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Fonds United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) (1943-1946) - AG-018

Identity area

Reference code

AG-018

Title

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) (1943-1946)

Date(s)

  • 1919 - 1977 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

Size/Number of Items/Parts: 3600 linear ft. of textual records and photographs, No. of Boxes: 7201

Context area

Name of creator

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

Administrative history

UNRRA was established by agreement of 44 nations on 9 November 1943; operations came to an end in the latter part of 1946, with the last staff appointment terminating 31 March 1949. The purpose of UNRRA was to "plan, co-ordinate, administer or arrange for the administration of measures for the relief of victims of war in any area under the control of any of the United Nations through the provision of food, fuel, clothing, shelter and other basic necessities, medical and other essential services" (Agreement, Articles 1 and 2).

Among predecessor organizations was the Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations of the United States Department of State (established 21 November 1942) and the Inter-Allied Committee on Post-War Requirements (the Leith-Ross Committee) established in London in September 1941.

The Agreement provided for (1) a Council on which each member government was represented (which met in six sessions from November 1943 to December 1946); (2) a central committee consisting of China, the USSR, the UK, and the US (initially), to make policy decisions between Council Sessions; (3) a Director-General to serve as chief executive and administrative officer who was responsible for approximately 25,000 staff worldwide.

UNRRA headquarters was in Washington, D.C., and the European Regional Office was set up in London. Individuals who served as Director-General were: Herbert H. Lehmann (1 January 1944 to 31 March 1946); Fiorello H. LaGuardia (1 April to 31 December 1946); and Major-General Lowell P. Rooks (1 January 1947 to 30 September 1948).

The Administration of UNRRA at the peak of operations in mid-1946 included five types of offices and missions with a staff totalling nearly 25,000: The Headquarters Office in Washington, The European Regional Office (London), the Twenty-nine servicing offices and missions (2 area offices in Cairo and Sydney; 10 liaison offices and missions in Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Trieste; 12 procurement offices in Argentina, Brazil, Chile –later Peru, Cuba, India, Mexico, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela; 6 offices for procurement of surplus military supplies in Caserta –later Rome, Honolulu, Manila, New Delhi, Paris, Shanghai), the sixteen missions to receiving countries (Albania, Austria, Byelorussia, China, Czechoslovakia, the Dodecanese Islands, Ethiopia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Korea, the Philippines, Poland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia), and the Displaced Persons Operations in Germany.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Fonds consists of UNRRA Headquarters records and the records of UNRRA administration in Europe and Asia, and contains the following sub-fonds:

AG-018-001: China Office - Subject Files
AG-018-002: Controller and Public Information
AG-018-003: Bureau of Supply
AG-018-004: Bureau of Areas
AG-018-005: Bureau of Administration
AG-018-006: Balkan Mission and Middle East Office
AG-018-007: International Refugee Organization (IRO)
AG-018-008: European Regional Office (ERO) - Registry Files
AG-018-009: Italy Mission
AG-018-010: Austria Mission
AG-018-011: European Regional Office (ERO) - Subject Files
AG-018-012: Washington DC Headquarters
AG-018-013: Bureau of Services
AG-018-014: Belgium Mission
AG-018-015: Byelorussia Mission
AG-018-016: Czechoslovakia Mission
AG-018-017: Denmark Mission
AG-018-018: Dodecanese Islands Mission
AG-018-019: Ethiopia Mission
AG-018-020: Finland Mission
AG-018-021: Offices in France
AG-018-022: Greece Mission
AG-018-023: Hungary Mission
AG-018-024: Luxembourg Mission
AG-018-025: Norway Mission
AG-018-026: Poland Mission
AG-018-027: Sweden Mission
AG-018-028: Switzerland Mission
AG-018-029: Trieste Port Office
AG-018-030: Turkey Mission
AG-018-031: Ukraine Mission
AG-018-032: Yugoslavia Mission
AG-018-033: India Mission - Procurement and Recruiting Office
AG-018-034: Korea Mission
AG-018-035: Philippine Mission
AG-018-036: Latin America - Procurement Offices
AG-018-037: South West Pacific Area Office (SWPAO)
AG-018-038: Hawaii Procurement Office
AG-018-039: Germany Mission
AG-018-040: Office of the Historian
AG-018-041: UNRRA Photographs

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement


  • 0

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Most of the records have no access limitations, however, files containing personal information cannot be released unredacted. UNRRA personnel have files must be formally accessed by the person or authorized heirs.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Some file lists available

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Previous number(s)

PAG-4

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Disclosure policy

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Digital object metadata

Media type

Text

Mime-type

application/pdf

Filesize

8 MiB

Uploaded

May 4, 2015 5:16 PM

Digital object (External URI) rights area

Digital object (Reference) rights area

Digital object (Thumbnail) rights area

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related places