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Fonds United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) (1943-1948) - AG-042

Identity area

Reference code

AG-042

Title

United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) (1943-1948)

Date(s)

  • 1901 - 1961 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

Size/Number of Items/Parts: 259 linear feet, 518 boxes, No. of Boxes: 518

Context area

Name of creator

United Nations War Crimes Commission

Administrative history

The United Nations War Crimes Commission was established on 20 October 1943, by a meeting of Government representatives of seventeen of the Allied Nations, including all of the major powers except the USSR at the Foreign Office in London. The first official meeting was held on 11 January 1944, and the Commission continued its work actively until the end of March 1948.

The Commission was primarily a fact-finding body of formulating and implementing general measures necessary to ensure the detection, apprehension, trial and punishment of persons accused of war crimes. It also performed valuable advisory functions in connection with the development of principles of international law and planning for international tribunals. Its terms of reference were as follows:

(i) To collect, investigate and record evidence of war crimes, identifying where possible the individuals responsible.
(ii) To report to the Governments concerned cases where the material available appeared to disclose a prima facie case
(iii) To act as a Committee of Legal Experts charged with advising the Governments concerned upon matters of a technical nature, such as the sort of tribunals to be employed in the trial of war criminals, the law to be applied, the procedure to be adopted and the rules of evidence to be followed.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The records of the War Crimes Commission in the United Nations Archives consist of: minutes, documents and reports of the Commission and its Committees, the Research Office, the Far Eastern and Pacific Sub-Commission; further there are periodical lists of War Criminals, Suspects, Witnesses (including approximately 37,000 names) and related material of the main Commission and of the Far Eastern and Pacific Sub-Commission; documented is also some correspondence, mainly with various National Offices.

The more voluminous part of the documentation of the War Crimes Commission are records submitted by Member Governments, other National Authorities and Military Tribunals: some 8,000 charge files and related material; periodical lists of about 37,000 War Criminals, Security Suspects and Witnesses; reports of National Military Tribunals; transcripts of proceedings and documents of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East.

Finding aids in the form of indexes are part of the above enumerated records.

Fonds consists of the following Sub-fonds and Series:
AG-042-003 Reference Material
AG-042-002 Records submitted by Member Governments, other National Authorities and Military Tribunals
AG-042-001 Records created by the Commission, the Committees, the Research Office and the Far Eastern and Pacific Sub-Commission
S-1919 UNWCC - United Nations War Crime Commission Microfilm Tapes
S-1804 Records of the War Crimes Commission / Series no longer in use, see notes
S-0601 United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) records / (New Series "S-1848") / Please see notes.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Strictly confidential materials, refer to application package

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Printed finding aid

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Original of: 2014/0081: Records of the United Nations War Crimes Commission UNWCC on an external hard drive (Western Digital External USB Hard Drive)

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Previous number(s)

PAG-3

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Disclosure policy

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Digital object metadata

Media type

Text

Mime-type

application/pdf

Filesize

190.4 KiB

Uploaded

May 4, 2015 4:35 PM

Digital object (External URI) rights area

Digital object (Reference) rights area

Digital object (Thumbnail) rights area

Accession area

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