Series S-0295 - Political Affairs

Identity area

Reference code

S-0295

Title

Political Affairs

Date(s)

  • 1983 - 1994 (Creation)

Level of description

Series

Extent and medium

No. of Boxes: 81

Context area

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

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Scope and content

S-0295 contains records concerning political activities of the United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ).

Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG)
Correspondence consists of: weekly situation reports sent from the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) to the Secretary-General; letters exchanged between the SRSG and government officials, foreign embassies, and representatives of non-governmental organizations; summaries of weapons verification activities; and timetables for the implementation of the General Peace Agreement. The correspondence files also contain reports and memoranda about: the disbanding of militias and para-military forces; the demobilization of RENAMO soldiers; mine clearance activities; the visits of foreign dignitaries to Mozambique; and the political climate in Lesotho.

Correspondence on political matters consists of: talking points and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and the President of the Republic of Mozambique, Joaquim Chissano; political reports from the SRSG to the Secretary-General describing activities undertaken in fulfillment of the mission mandate; summaries of political-military events on Mozambican borders; and summaries of RENAMO’s complaints to the Cease-Fire Commission (CCF).

Also included are: summaries of meetings between the President of the Republic of Mozambique, Joaquim Chissano, and the President of RENAMO, Mr. Afonso Dhaklama; statements made by President Joachim Chissano to the General Assembly; speeches made by President Joachim Chissano; discussion and strategy papers on the reintegration of demobilized soldiers and refugees into post-war civilian life; records concerning the registration of political parties for the national elections; minutes of the Force Commander’s meetings with Regional Commanders; minutes and agendas for Operations Meetings; agreements related to United Nations-produced radio and television programs, as well as scripts of some programs; and ONUMOZ organization charts.

Incidents reports describe: demonstrations and rioting; looting; hostage-taking; arson; road and bridge blockades laid by RENAMO and the Liberation Front of Mozambique (FRELIMO); and activities of demobilized soldiers demanding pay and of local militia.

Records of the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) include: annotated drafts of the Agreement (which clarified the legal status of the United Nations Operations in Mozambique); and correspondence between Mozambican government officials and United Nations personnel.

Records pertaining to the national elections held 27-28 October 1994 include: plans for the deployment of the electoral component; reports on electoral activities in provinces, which provide information about registration, civic education activities, and political parties; reports concerning access to RENAMO-controlled territories for the setting up of election activities; guidelines for International Election Observers, who were drawn from United Nations Member States and United Nations organizations; training materials for civic education agents; briefing notes on electoral law; and summaries of complaints received by the Electoral Division concerning fraud and irregularities in the electoral process.

Civilian Police documents include: investigative reports; plans and reports concerning the deployment of Civilian Police; planning materials for a Human Rights Training Course for the Civilian Police component of ONUMOZ; briefing notes for Civilian Police meetings with the SRSG; Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) of the Civilian Police; summaries of Civilian Police meetings with officials of the Government of Mozambique, and with RENAMO officials.

Records of the Supervision and Monitoring Commission (CSC) include: summaries of decisions taken at meetings; memoranda issued by the president of the Commission; reports of the chairman of the Commission; and statements made by international members of the Commission.

Records of the Joint Commission for the Formation of the Mozambican Defence Force (CCFADM) include: reports concerning the condition of training centers for the new Mozambican Defence Force; memoranda regarding the selection of soldiers and instructors for training centers; and correspondence between the SRSG and the Secretary-General about the progress on training the new Mozambican Defence Force.

Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (DSRSG)
Records consist of: correspondence between the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (DSRSG) and the director of the United Nations Office for Humanitarian Assistance Coordination (UNOHAC); correspondence between the DSRSG and the Force Commander and the Chief of Staff; reports from the Force Commander to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and the Department of Peace-keeping Operations (DPKO) headquarters in New York; correspondence between the president of the National Police Affairs Commission (COMPOL) and the SRSG; mission security and evacuation plans; and notes to the file.

Records pertaining to the national elections held 27-28 October 1994 include: summaries of ballot counts; statements by political parties; correspondence between the DSRSG and the SRSG regarding election matters; summaries of electoral activities in provinces; reports of Electoral Division activities to the DSRSG and the SRSG; project documents on deployment of the Electoral Component; deliberations of the National Elections Commission; field reports from Electoral Observers; speeches and statements made by the SRSG during the elections; and procedural documents regarding the Mozambique Electoral Tribunal.

Records pertaining to the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) include: summaries of meetings between the DSRSG and RENAMO officials; speeches made by Afonso Dhlakama; reports on the status of children in RENAMO-controlled areas; reports on conditions, incidents and activities in RENAMO-controlled areas; reports concerning the demobilization status of RENAMO soldiers; correspondence between Afonso Dhlakama and the Secretary-General.

Records of the Joint Commission for the Formation of the Mozambican Defence Force (CCFADM) include: correspondence between the DSRSG, who served as Chairman of the CCFADM, and delegation representatives; summaries of meetings between CCFADM and Cease-Fire Commission (CFF) delegation representatives; reports detailing the handover of weapons from the Government of Mozambique and RENAMO to training centers of the Armed Forces for the Defence of Mozambique (FADM); and reports on the movement of soldiers from Assembly Areas to training centers.

Commissions Secretariat
The Commissions Secretariat maintained the records of the Supervision and Monitoring Commission (CSC) and two of its three UN-chaired subsidiary commissions, the Cease-Fire Commission (CCF) and the Joint Commission for the Formation of the Mozambican Defence Force (CCFADM).

Records of the Supervision and Monitoring Commission (CSC) include meeting minutes, as well as annexes, implementation timetables, notes to the file, and related correspondence, reports and memoranda. Also included are signed agreements concerning Assembly Area locations, demining, and salary for the Armed Forces for the Defence of Mozambique (FADM).

Records of the Cease-Fire Commission (CCF) include: meeting minutes, summaries of tripartite meetings among representatives of ONUMOZ, RENAMO and the Government of Mozambique; and notes to the file. Also included are signed agreements concerning: rules of conduct in Assembly Areas; mine clearance; and the dismantling of paramilitary forces.

Records of the Joint Commission for the Formation of the Mozambican Defence Force (CCFADM) include: meeting minutes; summaries of informal meetings among representatives of ONUMOZ, RENAMO, the Government of Mozambique, Portugal, France and the United Kingdom; and notes to the file. Also included are signed agreements concerning the structure of the FADM and the symbology of rank badges.

Cease-Fire Commission (CCF)
Records include: correspondence between the Chairman of the Cease-Fire Commission and the Chief of the Technical Unit for Demobilization regarding activities in Assembly Areas; and guidelines concerning the handover of military equipment and the demolition of explosives and ammunition.

S-0295 contains records concerning political activities of the United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ).

Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG)
Correspondence consists of: weekly situation reports sent from the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) to the Secretary-General; letters exchanged between the SRSG and government officials, foreign embassies, and representatives of non-governmental organizations; summaries of weapons verification activities; and timetables for the implementation of the General Peace Agreement. The correspondence files also contain reports and memoranda about: the disbanding of militias and para-military forces; the demobilization of RENAMO soldiers; mine clearance activities; the visits of foreign dignitaries to Mozambique; and the political climate in Lesotho.

Correspondence on political matters consists of: talking points and summaries of meetings between the SRSG and the President of the Republic of Mozambique, Joaquim Chissano; political reports from the SRSG to the Secretary-General describing activities undertaken in fulfillment of the mission mandate; summaries of political-military events on Mozambican borders; and summaries of RENAMO’s complaints to the Cease-Fire Commission (CCF).

Also included are: summaries of meetings between the President of the Republic of Mozambique, Joaquim Chissano, and the President of RENAMO, Mr. Afonso Dhaklama; statements made by President Joachim Chissano to the General Assembly; speeches made by President Joachim Chissano; discussion and strategy papers on the reintegration of demobilized soldiers and refugees into post-war civilian life; records concerning the registration of political parties for the national elections; minutes of the Force Commander’s meetings with Regional Commanders; minutes and agendas for Operations Meetings; agreements related to United Nations-produced radio and television programs, as well as scripts of some programs; and ONUMOZ organization charts.

Incidents reports describe: demonstrations and rioting; looting; hostage-taking; arson; road and bridge blockades laid by RENAMO and the Liberation Front of Mozambique (FRELIMO); and activities of demobilized soldiers demanding pay and of local militia.

Records of the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) include: annotated drafts of the Agreement (which clarified the legal status of the United Nations Operations in Mozambique); and correspondence between Mozambican government officials and United Nations personnel.

Records pertaining to the national elections held 27-28 October 1994 include: plans for the deployment of the electoral component; reports on electoral activities in provinces, which provide information about registration, civic education activities, and political parties; reports concerning access to RENAMO-controlled territories for the setting up of election activities; guidelines for International Election Observers, who were drawn from United Nations Member States and United Nations organizations; training materials for civic education agents; briefing notes on electoral law; and summaries of complaints received by the Electoral Division concerning fraud and irregularities in the electoral process.

Civilian Police documents include: investigative reports; plans and reports concerning the deployment of Civilian Police; planning materials for a Human Rights Training Course for the Civilian Police component of ONUMOZ; briefing notes for Civilian Police meetings with the SRSG; Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) of the Civilian Police; summaries of Civilian Police meetings with officials of the Government of Mozambique, and with RENAMO officials.

Records of the Supervision and Monitoring Commission (CSC) include: summaries of decisions taken at meetings; memoranda issued by the president of the Commission; reports of the chairman of the Commission; and statements made by international members of the Commission.

Records of the Joint Commission for the Formation of the Mozambican Defence Force (CCFADM) include: reports concerning the condition of training centers for the new Mozambican Defence Force; memoranda regarding the selection of soldiers and instructors for training centers; and correspondence between the SRSG and the Secretary-General about the progress on training the new Mozambican Defence Force.

Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (DSRSG)
Records consist of: correspondence between the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (DSRSG) and the director of the United Nations Office for Humanitarian Assistance Coordination (UNOHAC); correspondence between the DSRSG and the Force Commander and the Chief of Staff; reports from the Force Commander to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and the Department of Peace-keeping Operations (DPKO) headquarters in New York; correspondence between the president of the National Police Affairs Commission (COMPOL) and the SRSG; mission security and evacuation plans; and notes to the file.

Records pertaining to the national elections held 27-28 October 1994 include: summaries of ballot counts; statements by political parties; correspondence between the DSRSG and the SRSG regarding election matters; summaries of electoral activities in provinces; reports of Electoral Division activities to the DSRSG and the SRSG; project documents on deployment of the Electoral Component; deliberations of the National Elections Commission; field reports from Electoral Observers; speeches and statements made by the SRSG during the elections; and procedural documents regarding the Mozambique Electoral Tribunal.

Records pertaining to the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) include: summaries of meetings between the DSRSG and RENAMO officials; speeches made by Afonso Dhlakama; reports on the status of children in RENAMO-controlled areas; reports on conditions, incidents and activities in RENAMO-controlled areas; reports concerning the demobilization status of RENAMO soldiers; correspondence between Afonso Dhlakama and the Secretary-General.

Records of the Joint Commission for the Formation of the Mozambican Defence Force (CCFADM) include: correspondence between the DSRSG, who served as Chairman of the CCFADM, and delegation representatives; summaries of meetings between CCFADM and Cease-Fire Commission (CFF) delegation representatives; reports detailing the handover of weapons from the Government of Mozambique and RENAMO to training centers of the Armed Forces for the Defence of Mozambique (FADM); and reports on the movement of soldiers from Assembly Areas to training centers.

Commissions Secretariat
The Commissions Secretariat maintained the records of the Supervision and Monitoring Commission (CSC) and two of its three UN-chaired subsidiary commissions, the Cease-Fire Commission (CCF) and the Joint Commission for the Formation of the Mozambican Defence Force (CCFADM).

Records of the Supervision and Monitoring Commission (CSC) include meeting minutes, as well as annexes, implementation timetables, notes to the file, and related correspondence, reports and memoranda. Also included are signed agreements concerning Assembly Area locations, demining, and salary for the Armed Forces for the Defence of Mozambique (FADM).

Records of the Cease-Fire Commission (CCF) include: meeting minutes, summaries of tripartite meetings among representatives of ONUMOZ, RENAMO and the Government of Mozambique; and notes to the file. Also included are signed agreements concerning: rules of conduct in Assembly Areas; mine clearance; and the dismantling of paramilitary forces.

Records of the Joint Commission for the Formation of the Mozambican Defence Force (CCFADM) include: meeting minutes; summaries of informal meetings among representatives of ONUMOZ, RENAMO, the Government of Mozambique, Portugal, France and the United Kingdom; and notes to the file. Also included are signed agreements concerning the structure of the FADM and the symbology of rank badges.

Cease-Fire Commission (CCF)
Records include: correspondence between the Chairman of the Cease-Fire Commission and the Chief of the Technical Unit for Demobilization regarding activities in Assembly Areas; and guidelines concerning the handover of military equipment and the demolition of explosives and ammunition.

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Accruals

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Alphabetical

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  • English, Portuguese, Italian, Spanish

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Related to: 1995/0285-0001: ONUMOZ Records of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General
Related to: 1995/0287-0001: ONUMOZ Commissions Secretariat records
Related to: 1995/0286-0001: ONUMOZ Records of the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General

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1995/0285, 1995/0286, 1995/0287, 1995/0288

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