United Nations Operations in Mozambique

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United Nations Operations in Mozambique

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The United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) was established on 16 December 1992 by Security Council resolution 797. Its purpose was to help implement the General Peace Agreement, which was signed on 4 October 1992 by the President of the Republic of Mozambique and the President of the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) in order to bring an end to the civil war. During its two-years of operation, ONUMOZ helped to monitor and verify: the cease fire; the demobilization of armed forces and paramilitary groups; the collection, storage, and destruction of weapons; and the withdrawal of foreign troops. The mission also took part in the organization and monitoring of the national elections (27-29 October, 1994), participated in the removal of land mines, and provided resettlement assistance to internally displaced persons and refugees. The mission formally ended on 9 December 1994. Aldo Ajello of Italy served as Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Chief of Mission. Force Commanders were Major-General Lélio Gonçalves Rodrigues da Silva of Brazil (February 1993 - February 1994) and Major-General Mohammad Abdus Salam of Bangladesh (March - December 1994).

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