Fonds United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) - AG-066

Identity area

Reference code

AG-066

Title

United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)

Date(s)

  • 1992 - 1998 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

No. of Boxes: 37

Context area

Name of creator

United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)

Administrative history

The United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) was established on 22 September 1993 by Security Council Resolution 866 (1993). Its purpose was to support the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in its efforts to end a civil war that had broken out in late 1989 by implementing, and impartially enforcing compliance with, the Cotonou Peace Agreement signed 23 July 1993. UNOMIL coordinated with the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG), the peacekeeping force of ECOWAS, and an agreement defining the relationship between UNOMIL and ECOMOG was finalized in November 1993.

UNOMIL, under the command of the Secretary-General, was led in the field by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) to Liberia. Serving as SRSG to Liberia were: Trevor Livingston Gordon-Somers of Jamaica (November 1992 – December 1994); Anthony Nyakyi of the United Republic of Tanzania (December 1994 - April 1997); and Tuliameni Kalomoh of Namibia (April – September 1997).

UNOMIL was headquartered in Monrovia, Liberia, and was composed of military and civilian components. Command of the military component was entrusted to the Chief Military Observer (CMO), who reported to the Secretary-General through the Special Representative. The military component of UNOMIL monitored and verified compliance with the ceasefire, the embargo on delivery of arms and military equipment, as well as the cantonment, disarmament and demobilization of combatants. The civilian component included political, humanitarian, and electoral personnel. The electoral assistance element observed and verified the general and presidential elections, from the registration of voters to the voting itself. The elections were originally scheduled for February and March of 1994, but were delayed by outbreaks of fighting and political disputes; the elections were eventually held on 19 July 1997. The inauguration of the new Government took place on 2 August 1997.

UNOMIL was the first United Nations peacekeeping mission undertaken in cooperation with an active peacekeeping operation set up by a regional organization.

UNOMIL terminated on 30 September 1997.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The functional description of records in AG-066 is based on the “Peacekeeping and Political Operations Retention Schedule,” DPKO/DFS, v. 3, June 2011. The names of the series comprising AG-066 were drawn from the function series listed in the retention schedule. During archival processing, the files were assigned to series based on their function.

Fonds consists of the following Series:
S-1861 Humanitarian Affairs
S-1860 Elections
S-1859 Legal
S-1858 Military
S-1857 Head of Mission

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Previous number(s)

1998/0157, 1998/0158, 1998/0166, 1998/0152, 1998/0153, 1998/0160

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Disclosure policy

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Scanned Items (External URI) rights area

Scanned Items (Reference) rights area

Scanned Items (Thumbnail) rights area

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places