Fondo United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) (1943-1948) - AG-042

Área de identidad

Código de referencia

AG-042

Título

United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) (1943-1948)

Fecha(s)

  • 1901 - 1961 (Creación)

Nivel de descripción

Fondo

Volumen y soporte

Size/Number of Items/Parts: 259 linear feet, 518 boxes, No. of Boxes: 518

Área de contexto

Nombre del productor

United Nations War Crimes Commission

Historia administrativa

The United Nations War Crimes Commission was established on 20 October 1943, by a meeting of Government representatives of seventeen of the Allied Nations, including all of the major powers except the USSR at the Foreign Office in London. The first official meeting was held on 11 January 1944, and the Commission continued its work actively until the end of March 1948.

The Commission was primarily a fact-finding body of formulating and implementing general measures necessary to ensure the detection, apprehension, trial and punishment of persons accused of war crimes. It also performed valuable advisory functions in connection with the development of principles of international law and planning for international tribunals. Its terms of reference were as follows:

(i) To collect, investigate and record evidence of war crimes, identifying where possible the individuals responsible.
(ii) To report to the Governments concerned cases where the material available appeared to disclose a prima facie case
(iii) To act as a Committee of Legal Experts charged with advising the Governments concerned upon matters of a technical nature, such as the sort of tribunals to be employed in the trial of war criminals, the law to be applied, the procedure to be adopted and the rules of evidence to be followed.

Historia archivística

Origen del ingreso o transferencia

Área de contenido y estructura

Alcance y contenido

The records of the War Crimes Commission in the United Nations Archives consist of: minutes, documents and reports of the Commission and its Committees, the Research Office, the Far Eastern and Pacific Sub-Commission; further there are periodical lists of War Criminals, Suspects, Witnesses (including approximately 37,000 names) and related material of the main Commission and of the Far Eastern and Pacific Sub-Commission; documented is also some correspondence, mainly with various National Offices.

The more voluminous part of the documentation of the War Crimes Commission are records submitted by Member Governments, other National Authorities and Military Tribunals: some 8,000 charge files and related material; periodical lists of about 37,000 War Criminals, Security Suspects and Witnesses; reports of National Military Tribunals; transcripts of proceedings and documents of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East.

Finding aids in the form of indexes are part of the above enumerated records.

Fonds consists of the following Sub-fonds and Series:
AG-042-003 Reference Material
AG-042-002 Records submitted by Member Governments, other National Authorities and Military Tribunals
AG-042-001 Records created by the Commission, the Committees, the Research Office and the Far Eastern and Pacific Sub-Commission
S-1919 UNWCC - United Nations War Crime Commission Microfilm Tapes
S-1804 Records of the War Crimes Commission / Series no longer in use, see notes
S-0601 United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) records / (New Series "S-1848") / Please see notes.

Valorización, destrucción y programación

Acumulaciones

Sistema de arreglo

Área de condiciones de acceso y uso

Condiciones de acceso

Strictly confidential materials, refer to application package

Condiciones

Idioma del material

Escritura del material

Notas sobre las lenguas y escrituras

Características físicas y requisitos técnicos

Instrumentos de descripción

Printed finding aid

Área de materiales relacionados

Existencia y localización de originales

Existencia y localización de copias

Unidades de descripción relacionadas

Original of: 2014/0081: Records of the United Nations War Crimes Commission UNWCC on an external hard drive (Western Digital External USB Hard Drive)

Descripciones relacionadas

Área de notas

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Identificador de la descripción

Identificador de la institución

Reglas y/o convenciones usadas

Disclosure policy

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Fechas de creación revisión eliminación

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