). These consist of: a report about the Technical Survey Mission to UNTAES undertaken from 28 February to 5 March 1996; analyses of military requirements for the implementation of the Basic Agreement on the Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium (Erdut Agreement) of 1995; operation plans for the implementation of the Erdut Agreement; and briefs outlining the Force structure and composition, area of operations (AO), and concept of operations for UNTAES. Included also are briefs on the political climate in Eastern Slavonia, the demilitarization of Eastern Slavonia, and the reduction and the withdrawal of UNTAES.

United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG)
Records related to the establishment of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) in 1993 include: letters exchanged between the Secretary-General and United Nations officials, and representatives of the Republic of Abkhazia; and summaries of meetings of the Joint Commission on the Settlement in Abkhazia, a provision of the Agreement on a Ceasefire in Abkhazia and Arrangements to Monitor its Observance, signed 27 July 1993. There are also summaries of meetings between UNOMIG officials and Abkhaz and Georgian authorities about the relocation of UNOMIG headquarters in 1994. In addition, there are reports on United Nations political missions undertaken to Georgia in 1992 and 1993, which detail: the daily activities of UN officials on mission; meetings with the President of Georgia Eduard Shevardnadze; meetings with Abkhazian and Russian government officials; the military situation in Abkhazia; and the displaced population in Georgia and their humanitarian needs. Technical missions undertaken in Georgia in 1993 detail: the UNOMIG terms of reference; the political background of the conflict; the military concept of operations; and logistic, administrative and communications aspects of the proposed mission. Additionally, a report of the United Nations Planning Mission to Abkhazia, Republic of Georgia, undertaken 8-15 February 1994, is included.

Armenia and Azerbaijan
S-1830 also includes reports prepared by political missions sent to Armenia and Azerbaijan in 1992 detailing findings and observations on: the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh; positions held on the conflict by Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Nagorno-Karabakh; the distribution of humanitarian aid in the region; and refugees and displaced persons. The reports also feature daily itineraries of the mission, historical background to the conflict, and notes on recent mediation efforts.

United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA)
Records include: a report on the Preliminary Mission to Guatemala, undertaken from 24 April to 9 May 1994, which describes the human rights situation in Guatemala, the situation of judicial institutions in the protection of human rights, the roles of non-governmental organizations in monitoring human rights violations, and the feasibility of a United Nations mission to verify the Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights signed 29 March 1994 by the Republic of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (URNG). There are also briefs on MINUGUA headquarters and suboffices, and a report on the Technical Survey in Guatemala, undertaken from 2-10 December 1996, to assess the administrative, communication, and logistic support requirements for a Military Observer Mission in Guatemala.

Haiti
Records related to the establishment of the United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) consist of: a report of the Technical Mission to Haiti, undertaken from 8-12 September 1993, which provides an overview of the situation in Haiti and a plan for the deployment and operations of UNMIH; organization tables of UNMIH and its components; briefings and status updates about the transition from the Multination Force (MNF) to UNMIH; and a plan for the ceremony UNMIH held, on 31 March 1995, for the takeover of the Multination Force (MNF). There are also records documenting the establishment in 1990 of the United Nations Observer Group for the Verification of Elections in Haiti (ONUVEH), and these include: briefs on the political situation in Haiti; memoranda detailing personnel and equipment requirements; and guidelines issued by the Field Operations Division for the observation of the Haiti elections of 16 December 1990, which resulted in the election of Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

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  • English, French, Spanish, Russian, Finnish, Arabic

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Related to: 2000/0060-0002: DPKO/OUSG - Military Adviser: Records including clear and code cables; SITREPS; country, chronological and subject files which relate to various peacekeeping missions
Related to: 2009/0032: DPKO/OUSG - UNIFIL: Plan and establishment, Trials and tribulations, efforts to restore Lebanese authority in the South
Related to: 2006/0093-0001: DPKO/OUSG - Substantive and administrative records of all the United Nations field missions in UNAMSIL
Related to: 2009/0036-0001: DPKO/OUSG - Administrative and Substantive records related to MINUGUA
Related to: 2009/0037-0001: DPKO/OUSG - Administrative and Substantive records related to MINURSO
Related to: 2009/0038-0001: DPKO/OUSG - Administrative and Substantive records related to ONUSAL
Related to: 2011/0003-0001: Management and Integration: Policy, procedure, best practice

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2000/0060, 1998/0126, 2009/0036, 2009/0038, 2009/0326, 2006/0093, 2009/0032, 2004/0171, 2006/0094, 2006/0092, 2009/0037, 2005/0011, 1997/0022, 2002/0006, 2007/0131, 2007/0129, 2003/0042, 2006/0067, 2000/0070, 1995/0167, 1995/0195

Previous numbers

2000/0060, 1998/0126, 2009/0036, 2009/0038, 2009/0326, 2006/0093, 2009/0032, 2004/0171, 2006/0094, 2006/0092, 2009/0037

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