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Established by Security Council resolution 717 (1991) of 16 October 1991, the United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC) was designed to monitor the cessation of factional hostilities and promote mine awareness in Cambodia following the signing of the Agreements on a Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodia Conflict (a.k.a. "The Paris Agreements") in Paris on 23 October 1991.
UNAMIC became fully operational when Mr. A.H.S. Ataul Karim (Bangladesh) assumed his role as UNAMIC's chief liaison officer and head of mission on 9 November. In his capacity as head of mission, Mr. Karim maintained lines of communication between Cambodia's warring factions. He also worked with Cambodia's Supreme National Council (SNC) in preparing for the deployment of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC), a much larger mission designed to eventually absorb UNAMIC.
Brigadier-General Michel Loridon (France), serving as the mission's senior military liaison officer, oversaw military teams that trained Cambodian civilians on how to avoid injury from mines and booby traps. Security Council resolution 728 (1992) of 8 January 1992 expanded UNAMIC's mandate to include a comprehensive de-mining programme that would eventually create safe travel routes for Cambodian refugees repatriated by UNTAC.
UNTAC was officially established by resolution 745 (1992) of 28 February 1992. UNAMIC continued to function until UNTAC became fully operational on 15 March 1992, at which time the latter subsumed the former's functions.