- 1993 - 2007 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
Name of creator
The United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) was established on 4 December 1994 by Security Council Resolution 968 (1994) to monitor the Agreement on a Temporary Ceasefire and the Cessation of Other Hostile Acts on the Tajik–Afghan Border, which was signed between Tajik secularists and pro-Islamic traditionalists under the auspices of the Secretary-General on 17 September 1994 in Tehran, Iran. UNMOT assisted with the implementation of the agreement in coordination with the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Peacekeeping Forces and the Organization for Security and Cooperation (OSCE) mission in Tajikistan.
In 1997, United Nations-mediated negotiations between the Government of Tajikistan and the United Tajik Opposition (UTO) resulted in the signing, on June 27, of the General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan. Security Council Resolution 1138 (1997) extended the mandate of UNMOT and called for an expansion to: oversee the elections and formation of a new Government; monitor the disarmament and reintegration of UTO troops; coordinate international humanitarian assistance in Tajikistan; and maintain close contact with the signatories to the agreement.
UNMOT was headquartered in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Its leadership was carried out by the following individuals:
Head of Mission, Liviu Bota of Romania (December 1994 – March 1995)
Head of Mission, Darko Silovic of Croatia (March 1995 – May 1996)
Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), Gerd Merrem of Germany (May 1996 – May 1998)
Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), Jan Kubis of Slovakia (May 1998 – June 1999)
Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), Ivo Petrov of Bulgaria (September 1999 – May 2000)
In accordance with the General Agreement, the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) of the OSCE, along with the United Nations, deployed a Joint Election Observation Mission to Tajikistan (JEOMOT) to monitor the Tajik parliamentary elections, which were held on 27 February 2000, with a second round held on 12 March 2000.
UNMOT’s mandate expired on 15 May 2000.
The United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace Building (UNTOP) was established on 1 June 2000 following the withdrawal of UNMOT from the mission area. UNTOP reported to the Department of Political Affairs, and its mandate focused on: consolidating peace in Tajikistan; providing political support to mobilize international resources and assistance for national recovery and reconstruction; strengthening democratic institutions; promoting the rule of law; supporting human rights protection initiatives; and coordinating efforts of United Nations agencies in the country with respect to peace-building.
Upon its establishment, UNTOP was led by Ambassador Ivo Petrov of Bulgaria, who served as Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) until September 2002. Petrov was replaced by Vladimir Sotirov, also of Bulgaria, who served as Representative of the Secretary-General (RSG) until the mandate of UNTOP terminated on 31 July 2007.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
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Scope and content
The functional description of records in AG-067 is based on the “Peacekeeping and Political Operations Retention Schedule,” DPKO/DFS, v. 3, June 2011. The names of the series comprising AG-067 were drawn from the records series listed in the retention schedule. During archival processing, the files were assigned to series based on their function.
In AG-067, the office of origin described in the box title indicates the records' origin from the mission's organizational structure. In a departure from this, the office of origin for records that originate from 2008/0126 is described in the box title as either UNMOT or UNTOP. With the exception of records from 2008/0126 that were assigned to S-1868 and S-1869, it was not possible to identify a more specific office of origin.
AG-067 contains records of the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) (1994-2000) and the United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace Building (UNTOP) (2000-2007). All folders in AG-067 are identified as originating from either UNMOT or UNTOP in the Folder Properties in the Office of Origin field.
Fonds consists of the following Series:
S-1871 Security Management
S-1869 Human Rights
S-1868 Humanitarian Affairs - Coordination, partnership
S-1864 Management and Integration - Reporting to United Nations Headquarters
S-1863 Political Affairs - Coordination, partnership - Discussion, negotiation
S-1862 Public Information and Communications