- 1992 - 1999 (Creation)
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S-1823 contains records concerning military support provided to the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).
Files related to military officers include: analyses on the reduction of military strength; papers about the concept of operations for United Nations Military Observers (UNMOs); daily situation reports from the Chief of Staff (COS); papers and memoranda regarding the implementation of special security phases; and analyses on developments in Kosovo and Serbia.
Correspondence of the Force Commander covers such topics as: the Security Council’s extension of UNPREDEP’s mandate; fortification along the United Nations Patrol Line (UNPL); concept of operations; and the closing-down of UNPF and the establishment of UNPREDEP. Correspondence also includes updates on activities of teams of UNMOs and summaries of meetings between representatives of UNPREDEP and representatives of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).
Military reports were sent from the Force Commander to United Nations headquarters in New York and provide information about: the political and military situation; force structure and command; training of the Nordic Battalion (NORDBAT) and the United States Battalion (USBAT); border and community patrols and air operations; engineering and logistics aspects; and drawdown actions.
Records pertaining to the Nordic Battalion (NORDBAT) consist of: papers describing the composition of NORDBAT among the troop-contributing nations of Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland; battalion orders; reports on deployment at Observation Posts; organization charts and deployment maps of NORDBAT; monthly reports by NORDBAT to the Force Commander; and summaries of meetings between NORDBAT officers and border troops and Frontier Guard Officers of the FRY.
Records pertaining to the United States Battalion (USBAT) consist of: briefings prepared for the Force Commander; reports of the Force Commander’s inspections; monthly “roll up” reports on USBAT activities; and the Memorandum of Agreement and the Contribution Agreement between the United States and the United Nations.
Included are weekly reports of the United Nations Liaison Offices (UNLOs) in Belgrade, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), and Zagreb, Croatia, which were established in March 1996 with the task of monitoring and analyzing the policies and actions of the offices’ host governments which could have an impact on three peacekeeping missions active in the former Yugoslavia: UNPREDEP; the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH); and the United Nations Transitional Authority in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium (UNTAES). The weekly reports provide updates and commentary on: domestic political and military activities; foreign relations of the host country; electoral, humanitarian and human rights affairs; and the activities of the UNLOs.
Also included are records documenting visits made by the Force Commander to a variety of locations, including: Belgrade and Sarajevo in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY); Tirana and Pogradec in Albania; headquarters of the United States Army Europe (USAREUR) in Heidelberg, Germany; United Nations headquarters in New York; Washington, D.C.; and the Task Force Able Sentry near Skopje, and other locations in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). These records consist of: itineraries, notes for the file; discussion points and briefs; and summaries of meetings with military and government officials. Records also document visits made to UNPREDEP headquarters in Skopje by: Kofi Annan, the Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, and other United Nations officials; and government officials and ambassadors of the United States and European countries.
Force Commander’s records also include: briefs for and agenda and minutes of Force Commander’s Conferences; speeches made at Force Commanders’ change-of-command ceremonies as well as Force Commanders’ end of tour reports; summaries and minutes of meetings between the Force Commander and the FYROM Minister of Defense; analytical and discussion papers about the conditions along the border between Albania and the FYROM; letters protesting the FRY’s treatment of UN troops who accidentally crossed the border; special reports by the UNMOs; memoranda outlining public information strategies and guidelines for dealing with the media; contribution agreements between troop-contributing nations and UNPREDEP; and memoranda and charts describing the drawdown of UNPREDEP.
Chief of Staff
Records include: discussion papers about the role of UNPREDEP; end of mission reports of the military component of the United Nations Peace Forces (UNPF); and analyses on the border trespassing events that took place at Cupino Brdo, a hill mass located near the FYROM’s border with the FRY. Records pertaining to military changes-of-command ceremonies include: programs; invitation lists; ceremony scripts and speeches; and diagrams depicting troop formation.
Operations Branch, Senior Plans Officer (SPO)
Records of the Senior Plans Officer (SPO) consist of: minutes of Operations Conferences; mission Standard Operating Procedures (SOP); and military liquidation plans and outlines. Also included are operation orders and directives. Operation orders concern: alert stages and measures; deployment of troops along the border with the FRY and along the border with Albania; the drawdown and evacuation of military forces, civilian personnel and equipment; the handling of border incidents; and the provision of emergency assistance to ethnic Albanian refugees entering the FYROM from Kosovo. Incident reports cover: shootings and explosions near borders; cross-border smuggling activity; demonstrations; and violations of FYROM airspace.
Logistics Branch, Chief Logistics Officer (CLOGO)
Records of the Chief Logistics Officer (CLOGO) consist of: minutes of Logistics Conferences; logistics directives; reports of the CLOGO’s visits to Observation Posts; and correspondence concerning helicopter logistical support, refueling policies, and NORDBAT liquidation.
Military Information Liaison Office (MILO)
Included are records pertaining to the United Nations Patrol Line (UNPL), a military administrative boundary negotiated in 1994 by the mission and by the authorities of the FYROM and the FRY, and accepted as a gentlemen’s agreement as the Northern Limit of the Area of Operation (NLAOO). The NLAOO was revised and renamed the UNPL in 1995. The purpose of the boundary was to establish the northernmost area of United Nations operations and to prevent mission troops from accidentally wandering into FRY territory. Records include: analyses on the definition of the UNPL; memoranda describing the terrain constituting the UNPL; summaries of meetings between the Force Commander and the military officials of the FRY about adjustments and revisions made to the UNPL; hand-drawn sketches of the UNPL; and maps depicting military dispositions of UNPREDEP along the UNPL.
Also included are records pertaining to liaison meetings conducted by the staff of the Military Information Liaison Office (MILO). Meetings were held with: representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and of the Ministry of Defense of the FYROM; military officials of the Army of Yugoslavia (AY) of the FRY; and Albanian border police and Albanian government officials. Records include: summaries, minutes, and verbatim transcripts of meetings; and notes and memoranda for the file.
Military information summaries detail: activities along the FYROM’s border with Albania and with the FRY; and weekly activities of the Army of Yugoslavia (AY), the Army of the Republic of Macedonia (APM), and Albanian forces. Records pertaining to the drawdown of military forces mandated by Security Council Resolution 1082 (1996), which extended UNPREDEP’s mandate but reduced its size, include: presentations and memoranda on the concept of drawdown operations; plans and outlines for the drawdown; and minutes of drawdown planning meetings.
Records of the MILO also include maps. There is a map approved on 7 July 1994 that depicts the Northern Limit of the Area of Operations (NLAOO). This maps features paper notes affixed to the map surface, and hand-drawn markings of border changes. Also included is a series of maps produced by the Military Survey of the Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom in 1993 which depict areas that surround a number of cities and towns in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Albania, Kosovo, Bulgaria and Greece. Laminated maps of areas in the FYROM, as well as in Kosovo, are also included.
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Language of material
- English, Macedonian, Serbian, Swedish, Finnish, Danish, Norwegian